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Current Affairs March 6 2019

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Current Affairs March 6 2019INDIAN AFFAIRS

22 GPS stations set by GSI across India
In order to identify seismically hazardous zones and encourage mapping activities, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) launched 22 permanent Global Positioning System (GPS) stations across India, which is a part of its objective to establish and maintain a network of continuously operating 35 permanent GPS stations in a phased manner.

22 GPS stations set by GSI across Indiai. 22 GPS permanent stations have been set up and remaining 13 will be operational by March 2020
ii. The 22 GPS-Geodetic (pertaining to Geodesy, the science of earth measurement) observatories are located in Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Jaipur, Pune, Dehradun, Chennai, Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Gandhinagar Visakhapatnam, Agartala, Itanagar, Mangan, Jammu, Lucknow, Nagpur, Shillong and Little Andaman.
iii. The other 13 stations will be located in Aizawl, Faridabad, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, Cooch Behar, Zawar, North Andaman, Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Ranchi, Mangalore, Imphal and Chitradurga.

As Per NARSS 2018-19, 96.5% of Indian rural households have access to toilets
An Independent Verification Agency under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G)conducted the  National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) between November 2018 and February 2019, covering 92040 households in 6136 villages across the country and found that 96.5% of the rural Indian households have access to toilets and they use it.
i. It also re-confirmed the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status of 90.7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF by various districts and states.
ii. 95.4% of the villages surveyed found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water
iii. Since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission(SBM) programme, over 9 crore toilets have been built across rural India and over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.

Rs 250 crore STARS scheme initiated by HRD Ministry to fund science projects
Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister, Prakash Javadekar, on the occasion of National Science Day, that is 28th February 2019, launched the Scheme for Translational and Advanced Research in Science (STARS) aimed at funding science projects.
i. Funds worth Rs 250 crore have been approved by the HRD ministry which will be utilised to sponsor about 500 science projects, selected on the basis of competitions.
ii. The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is the coordinator of the project, to whom the interested candidates would submit their applications.
Additional Information:
HRD Ministry in collaboration with the National Skill Ministry and Labour and employment Ministry collaboratively launched SHREYAS – Scheme for Higher Education Youth for Apprenticeship and Skills to empower non-technical courses.

Dr. Mahesh Sharma Inaugurates ‘Azaadi Ke Diwane’ Museum at Red Fort Complex in Delhi
On 4th March 2019, ‘Azaadi Ke Diwane’ museum was inaugurated by the Minister of State for Culture (Independent charge) and Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Mahesh Sharma at the Red Fort Complex in Delhi. The museum has been dedicated to the freedom fighters of our country.

Dr. Mahesh Sharma Inaugurates ‘Azaadi Ke Diwane’ Museum at Red Fort Complex in Delhii. It has been constructed by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and is the fifth museum to be dedicated to freedom fighters.
ii. The other 4 are:

  • Subhash Chandra Bose and INA museum
  • Yaad-e-Jallian museum
  • Museum on 1857- dedicated to the country’s first war of Independence.
  • Drishyakala -dedicated to Indian Art

iii. The museum incorporates the latest technology such as sensors in a state-of-art environment.
About Delhi
♦ Chief Minister- Arvind Kejriwal
♦ Governor- Anil Baijal

Textiles Minister Smriti Irani inaugurated Refurbished Handloom Haat in New Delhi
The refurbished Handloom Haat was inaugurated by Textiles Minister Smriti Irani at Janpath, New Delhi. The Haat aims to provide infrastructural support to handloom agencies so that they can enhance their sales of handloom products and provide a platform to display a wide variety of handloom products that are produced all over the country.

Textiles Minister Smriti Irani inaugurated Refurbished Handloom Haat in New Delhii. The task of refurbishing was adopted in 2018.
ii. She also inaugurated the following three projects of National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) at the same event:

  • VisionNXT– Trend Forecasting Initiative which will predict the market for various handloom products according to trends, design and colours.
  • Indian Textiles and Craft Repository which shall be supported by the DC Handlooms and the DC Handicrafts, Ministry of Textiles.
  • Design Innovation and Incubation which aims to support entrepreneurs, artisans, start-ups, NIFT alumni and students.

iii. A booklet – World Handmade Textile Biennales was released by Smriti Irani.
iv. Also, regional incubators shall be constituted NIFT campuses of Mumbai, New Delhi and Bengaluru, in the following fields:

  1. Textile for Apparel, Home & spaces (Delhi)
  2. Smart wearable systems (Bengaluru)
  3. Fashion and Lifestyle accessories (Bengaluru)
  4. Apparel including Athleisure and Activewear (Mumbai)

Project BOLD-QIT inaugurated in Assam by Rajnath Singh
BOLD-QIT which is Border Electronically Dominated QRT Interception Technique was inaugurated by Home Minister Rajnath Singh on 61km India-Bangladesh border in DhubriAssam.

Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurates BOLD-QIT project in AssamKey Points
i. It was adopted to deal with the problem of border safeguarding in the areas where border fences can’t be constructed due to Brahmaputra river.
ii. The project was brought to life by Information and Technology Wing of BSF(Border Security Force) under Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system(CIBMS).
iii. Previous fencing projects include two smart-fencing pilot projects of 5Km each along the India-Pakistan border in Jammu.
iv. It is based on a security model similar to that of Israel.
About Assam
♦ Capital- Dispur
♦ Chief Minister- Sarbananda Sonowal
♦ Governor- Jagdish Mukhi

Shakuntala D. Gamlin laid foundation stone for NIMHR in Sehore, MP
The foundation stone for the ‘National Institute of Mental Health Rehabilitation’ (NIMHR), the first-of-its-kind institute in India, was laid down by Shakuntala D. Gamlin, Secretary, Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment at Sherpur Village along Bhopal-Sehore highway, District Sehore, Madhya Pradesh.
i. The Central Government approved an outlay of Rs 180 crore for the project for an initial period of three years.
The land for this institute measuring about 25 acres was allocated free of cost by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in October 2018.
ii. The construction work of the building will be undertaken by Central Public Works Department (CPWD), Bhopal and is expected to be completed within a period of two years.


Gurugram became world’s most polluted city in 2018
On 5th March 2019, Gurugram in the National Capital Region (NCR) emerged as the most polluted region in the world in 2018 as per 2018 World Air Quality Report.

Gurgaon became world’s most pollutedKey Points
i. As per the report, Delhi is the most polluted capital in the world. In the list of polluted cities, Delhi ranked 11th.
ii. Out of the top 10 polluted cities in 2018, seven were India, which are Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwandi, Noida, Patna and Lucknow.
iii. The report was based on a new study by Swiss based company IQ Air AirVisual and non profit organization Greenpeace on information from over 3000 cities.
iv. Bangladesh became the most polluted country closely followed by Pakistan and India while Iceland, Finland, Australia, Estonia and Sweden were among the least polluted countries.
About Greenpeace
♦ Formation: 1969
♦ Headquarter: Amsterdam, Netherlands

The 12-day Aerial Exercise Red Flag 2019 began in US
Red Flag 2019, the 12-day long advanced aerial combat training exercise held several times a year by the US Air Force, has been initiated at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, United States.
i. The exercise is scheduled from 3rd to 16th March 2019 and air forces from United States, the United Arab EmiratesBelgium, the NetherlandsSingapore and Saudi Arabia are participating in it.
About Red Flag
♦ Launched in 1975, Red Flag is the U.S. Air Force’s premier air-to-air combat training exercise.
♦ Participants include combat air forces from the U.S., NATO and other allied countries.
♦ The exercise provides aircrews the experience of multiple, intensive air combat attacks in the safety of a training environment.


Loan Agreement worth USD 25.2 Million signed between India and the World Bank for Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program
A loan agreement worth $25.2 Million was signed between the central governmentChhattisgarh state government and the World Bank. The agreement was signed in New Delhi by Mr. Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, on behalf of the Government of India; Ms Kamal Preet Dhillon, Secretary, Finance, on behalf of the Government of Chhattisgarh; and Mr. Hisham Abdo, Acting Country Director, World Bank India, on behalf of the World Bank.

worldbanki. It aims to provide support to reforms such as expenditure planning, investment management, budget execution, public procurement and accountability which are undertaken by the state for expenditure management.
Key Points:
i. Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program(the First Bank-Financed State-Level Project in Chhattisgarh in nearly a decade) has been undertaken to help in enhancing Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) and Tax Administration Systems of the state.
ii. The project will strengthen the human resources of the state and will help the institutions that handle public finances.
iii. The project will primarily focus on IT solutions and support almost 11,000 village panchayats and 168 urban municipalities.
iv. This loan worth $25.2 Million from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD),has a 5-year grace period and a final maturity of 10.5 years.
About Chhattisgarh
♦ Capital- Raipur
♦ Chief Minister- Bhupesh Baghel
♦ Governor- Anandiben Patel

Loan Agreement worth USD 96 Million signed between India and World Bank for Additional Financing for Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project
A loan agreement worth $96 Million was signed between the World BankGovernment of India and Government of Uttarakhand.
i. It was signed by Mr. Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, on behalf of the Government of India; Mr. Amit Negi, Secretary, Finance and Disaster Management, Government of Uttarakhand and Program Director, Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project on behalf of the Govt. of Uttarakhand; and Mr. Hisham Abdo, Acting Country Director, World Bank India, on behalf of the World Bank.
Key Points:
i. The agreement aims to provide financial support to Uttarakhand for adopting post-disaster recovery plans and disaster management techniques such as reconstruction of bridges, road and river bank protection works, and in the construction of a training facility for the State Disaster Response Force (SDRF).
ii. The loan amounting to $96 Million, from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) has a 5-year grace period and a final maturity of 15 years.
About Uttarakhand
♦ Capital- Dehradun
♦ Chief Minister- T.S Rawat
♦ Governor- Baby Rani Maurya

IDBI Bank gets govt nod to handle import and export transactions with Iran
The government has given a nod to the IDBI Bank to handle import and export transactions with Iran. This has been done to boost the trade between India and Iran amidst US sanctions on Iran.
Key Points:
i. Earlier, UCO Bank used to handle the payments during the previous sanctions.
ii. The channel of payment to Iran through Euros using European banking channels was blocked from November 2018.
iii. Iran is the third largest supplier of oil to India, after Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
iv. Bilateral trade between India and Iran increased to USD 13.8 billion in 2017-18 from USD 12.9 billion in the previous fiscal. However, India’s exports to Iran were only worth USD 2.5 billion.
About Iran
♦ Capital- Tehran
♦ Currency- Iranian Rial
♦ President- Hassan Rouhani


International Sustainability Award won by TVS Motor
On 4th March 2019, TVS Motor was awarded the ‘Green Era Award for Sustainability’ at Lisbon, Portugal. The company also won the ‘Quality and Business Excellence Award’ for its unmatched product quality. The research for the awards was conducted by Otherways Management and Consulting, France.
i. The award-event was held at Lisbon, Portugal and saw participation by 34 companies spanning across 25 countries.
ii. TVS Motor is the flagship company of 8.5 billion-dollar TVS Group.

Historic Guinness World Record in yoga in Hong Kong made by over 1,000 people
Guinness World Record in Yoga was set by more than a thousand people who performed the Virabathrasan or the Warrior II Pose for 3 minutes, in Sun Yat Sen Memorial ParkHong Kong.

Historic Guinness World Record in yoga in Hong Kongi. This initiative to promote yoga was taken by Overseas President of BJP for Hong Kong and China Sohan Goenka.
ii. The previous record was of 387 people.


Randhir Singh has been appointed the chairman of Coordination Committee for 2022 Asian Games
On 4th March 2019, Indian Sports Administrator Randhir Singh appointed as the Chairman of Coordination Committee of 2022 Asian Games which will be hosted in Hangzhou, China.

Randhir Singh has been appointed the chairman of Coordination Committee for 2022 Asian GamesKey Points
i. He has been appointed to the post by the General Assembly of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA). Randhir served as Secretary General of OCA for 24 years from 1991 to 2015.
ii. Randhir Singh is currently an Honorary Life Vice President Of the OCA and he is a five time Olympian Shooter.
iii. Randhir served as Secretary General of the Indian Olympic Association from 1987 to 2012 and was a full time member of the International Olympic Committee from 2001 to 2014 before becoming its honorary member.
iv. Asian Games 2022 is set to be held at Hangzhou, China with a return of cricket. OCA added cricket to the list of sports programme which was last played at the Olympics in 1900 Paris Games.
About Olympic Council of Asia
♦ Headquarter: Kuwait City, Kuwait
♦ President: Ahmad Al-Fahad AL-Ahmed Al-Sabah

Kaja Kallas appointed as the first female prime minister of Estonia
Kaja Kallas, the leader of the Reform Party has been appointed as the first female Prime Minister of Estonia, after the liberal Reform Party declared victory in the elections against centre-left Prime Minister Juri Ratas’s party.

Kaja Kallas appointed as the first female prime minister of Estonia
i.She will sworn in as the 18th Prime Minister of Estonia .She will succeed Juri Ratas.
ii.The Reform Party secured 28.8% votes against Centre party votes of 23%. The coalition government will be formed between Reform Party and far-right EKRE.
About Estonia
♦ Capital- Tallinn
♦ Currency- Euro
♦ President- Kersti Kaljulaid

Rakesh Kumar Vats appointed as Secretary-General of the Medical Council of India
Rakesh Kumar Vats, currently Additional Secretary and Financial Adviser, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has been appointed as the new Secretary-General of the Medical Council of India, as part of a top-level bureaucratic reshuffle by the Central Government.
i. Dharmendra S Gangwar, currently Additional Secretary and Financial Adviser in Culture Ministry, will assume his post of in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
ii. Other appointments as per the reshuffle:

BureaucratCurrent PositionNew Position
Rabindra PanwarSpecial Secretary and Financial Adviser, Home MinistrySecretary, Ministry of Women & Child Development
Bhupendra SinghChairman of National Authority for Chemical Weapons ConventionSpecial Secretary and Financial Adviser, Home Ministry
Ruolkhumlein BuhrilInter State Council Secretariat in the Home MinistrySecretary, Department of Land Resources
P. Venkata Ramesh BabuChairman and Managing Director, Rural Electrification Corporation Ltd.Director-General of National Archives of India
Rajni Sekhri SibalAdditional Secretary in Home MinistrySecretary, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Braj Raj SharmaSpecial Secretary, Department of Border Management, Home MinistrySecretary, Department of Border Management, Home Ministry
Yaduvendra MathurAdditional Secretary, Niti AayogSpecial Secretary, Niti Aayog

Venkata Ramesh Babu appointed as the Director General of National Archives of India 
P Venkata Ramesh Babu has been appointed as the Director General of the National Archives of India by the Central government.
i. He is an IAS officer from the 1985 batch and is currently the Chairman and Managing Director of Rural Electrification Corporation Limited. Previously, he was the Principal Secretary, Department of Finance in Andhra Pradesh government.
ii. The National Archives of India comes under the Ministry of Culture.
About Ministry of Culture
i. The Ministry of Culture is responsible for preservation and promotion of art and culture.
ii. Mahesh Sharma -Minister of Culture.
iii. The National Mission on Libraries India has been recently established under this ministry.
iv. Its headquarters are in New Delhi.


LICHFL partnered with IMGC for better home loan scheme
Life Insurance Corporation Housing Finance Ltd (LICHFL) partnered with India Mortgage Guarantee Corporation (IMGC) to offer home buyers enhanced loan eligibility and easy loans and it will now be in a position to offer extended loan tenure for borrowers till the age of 75 years, increasing the loan quantum and reducing the burden of monthly EMIs for borrowers.

LICHFL partnered with IMGC for better home loan schemei. LICHFL will now be able to accommodate more home loan borrowers, increase market penetration, besides combating non-performing assets (NPAs).
ii. IMGC will provide LICHFL mortgage guarantee, which is a financial product that compensates financial institutions for losses that may arise from a default on a mortgage loan.

ICICI Bank acquired 9.9% stake in Kisan Finance for cash consideration of Rs 17.82 crore.
ICICI Bank announced that it will buy 1.49 crore shares to acquire 9.9% stake in the non-banking finance company (NBFC) Kisan Finance for Rs 17.82 crore.
i. The acquisition is expected to be over by the end of March 2019.
ii. Incorporated in December 2017, Kisan Rural Finance Ltd (Kisan Finance) had registered a net loss of Rs 48 lakh in 2017-18 at a revenue of Rs 4 lakh.
iii. The deal will involve the acquisition of roughly 1.49 crore equity shares with a face value of Rs 10 per share at a premium of Rs 2 per share.
About ICICI Bank
♦ Managing Director & CEO – Sandeep Bakhshi
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai


India collaborates with four nations to protect Asian rhinos
India decided to collaborate with BhutanNepalIndonesia and Malaysia with an objective to increase the population of three Asian rhino species – Greater one-horned rhinoceros, Javan rhino and Sumatran rhino, by signing the New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019 at the recently held Second Asian Rhino Range Countries meet, at Indira Paryavaran Bhawan, New Delhi.
i.The meet was organised by the environment, forest and climate change ministry in collaboration with IUCN Asian Rhino Specialist Group, WWF- India and Aaranyak.
ii. As part of the declaration, the above Rhino Range Countries also agreed to review the population of the three Asian rhino species every 4 years to reassess the need for joint actions to secure their future.
iii. The Greater one-horned rhinoceros is found in the Indian sub-continent.
Indian National Parks with One Horned Rhinos

  • Kaziranga National Park, Assam
  • Orang National Park, Assam
  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam
  • Manas National Park, Assam
  • Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Assam
  • Jaldapara National Park, West Bengal
  • Gorumara National Park, West Bengal
  • Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh

Air pollution from stubble burning costs India USD 30 billion annually
According to a study, Air pollution due to crop residue burning in northern India causes an estimated economic loss of USD 30 billion (Rs 2 lakh crore) annually, and is a leading risk factor of acute respiratory infections, especially among children.
i. Researchers from the US-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and partner institutes found that living in districts with air pollution from intense crop residue burning (CRB) is a leading risk factor for acute respiratory infection (ARI), particularly in children less than five years of age.
ii. The study analysed health data from more than 250,000 individuals of all ages residing in rural and urban areas in India and will be published in the upcoming edition of the International Journal of Epidemiology.
iii. Researchers noted that crop burning is a widespread global practice and in India is concentrated in northwest India, though has spread to other regions of the country in the past decade as new crop harvesting technology is adopted.


Tata Motors’ SUV brand Harrier becomes VIVO IPL 2019’s official partner
Vivo Indian Premier League (IPL) 2019’s official partner, TATA Motors, will promote its newly-launched SUV, Harrier, as its lead brand at the event and showcase the SUV by means of the IPL platform.

Tata Motors' SUV brand Harrier becomes VIVO IPL 2019’s official partneri. The highest batting strike rate will win the Harrier Super Striker Award in every match and for the season.
About TATA Motors
♦ Non-Executive Director and Chairman – N Chandrasekaran
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai

Mexican Open 2019: Kyrgios defeated Zverev to win Men’s singles title
Mexican open which is a part of 2019 ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals) World Tour and 2019 WTA (Women’s Tennis Association)Tour, was held between 25th February and 2nd March 2019 at the Princess Mundo Imperial in Mexico. 
i. Australia’s Nick Kyrgios defeated Germany’s Alexander Zverev in the Men’s Singles final by 6-3, 6-4 to claim the fifth ATP title of his career.
ii. The List of Winners is given below:

Men’s SinglesNick Kyrgios(Australia)
Women’s SinglesWang Yafan(China)
Men’s DoublesAlexander Zverev(Germany)  and Mischa Zverev(Germany)
Women’s DoublesVictoria Azarenka(Belarus) and Zheng Saisai(China)

About Mexico
♦ Capital: Mexico city
♦ President: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
♦ Currency: Peso

Imran Tahir announced retirement from ODI cricket post 2019 World Cup
39-year-old Pakistan-born South African cricket team’s leg-spinner, Imran Tahir, announced that he will retire from One Day International (ODI) cricket after the ICC Men’s Cricket World Cup 2019.

Imran Tahir announced retirement from ODI cricket post 2019 World Cupi. He was qualified to play for South Africa on 1st January 2011 and was selected for the 2011 World Cup.
ii. In June 2016, against the West Indies, he became the first South African bowler to take 7 wickets in an ODI, and the fastest South African to reach 100 ODI wickets.
iii. He will continue to play in the T20 internationals and participate in the 2020 ICC Men’s T20 World Cup in Australia.

Oceania Nations will participate in 2022 Asian Games
Olympic Council of Asia decided to invite Oceania Nations to compete in 2022 Asian Games for the first time after a meeting held in Bangkok.

Oceania Nations will participate in 2022 Asian Gamesi. Oceania Nations which includes Australia, New Zealand and a swathe of Pacific islands will compete in to Volleyball, beach volleyball, basketball, football, swimming and track cycling events.
ii. Asian Games includes 35 sports with more than 10,000 athletes and it is second only to Olympics as a global multi-sport event.


Former New Zealand batsman Bill Playle passed away in New South Wales
Former New Zealand batsman Bill Playle, passed away in New South Wales, Australia at the age of 80.
i. He was natively from Manawatu, New Zealand.
ii. During his career, he played 85 First Class games and 8 Tests, and aggregated 2888 and 151 runs respectively.

Former Union minister V. Dhananjaya Kumar dies aged 68
Former Union Minister V. Dhananjaya Kumar died in Mangalore, Karnataka. He was 68 and the reason of his death has been ascertained due to ailments. He is natively from Venur, Belthangady taluk in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka.

Union minister V. Dhananjaya Kumar diesi. He had been a representative from Mangalore constituency for 4 continuous terms and served as the Union Minister in the 13-day rule of A.B. Vajpayee government. He was Cabinet Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism in 1996, Union Minister of State for Finance from 1999-2000, and Union Minister of State for Textiles from 2000-2003.

Former Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal Bharat Mohan Adhikari dies
Bharat Mohan Adhikari, who was the former Deputy Prime Minister and senior Communist leader of Nepal, passed away at the age of 83 in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal Bharat Mohan Adhikari diesi. He has earlier served as the Finance Minister, Minister of Labour and Transport Management and Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs.
ii. He is natively from Mahottari district of Nepal.
About Nepal
♦ Capital- Kathmandu
♦ Currency- Nepalese Rupee
♦ President- Bidhya Devi Bhandari
♦ Prime Minister-Khadga Prasad Oli


“Designing Destiny: The Heartfulness Way” written by Spiritual teacher Kamlesh Patel launched
Designing Destiny The Heartfulness WayThe book “Designing Destiny: The Heartfulness Way” which has been written by spiritual teacher Kamlesh Patel who is famously known as Daaji, was launched recently. The book deals with issues pertaining to destiny and the way it shapes someone’s life.

i. The book has been published by Westland Publications.



Rare Disease Day: 28th February
Rare Disease Day is observed on the last day of February every year to raise awareness about rare diseases and their treatment. European Organization for Rare Diseases established last day of February as Rare disease day in 2018.
Key Points
i. 12th International rare disease day was observed all across the world on 28th February 2019 and it was coordinated by EURORDIS (European Organization for Rare Diseases).
ii. The Theme of this year’s rare disease day was “Bridging health and social care”.

March 1, 2019 observed as World civil defence day
World Civil Defence Day is observed on 1st March every year, all over the world. The theme of this year’s World Civil Defence Day was “Children’s safety, our responsibility”.

March 1, 2019 observed as World civil defence dayi. This day was incorporated in 1990 by the International Civil Defence Organisation (ICDO).
ii. The day marks the entry into force of the ICDO Constitution as an intergovernmental organisation in 1972 and has two main purposes:

  • that of bringing to the attention of the world public the vital importance of Civil Protection and of raising awareness of the preparedness for, and prevention and self-protection measures in the event of accidents or disasters;
  • that of paying tribute to the efforts, sacrifices and accomplishments of all the national services responsible for the fight against disasters.


Welfare Schemes for Dhangars was announced by Maharashtra’s Chief Minister
On 2nd March 2019, The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Shri Devendra Fadnavis announced various welfare schemes for the Dhangar community including 10,000 houses, AshramShalas, Scholarships, admission seats and Hostels for students belonging to this community.
i. AshramShalas will be constructed in the vulnerable areas which was identified by Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS).