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Current Affairs 6 November 2021

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

5th Ganga Utsav 2021-The River Festival held virtually; Ganga Atlas developed by IIT Kanpur Launched‘Ganga-Utsav-2021-–-The-River-Festival’-held-from-Nov-1--3,-2021i.The annual ‘Ganga Utsav 2021-The River Festival’ was organized virtually on November 1-3 by National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) to mark the anniversary of announcement of River Ganga as the ‘National River’ i.e. November 4th.
ii.This year marked the 5th edition of the festival which was celebrated under the leadership of Union Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Ministry of Jal Shakti, as a part of the ongoing celebrations for 75 years of Independence and Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.
iii.The minister launched the ‘Ganga Atlas: River of the Past’ developed by Prof Rajiv Sinha, IIT Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (UP).
About National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, is a society registered on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860. It acts as the implementation arm of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA).

  • Aim- To clean Ganges and its tributaries.

Director General– Rajiv Ranjan Mishra
Headquarters– Delhi
>>Read Full News

India-Bhutan issues LoE to add 7 Entry-Exit Trade PointsIndia,-Bhutan-formalise-seven-entry-exit-points-for-tradeIn November 2021, India and Bhutan formalised seven additional entry – exit points for trade through Letters of Exchange (LoE) issued during the Commerce Secretary level meeting between the countries that discussed Trade & Transit issues.

  • This formalisation is a part of measures to increase trade connectivity.
  • The Indian delegation was led by Department of Commerce Secretary BVR Subrahmanyam, and the Bhutanese delegation was led by Dasho Karma Tshering, Secretary, Bhutan Ministry of Economic Affairs.
  • Key Participants – BVR Subrahmanyam, Secretary, Department of Commerce – India &  Dasho Karma Tshering, Secretary, Bhutan Ministry of Economic Affairs

Note – Bhutan shares a total of 699 kms long border with 4 Indian states – Assam (267 km – longest), Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal & Sikkim
i.The seven Entry-Exit points become an addition to the protocol of the 2016 India-Bhutan Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit which will facilitate bilateral trade between two countries.
7 Entry-Exit Point:
i.Nagrakata Land customs station – No Commodity restriction
ii.Entry-exit point – Agartala Land Customs station; Birpara; Kamardwisa
iii.Entry-Exit Point with Cross border control at Dhubri:

  • Jogighopa port
  • Pandu port (Guwahati Steamerghat)

iv.Asian Highway 48 connecting Torsa Tea Garden in India & Allay in Bhutan as an additional route corresponding to the Land Customs Station at Jaigaon
About Bhutan
Capital – Thimphu
Currency – Ngultrum
Prime Minister – Lotay Tshering

DoT Formed a Technology Innovation Group on 6G; Chaired by K Rajaraman, Telecom SecretaryDoT-forms-innovation-group-for-6G-technologyThe Department of Telecommunications (DoT), under the Ministry of Communications, has formed a technology innovation group on the Sixth Generation (6G), to take lead in the development of 6G Technology globally.

  • K. Rajaraman, Chairman Digital Communications Commission & Secretary(Telecom) has been named the chairperson of the initiative.
  • Technology Innovation Group is a 22 member group.

Aim:
To create vision and objectives as well as develop a roadmap for research and development (R&D), pre-standardisation, development of applications and products, and action plans for 6G technology.
About Ministry of Communications:
Union Minister–  Ashwini Vaishnaw(Rajya Sabha- Odisha)
Minister of State– Devusinh Chauhan(Constituency- Kheda, Gujarat)
>>Read Full News

Centre Launched “Har Ghar Dastak” Campaign to Increase Vaccination Coverage

Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, announced that the government of India has launched the “Har Ghar Dastak”, a door to door Covid-19 vaccination campaign to increase vaccination coverage across India.

The campaign aims to motivate people towards getting fully vaccinated against COVID-19.

  • The Health Ministry is set to launch a mega vaccination campaign under which the health care workers will go door to door to vaccinate people eligible for 2nd dose and who have not taken their first dose.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Climate Risks remain even if World Limits Warming to 1.5 deg C: 6th Adaptation Gap Report by UNEPClimate-risks-remain-even-if-world-limits-warming-to-1i.During the ongoing 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, aka COP26 (Conference of Parties) in Glasgow, Scotland, a report titled ‘The Adaptation Gap Report 2021: The Gathering Storm’ by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was released. It was the 6th edition of the Adaptation Gap Report.
ii.The report states that if the world limits warming to 1.5°C, many climate risks remain and will be irreversible.
iii.Currently the warming level is at 1.1°C which resulted in climate-related devastation in 2021 ranging from floods in Europe and China, heatwaves in Pacific North West, wildfires in Greece and floods and monsoon variabilities in India.
About UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme):
Executive Director– Inger Andersen
Headquarters– Nairobi, Kenya
>>Read Full News

UK launches 1st Commemorative Coin featuring Mahatma GandhiUK-unveils-commemorative-coin-celebrating-Mahatma-GandhiOn 4th November, the Government of the United Kingdom (UK) unveiled a £5 coin to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi on the occasion of Diwali. This is the 1st time the UK government is releasing a coin on Mahatma Gandhi. Rishi Sunak, Chancellor of UK, chose the final design for the coin. It is the first time Mahatma Gandhi has been commemorated on an official UK coin.
Features of Coin:

  • Coin Designer – Heena Glover
  • Image in Coin – Lotus Flower
  • Quote in Coin – ‘My Life is my message’
  • The coin is available both in Gold and Silver.

Note – Annually, 2nd October is observed as the International Non-Violence day by the United Nation, marking the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
Main features:
i.The design of the coin builds on enhancing the  relationship and cultural connection between the UK and India.
ii.It  is a part of the Royal Mint Advisory Committee’s wider Diwali collection. Which includes 1gram and 5gram gold bars in henna-style packaging.

  • This is the first gold bar from the UK, which depicts Goddess Lakshmi.
  • The 20gram Lakshmi Gold bar was designed in partnership with the Hindu community in South Wales

About United Kingdom:
Prime Minister- Borris Johnson
Capital – London
Currency – Pound sterling

UNEP’s Sustainable Urban Cooling Report : Cities will be Too Hot to LiveCities-will-be-too-hot-to-live-in-future,-says-new-UNEP-reportBeating the Heat: Sustainable Urban Cooling Handbook report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) indicates that cities will be the hotspots, if global warming continues.

  • The temperature increases due to the Urban heat island effect by an average of 4 degree celsius by 2100.Many cities could warm as much as 4 °C if GHG emissions continue at high levels at the end of the century.
  • High temperatures affect productivity, water quality, and increase air pollution.
  • The report was launched during the UN Climate Conference (COP26) by the Cool Coalition, UNEP, RMI, the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy (GCoM), Mission Innovation and the Clean Cooling Collaborative.

Key points:
i.The global energy requirement for space cooling is predicted to jump 300 percent – from 2,020 TeraWatt-hours (TWh) in 2016 to 6,200 TWh in 2050.
ii.10 Indian cities will collaborate with UNEP, India’s National institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA), RMI and the Royal Danish Embassy of India to integrate cooling into their city masterplans.
iii.Lower-income districts and communities are most vulnerable to heat and warming impacts.
iv.The sustainable urban cooling like energy consumption, lower greenhouse emissions and economic benefits are far reaching.
iv.The household energy spending accounts to 5-15 percent in many parts of the world.

BANKING & FINANCE

Bandhan Bank appointed as “Agency Bank” of RBI to Conduct Govt. BusinessRBI-appoints-Bandhan-Bank-as-Agency-Bank-to-conduct-govt-businessIn November 2021, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) appointed Bandhan Bank, a scheduled private bank, as an “Agency Bank” for undertaking government business.

  • Bandhan Bank will now be authorised to handle transactions related to GST (Goods & Services Tax), VAT (Value Added Tax) & other functions on behalf of Central & State governments.

Note – In May 2021, RBI issued guidelines to authorise scheduled private sector banks as ‘agency banks’ to conduct government business.
Key points
i.It will  also undertake  collection of stamp duty and pension payments on behalf of central and state governments.
ii.The bank will provide its products, services and digital banking capabilities to facilitate its new role, especially in rural and semi-urban areas,
About Bandhan Bank:
Bandhan Bank was established in 2015, prior to which it functioned as a NGO since 2001.
MD & CEO- Chandra Shekhar Ghosh
Headquarters – Kolkata, West Bengal
About Reserve Bank of India (RBI):
Governor -Shaktikanta Das (25th Governor)
Headquarters- Mumbai, Maharashtra
Founded– 1 April 1935

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS 

South African author Damon Galgut bags Booker Prize 2021 South-African-author-Damon-Galgut-bags-Booker-Prize-2021-for-his-novel-'The-Promise' (1)South African author Damon Galgut has won the prestigious Booker Prize 2021 for fiction for his novel ‘The Promise’. It was his ninth book that states the decline of one dutch family in South Africa over four decades from the apartheid era to the present day. It is a tale of a troubled Afrikaner family and its broken promise to a Black employee.

  • With this recognition, Damon Galgut won 50,000 pounds $69,000) as an award amount.
  • Booker prize is the world’s most prestigious literary honours which is also called Oscars of world literature.

Key Points:
i.He has previously been nominated twice; first in 2003 for ‘The Good Doctor’ and in 2010 for ‘In a Strange Room’, but lost both times.
ii.He is the third South African novelist to win the Booker Prize, after Nadine Gordimer in 1974 and J.M. Coetzee, who won twice, in 1983 and 1999.
iii.The chair of the judges (Booker Prize) was Maya Jasanoff.       

            APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS 

Indian-origin Canadian Anita Anand Sworn-in as Canada’s 43rd Defence Minister

Anita Anand (54 years), an Indian-origin Canadian has been sworn in as the 43rd Defence Minister of Canada replacing Harjit Sajjan, who has been appointed as the Minister of International Development Agency.

  • She is the 2nd Woman to hold this position following the former Canadian Prime Minister Kim Campbell, who held the post for 5 months in 1993.
  • She is the first Hindu Canadian to become a federal cabinet minister

Anita Anand, born in rural Nova Scotia, Canada, was first elected as the Member of Parliament for Oakville in 2019.
She has previously served as Minister of Public Services and Procurement.

Director-producer Imtiaz Ali Appointed as Ambassador of Russian Film Festival in India

Director-producer Imtiaz Ali, well known for films like Jab We Met; Love Aaj Kal, Rockstar, Tamasha, has been appointed as the ambassador of the Russian Film Festival in India. As a part of the festival, 10 Russian Films are premiered on Disney+ Hotstar from 16th October to 27th November 2021.

  • This is the first-ever online Russian Film Festival in India.
  • It is organised by ROSKINO, the only state institution in charge of promoting Russian cinema worldwide, Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, the Cinema Fund, the Moscow City Tourism Committee, Discover Moscow, Rossotrudnichestvo, and Kartina Entertainment.              

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

DRDO & IAF conducts 2 successful flight tests of ‘SAAW’DRDO,-IAF-conduct-successful-flight-tests-of-anti-airfield-weaponThe Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Air Force (IAF) have successfully carried out two flight tests of indigenously-developed Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW).The weapon was launched from IAF aircraft at Chandan ranges in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan on October 28 and November 3.
i.The two flight tests have been conducted using 2 different configurations – Satellite Navigation and Electro-optical sensors.

  • This is the 1st time that India has conducted a Bomb test using Electro-optical sensors, which was also developed indigenously.

ii.The SAAW is capable of carrying a warhead of 125 kilograms (kgs) with a precision target hitting range of 100 kms.
About Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO):
Headquarters-New Delhi, Delhi
Founded- 1958
Chairman-Dr. G Satheesh Reddy
>>Read Full News

China Launches world’s first Earth Science Satellite, Guangmu-1 or SDGSAT-1

China-launches-earth-science-satellite-Guangmu

China sent world’s first Earth-science satellite, Guangmu-1 or SDGSAT-1 on November 5, 2021 into space from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in the northern Shanxi Province.

  • Guangmu-1 was launched by a Long March-6(LM-6) carrier rocket or also known as CZ-6 (Chang Zheng-6) which is the 395th flight mission.
  • SDGSAT-1 is the first satellite customized according to the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which adopted in 2015 with 17 SDGs for peace and prosperity.
  • China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) launched the mission and SDGSAT-1 was developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Noted Economist Dr Shankar Acharya Authored a New Book Titled “An Economist at Home and Abroad: A Personal Journey”A-book-titled-An-Economist-at-Home-and-Abroad-by-shankar-AcharyaNoted Economist and former Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India, Dr Shankar Acharya has authored a new book titled “An Economist at Home and Abroad: A Personal Journey”. 

  • The book features the professional and personal life of the most accomplished policy economist Dr Shankar Acharya.
  • The book is published by HarperCollins India.

About Dr Shankar Acharya:
i.Dr Shankar Acharya has been serving as the honorary professor at the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations(ICRIER), Delhi since 2001
ii.He was the longest-serving chief economic adviser to the Government of India, who served for a period of 8 years (1993-2001) under 3 different finance ministers (Manmohan Singh, P Chidambaram and Yashwant Sinha).
iii.He also served as a member of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) (1997-2000) and between 2001 and 2013 he has served as a member of the 12th Finance Commission and the National Security Advisory Board (2009-2013).
iv.He has also worked in the World Bank and led the team for World Development Report 1979. He has also served on the Reserve Bank of India(RBI)’s Advisory Committee for Monetary Policy (2005-2016).
v.He has also served as the Non-Executive Part-time Chairman of Kotak Mahindra Bank.
Books: 
He has authored several books on the Indian Economy and several scholarly articles.
His books include,

  • Essays on Macroeconomic Policy and Growth in India
  • Can India Grow Without Bharat?
  • India and Global Crisis

Bhaskar Chattopadhyay Authors a new  Book titled “The Cinema of Satyajit Ray”New-book-titled-The-Cinema-of-Satyajit-Ray-by-author-Bhaskar-ChattopadhyayA new book titled  ‘The Cinema of Satyajit Ray’ written by the author Bhaskar Chattopadhyay and  published by Westland details the life of legendary Indian Filmmaker – ‘Satyajit Ray’. The book is divided into two sections, first is about art and second is the artist.

  • Bhaskar Chattopadhyay  also  authored novels like “Patang” (2016), “Here Falls the Shadow” (2017) and “The Disappearance of Sally Sequeira” (2018).

i.The book describes 39 feature films of Satyajit Ray – including various short films and documentaries to investigate their cinematic and social context.
ii.It also contains essays on each film and documentaries of Satyajit Ray.
About Satyajit Ray:
i.Satyajit Ray is the only Indian to receive Academy Honorary Award (1992)
ii.In 1992, he was also awarded with the India’s highest civilian award – Bharat Ratna for his contribution to the field of Art (Cinema).
Famous Movies – Pather Panchali, Charulata, Devi

IMPORTANT DAYS

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2021 – November 5 World-Tsunami-Awareness-Day-2021The United Nations (UN)’s World Tsunami Awareness Day is annually observed across the globe on November 5th to create awareness about the tsunami, and the share the innovative approaches to risk reduction
The observances of the day are facilitated by the UN Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) in collaboration with the UN systems.

  • The day also promotes the Target F of Sendai Seven Campaign: “substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of the present Framework by 2030”.

Background:
i.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/70/203 on 22nd December 2015 and proclaimed the 5th November of every year as World Tsunami Awareness Day.
iii.The idea to observe a World Tsunami Awareness Day was proposed by Japan.The date of November 5 is based on an anecdote and example of a good practice known in Japan as “Inamura-no-hi” (the burning of rice sheaves) which took place on the 5th of November 1854.

About United Nations Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR):
UNDRR formerly UNISDR- United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
Head– Mami Mizutori
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
>>Read Full News
6th International One Health Day – 3rd November 2021 6th-International-One-Health-DayThe International One Health Day is annually observed across the globe on 3rd November to create awareness about the need for a One Health approach to address the shared health threats at the human-animal-environment interface.
3rd November 2021 marks the 6th One Health Day, a global campaign that highlights the importance of one health approach.
Background:
i.International One Health Day was initiated in 2016 by three International One Health Groups: One Health Commission, the One Health Platform, and the One Health Initiative Team.
ii.The first One Health Day was observed on 3rd November 2016. 
What is One Health?
i.One Health is a collaborative, multisectoral, and transdisciplinary approach, working at the local, regional, national, and global levels, which aims to achieve optimal health outcomes that recognise the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment.
ii.It recognises the connection between the health of people, animals and the environment.
World One Health Congress (WOHC):
i.7th World One Health Congress (WOHC) will take place from November 7 – 11, 2022 at the Sands Expo and Convention Centre in Singapore.
ii.The theme for the 7th World One Health Congress is Integrating Science, Policy and Clinical Practice: A One Health Imperative Post COVID-19.
Events in India:
i.As a part of the 6th One Health Day, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has organised a stakeholders forum under the theme “Industry and One Health” under the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav initiative.
ii.The panellists of the forum included the representatives of the Confederation of Indian Industry(CII), World Bank, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and officials of the Department of Animal husbandry and Dairying.
iii.Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR) is committed to solving the challenges in the area of One Health through collaboration and partnership with stakeholders including the Industry players.

STATE NEWS

Karnataka launches ‘Janasevaka’ Scheme – Doorstep delivery of Govt. ServicesKarnataka-government-launches-Janasevaka-scheme-offering-home-delivery (1)Karnataka Chief Minister, Basavaraj S Bommai, launched the state’s ambitious ‘Janasevaka’ (peoples’ servant) scheme and ‘Janaspandana’, an Integrated Public Grievance Redressal System (IPGRS).

  • ‘Janasevaka’ – A scheme for Citizens to avail doorstep delivery of government services.
  • ‘Janaspandana’ – It is a one-stop platform for citizens to raise complaints on any government scheme or service.

About Janasevaka 
i.58 Government services can be availed at doorstep using this scheme – Aadhaar card, caste or income certificate are also included.
ii.In 2019, the scheme was implemented in Dasarahalli area on a pilot basis and now launched covering the entire Bangalore city.
How Janasevaka works
i.Citizens can use the toll-free helpline or the web portal to book for the government certificates required and avail the service at a cost of Rs 115.
ii.Once the application is processed by the concerned departments Janasevaka will deliver a certificate, No Objection Certificate, Permission, Licence etc,
iii.’Mobile One’ App of the Karnataka government can be used to avail the services.
Note – Janasevaka scheme is modelled after Delhi Government’s Doorstep delivery scheme
About Janaspandana
The Grievance Redressal System is modelled after the central government’s Centralized Public Grievance Redressal & Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) which extends 24X7 online support to citizens.
About Karnataka
Chief Minister – Basavaraj S Bommai
Governor – Thawar Chand Gehlot
Wildlife Sanctuary – Melkote Wildlife Sanctuary, Mookambika wildlife sanctuary, Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary

NDDB Signs an Agreement with UP to Manage Varanasi Diary Union for 5 YearsNDDB-inks-pact-with-UP-to-manage-Varanasi-Dairy-Union-for-5-yearsThe National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) Anand signs a pact with Uttar Pradesh (UP) government to manage Varanasi Milk Union for a period of 5years.

  • A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed virtually between the government of UP, Pradeshik Cooperative Dairy Federation Ltd (PCDF), Varanasi Milk Union and NDDB .
  • Varanasi Milk Union would be the country’s first milk union to have a biogas-based trigeneration plant installed.

Key Points
i.This initiative will motivate and involve milk producers and provide them the required economic resilience.
ii.Provides essential market access.
iii.Allows to use biogas which is energy efficient.
iv.This initiative is in line with Prime Minister’s Narendra Modi’s aim of doubling farmers’ income.

About Uttar Pradesh
Chief Minister – Yogi Adityanath
Governor – Anandiben Patel

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S.no Current Affairs 6 November 2021
1 5th Ganga Utsav 2021-The River Festival held virtually; Ganga Atlas developed by IIT Kanpur Launched
2 India-Bhutan issues LoE to add 7 Entry-Exit Trade Points
3 DoT Formed a Technology Innovation Group on 6G; Chaired by K Rajaraman, Telecom Secretary
4 Centre Launched “Har Ghar Dastak” Campaign to Increase Vaccination Coverage
5 Climate Risks remain even if World Limits Warming to 1.5 deg C: 6th Adaptation Gap Report by UNEP
6 UK launches 1st Commemorative Coin featuring Mahatma Gandhi
7 UNEP Report : Cities will be Too Hot to Live
8 Bandhan Bank appointed as “Agency Bank” of RBI to Conduct Govt. Business
9 South African author Damon Galgut bags Booker Prize 2021 for his novel ‘The Promise’
10 Indian-origin Canadian Anita Anand Sworn-in as Canada’s 43rd Defence Minister
11 Director-producer Imtiaz Ali Appointed as Ambassador of Russian Film Festival in India
12 DRDO & IAF conducts 2 successful flight tests of ‘SAAW’
13 China Launches Earth Science Satellite, Guangmu
14 Noted Economist Dr Shankar Acharya Authored a New Book Titled “An Economist at Home and Abroad: A Personal Journey”
15 Bhaskar Chattopadhyay Authors a new  Book titled “The Cinema of Satyajit Ray”
16 World Tsunami Awareness Day 2021 – November 5
17 6th International One Health Day – 3rd November 2021
18 Karnataka launches ‘Janasevaka’ Scheme – Doorstep delivery of Govt. Services
19 NDDB Signs an Agreement with UP to Manage Varanasi Diary Union for 5 Years