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Current Affairs 28 September 2021

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 28 September 2021, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2021 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

HAL, Alliance Air inked pact to deploy Civil Do-228 Plane in Arunachal PradeshHAL, Alliance Air join forces to supply civil Do-228 planei.On September 26, 2021, the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) inked a leased agreement with Alliance Air Aviation Limited for the deployment of two HAL’s Civil Dornier-228 (Do-228) aircraft in Arunachal Pradesh (AR).
ii.This deal envisages enhancing Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) in the region as it will connect remote parts of AR.
iii.It was signed by Apurba Roy, General Manager, Transport Aircraft Division, Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh), HAL and Arun Kumar Bansal, Head of Engineering, Alliance Air Aviation Limited in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
About Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL):
Chairman and Managing Director (CMD)– R Madhavan
Headquarter– Bengaluru, Karnataka
>>Read Full News

Rajasthan’s Sojat Mehndi, Assam’s Judima, Nagaland’s Cucumber bagged GI tag  

Sojat Mehndi from Rajasthan gets GI tagSojat Mehndi from Rajasthan, known for its medicinal values has received the geographical indication (GI) tag.

  • From the North East States, the traditional brew of Dimasa community, Judima from Assam and Naga Cucumber from Nagaland known for its high potassium content also bagged GI tags.

About GI Tag
i.A GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
ii.GI are part of the intellectual property rights that comes under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Proper.
iii.In India, GI registration is done by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act of 1999.
Objective
i.
GI Tag helps the genuine producers to avail optimum price for their premium goods even in the competitive market.
>>Read Full News

US, India launch task forces on Hydrogen, Biofuels to Decarbonize Energy SectorUS, India launch task forces on Hydrogen, Biofuels to decarbonize energy sectori.As a part of Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP), the United States (US) department of energy along with Indian counterpart launched a new public-private Hydrogen Task Force and Biofuels Task Force to expand the use of clean energy technologies for decarbonization of the energy sector.
ii.The US is committed to enhance Nationally Determined Contribution to reduce economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels in 2030. It is also supporting India for the deployment of 450 GW (GigaWatt) of renewable energy capacity by 2030.
About United States:
Capital– Washington, D.C.
Currency– United States Dollar
President– Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.
>>Read Full News

PM Modi Launches Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission to Promote Digital Health Infrastructure

PM Modi launches Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission

The Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi launched ‘Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission’ (ABDM) via video conference.The program was organized on World Tourism Day (27th September). It was launched in the presence of Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare and Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare.

Objective – To develop the integrated digital health infrastructure of the country.

  • Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission will provide a digital health ID to people which will contain their health records.This mission was launched under the pilot project National Digital Health Mission (NDHM).
  • The mission was launched under the pilot project National Digital Health Mission (NDHM).
  • It will help connect digital health solutions  of hospitals across the country. All Indians will get a digital health ID under this scheme. Every citizen’s health record will now be digitally secure.

About National Digital Health Mission (NDHM)
Launched – August 15, 2020.
i.The NDHM is implemented by the National Health Authority (NHA) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
ii.The NDHM is a complete digital health ecosystem. The digital platform will be launched with four key features — health ID, personal health records, Digi Doctor and health facility registry.
>>Read Full News

Commerce Ministry Celebrated Vanijya Saptah 20-26 September 2021

Ministry of Commerce and Industry observed Vanijya Saptah (Trade & Commerce Week) from 20th to 26th September 2021 as a part of the celebration of “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav”.

World’s highest EV charging station inaugurated at Kaza, Himachal Pradesh

The world’s highest Electric Vehicle (EV) charging station was inaugurated at 500 feet in Kaza, in the Spiti Valley, Lahaul and Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh. The charging station will support all EV Scooters and cars. 

  • The EV charging facility was installed by goEgo Network, a Pune-based EV Charging infra startup.
  • Bharat AC and Dual Socket Type 2 Chargers, installed by goEgo in Western Himalayas have ‘Make in India’ certification and compliance with the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) and Open Charge Alliance(OCA) Certification.
  • goEgo collaborated with TVS Motor Company to promote EV infrastructure in Himachal Pradesh.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Highlights of PM Narendra Modi’s Visit to USA from 22-25 September 2021Highlights of PM Modi's visit to USA from 22-25 September 2021

Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi visited the United States of America (USA) from 22 to 25 September 2021 and participated in the 1st in-person QUAD Leaders’ Summit in Washington D.C., the USA, along with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, and US President Joe Biden.

  • The QUAD meeting was hosted by Joe Biden. QUAD (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) countries – includes India, Japan, the USA, and Australia.
  • The 1st-ever QUAD Leaders’ summit was held virtually in March 2021.

Key Points:
i.Fellowship programme: They have announced a fellowship programme to allow students from the 4 countries to pursue degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) at US universities.
ii.PM addressed the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York on September 25, 2021.
iii.PM had a meeting with Kamala Harris, Vice President of the USA, in Washington DC and discussed India’s National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM).
iv.The PM had a Bilateral meeting with Australian PM Scott Morrison ahead of the Quad Leaders’ Summit and discussed the issues of bilateral, regional and global importance.
About United States (US):
Capital – Washington, D.C.
Currency – United States Dollar (USD)
President – Joe Biden
>>Read Full News

I&B Minister Anurag Thakur addressed Summit for Information and DemocracyUnion Minister Sh Anurag Thakur addresses Summit for Information and Democracy

Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting Anurag Thakur participated virtually at the Summit for Information and Democracy on the sidelines of the 76th UN General Assembly(UNGA) High-Level Week organised at the Consulate General of France, New York in USA.

  • The Minister stressed on the need to engagement with member countries to address misinformation during an infodemic and learn from each other to understand the issues and to find suitable solutions to address them.
  • India was also among the co-authors of a first of its kind Cross-Regional Statement on “Infodemic” in the Context of COVID-19.

Objectives of the Summit
i.To create an International Observatory on Information and Democracy responsible for analysing global information trends.
ii.Fostering ties between the International Partnership for Information and Democracy and international organisations.
International Partnership on Information and Democracy
i.It is an intergovernmental non-binding agreement endorsed by 43 countries around the world to promote and implement democratic principles in the global information and communication space.
ii.India is founding member and signatory of International Partnership for Information and Democracy
iii.It was launched in New York on 26 September 2019, in the framework of the Alliance for Multilateralism. With an aim to promote freedom of opinion and expression and access to free, pluralistic and reliable information.
South Africa to host 10th Global MIL Week from Oct 24
The tenth edition of UNESCO’s Global Media and Information Literacy (MIL) Week with the theme Media and Information Literacy for all , will be hosted by South Africa from 24 to 31 October 2021.

  • Global MIL Week 2021 highlights will include the eleventh MIL and Intercultural Dialogue Conference and sixth Youth Agenda Forum.
  • It was initiated in 2012, is led by UNESCO in cooperation with the UNESCO MIL Alliance, the UNESCO-UNAOC MIL and Intercultural Dialogue (MILID) University Network, and other partners.

About UNESCO
Director General: Audrey Azoulay
Headquarters: Paris, France

BANKING & FINANCE

ICICI Bank Offers OD Facility to Sellers Registered on Amazon India

ICICI Bank partnered with Amazon India to offer an overdraft (OD) facility up to Rs 25 lakh to individual sellers and small businesses registered on the e-commerce marketplace amazon.in.

  • Objective: To enable easy and trusted access to credit for sellers at low costs.

Key Points:
i.The partnership will enable the ICICI bank customers who are registered with amazon.in as a seller to avail an OD from the ICICI Bank through a fully digital process i.e from obtaining an application to sanction to disbursement.The seller is redirected to ICICI Bank’s ‘InstaOD’ platform to avail this OD Facility.
ii.The process was controlled by API (Application Programming Interface) integration and the OD facility functions based on the scorecard to instantly evaluate the credit worthiness of sellers based on their financial profile, including Credit Bureau scores.
iii.The customers of other banks/new to ICICI Bank will be offered the OD after opening the current account with the bank and KYC (Know Your Customer) validation.
About ICICI Bank:
Establishment – 1955 (Incorporated in 1994)
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD & CEO – Sandeep Bakhshi
Tagline – Hum hai na, Khayal Apka

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

ICRA Revised India’s FY22 GDP Growth Forecast to 9%Icra revises up FY22 GDP growth forecast to 9%The ICRA (formerly known as Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India Limited) has revised India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth projection in FY22 from 8.5 percent (June 2021) to 9 percent.

Key Points of ICRA’s Projections:
i.It has revised the GVA (gross value added) growth estimate for agriculture, forestry and fishing in the second and third quarter (Q2 &Q3) of 2021-22 to 3 percent each from its earlier projection of 2 per cent.
ii.Government Spending: The government’s spending was contracted by 4.7 percent in April-July 2021 year-on-year, and stood at 28.8 percent of the 2021-22 Budget Estimation.

  • ICRA expects a higher amount of spending by the government in the second half of FY22.

iii.ICRA has stated COVID-19 vaccination, healthy advance estimates of Kharif (summer) crop and faster government spending as the factors for improved projection of GDP. It expects higher GDP growth in the second half of FY22.

About ICRA:
It is owned by Moody’s Corporation
Establishment – 1991
Headquarters – Gurgaon, Haryana
MD & Group CEO – Mr. N. Sivaraman

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS

MCA extended tenure of Company Law Committee by 1 year, till Sept 2022Govt extends tenure of Company Law Committee by one year till Sept 2022The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has extended the tenure of the Company Law Committee (CLC) by one year i.e. till September 16, 2022 w.e.f. September 17, 2021.

  • CLC was formulated to promote ease of doing business to law abiding corporates, to foster improved corporate compliance for stakeholders, and to address issues impacting the working of companies.
  • The tenure of CLC was also extended in 2020 by 1 year.

About CLC:
It is an 11-member committee constituted in 2019 by MCA to examine and make recommendations to the government on issues related to implementation of the Companies Act 2013 and the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2008.

  • It is chaired by Rajesh Verma, Secretary, MCA.       

       SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Lunar Crater Named After Arctic Explorer Matthew HensonLunar Crater Named After Arctic Explorer Matthew HensonThe International Astronomical Union(IAU) has named a crater at the Moon’s south pole after Matthew Henson, an African-American Arctic explorer, who was the 1st person to stand at the very top of the world.

  • Henson crater is located in the South Pole of the Moon, between Sverdrup and de Gerlache craters.
  • Jordan Bretzfelder, an Exploration Science summer intern at Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas proposed to name the crater after Matthew Henson.

Note:
Lunar and Planetary Institute is a member of the Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute, headquartered in Ames Research Center (National Aeronautics and Space Administration- NASA).
Artemis program & Henson Crater:
i.The location of Henson Crater is the region where the Artemis lunar exploration program of NASA is set to land the next generation of lunar explorers.
ii.The Artemis program aims to land the first woman and first person of colour on the moon.
About Matthew Henson:
i.Matthew Henson was born in 1866 in Maryland, was well known as the co-discoverer of the North Pole with Robert Edwin Peary in 1909.
ii.He published a memoir titled “A Negro Explorer at the North Pole”.
iii.The National Geographic Society honoured posthumously awarded the Hubbard Medal(posthumously) in 2000.

SPORTS

L Hamilton become first F1 driver in history to seal 100 winsLewis Hamilton becomes first F1 driver in history to record 100 victoriesLewis Hamilton sets a new record by registering his 100th win after finishing first in Russian Grand Prix held at Sochi Autodrom in Russia on September 28.Hamilton is a British racer, competes for Mercedes.

  • With this win, Hamilton became the first Formula-one driver in the history to reach 100 wins. Max Verstappen finished second at Russian Grand Prix 2021.

F1 drivers with most wins in history
i.Lewis Hamilton (Britain) 100
ii.
Michael Schumacher (Germany) 91
iii.
Sebastian Vettel (Germany) 53
iv.
Alain Prost (France) 51
v.
Ayrton Senna (Brazil) 41

BOOKS & AUTHORS

The Battle of Rezang La, a book depicts 120 Indian soldiers’ Bravery in 1962 Sino-India war 

A book titled ''The Battle of Rezang La' written by Kulpreet Yadav‘The Battle of Rezang La’, a book which describes the story of 120 soldiers who put up a strong fight against the 5,000 Chinese military troop preventing a possible occupation of the Ladakh region in the 1962 Sino-Indian war which happened between India and China .

  • The book was written by ex-naval officer and author Kulpreet Yadav
  • It was published by Penguin Veer.
  • The book was released towards to honour the 50th anniversary of 1962 Indi-China war.

About Author
i.
Kulpreet Yadav has authored several books in diverse genres, including espionage, true crime and romance.
ii.
He won the Best Fiction Author Award for ‘Murder in Paharganj’ at the Gurgaon Literary Festival (2018).

IMPORTANT DAYS

World Rivers Day 2021 – September 26World Rivers Day 2021World Rivers Day is annually observed across the globe on the fourth Sunday of September to create awareness about water bodies and to promote the conservation of water bodies across the globe.
World Rivers Day 2021 was observed on 26th September 2021. 

  • World Rivers Day 2020 was observed on 27th September 2020
  • World Rivers Day 2022 will be observed on 25th September 2022.

Background:
i.The first ever World Rivers Day was observed in 2005 following the launch of the United Nations(UN)s International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’ 2005-2015.
ii.The idea of World Rivers Day was proposed by Mark Angelo, a renowned Canadian river advocate.
iii.Mark Angelo founded and led the observance of British Columbia(BC) Rivers Day, the largest River appreciation event in Canada, since 1980.
>>Read Full News

World Environmental Health Day 2021 – September 26world environmental health day 2021World Environmental Health Day(WEHD) is annually observed across the globe on September 26 to create awareness about the health of the environment and to highlight the importance of investing in the healthy and green recovery of the environment.
The day also aims to create a better understanding of the integral connection between the environment, health and economy.
The theme of WEHD 2021 is “Prioritizing Environmental Health for healthier communities in global recovery”.
Background:
i.The World Environmental Health Day was launched by the International Federation of Environmental Health council during the meeting held in Indonesia on 26th September 2011.
ii.The first ever World Environment Health Day was observed on 26th September 2011.
>>Read Full News

International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons 2021 – 26 SeptemberInternational Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons 2021The United Nations(UN)’s International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons is annually observed across the globe on September 26th to create public awareness and to educate people about the threat posed to humanity by nuclear weapons. The day also highlights the necessity for the total elimination of nuclear weapons to achieve a nuclear-weapon-free world.
Background:
i.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/68/32 on 5th September 2013 and proclaimed the 26th September of every year as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.
ii.The first ever International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons was observed on 26th September 2014. 
>>Read Full News

World Contraception Day 2021 – September 26 World Contraception Day 2021World Contraception Day (WCD) is annually observed across the globe on September 26th to create awareness about the importance of sexual and reproductive healthcare services and to highlight the rights of all couples and individuals to decide on the number and spacing of their children.
Background:
i.World Contraception Day was established by 10 International Family planning organisations to create awareness about contraception.
ii.The first ever World Contraception day was observed on 26th September 2007.
iii.At present, the WCD is supported by a coalition of 15 international NGOs, governmental organisations, and scientific and medical societies across the globe.
Sexual & Reproductive health-care services & SDG:
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, target 3.7 states, by 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.
Key Points:
i.Around 255 million women in developing countries do not have access to modern contraceptive methods.
ii.In 2019, Among the 1.9 billion Women of Reproductive Age groups across the globe, 842 million are using contraceptives and 270 million do not have access to contraception.
iii.Globally, the number of women using contraceptive methods would increase by 778 million in 2030.

World Tourism Day – 27 SeptemberWorld Tourism Day 2021The United Nations(UN)’s World Tourism Day(WTD) is annually observed across the globe on 27th September to create awareness about the importance of tourism and its impact on social, economic and political aspects of a region. The day also highlights the contributions of the tourism sector towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs).

WTD 2021:
The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has designated World Tourism Day 2021 as a day to focus on “Tourism for Inclusive Growth” as the COVID-19 pandemic has had a massive social and economic impact on both developed and developing countries.
Background:
i.In September 1979, during the 3rd session of the UNWTO General Assembly held in Torremolinos, Spain, the UNWTO General Assembly decided to proclaim the 27th September of every year as the “World Tourism Day” starting from 1980.
ii.The first World Tourism Day was observed on 27th September 1980. 
Why September 27?
September 27th was chosen to commemorate the adoption of UNWTO statutes on 27th September 1970.
Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal launched “Dekho Mere Dilli”:
On the occasion of World Tourism Day 2021, Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister(CM) of Delhi launched “Dekho Mere Dilli”, the Official Tourism App of Delhi Government, Government of NCT of Delhi, to promote Tourism in Delhi.

United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO):
UNWTO is a leading UN international agency in the field of tourism.
Secretary-General- Zurab Pololikashvili
Headquarters– Madrid, Spain
>>Read Full News

STATE NEWS

Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar Launches Samarpan Portal for People to Offer Voluntary Service  Haryana CM launches 'Samarpan Portal' for people to offer voluntary serviceOn the 105th birth anniversary of Deen Dayal Upadhyay, the Chief Minister (CM) of Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar launched ‘Samarpan Portal’, a web portal where people can register themselves to offer voluntary service in the field of education, sports, agriculture, and skill development.

  • The birth anniversary of Upadhyay is being celebrated as ‘Samarpan Divas’ across the country.

Highlights:
i.The voluntary services offered by the people through the web portal   will be linked to various programmes of the government such as in the sectors of education, women and child development, farmer welfare, etc.
ii.The voluntary services could help the government and the local community in fulfilling the goal of good governance.
Launch of the official website of the Foreign Cooperation Department (FCD)
i.The website will provide overall information about Haryana, Haryanvi culture, a reason to invest in Haryana, and the export performance of the Haryana to non-residents of Haryana.
ii.It will offer Diaspora Registration Form, Export Registration Form, Business Information Form and Export Guide for potential exporters from Haryana.
HUNAR app:

  • It was launched by the CM of Haryana to generate self-employment in the state. HUNAR stands for ‘’Haryana, Udyam, Naukri Aur Rozgar’’ app, developed by Haryana Skill Development Mission.
  • It will provide training to people for self-employment and setting up an enterprise.

About Haryana
Airport-Ambala Air Force Station, Hisar Airport, Sirsa Air Force Station
Stadium- Chaudhary Bansi Lal Cricket Stadium, Mahavir Stadium, Tau Devi Lal Stadium
Festival -Lohri, Basant Panchami, Gangore

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S.no Current Affairs 28 September 2021
1 HAL, Alliance Air inked pact to deploy Civil Do-228 Plane in Arunachal Pradesh
2 Rajasthan’s Sojat Mehndi, Dimasa’s traditional brew, Judima, Naga Cucumber bag GI tag
3 US, India launch task forces on Hydrogen, Biofuels to Decarbonize Energy Sector
4 PM Modi Launches Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission on the Occasion of World Tourism Day
5 Commerce Ministry Celebrated Vanijya Saptah 20-26 September 2021
6 World’s highest EV charging station inaugurated at Kaza, Himachal Pradesh
7 Highlights of PM Narendra Modi’s Visit to USA from 22-25 September 2021
8 I&B Minister Anurag Thakur addressed Summit for Information and Democracy
9 ICICI Bank Offers OD Facility to Sellers Registered on Amazon India
10 ICRA Revised India’s FY22 GDP Growth Forecast to 9%
11 MCA extended tenure of Company Law Committee by 1 year, till Sept 2022
12 Lunar Crater Named After Arctic Explorer Matthew Henson
13 L Hamilton become first F1 driver in history to seal 100 wins
14 The Battle of Rezang La, a book on bravery of 120 soldiers in 1962 Indi-China war released
15 World Rivers Day 2021 – September 26
16 World Environmental Health Day 2021 – September 26
17 International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons 2021 – 26 September
18 World Contraception Day 2021 – September 26
19 World Tourism Day – 27 September
20 Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar Launches Samarpan Portal for People to Offer Voluntary Service