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Current Affairs 26 & 27 September 2021

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 26 & 27 September 2021, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2021 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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MoD partnered with Spain for acquisition of 56 C-295MW aircraft MoD signs contract with Airbus Defence & Space, Spain for acquisition of 56 C-295MW transport aircraft for IAFOn the lines of the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) approval, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) signed a contract with M/s Airbus Defence and Space, Spain worth Rs.22,000 Crore on September 24, 2021, for acquisition of 56 C-295MW transport aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF).

  • MOD also inked an offset contract with M/s Airbus Defence and Space through which Airbus will discharge its offset obligations through direct purchase of eligible products and services from Indian Offset Partners.
  • Notably, this is the first project of its kind in which a military aircraft will be manufactured in India under technology transfer by the private sector.

About C-295MW:
The induction of C-295 MW will modernize the transport fleet of IAF as it will succeed ageing Avro HS-748 aircraft of IAF that were procured in the 1960s. It will boost the tactical airlift capability of IAF, especially in the Northern and North-Eastern sector and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Following are its key features:

  • It is used for tactical transport of up to 71 troops or 50 paratroopers, and for logistic operations to locations that are not accessible to current heavier aircraft.
  • It has 5-10 tonne capacity with contemporary technology.
  • It is capable of operating from semi-prepared strips and has a rear ramp door for quick reaction and para dropping of troops & cargo.

Points to be noted:
i.Of the 56 aircraft, 16 will be delivered in flyaway condition from Spain within 48 months.
ii.The remaining 40 will be manufactured in India by Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL), in partnership with Airbus and will be installed with indigenous Electronic Warfare Suite.
iii.With this, IAF becomes the 35th C295 operator worldwide.This partnership will also enhance the ‘Make in India’ initiative and the contract will be signed for 10 years.
About Ministry of Defence (MoD):
Union Minister- Rajnath Singh (Constituency- Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh)
Minister of State– Ajay Bhatt (Constituency- Nainital–Udhamsingh Nagar, Uttarakhand)

MeitY Startup Hub inks pacts with AISPL to promote startupsAWS collaborates with MeitY to support startup growth and innovation in India Amazon Internet Services Pvt Ltd (AISPL) has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with MeitY Startup Hub, an initiative of the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY), to promote technology innovation and the sustainable growth of start-ups in India. AISPL undertakes the resale and marketing of Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud services in India.

Aim of the collaboration

  • MeitY Startup Hub and AWS will work together to identify start-ups with deep technology capabilities and empower them to find solutions to address the biggest problems in India.
  • Through the AWS Startup Ramp programme, the start-ups will gain access to AWS Credits, a community of experts, technical training and support covering cloud architecture, cost optimisation, security, and scalability readiness.
  • The MeitY Startup Hub will organise government-backed innovation challenges to help start-ups focused on the public sector scale their solutions.
  • Initially, the collaboration will focus on start-ups addressing healthcare, agriculture, public safety, transportation, smart cities and citizen engagement.
  • It will provide mentoring, technical expertise, cloud credits, skill enhancement programming, and other resources provided to start-ups.

About MeitY Startup Hub
It is an initiative of the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY)
CEO: Jeet Vijay
About Amazon Web Services (AWS)
i.CEO: Adam Selipsky
ii.Headquarters: Seattle, Washington, United States

ZSI Signed MoU with Natural History Museum of UK Zoological Survey of India, UK's Natural History Museum sign MoU on faunal diversity researchZoological Survey of India (ZSI) and the Natural History Museum (NHM), London, United Kingdom (UK), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to formulate strategies for long term scientific documentation and conservation of faunal diversity through international exchange.

  • The MoU was signed by Dhriti Banerjee, the first lady Director of ZSI and Douglas Gurr, Director, NHM, London for 5 years.
  • Under the MoU both ZSI and NHM, London are committed to implement the 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and relevant national and regional laws and regulations.
  • India holds 2.4 percent of the world’s land with 8.1 percent of species diversity, which makes India one of twelve mega diversity countries of the world.

About Zoological Survey of India (ZSI):
Establishment – July 1, 1916
Headquarters – Kolkata
Director – Dhriti Banerjee
>>Read Full News

UT of Ladakh organised 1st Edition of The Himalayan Film Festival at Leh 
Ladakh hosts first Himalayan Film FestivalAnurag Singh Thakur, Union Minister of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, inaugurated the first edition of the Himalayan Film Festival (24th to 28th September 2021) organised by the Union Territory (UT) of Ladakh in collaboration with the Directorate of Film Festivals, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting(MIB).

  • The 5-day film festival at the Sindhu Sanskriti Kendra, Leh is organised as a part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
  • The event is hosted by the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh.

1st edition of the Himalayan Film Festival:
i.The film festival will screen movies from the 12 Himalayan states and Union Territories (Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland) on the main screen at Sindhu Sanskriti Kendra, Picture Time mini theatre, and in the amphitheatre.
ii.The film festival began with the screening of Shershaah and The Shepherdess of Glacier will be screened at the closing ceremony.
Additional info:
As a part of the film festival masterclasses and conversation sessions with film personalities like Vidhu Vinod Chopra, Anupama Chopra, S Nallamuthu, Nila Madhab Panda has also been organised.

Saubhagya Completed 4 Years of Successful ImplementationSAUBHAGYA completes FOUR years of successful implementationSaubhagya – Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, one of the largest household electrification drives in the world, has completed 4 years of successful implementation.
As of March 2021, 2.82 crore households across India have been electrified under the SAUBHAGYA since its launch.
About Saubhagya – Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana:
Saubhagya – Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25th September 2017, the birth centenary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
Implementing authority: 
i.The Ministry of Power is the implementing authority of the scheme.
ii.Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC) is the Nodal Agency for the operationalization of the scheme throughout the country
About Ministry of Power:
Union Minister– Raj Kumar Singh (Constituency- Arrah, Bihar)
Minister of State– Krishan Pal (Constituency- Faridabad, Haryana)
>>Read Full News


WMO Report: Rising CO2 concentration affects all 17 SDGsRising CO2 concentration threatens all 17 SDGsi.On September 22, 2021, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) published a new report titled ‘Climate Indicators and Sustainable Development: Demonstrating the Interconnections’ stating that climate change effects not only obstruct the Sustainable Development Goal-13 (SDG13- Climate Action) but impede all 17 SDGs.
ii.It was released in coincide with the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) annual session; and the opening of the virtual SDG Action Zone to accelerate action on the SDGs.
About World Meteorological Organization (WMO):
It is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN)
Secretary-General– Prof. Petteri Taalas
Members– 193 nations
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
>>Read Full News

India, Bhutan sign a  pact for Joint Development of Small SatellitesIndia inks pact for joint development of small satellite for BhutanScientific Secretary of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), R Umamaheswaran and Jigme Tenzing, Director of the Department of Information Technology and Telecom (DITT), Royal Government of Bhutan, virtually signed an Implementing Arrangement (IA) to co-operate in the development of a joint small satellite

  • Participants: Ambassador of India to Bhutan Ruchira Kamboj, Ambassador of Bhutan to India Major General Vetsop Namgyel have participated in the event.

i.The current agreement was in the line of MoU signed between Bhutan and India on Collaboration in Peaceful Uses of Outer Space under the purview of the Ministry of Information and Communication (MoIC) in 2020. The DITT and ISRO will develop joint satellites.
ii.It will enhance the innovation, development and technology transfer between the countries.
iii.It is the new area of bilateral partnership in the space sector between India and Bhutan.
Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS):
It was set up under the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 1959 to govern the exploration and use of space for the benefit of humanity. It has two subsidiary bodies such as Scientific and Technical Subcommittee and Legal Subcommittee.
About ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization):
Founded- 15 August 1969
Headquarters – Bengaluru, Karnataka
Chairman – Kailasavadivoo Sivan
About Bhutan:
Capital – Thimphu
Prime Minister – Lotay Tshering
Currency – Bhutanese ngultrum


HPCL Collaborates with ICICI Bank for Fuel Payments through FASTagsHPCL partners with ICICI Bank for fuel payments through FASTags

Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) collaborated with ICICI Bank, to enable the ICICI bank customers to use their ICICI Bank FastTag to pay for fuel and lubricants at HPCL’s 19,000 retail outlets across India.

  • HPCL is the first Oil Marketing Company (OMC) to provide a cashless facility to enable FastTag for fuel purchases by retail and commercial customers. 

Key points:
i.Through the partnership, the ICICI Bank FastTag commercial vehicle users will have the facility to use ONE tag for fuel, toll, and parking payments.
ii.About FastTag:

  • The FASTag is a reloadable tag that allows people to drive through FASTag lanes after automatic deduction of toll charges from the prepaid or bank account without stopping for cash transactions.
  • The tag uses Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and it will be fixed on the windscreen of the vehicle once active.

ii.National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), Indian Highways Management Company Limited (IHMCL), and National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) are working together to make state and national highway toll payments completely digital.
Electrical Vehicle (EV) Projects of HPCL:
i.It has launched its first-ever EV charger named ‘ChargeGrid Flare’ in collaboration with Magenta EV Systems under its start-up development programme.
ii.It has proposed 5,000 electric vehicles (EV) charging stations in the coming 3 years.
iii.Convergence Energy Services Ltd (CESL), Tata Power, and Magenta EV Systems are helping for setting up charging infrastructure at its retail outlets.
About Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL):
Chairman and Managing Director-Mukesh Kumar Surana
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
About ICICI Bank:
Establishment – 1955(Incorporated in 1994)
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD& CEO – Sandeep Bakhshi
Tagline – Hum hai na, Khayal Apka

RBI Issued Master Directions on Securitisation of Standard Assets, Transfer of Loan ExposuresRBI issues new rules for securitisation of standard assets, loan transfersOn September 24, 2021, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued the master directions of RBI (Securitisation of Standard Assets) Directions, 2021, and RBI (Transfer of Loan Exposures) Directions, 2021.
Master Directions on Securitisation of Standard Assets:
i.Eligibility: Loans with tenor up to 24 months extended to individuals for agricultural activities (where both interest and principal are due only on maturity) and Trade receivables with tenor up to 12 months (discounted/purchased by lenders from their borrowers) will be eligible for securitisation.
ii.Minimum Retention Requirement (MRR):

  • For loans with maturity of 24 months or less, the MRR should be 5 percent of the book value of the loans being securitised.
  • For loans with original maturity of more than 24 months and loans with bullet repayments, the MRR shall be 10 percent of the book value of the loans being securitised.

Master Directions on Transfer of Loan Exposures:
i.Transfer of stressed loans: RBI has allowed the transferring of loan exposures classified as fraud (i.e. the stressed loans) to Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs).

  • This direction came as a backdrop of the banks reported frauds aggregating Rs 3.95-lakh crore between FY19 and FY21.

ii.Minimum Holding Period (MHP): MHP is 3 months in case of loans with tenor of up to 2 years and 6 months in case of loans with tenor of more than 2 years.
About Reserve Bank of India(RBI):
Establishment – 1st April 1935
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Governor – Shaktikanta Das
Deputy Governors – Mahesh Kumar Jain, Michael Debabrata Patra, M. Rajeshwar Rao, T. Rabi Sankar
>>Read Full News


President Ram Nath Kovind presents NSS Awards 2019-20President of India Presents National Service Scheme Awards for the year 2019-20The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind presented the National Service Scheme (NSS) Awards for the year 2019-20 at Rastrapathi Bhawan,New Delhi Virtually.

  • Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Shri Anurag Thakur and Minister of State for Youth Affairs & Sports Shri NisithPramanik also attended the ceremony from Sushma Swaraj Bhawan, New Delhi.
  • A total of 42 awardees in 3 different categories like University or +2 Councils, NSS Units and their Programme Officers and NSS Volunteers were conferred with the awards under the NSS Awards 2019-20

Objective of the NSS Awards
To recognise and reward outstanding contributions towards voluntary community service made by the Universities/ Colleges, (+2) Councils and Senior Secondary, NSS Units/ Programme Officers and NSS Volunteers. These awards are conferred every year.

  • The ideological orientation of the NSS was inspired by the principles of Mahatma Gandhi.

About National Service Scheme (NSS)
NSS is a Centrally Sector Scheme with the primary objective of developing the personality and character of the student, youth through voluntary community service.
ii.It was launched by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in 1969 during the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhiji.

Union Mansukh Mandaviya virtually presented ICC Annual Awards 2020Union Chemicals & Fertilizers Minister Shri Mansukh Mandaviya presents ICC Annual Awards for the Year 2020i.On September 24, 2021, Union Minister Mansukh Laxmanbhai Mandaviya, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (MoC&F) virtually presented the ICC (Indian Chemical Council) Annual Awards for the year 2020.
ii.He also released the latest edition of the Members Directory that contains detailed information of all the members of the council.
iii.Held in the month of September/October annually, ICC presents prestigious annual National Awards to encourage excellence of achievements in various fields of chemicals.
About Indian Chemical Council (ICC):
Establishment– 1938
President– Ravi Goenka
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra
>>Read Full News


Mastercard joins Meltwater Champions Chess Tour, appoints Magnus Carlsen as AmbassadorMastercard names Magnus Carlsen global ambassadorMastercard joins the Meltwater Champions Chess Tour as an official partner and names Magnus Carlsen as Mastercard global brand ambassador.

  • Carlsen joins the company’s all-star line-up of ambassadors, which includes Lionel Messi, Naomi Osaka, Crystal Dunn and Dan Carter.
  • With this ,Mastercard owners will be able to join Carlsen for a live, virtual event, where he will speak about his passion for chess and take questions from the live audience.

About Meltwater Champions Chess Tour
The Champions Chess Tour 2021 is a 10-month long series of 10 online chess tournaments featuring the world’s top players, playing for a prize money pool of US$1.5 million
Hosted by: Play Magnus Group
About Magnus Carlsen
i.He is Norwegian chess grandmaster who is the current World Chess Champion, World Rapid Chess Champion, and World Blitz Chess Champion.
ii.He is highest-rated chess grandmaster in history.
iii.He was the highest-paid esports player in 2020.
About Mastercard
It is a multinational financial services corporation
CEO: Michael Miebach
Founded: 16 December 1966
Headquarters: New York, United States

India’s CAG GC Murmu elected as external auditor for IAEA

India’s Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) GC Murmu was elected as the external auditor of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at the General Conference of the IAEA in Vienna, Austria . His tenure will be for six years, from 2022 to 2027.
About GC Murmu 
i.Murmu assumed office as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India on August 8, 2020.
ii.Prior to that, he served as the first Lt Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
iii.He also served in various capacities in the Government of India, such as secretary of the department of expenditure, special and additional secretary in the department of financial services and department of revenue.
About (IAEA)
It stands for International Atomic Energy Agency. It promotes the peaceful use of nuclear energy
Headquarters: Vienna, Austria
Director General:
Rafael Mariano Grossi
Founded: 1957
Kuwait’s Ambassador, H.E. Sadiq M. Marafi elected as President of 65th Conference
The IAEA’s General Conference elected Kuwait’s Ambassador, H.E. Sadiq M. Marafi, as President of the 65th regular session of the Conference.
About H.E. Sadiq M. Marafi
Marafi is Kuwait’s Ambassador to Austria and Permanent Representative to the international organisations in Vienna, including the IAEA, since September 2013.
ii.He has been a career diplomat since 1993 at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kuwait.
iii.At Kuwait’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Marafi’s assignments included an appointment to the Permanent Mission to the United Nations Office in Geneva, from July 1996 to August 2012.
iv.Prior to that, he served as a diplomatic attaché at the Department of Asia and Africa.


Zoho founder Dr Sridhar Vembu launched the book titled “Smart Villages: Bridging the Global Urban-Rural Divide” 
Zoho founder Sridhar Vembu launches book on Smart VillagesZoho Founder Dr Sridhar Vembu launched the new book titled “Smart Villages: Bridging the Global Urban-Rural Divide” published by Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The book is a collection of case studies on uplifting villages.
The book is edited by

  • Dr. V.I. Lakshmanan is Vice-Chair and CEO of Process Research ORTECH Inc. and Adjunct Professor, the University of Toronto in Canada.
  • Dr. Arun Chockalingam is an Adjunct Professor of Medicine and Global Health at the Faculty of Medicine, the University of Toronto in Canada
  • Dr. Kumar Murty is Director, Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences, and Professor of Mathematics at the University of Toronto in Canada.
  • Mr. S. Kalyanasundaram is a Former Telecom Executive and Former Executive Director at the Canada India Foundation.

Launch event:
i.The launch event was organized by the Sona Valliappa group.
ii.The launch event coincides with the day (22nd September 1921) on which Mahatma Gandhi made the decision to change his attire from Gujarati attire to simple dhoti and shawl.
About the book:
i.The book put together technical expertise, best practices, case studies and ground-level applications of the ideas to empower the rural population to live a life on par with the quality of life enjoyed by the global urban population.
ii.Chocko Valliappa, vice chairman of Sona Valliappa group and Nirmalesh Sampath Kumar Director, Innovation & R&D at the Sona Group has contributed two chapters on the contributions of the sona group in the villages around Salem, Tamil Nadu(TN).


World Pharmacists Day 2021 – September 25World Pharmacists Day 2021World Pharmacists Day is annually observed across the globe on September 25th to recognise the role of pharmacists towards improving health across the globe. The day also marks the foundation day of the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP- Fédération Internationale Pharmaceutique).
25th September 2021 marks the observance of the 11th World Pharmacists Day. 
The theme of World Pharmacists Day 2021, developed by the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), is “Pharmacy: Always Trusted for Your Health”.
i.The idea of the celebration of World Pharmacist Day was proposed by the Turkish Pharmacists Association at the 2009 council meeting of the FIP Congress held in Istanbul, Turkey.
ii.The Council unanimously accepted the proposal to designate the 25th September of every year as World Pharmacist Day.
iii.The first ever Word Pharmacist Day was observed on 25th September 2010.
About International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP):
President– Dominique Jordan (Switzerland)
CEO– Dr Catherine Duggan (UK)
Headquarters– The Hague, Netherlands
>>Read Full News

Antyodaya Diwas – 25th September 2021Antyodaya Diwas 2021-September 25Antyodaya Diwas is annually observed across India in September 2021, to celebrate the birth anniversary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, former leader of the political party Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), the forerunner of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

  • 25th September 2021 marks the 105th birth anniversary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
  • The word Antyodaya means the ‘rise of the last person’, one of the concepts promoted by Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.

i.On 25th September 2014, the 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya the government of India(GOI) led by Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi declared the 25th September of every year as “Antyodaya Diwas” to honour Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
>>Read Full News


CM of Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan Inaugurated Digital HubKerala CM inaugurates Digital HubThe Chief Minister of Kerala, Pinarayi Vijayan has virtually inaugurated ‘Digital Hub’ under Kerala Startup Mission (KSUM) in Kalamassery, Kerala. The digital hub is started at the Technology Innovation Zone (TIZ) and it has a built-up space of 2 lakh square feet and has a capacity to support 200 startups.
Technology Innovation Zone (TIZ): 
i.In 2019, the state government has set up India’s largest incubation facility, an Integrated Start-up Complex in the TIZ.
ii.The digital hub hosts an ecosystem comprising incubators, accelerators and Centres of Excellence in emerging technologies.
i.KSUM provides interest-free loans to startups and Venture funding with a corpus of Rs 750 crore.
ii.The financial institutions such as Kerala Bank, Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation (KSIDC), Kerala Financial Corporation (KFC) and Kerala State Financial Enterprises (KSFE) jointly proposed to set up a venture capital fund of Rs 250 crore to promote start-ups.
iii.The state government also plans to extend loans up to Rs 1 crore without collateral security for the expansion of start-ups.
About Kerala:
Governor – Arif Mohammad Khan
Tiger Reserves – Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve
Zoological Park – Zoological Park, State Museum & Zoo



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S.noCurrent Affairs 26 & 27 September 2021
1MoD partnered with Airbus Defence & Space, Spain for acquisition of 56 C-295MW aircraft for IAF
2MeitY Startup Hub inks pacts with AISPL to promote startups
3ZSI Signed MoU with Natural History Museum of UK
4UT of Ladakh organised 1st Edition of The Himalayan Film Festival at Leh
5Saubhagya Completed 4 Years of Successful Implementation
6WHO Report: Rising CO2 concentration affects all 17 SDGs
7India, Bhutan sign a  pact for Joint Development of Small Satellites
8HPCL Collaborates with ICICI Bank for Fuel Payments through FASTags
9RBI Issued Master Directions on Securitisation of Standard Assets, Transfer of Loan Exposures
10President Ram Nath Kovind presents NSS Awards 2019-20
11Union Mansukh Mandaviya virtually presented ICC Annual Awards 2020
12Mastercard joins Meltwater Champions Chess Tour, appoints Magnus Carlsen as Ambassador
13India’s CAG GC Murmu elected as external auditor for IAEA
14Zoho founder Dr Sridhar Vembu launched the book titled “Smart Villages: Bridging the Global Urban-Rural Divide”
15World Pharmacists Day 2021 – September 25
16Antyodaya Diwas – 25th September 2021
17CM of Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan Inaugurated Digital Hub