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Current Affairs 11 September 2021

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MoE Dharmendra Pradhan released 6th NIRF Rankings 2021 for HEIs; IIT-Madras Topped OverallUnion Education Minister releases India Rankings 2021i.On September 9, 2021, Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, Ministry of Education (MoE) released the 6th NIRF (National Institutional Ranking Framework) Rankings 2021 of Higher Educational Institutes (HEIs) of India in 11 categories from New Delhi.
ii.The ranking has been topped by IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) Madras, Tamil Nadu in the overall category which is followed by IISc (Indian Institute of Science) Bengaluru, Karnataka at 2nd and IIT Bombay, Maharashtra at 3rdplace.
iii.All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi retains top slot in Medical for the 4th consecutive year.
About National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF):
Establishment– 2015
Parent Ministry– Ministry of Education (MoE)
Headquarter– New Delhi
>>Read Full News

MoHUA Partnered With MeitY To Launch ‘Main Bhi Digital 3.0’ CampaignGovt launches ‘Main Bhi Digital 3.0’Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in association with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched the “Main Bhi Digital 3.0” -A special Campaign for Digital Onboarding and Training for street vendors under Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) Scheme on the pitot based in 223 cities in the country.

  • It was collectively launched by Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary Durga Shanker Mishra and Electronics and IT Secretary Ajay Prakash Sawhney virtually.
  • The drive is in line with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of “SabkaSaathSabkaVikas”

Participating agency-
BharatPe, Mswipe, PhonePe, Paytm, Aceware are participating in this drive to issue UPI IDs, QR codes and provide digital training.
Key points
i.Lending Institutions (LI) will provide QR codes and training support will be provided to the beneficiaries for digital receipt and payment transactions.
ii.So far, 45.5 lakh applications have been received. Out of these, 27.2 lakh loans have been sanctioned and 24.6 lakh loans have been disbursed. The amount disbursed so far is ₹2,444 Cr.
iii.More than 70 thousand 448 street vendors have repaid their first loan tranche. Out of 22.41 lakh digitally on-boarded street vendors, 7.24 lakh street vendors are digitally active and have recorded 5.92 Crore number of digital transactions.
About PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi)
It was launched by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in 2020. It empowers Street Vendors for their holistic development and economic upliftment. It facilitates capital loan upto Rs 10,000 with interest subsidy of 7%  without paying any collateral.

  • It provides the facility for street vendors to avail a loan of ₹20,000 and ₹50,000 in the second and third tranches respectively on timely repayment of the loan.
  • To encourage digital transactions a cash back up to ₹1,200 on digital transactions at ₹100 per month is provided to the street vendors under the scheme.

Launch Date-  1st June 2020

MoS Jal Shakti Prahlad Singh Patel launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 MoS-Jal-Shakti-Shri-Prahlad-Singh-Patel-Launches - CopyPrahlad Singh Patel, Minister of State(MoS), Ministry of Jal Shakti presided over the virtual launch of Swachh Survekshan Grameen(SSG) 2021 under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) (SBM(G)) Phase- II during the event organised by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS).
The SBM(G) Phase II is aimed to achieve the goal of comprehensive cleanliness or Sampoorna Swachhata by addressing Open Defecation Free (ODF) Sustainability and SLWM issues.
Release of SSG 2021 Protocol, Dashboard and Mobile app:
Prahlad Singh Patel MoS, Jal Shakti ministry has also released the SSG 2021 Protocol document; SSG 2021 Dashboard and the mobile App for Citizens feedback.
About Ministry of Jal Shakti:
Union Minister- Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Constituency- Jodhpur, Rajasthan)
Minister of State- Prahlad Singh Patel (Constituency- Damoh, Madhya Pradesh); Bishweswar Tudu (Constituency- Mayurbhanj, Odisha)
>>Read Full News

France’s Naval Group and India’s GRSE Made Collaborations to Offer Surface ShipsGarden Reach Shipbuilders signs MoUGarden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd., (GRSE), a Mini Ratna Category 1 Defence PSU leading warship building company of India, and Naval Group, European Naval Defence Industry from France signed MoU in the field of offering high-end surface ships which based on the sea-proven “Gowind” design and to fulfil the requirements of India and international naval forces.

  • The agreement emphasizes the potential of strategic relations between France and India in the Indo-Pacific region.

About Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE)
GRSE is a shipbuilding company in India under the Ministry of Defence, primarily catering to the shipbuilding requirements of the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard.
Headquarters – Kolkata, India
Chairman and MD – Rear Admiral V K Saxena, IN (Retd.)

India & Denmark Launch ‘Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind’ as part of Green Strategic PartnershipIndia,-Denmark-jointly-launch-‘Centre-of-Excellence-on-Offshore-Wind’-as-part-of-Green-Strategic-Partnership - Copy

Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy R. K. Singh & Danish Minister for Climate, Energy, and Utilities Dan Jorgensen jointly launched ‘Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind’ as part of the Green Strategic Partnership during their meeting in New Delhi.
Target- India has set a target of 450 Gigawatt(GW) of renewable energy capacity by 2030.India’s whole renewable energy portfolio is already at 146 GW.
Key Points:
i.Both agreed on further engaging in renewable energy, particularly offshore wind and green hydrogen.
ii.The center initially will focus on four working groups a) spatial planning; b) financial framework conditions; c) supply chain infrastructure; and d) standards and testing.
iii.Focus of India- Ladakh, Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep green in energy including transport.
Note- India is the only G-20 country whose actions are in consonance with the Paris Climate agreement with regard to global rise in temperature.
Background – The two countries already have an agreement on ‘Strategic Sector Cooperation in the field of Renewable Energy with a focus on Offshore Wind Energy’.Click here to read about the India – Denmark Green Strategic Partnership.

SPI and GIZ Tied up with MNRE to Extend role in Decentralised Renewable EnergySPI,-GIZ-Tie-up-with-MNRE-to-elucidate-role-of-decentralised-renewable-energyThe Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) tied a partnership with Smart Power India (SPI), an arm of Rockefeller Foundation & Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to encourage Decentralised Renewable Energy (DRE) and Energy Efficiency (EE) innovations.The partnership was the part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav in the lines to become Atmanirbhar Bharat.
Key Points:
i.It is projected that about half of India’s population will still be living in rural areas in 2050, therefore it is necessary to improve rural per capita income for economic development of the country.
ii.The DRE powered innovation will lessen the gap in the centralised electricity supply system and will help in generating income activities in rural areas.
iii.SPI is developing more than 1000 mini- grid plants set  to provide reliable electricity to 25 million people and provide electricity 24×7  in rural and remote areas of the country.
iv.The Indian government’s electrification plans, which predominantly focus on household electrification, have been complemented in two ways.
About Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE):
Minister – Raj Kumar Singh (Arrah, Bihar)
Minister of State- Bhagwanth Khuba (Bidar, Karnataka)


India Participated in A Military Exercise Zapad 2021, Hosted by RussiaExercise-ZAPAD-2021-commences-at-Nizhniy-in-Russia - Copy14 days long, Russia’s Multi Nation Exercise Zapad 2021 is conducting from 3rd to 16th September at Nizhniy in Russia. Indian Army took part in ‘ZAPAD 2021’ with 200 personnel mainly from the Naga Regiment participated as an all ‘Arms Combined Task Force’ for the exercise, which is one of the theatre levels exercises of the Russian armed forces.

  • The aim of the conducting exercise focuses primarily on operations against terrorists.More than dozen countries from Eurasia and South Asia will also participate in the same exercise.Zapad, meaning “west”.
  • One of the main event of Russian-Belarusian strategic exercises will be conducted between September 10-16 at nine sites in Russia, the Baltic Sea, and also five sites in Belarus.
  • For the first time, Armenia participated in Russia’s Zapad 2021 strategic drills, after the military defeat of 2020.
  • The exercise met symbolic contingents from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, India, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia and Sri Lanka, and observers are to be sent by China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Pakistan and Uzbekistan.

OneWeb & Hughes Network System Signed MoU to Distribute Satellite Services in India & USOneWeb,-Hughes-ink-pact-to-distribute-satellite-services-in-India,-USBharti group backed OneWeb and United States (US) company Hughes Network System has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in a collectively hosted session at Satellite 2021 in Maryland,US for Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite service in US and India.

  • It is a strategic agreement for distributing satellite service networks in India to large enterprises, small and medium businesses, government, telecoms and Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the rural and remote parts of the country.

About the Agreement-
i.OneWeb and Hughes will collaborate to expand the distribution of Satellite Network  at global level, with Hughes offering OneWeb’s low-latency, high-speed connectivity for markets such as enterprise, government, commercial aviation and maritime, cellular backhaul, and community Wi-Fi hotspots.

ii.EchoStar, the parent company of Hughes, is an investor in OneWeb, building its initial constellation of 648 LEO  Satellites. Service will be soon started in this year of 2021 to the Arctic region including Alaska, Canada and the United Kingdom.

iii.By late 2022, OneWeb will be offering its high-speed, low latency connectivity services, globally.
About satellite Internet Network and LEO Technology
i.Positioning of Satellites: LEO satellites are positioned around 500km-2000km from earth, compared to stationary orbit satellites which are approximately 36,000km away.
ii.Latency: Latency, or the time needed for data to be sent and received, is contingent on proximity.
iii.As LEO satellites orbit closer to the earth, they are able to provide stronger signals and faster speeds than traditional fixed-satellite systems.
About OneWeb
Chief Executive Officer– Neil Masterson
Headquarters- London, United Kingdom


RBI enhances scope of tokenization to CoFT to ensure security of card dataRBI-enhances-scope-of-tokenisation-to-ensure-security-of-card-dataIn order to ensure security of transaction card data, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) extended the scope of tokenization from device-based tokenization to card-on-file tokenization (CoFT) services. This enhancement will bar merchants from storing actual card data while online transactions.

RBI had issued the directive under Section 10 (2) read with Section 18 of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (Act 51 of 2007).

Enhanced Features:

  • With this, RBI also permitted card issuers (such as Rupay, Visa, and Mastercard) to act as token service providers (TSP).
  • RBI also refused to extend its deadline for card tokenization beyond January 1, 2022 means no entity in the card transaction, other than the card issuers or card networks, will store the actual card data.
  • Tokenisation of card data shall be done with explicit customer consent requiring Additional Factor of Authentication (AFA) validation by card issuer.
  • For transaction tracking and / or reconciliation purposes, entities can store limited data – last four digits of actual card number and card issuer’s name – in compliance with the applicable standards.

What is Tokenization?
Introduced in March 2020, Tokenization aims at improving the safety and security of the payment system. It replaces actual card details with a unique alternate code ‘token’, which is unique for a combination of card, token requestor and identified device. This will act as a security as in case of leakage of card details there will only be random numbers instead of card details.

  • Saving of card details is called card on file (CoF) which refers to card information stored by payment gateway and merchants to process future transactions.

The RBI in March 2020 had stipulated that authorised payment aggregators and the merchants engaged by them should not store actual card data. On a request from the industry, it extended the deadline to end-December 2021 as a one-time measure.

Paytm Money Partnered with WealthDesk To Launch “WealthBaskets”

Paytm’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Paytm Money, is launching a wealth and investment advisory marketplace on its platform to offer curated advisory services and products to retail investors. Paytm Money has partnered with start-up WealthDesk to offer investment portfolios called ‘WealthBaskets’ as the first step to build up the advisory ecosystem. A ‘WealthBasket’ is a custom portfolio of stocks and exchange traded fund created by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)-Registered investment professionals and users will be able to invest in multiple Wealthbasket.       


President Ram Nath Kovind Appointed Governors of Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland and UttarakhandPresident Ram Nath Kovind appoints new Governors in four statesRam Nath Kovind, President of India has appointed new governors for 4 states – Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland and Uttarakhand.
The following appointments will take effect from the date they assume changes in their respective offices.

  • Banwarilal Purohit, Governor of Tamil Nadu who has been holding the additional charge of Governor of Punjab has been appointed as regular Governor of Punjab.
  • Ravindra Narayan Ravi (RN Ravi), Governor of Nagaland has been appointed as the Governor of Tamil Nadu.
  • Prof. Jagdish Mukhi, Governor of Assam, has been given additional charge to discharge the functions of the Governor of Nagaland in addition to his duties until regular arrangements are made.
  • Lieutenant General (retired) Gurmit Singh, former Deputy Chief of Army Staff has been appointed Governor of Uttarakhand.

>Read Full News


CCI Approved Acquisitions – Inflow by Savex; ONGC Tripura Power Company Limited by GAIL & Indiabulls AMC by GrowwCCI approves acquisition of Inflow Technologies Private LimitedThe Competition Commission of India (CCI) approved the acquisition of 100% equity share capital of Inflow Technologies Private Limited (Inflow) by Savex Technologies Private Limited (Savex).
GAIL to acquire 26% stake in ONGC Tripura Power Company from IL&FS group entities:
CCI approved the acquisition of 26% equity share capital of ONGC Tripura Power Company Limited by GAIL (India) Limited from Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS) group entities under Section 31(1) of the Competition Act, 2002.

  • The stakes are acquired from IL&FS Energy Development Company Limited and IL&FS Financial Services Limited.

Groww acquires 100% Stake in Indiabulls AMC & Indiabulls Trustee:
CCI has approved the acquisition of 100% shareholding of (Indiabulls AMC) and Indiabulls Trustee Company Limited (Indiabulls Trustee) by Nextbillion Technology Private Limited, doing business as Groww.
About Competition Commission of India (CCI):
Chairperson– Ashok Kumar Gupta
Director-General– Dr Atul Verma
Headquarters– New Delhi
Established on 14th October 2003
>>Read Full News


S.Korea tests first submarine-launched ballistic missile; becomes 8th country to do the sameKorea-tests-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile - CopyThe South Korean military conducted its first successful underwater test of a Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM). The test was conducted by the new Dosan Ahn Chang-ho submarine that was inducted into service in August 2021.

  • The submarine launched a Hyunmoo-2B ballistic missile, with a 500 km range.
  • Dosan Ahn Chang-ho is South Korea’s first 3,000-ton class submarine which is equipped with six launch tubes for ballistic missiles.

Key Points:
i.This launch makes South Korea the 8th  country with this capability joining the United States (US), China, Russia, the U.K., France and India.
ii.The key difference between Hyunmoo-2B and the SLBMs from the other nations is that the South Korean missile does not carry a nuclear payload.

DRDO handed over MRSAM to IAF; India’s 1st Emergency Landing Facility of IAF Plane on NH inaugurated on NH925, Rajasthan Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inductsi.On September 9, 2021, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) handed over the first deliverable Firing Unit (FU) of Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM)/”Barak-8″ System to Indian Air Force (IAF) at Air Force Station, Jaisalmer in Rajasthan.
ii.MRSAM (IAF) is an advanced network centric combat Air Defence System developed by DRDO in collaboration with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), and PPP (Public Private Partnership) in Indian industry.
iii.The Union Ministers Rajnath Singh and Nitin Jairam Gadkari, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) inaugurated a 3-km emergency landing strip or Emergency Landing Facility (ELF) at Satta-Gandhav stretch on National Highway 925 in Barmer, Rajasthan for IAF planes.NH-925 is India’s first national highway to be used as ELF of IAF aircraft.
iv.The ELF strip has been developed by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) in association with IAF.
About Ministry of Defence:
Rajnath Singh Constituency– Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Minister of State– Ajay Bhatt (Constituency- Nainital-Udhamsingh Nagar, Uttarakhand)
>>Read Full News

‘Orca’- World’s Largest Plant Capturing Carbon Dioxide From Air Starts In IcelandWorld's-largest-plant-to-capture-CO2-from-air-starts-in-IcelandThe World’s Largest Plant to Capture Carbon Dioxide(CO2) from air, ‘Orca’ Starts Operating in Iceland.The Plant will suck in CO2 and store it underground in the form of rock. It was started by a Swiss startup Climeworks AG in partnership with Icelandic carbon storage firm Carbfix. The plant can capture up to 4,000 tons of CO2 per year.
About the Orca plant-
i.The ‘’Orca’’ refers to the Icelandic word ‘Orka’ for meaning “energy”. The plant consists of eight large containers similar in looks to those used in the shipping industry, which employ high-tech filters and fans to extract carbon dioxide.
ii.The plant has four units, each made up of two metal boxes.

  • According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the global CO2-emissions totalled 31.5 billion tonnes in 2020. Therefore this plant will help in sucking the polluted carbon from the atmosphere.
  • They developed a plant that can capture 4000 tons of CO2 per year. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), that equates to the emissions from about 870 cars.

i.For the collection of CO2, the plant uses fans to draw air into the collector, which has filter material inside.
ii.Once the filter material is filled with CO2, the collector is closed and the temperature is raised to release the CO2 from the material after which the highly concentrated gas can be collected.
iii.The CO2 is then mixed with the water before being injected at a depth of 1,000 metres into the nearby basalt rock where it is petrified.
About Carbfix
Chief Executive Officer– Dr. Edda Sif Pind Aradottir
Headquarter – Reykjavík, Iceland.


World Suicide Prevention Day 2021 – September 10 World Suicide Prevention DayWorld Suicide Prevention Day(WSPD) is annually observed across the globe on September 10th to create awareness about suicide prevention across the world.  The day also aims to address self-harm and suicide through preventative action.

  • WSPD is annually organised by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) and endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The theme of WSPD 2021 is “Creating hope through action”, a reminder that there is an alternative to suicide and aims to inspire confidence and hope in everyone.

i.World Suicide Prevention Day is an initiative of the WHO and IASP created as an effort to make people socially aware of suicide prevention.
ii.The first-ever World Suicide Prevention day was hosted by the IASP in collaboration with WHO and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) on 10th September 2003.
NCRB’s “Accident Deaths and Suicides in India in 2019”: Kerala Among top 5
i.Kerala is among the top five States, Union Territory(UT) to report most suicides in 2019.
ii.According to the annual report of the National Crime Record Bureau(NCRB) titled “Accident Deaths and Suicides in India in 2019”, Andaman and Nicobar Islands has reported the highest rate of suicide (45.5) followed by Sikkim (33.1), Puducherry (32.5), Chhattisgarh (26.4) and Kerala (24.3).
About International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP):

  • IASP is a non-governmental organization dedicated to suicide prevention.
  • It was founded in 1960 by Professor Erwin Ringel and Dr Norman Faberlow and co-sponsored by the WHO.

President– Professor Rory O’Connor
Headquarters– Washington DC, United States of America
>>Read Full News


CIL Signed MoU with Assam to Strengthen Health Infrastructure Coal-India-signs-MoU-to-strengthen-health-infrastructure-in-Assam - CopyCoal India Limited(CIL), owned by the Ministry of Coal has signed a Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) with the Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of Assam to strengthening the health infrastructure at the Silchar Medical College &Hospital(SMCH), Silchar

  • SMCH is the only Medical College and Hospital in Barak Valley Region, Assam.

The MoU was signed in the presence of Dr Himanta Biswa Sarma, Chief Minister of Assam and Keshab Mahanta, Health Minister of Assam.
Features of the MoU:
This is a part of the CIL’sCorporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiative through which CIL will contribute Rs. 5 crores to set up an ICU facility and medical gas pipeline in SMCH which will benefit around 40 lakh people of Assam.
Additional info:
i.In financial year, under ‘Mission Praana Vayu’, CIL is establishing 32 Oxygen Plants at 30 Hospitals at a cost of Rs.46 Crores.
iii.CIL and its subsidiaries have spent around Rs 269 crores on COVID-19 relief projects, 48% of its total CSR Expenditure for the financial year 2020-2021.
About Coal India Limited(CIL):
Coal India Limited (CIL) the state-owned coal mining corporate came into being in November 1975.
Chairman– Pramod Agrawal
Headquarters– Kolkata, West Bengal
About Assam:
Governor– Prof. Jagdish Mukhi
Wildlife Sanctuary– East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary; ​​Nambor – Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary; Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary
Airports– Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport; Dibrugarh Airport

Only Locals In Ladakh To Get ‘Resident Certificate’

Ladakh administration has decided to issue “Resident Certificate” only to the Permanent Resident Certificate (PRC) holders of Ladakh.‘Resident Certificate can be received by any person who possesses a PRC issued by the competent authority in the districts of Leh and Kargil.

  • The reason for the issuance of certificate is to appoint all the non-gazetted posts in the Ladakh.


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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.No.Current Affairs 11 September 2021
1MoE Dharmendra Pradhan released 6th NIRF Rankings 2021 for HEIs; IIT-Madras Topped Overall
2MoHUA Partnered With MeitY To Launch ‘Main Bhi Digital 3.0’ Campaign
3MoS Jal Shakti Prahlad Singh Patel launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 & Released SSG 2021 Protocol Document, Dashboard & Mobile App
4France’s Naval Group and India’s GRSE Made Collaborations to Offer Surface Ships
5India & Denmark Launch ‘Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind’ as part of Green Strategic Partnership
6SPI and GIZ Tied up with MNRE to Extend role in Decentralised Renewable Energy
7India Participated in A Military Exercise Zapad 2021, Hosted by Russia
8OneWeb and Hughes  signed MoU to Distribute Satellite Services in India and  US
9RBI enhances scope of tokenization to CoFT to ensure security of card data
10Paytm Money Partnered with WealthDesk To Launch “WealthBaskets”
11President Ram Nath Kovind Appointed Governors of Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland and Uttarakhand
12CCI Approved Acquisitions – Inflow by Savex; ONGC Tripura Power Company Limited by GAIL & Indiabulls AMC by Groww
13S.Korea tests first submarine-launched ballistic missile; becomes 8th country to do the same
14DRDO handed over MRSAM to IAF; India’s 1st Emergency Landing Facility of IAF Plane on NH inaugurated on NH925, Rajasthan
15Orca – World’s Largest Plant to Capture 4000 tons CO2 Every Year from Air Starts in Iceland
16World Suicide Prevention Day 2021 – September 10
17CIL Signed MoU with Assam to Strengthen Health Infrastructure of
18Only Locals In Ladakh To Get ‘Resident Certificate’