In accordance with the report on “Household Social Consumption: Education in India as part of 75th round of National Sample Survey(NSS) – from July 2017 to June 2018″ conducted by National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Kerala again emerged as the most literate state in the country with 96.2% literacy followed by Delhi (88.7%), Uttarakhand ( 87.6%), Himachal Pradesh (86.6%) and Assam (85.9%).
- On the other hand, Andhra Pradesh (AP) is the worst performer at 66.4% followed by Rajasthan at 69.7%, Bihar (70.9%), Telangana (72.8%), Uttar Pradesh (73%) and Madhya Pradesh (73.7%).
- The survey provided state-wise detail of literacy rate among the persons aged seven years and above.
- The overall literacy rate in India is pegged at 77.7% where rural areas have 73.5% literacy rate and urban areas has 87.7%.
- Literacy rate: Literacy rate is defined as the percentage of literate persons among persons of age 7 years and above.
Objective :- to create the participation of persons aged 3 to 35 years in the education system, creating indicators of the expenditure incurred on the education of household members and various indicators of those who are not currently attending education.
This survey enclosed with both qualitative and quantitative aspects related to educational fulfilment of the household members.
- Qualitative aspects included literacy, educational level attained, type of institution, nature of institution,current attendance/enrolment, free education, reason for never enrolled/ever enrolled but currently not attending, etc.
- Quantitative aspects, information was collected on expenditure incurred on education of the household members by the household itself, by other households or by any institutions/organizations other than Government.
-At national level, the male literacy rate is higher at 84.7% compared to 70.3% among women.
-Also, the male literacy rate is higher than the female literacy rate among all states.
- In Kerala, the male literacy rate is 97.4% compared to 95.2% among females and in Delhi stood 93.7% higher than 82.4% among females.
- In the worst performing states, there was a considerable gap in male and female literacy rate like in AP the male literacy rate is 73.4%, and female literacy rate is 59.5%.
- In Rajasthan, the gap is even wider as male literacy rate stood at 80.8% compared to 57.6% of females and in Bihar the male literacy rate was 79.7% compared to 60.5% of females.
-The report also revealed that nearly 4% of rural households and 23% of urban households possessed computers.
-Among persons aged 15-29 years, nearly 24% in rural areas and 56% in urban areas were able to operate a computer.
About NSO 75th round (July 2017-June 2018) Survey:
NSO 75th round was conducted during 1st July 2017- 30th June 2018 under which 9 items were covered for broad coverage of information. The survey covers whole of the Indian Union except the villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which are difficult to access.
- This survey covered 1,13,757 households (64,519 in rural areas and 49,238 in urban areas) and enumerated 5,13,366 persons (3,05,904 in rural areas and 2,07,462 in urban areas). A total number of persons of age 3 to 35 years surveyed was 2,86,456 (1,73,397 in rural areas and 1,13,059 in urban areas).
- The Survey Design and Research Division (SDRD) of NSO undertook the development of the survey methodology and the field work is carried out by Field Operations Divisions (FOD) and the data processing and tabulation work was done by Data Quality and Assurance Division (DQAD).
Recent Related News:
In accordance with the annual Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for [July 2018 – June 2019] of NSO, India’s unemployment rate fell between July 2018 and June 2019 to 5.8% from 6.1% during the same period of 2017-18 while the Indian economy grew 6.1% in 2018-19, slower than the 7% expansion recorded the year before.
About Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI)
Minister of State (Independent Charge)– Rao Inderjit Singh
Secretary– Pravin Srivastava
Director General (NSS)– Vijay Kumar