On January 15, 2021, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Isaac presented the State Budget for the Financial Year (FY) 2021-22. During the budget, he stated that the State Government aims to make Kerala as a Knowledge economy and announced several schemes to promote the education sector of Kerala. The Budget has set a target to create 8 Lakh jobs in 2021-22.
i.Budget Estimates for 2021-22
|Revenue Receipts||INR 1,28, 375.88 Crore|
|Revenue Expenditure||INR 1, 45, 286 Crore|
|Revenue Deficit||INR 16, 910 Crore|
The Government has set a target to bring down Revenue Deficit below 1%, reduce Fiscal Deficit & increase State’s Revenue by 15%.
- Revenue Receipts – Receipts which neither create liabilities nor reduce assets
- Revenue Expenditure – Payment of Salaries, wages, pensions, subsidies & Interests, also the expenses incurred by Government for its operational needs.
- Revenue Deficit arises when Revenue Expenditure exceeds the total Revenue Receipts (Total Revenue Receipts-Total Revenue Expenditure).
ii.Unemployment of Educated – Biggest Development Challenge of the State
- INR 200 Crores set aside for Kerala Development & Innovation Strategic Council (K-DISC) to utilise digital platforms to provide jobs for Youths.
- Skills Training will be provided in the fields of Industry 4.0, Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, Business Skills, Fintech Skills among others.
- 500 ‘Nava Kerala’ post-doctoral fellowships ranging from INR 50, 000 – 1, 00, 000 will be granted to attract Young Scientists from Abroad to work in State Universities.
- Under the Six-Point Programme, 2500 start-ups which will provide employment to 20, 000 people will be started in 2021-22.
- Around 16, 000 Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) to be established in 2021-22, INR 2000 Crore has been earmarked for promotion of small enterprises.
- Proposal for micro planning to identify, register & provide poor families with jobs, ration cards & health cards.
- Integration of poverty Alleviation schemes were also announced.
- INR 6000 Crore will be allocated for poverty alleviation programmes over 5 years.
iv.Agriculture, Fisheries & Coastal Development
- INR 1500 Crore has been set aside for the fisheries sector & INR 250 crore for Coastal Development.
- Around 10, 000 Families residing in coastal areas will be provided houses under various schemes.
- INR 258 Crore allocated for farm mechanisation & horticulture development.
v.Environment Friendly Measures
- Relaxation of Motor Vehicle Tax for electric & Hybrid vehicles
- 50% waiver on one-time building tax for eco-friendly constructions.
- Value Added Tax (VAT) on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to be decreased to 5%.
- 236 Electric Charging Stations to be set up by Kerala State Electricity Board Limited (KESB) in 2021-22.
- Highest Allotment of INR 100 Crores for Tourism Marketing
- INR 7 Crores for Muziris-Kochi Biennale, INR 50 Crores for Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram Heritage Projects.
- Interest free loans for entrepreneurs in the Tourism sector.
Fund Allocation towards Kerala’s Flagship Projects:
- Funds have been allocated for Government’s flagship projects like
- INR 166 Crore for K-FON (Kerala-Fiber Optic Network) which will ensure affordable Internet Connectivity for all.
- Silver Rail – semi high-speed railway corridor between Kasaragod-Thiruvananthapuram to connect One end of the state to other under 4 hours compared to the present 12 hours.
- Carbon-neutral Coffee Project in Wayanad.
- ‘Karunya at Home’ project for delivering medicines for senior citizens
- Hike in Allowance to ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) workers by INR 1, 000 to recognize their services during the pandemic & Increase in Pension of Journalists & non-journalists by INR 1000.
- 50 lakh families get extra 10kg rice at Rs 15 per kg.
- Laptops to be provided to poor families at half the price
- Allocation of INR 10 Crores for welfare of Migrant workers.
- Floor price of Rubber raised to INR 170, increase in Procurement price of paddy and coconut.
- Welfare Pensions hiked to INR 1600.
- INR 3000 pension for Non-Resident Keralites (NRK) who have returned to Kerala due to COVID-19.
- INR 100 crore set aside for Ayyankali Employment Guarantee Scheme.
Stadium – Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium (Multipurpose International Stadium)
Rivers – Periyar, Pamba, Chalakudy