According to the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) document named “SRS Based Abridged Life Tables, 2013-17” released by the Registrar General of India, the overall life expectancy at birth in India improved to 69 years from 68.7 years in 2012-16.
- Men & Women life expectancy: As per SRS 2013-17, women are expected to live for 70.4 years and men for 67.8 years. In 2012-16, the life expectancy for women was 70.2 years and for men, it was 67.4 years.
- Rural & urban life expectancy: Life expectancy for women was 73.70 years in urban centres and 69 in rural areas and for men, it was 71.20 years and 66.40 years respectively.
- Difference: The variance was about 2.6 years in female-male life expectancy at birth at the national level. The difference in life expectancy between urban and rural India decreased to 4.7 years in 2013-17 from 4.8 years in 2010-14.
- Highest difference in in female-male life expectancy: It was recorded at about 6.2 years for Uttarakhand
- Reasons for improvement: Increase in life expectancy was mainly by improvements in sanitation, housing, and education which led to a steady decline in mortality. Women enjoy a higher life expectancy than men because they get more benefits from the advances in healthcare and living conditions.
- Global life expectancy: India’s life expectancy in 2013-17 was lower than the global life expectancy of 72.6 years (2019) according to the United Nations’ ‘World Population Prospects’ report published in June 2019. Global life expectancy is expected to increase to 77.1 years by 2050.
- Best chance of living: Delhi born males and Kerala-born females stood the best chance of living the longest in the country, with life expectancy of 73.3 years and 77.8 years respectively at birth.
- Worst chance of living: Men born in Chhattisgarh and women born in Uttar Pradesh appeared to have the worst odds, with life expectancy of 63.8 years and 65.60 years respectively at birth.
- Age wise overall life expectancy: At age 70, the overall life expectancy among men and women was the highest in Punjab, at 14.2 years, and the lowest in Chhattisgarh, at nine years. Among those aged 80 and more than 85 years, Uttarakhand recorded the highest life expectancy. Women at the retirement age of 60 years were more likely to survive than their male counterparts in all states and union territories (UTs), barring Bihar and Jharkhand, with the highest life expectancy in Jammu & Kashmir-J&K (24.3 years), followed by Himachal Pradesh (22.3 years) and Kerala (21.9 years).
- Age wise difference: Among those aged 70 years, there was a difference of 1.1 years in life expectancy between men and women at the national level, with J&K registering the highest difference of 3.1 years. While women in J&K had the highest life expectancy of 16.8 years at age 70, those in Bihar had the lowest life expectancy of 9.5 years. The comparative figures for men were the highest in Punjab, at 13.9 years, and the lowest in Chhattisgarh at 8.1 years.
Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
Works under: Ministry of Home Affairs
Registrar General & Census Commissioner: Shri Vivek Joshi