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Highlights of PM Narendra Modi’s Visit to Japan – May 2023

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Japan from May 19 to 21, 2023 at the invitation of Fumio Kishida, Prime Minister of Japan.

  • Additionally, he embarked on an official visit to participate in key multilateral summits such as the 49th Group of Seven (G7) and the Quad Summit in 2023.

Participation in G7 Hiroshima Summit 2023:

The 49th G7 summit was held from 19 to 21 May 2023 in Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.

i.As India has been invited as a guest country for the G7 summit, PM Narendra Modi participated in the annual summit of the G7 advanced economies in Hiroshima under the Japanese Presidency on May 20 2023. He talked about challenges facing the globe, including food, fertiliser and energy security.

ii.The broad terms of the G7 Summit preferences include nuclear disarmament, economic resilience and security, regional issues, climate and energy, food and health and development. Other priorities include digitisation and science and technology.

iii.Other Countries: Japan has also invited Australia, Brazil, Comoros, Cook Islands, Indonesia, South Korea, Vietnam and some international organisations including the UN(United Nations) for the annual G7 summit 2023.

Initiatives taken in G7 Summit :-

i.Together with the G7 Leaders’ Hiroshima Vision on Nuclear Disarmament, the group countries reaffirm the importance of disarmament and non-proliferation efforts to create a more stable and safer world.

ii.Group countries reaffirm the shared commitment to the G7 Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII) and to working together and aiming to mobilize up to $600 billion by 2027.

iii.Initiatives that are intended to support clean energy transition in countries around the world, such as Asia Zero Emission Community (AZEC) initiative, the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA),2050 Pathways Platform, Net Zero World (NZW), and the Global Carbon Pricing Challenge and discussions included commitment to the Paris agreement, keeping a limit of 1.5°C global temperature rise within

  • Goal to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050 with highlighting the increased urgency to reduce global GHG emissions by around 43 percent by 2030 and 60 percent by 2035.

iv.Initiative including such domestic policies that are designed to achieve 100 percent or the overwhelming penetration of sales of light duty vehicles (LDVs) as zero emission vehicles (ZEV) by 2035 and beyond; to achieve 100 percent electrified vehicles in new passenger car sales by 2035.

V.The summit also highlighted the commitments to the developed country Parties’ goal of jointly mobilizing $100 billion annually in climate finance by 2020 through to 2025 in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation.

About G7: 

  • Group of Seven (G7) is an intergovernmental political forum consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States; additionally, the European Union.
  • The G7 is not based on a treaty and has no permanent secretariat or office. It is organized through a presidency that rotates annually among the member states, with the presiding state setting the group’s priorities and hosting and organizing its summit;
  • Japan currently holds the presidency of G7 for 2023. Italy will take over the presidency from Japan in 2024.

Bilateral Talk with World Leaders:

On the sidelines of the G7 Summit, PM Modi held bilateral talks with several world leaders.

i.France: PM Modi had a meeting with President of France Emmanuel Macron and reviewed both nation’s progress in Strategic Partnership in various areas, trade, economic spheres, civil aviation, renewables, co-production and manufacturing in defence sector, as well as civil nuclear cooperation.

  • Both leaders have exchanged views on regional developments and global challenges.

ii.Urkrain: While at the meeting with Volodymyr Zelensky, the President of Ukrain, PM Modi conveyed India’s support for dialogue and diplomacy as the preferred means to find a way forward for Ukraine. He also assured that India would continue extending humanitarian assistance to the people of Ukraine.

iii.Japan: Prime Minister also had a meeting with of PM of Japan Fumio Kishida and both discussed ways to enhance India-Japan friendship across different sectors including trade, economy and culture, ways to synergise efforts of their respective G7 and G20 Presidencies.

iv.South Korea: While meeting the President of South Korea Yoon Suk Yeol, PM Modi discussed ways to further boost India-South Korea friendship in key developmental sectors and agreed to deepen cooperation in areas of trade and investment, high technology, IT hardware manufacturing, defense, semiconductor, and culture.

v.Vietnam: PM Modi and Vietnamese PM Pham Minh Chinh discussed opportunities in the fields of defence, building resilient supply chains, energy, science and technology, human resource development, culture and people-to-people ties.

vi.PM Modi along with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and reviewed and assessed the progress in bilateral relations he also met President of United States of America (USA) Joe Biden.

Quad summit 2023:

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi participated in the third in-person Quad Leaders’ Summit in Hiroshima, Japan on 20 May 2023, along with Prime Minister Anthony Albanese of Australia, Prime Minister Fumio Kishida of Japan and President Joseph Biden of the United States of America.

  • This summit was hosted by Australian Prime Minister Albanese in Japan.
  • The Quad summit, initially set to happen in Sydney, Australia on May 24, had to be called off. The cancellation followed the US President’s announcement of postponing his visit due to ongoing debt ceiling negotiations in Washington.

ii.The Quad leaders from the US, India, Australia and Japan discussed measures to deepen their cooperation on critical and emerging technologies, high-quality infrastructure, global health, climate change, maritime domain awareness, and other issues that matter to the people of the Indo-Pacific.

  • About Quad – The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, commonly known as the Quad, is a strategic security dialogue between the four countries Australia, India, Japan and the United States.

-Unveiled a bust of Mahatma Gandhi 

i.PM Modi unveiled a 42-inch tall bronze bust of Mahatma Gandhi in Hiroshima, Japan on 20 May 2023.

ii.The Mahatma Gandhi bust has been gifted by the Government of India to the city of Hiroshima as a symbol of friendship and goodwill between India and Japan.

iii.The bust has been sculpted by Padma Bhushan awardee Shri Ram Vanji Sutar. The location of the bust location adjacent to the Motoyasu River, which is close to the iconic A-Bomb Dome has been chosen as a mark of solidarity for peace and non-violence.

  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome/A-Bomb Dome) was the only structure left standing in the area where the first atomic bomb exploded on 6 August 1945.  It is the iconic ruin of the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall and it has become a symbol of both the horror of nuclear war and the hope for peace.
  • In December 1996 the A-Bomb Dome was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List based on the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

Dignitaries present during the unveiling ceremony include H.E Mr. Nakatani Gen, Special Advisor to the Prime Minister and Member of Parliament; Mr. Kazumi Matsui, Mayor of Hiroshima City; Mr. Tatsunori Motani, Speaker of the Hiroshima City Assembly; Members of Parliament from Hiroshima and senior government officials; members of the Indian community; and followers of Mahatma Gandhi in Japan.

About Japan :-

Prime Minister – Fumio Kishida
Capital – Tokyo
Currency – Japanese yen