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President Kovind distributes LPG connections to 20 beneficiaries under PMUY at Raj Bhavan in Agartala on his maiden visit to Tripura
On June 7, 2018, President of India Mr. Ram Nath Kovind visited Tripura for the first time and following are the highlights on the trip:
i. The president inaugurated 73 km long National Highway connecting Matabari and Sabroom in Udaipur. This would help in increasing connectivity and infrastructure development across the state and with other states and ASEAN countries neighboring the state.
ii. Road projects covering a length of 5,200 km are being constructed in the region to enhance connectivity.
iii. As a part of Bharatmala project (in connecting the highways across the country ) 500km of roads are to be constructed.
iv.He distributed LPG connections to 20 beneficiaries under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana at Raj Bhavan in Agartala.
v. Helaid the foundation stone for the re-development and augmentation of Matabari temple in Udaipur for increasing religious tourism.
vi. The president declared “Queen Pineapple” as the state fruit of Tripura. It was the fruit that was first exported to West Asia recently.
vii. On Tripura’s economic and geographical potential it could help in improving business opportunities with the ASEAN countries.
MoS for Defence, Dr Subhash Bhamre dedicates 578 m long highway tunnel at Theng near Chungthang in north Sikkim to nation
On June 8, 2018, Minister of State for Defence, Dr. Subhash Bhamre inaugurated 578 m long Theng tunnel. It is Sikkim’s longest tunnel.
i. It is constructed on Gangtok-Chungthang Highway by the Border Roads Organization (BRO).
ii. It is aall weather connectivity double lane tunnel.
iii. This has been done to provide improved mobility for the tourists and citizens travelling to north Sikkim.
♦ Chief Minister – Pawan Kumar Chamling
♦ Governor – Shriniwas Patil
Minister of Rural Development, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar to Confer National Awards on Best Performing Self Help Groups under DAY – National Rural Livelihood Mission
Union Minister of Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and Mines, Narendra Singh Tomar will present the National Awards on Best Performing Self Help Groups under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) on 11th June 2018 in New Delhi.
National Awards on Best Performing Self Help Groups under DAY-NRLM:
i. The National Awards to the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are given to honour their outstanding performance and encourage their work.
ii. These awards were initiated by DAY-NRLM in 2016-17. For 2017-18, 34 SHGs have been shortlisted for the National Awards.
iii. The DAY-NRLM awards will be presented to the Best Performing Community Based Organizations (Self Help Groups and Village Organizations).
iv. The SHGs are assessed based on Institution Building-Capacity Building, Financial Inclusion, Livelihoods, Convergence etc. and then nominated for the awards.
v. Then the National Unit of DAY-NRLM screens the applications and finalizes the awardees.
vi. Narendra Singh Tomar will also release NRLM Best Practices Compendium and Self Help Group products catalogues.
Some important lakes in India:
♦ Largest fresh water lakes in Asia & India – Wular Lake, Kashmir
♦ Largest artificial lake in Asia – Upper Lake, Madhya Pradesh
♦ Largest saline water lake in India – Chilika Lake, Odisha
Workshop on Skill Development in Port and Maritime Sector under Ministry of Shipping
On June 8, 2018,Ministry of Shipping in association with Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramin Kaushal Yojana (DDU-GKY), Ministry of Rural Development conducted a one-day workshop on “Skill Development in the Port and Maritime Sector” in New Delhi.
It was inaugurated by Secretary (Shipping) Sh. Gopal Krishna and Sh. Bishnu Pada Ray, Member of Parliament from Andaman and Nicobar.
To improve India’s coastal areas, port led prosperity and provide skilled youth
Key points :
i. Skill gap studies of 21 coastal districts in eight states and three Union Territories : Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep were done .
ii. Training of 500 students per-year-per-district for the next 3 years through Sagarmala DDU GKY (MoRD) will be provided.
iii. The first phase, training has commenced for 2028 students, 1917 have been trained and 1128 have been placed. 92 students are under training in Odisha.
About Sagarmala Project :
Under the Ministry of Shipping’s flagship Sagarmala Programme is a world class Center of Excellence in Maritime and Ship Building (CEMS) set up in partnership with Siemens and Indian Register of Shipping (IRS) at a cost of INR 766 crore. It will have campuses at Vishakhapatnam and Mumbai and will train 10,512 students per year.
Its aim is skill development in the Port and Maritime sector.
APCRDA & SAIH sign Concession & Development Agreement for 648 hectare startup area in Amaravati
On June 8, 2018, The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Mr. N. Chandrababu Naidu announced the set up of startup area with joint collaboration with Singapore trade and industry minister Mr. R Iswaran .
i. A Concession and Development agreement (CADA) has been signed in Vijayawada between the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA) and Singapore-Amaravati Investments Holdings (SAIH) for joint development of 684 hectare start up area in Amaravati.
ii. This would also include the development of river Krishna Waterfront by Amaravati Development Corporation (ADC).
West Bengal government decides to invest Rs 107 cr to check riverbank erosion
The West Bengal Government has decided to invest Rs 107 crore to curb erosion in the banks of rivers Ganga and Padma.
West Bengal govt decides to invest Rs 107 cr to check riverbank erosion:
i. To prevent erosion, a stretch of 15 kilometres will be concretised. The work will be finished by March 2019.
ii. This will safeguard hundreds of homes and the river bank that is near the outposts of the Border Security Force on the Indo-Bangladesh border from washing away by the strong currents.
Some important National Parks in West Bengal:
♦ Neora Valley National Park
♦ Singalila National Park
♦ Sundarbans National Park
17th round of Foreign Office Consultations between India & Myanmar hold in New Delhi
On 7th June 2018, the 17th round of Foreign Office Consultations between India and Myanmar was held in New Delhi.
17th round of Foreign Office Consultations between India & Myanmar:
i. The Indian side was led by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale. The Myanmar side was led by Permanent Secretary in Ministry of Foreign Affairs, U Myint Thu.
ii. Both the countries reviewed the bilateral relations. They discussed on high-level visits, security and defence related issues, boundary matters and border management, trade and commerce, development cooperation, connectivity, cultural and consular matters.
iii. They exchanged views on sub-regional, regional and global issues of mutual interest between both the countries.
Some important dams in India:
♦ Pakal Dul Dam – Marusudar River
♦ Bhakra Dam – Satluj River
♦ Baglihar Dam – Chenab River
Punjab government launches Business First Portal
On 7th June 2018, Punjab Government launched a “Business First Portal” that was released by Industry Minister Sunder Sham Arora.
Business First Portal:
i. Sunder Sham Arora said that this online portal will help industrialists in Regulatory Clearances and Fiscal Approvals. It offers real time tracking of applications.
ii. He said that this portal is a one-step solution for industrialists. He said that Regulatory clearances of all other departments will be integrated in the portal.
iii. He added that Self access facility for the applicants has been provided in the portal.
iv. He said that Punjab Government would provide 100% VAT refund to industrialists by the end of 2018.
v. The total VAT refund will be given to industrialists by releasing installment worth Rs 300 crore to them after every two months.
vi. Also, 10 MOUs were signed on the occasion with investment over Rs 46.50 crores.
Some important museums in India:
♦ International Dolls Museum – Chandigarh
♦ Museum of Evolution of Life – Chandigarh
India and Norway sign MojU to extend health cooperation through NIPI
On June 8, 2018, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare signed an MoU with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Norway to extend the cooperation within health sector through the Norway India Partnership Initiative (NIPI) for a period of 3 years starting from 2018 to 2020.
The partnership was based on India’s health initiative, the National Health Mission (NHM) and works to provide best health care for the child and mother.
i. The area of focus include maternal, new-born, child health, and shall build on experiences from NIPI phase I and II.
ii. This would focus on innovative, catalytic and strategic support, and stride in taking the Indian Government’s Intensification Plan for Accelerated Maternal and Child Survival in India.
iii. The Phase III would be built on Phase I and II to built innovation hubs and thereby intensifying districts.
iv. The best practices in maternal and newborn child health carried out under the National Health Mission and NIPI.
v.The focus states are Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and also as a RMNCHA+ partner in Jammu & Kashmir.
vi. NIPI has also supported NHM by providing credible technical support in the five states and at national level.
External Affairs Minister (EAM) Sushma Swaraj embarked on a five-day visit to South Africa to attend BRICS and IBSA Ministerial meetings and commemorate 125th anniversary of racial discrimination
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj started her 5 day tour to South Africa from 3rd to 7th June.
i. She would attend BRICS meeting of foreign ministers held on June 4 and meeting of IBSA (India, Brazil, South Africa)
ii. This would commemorate the 125th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s journey against racial discrimination .
iii. Swaraj will visit the Phoenix settlement where Mahatma Gandhi had developed his philosophy of non-violence.
Two-day commemoration activities will also include release of joint commemorative stamps on Oliver Tambo and Deen Dayal Upadhayaa and a Youth Summit
On June 6, 2018, To commemorate the 125thanniversary of Gandhiji’s Satyagraha movement EAM would visit Phoenix Settlement .
i. The two day celebration would be marked by the release of joint commemorative stamps of Oliver Tambo and Pt Deen Dayal Upadhayaa.
ii. A Youth Summit would be organized where 20 diaspora and 5 Indian nationals would participate to speak on Gandhiji’s message on peace.
BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) Foreign Ministers’ meeting
On June 4,2018, EAM participate in BRICS meeting of Foreign ministers to lay foundation of BRICS meeting in Johannesburg in July,2018.
IBSA Ministerial Meet held at Pretoria, South Africa.
On June 4 ,2018, EAM chaired the ministerial meeting of IBSA (India, Brazil, South Africa) with the aim to work to deepen coordination among the three countries on major global issues.This meeting was held in Pretoria , South Africa.
IN Ships arrive Guam to participate in Ex-Malabar 2018
Indian Naval Ships Sahyadri, Shakti and Kamorta of the Eastern Fleet under the command of Rear Admiral Dinesh K Tripathi, NM, Flag Officer Commanding, Eastern Fleet that are deployed to South East Asia and the Western Pacific currently, reached Guam on 7th June 2018 to take part in the 22nd edition of Exercise Malabar, off Guam, United States, from 7th to 16thJune 2018.
IN Ships arrive Guam to participate in Ex-Malabar 2018:
i. Exercise Malabar was started in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between the US Navy and the Indian Navy.
ii. From 2007, Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) also takes part in this exercise.
iii. This exercise aims to enhance mutual understanding, inter-operability and exchange of best practices between the three countries.
iv. This is the first time it is held off Guam, a US Naval Base in the Western Pacific region.
v. MALABAR-18 consists of professional interactions during the Harbour Phase in Guam from 7th to 10th June 2018.
vi. During Sea Phase from 11th to 16th June 2018 Aircraft Carrier operations, Air Defence, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Surface Warfare, Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS), joint manoeuvres and tactical procedures will be carried out.
vii. The Indian Navy is represented by INS Sahyadri, INS Kamorta, INS Shakti and Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft P8I.
ix. The US Navy is represented by Nimitz-class aircraft carrier, USS Ronald Reagan with its air wing, two Ticonderoga class cruisers, USS Antietam and USS Chancellorsville, two Arleigh Burke class destroyers, USS Benfold and USS Mustin, a Los Angeles-class attack submarine and one Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft P8A. x.JMSDF is represented by a Hyuga class helicopter carrier JS Ise with integral helicopters, Takanami class destroyer JS Suzunami, Akizuki class destroyer JS Fuyuzuki, Japanese Maritime Patrol Aircraft, P1 and a submarine.
About Indian Navy:
♦ Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS) – Admiral Sunil Lanba
♦ Headquarters – New Delhi
BANKING & FINANCE
RBI amends Gold Monetisation Scheme to make it more attractive for short, medium and long tenures
On June 8, 2018, the central bank RBI amended Gold Monetisation Scheme .
To enable people to open a hassle free gold deposit account.
i. The scheme was first launched by the government in 2015 to mobilise the idle gold of the household or institutions to the banks as deposits for a fixed period of time . The interest rate varied from 2.25% to 2.5%.
ii. In the latest amendment , RBI allowed the customers to deposit the gold in a broken time period where the short term period of 1-3 years can be broken to 1 year 3 months , 2 years 3 months 15 days etc.
iii.Similarly for Medium Term Period is for 5-7 years and Long Term Period for 12-15 years and can be broken as well.
iv.The interest rate is calculated as per the number of years and the remaining days .
v.For pre-mature retrieval of Medium and Long term the amount would be in INR while 0.2% in INR would be deducted as administrative charges upon redemption in the gold form.
vi.Interest for Medium and Long term can be calculated as per the amount of gold in terms of rupees during at the time of deposit.
Bank of India ups MCLR by 0.10% from Jun 10 for various tenors
On June 8, 2018, After RBI’s decision to raise the repo Rate by 25 basis points and increase of MCLRs by other public sector banks, Bank Of India has raised its marginal cost lending rate (MCLR) by 10 basis points or 0.10%.
i. The following shows the effect for different term loans:
|Tenure||Increase by (basis points)||Latest rate of Interest|
|One – Month||10||8.20|
ii. This changes would come into effect from June 10, 2018.
iii. The price of stock of Bank of India is Rs.100.15 in BSE up by 1.68%.
BUSINESS & ECONOMY
FDI in India rises to USD 61.96 bn in 2017-18: DIPP
On June 8, 2018, Mr. Ramesh Abhishek,Secretary, Department of Industrial Policy Promotion announced that Foreign Direct Investment in India has risen up to $61.96 billion in 2017-18.
i. The FDI inflows were $60 billion in 2016.
ii. FDI has increased by $222.75 billion from $152 billion in 4 years.
iii. According to United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) the FDI to India has decreased to $40 billion in 2017 from $44 billion in 2016. And outflows have doubled.
♦ Headquarters – Geneva , Switzerland.
Moody’s expects India to meet its fiscal deficit target of 3.3.percent
On June 8, 2018, Credit rating Agency Moody’s predicted India’s fiscal deficit to be 3.3% of GDP for FY 2018-19.
i. The planned expenditure of the govt has been suggested to be cut back .
ii. Government is likely to reduce excise duty on petroleum and diesel products if the price of global crude continues to remain high.
iii. Budgetary cost of the new minimum support price formula for agricultural products and extra subsidies on LPG and kerosene could put additional pressure on expenditure.
iv. Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act to enhance its existing fiscal policy framework and strengthen policy credibility.
v. There is concern over the drop in foreign institutional investment, but predicted healthy FDI, external commercial borrowings and NRI deposit inflows in financial year 2019.
vi. Rise in India’s foreign exchange reserves and increase in its merchandise import bill points to a healthier fiscal environment as compared to 2017.
DAC approves Equipment Acquisition proposals for Defence forces worth over Rs 5500 Crore
On June 8, 2018, The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), chaired by Defence Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman, met and gave approval for the procurement of equipment for the Defence Forces valued at over Rs 5500 crore.
To achieve the goal of indigenisation and self-reliance in the field of Defence Procurements.
Key points :
i. These equipments include : 12 High Power Radars for the Indian Air Force under ‘Buy (Indian) IDDM’ category and Air Cushion Vehicles (ACVs) for the Indian Coast Guard and Indian Army from Indian Shipyard .
ii. The Radars can scan 360o without mechanical rotation of Antenna and will operate on 24 x 7 basis .
iii. The ACVs can travel at very high speeds over shallow water, sand banks, mud flats and swamps which are non-navigable by boats/small crafts due to draught restrictions/uncharted depths.
EFC approves revised cost estimate of DRIP for Rs. 3466 crore and extends time period for conclusion till June, 2020
The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has approved revised cost estimate of Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP) for Rs. 3466 Crore and has extended time duration for ending this project till June 2020.
Revised cost estimate of DRIP:
i. A meeting of the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) under the Chairpersonship of Secretary, Department of Expenditure, was conducted recently.
ii. The meeting heard the proposal of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation for revised cost estimate of DRIP. DRIP is funded by World Bank.
iii. DRIP is a state sector scheme with central component. It aims to enhance safety and operational performance of selected dams and institutional strengthening with system wide management approach.
iv. The total original cost of DRIP was Rs. 2100 Crore. State component was Rs. 1968 Crore and Central Component was Rs. 132 Crore.
v. The EFC approved DRIP in May 2011. Cabinet approval was provided in November 2011.
vi.The Scheme started in April 2012. It was initially planned for six years with conclusion in June 2018.
vii.The participating States/Agencies in the DRIP are: Damodar Valley Corporation, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited and Central Water Commission.
Some important projects in India:
♦ Bansagar Project – Son River
♦ Bargi Project – Bargi River
♦ Beas Project – Beas River
APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS
Sarita Nayyar appointed to Managing Board: WEF
On June 8, 2018, World Economic Forum (WEF) has appointed Sarita Nayyar as a member to its Managing board.
i. She is presently working with WEF as Chief Operating Officer (COO) .
ii. She joined WEF in 2007 and have been holding various directorships including responsibility for engagement with the consumer industries, MD and COO of WEF LLC and Deputy Head of Industries.
iii. She would overlook the international expansion with upcoming centres in India and Japan.
World Economic Forum:
♦ Headquarters – Cologny , Switzerland.
Rizvi sworn in as caretaker Pak Punjab CM
On 8th June 2018, Professor Hasan Askari Rizvi took charge as the caretaker chief minister of Pakistan’s Punjab Province.
Hasan Askari Rizvi – caretaker chief minister of Pakistan’s Punjab Province:
i. Hasan Askari Rizvi was administered oath of office and secrecy at the Governor’s House in Lahore.
ii. On 7th June 2018, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) nominated Hasan Askari Rizvi after the parliamentary committee failed to choose the interim chief minister of this province.
iii. Hasan Askari Rizvi is a political scientist and military analyst. He worked as a visiting professor of Pakistan Studies at Columbia University from 1996 to 1999.
iv. He was awarded Sitara-e-Imtiaz in 2010. He has published books like Military, State and Society in Pakistan and The military and politics in Pakistan: 1947 – 1997.
Tag lines of some banks:
♦ Allahabad Bank – A tradition of trust
♦ Andhra Bank – Where India Banks
♦ Bank of Baroda – India’s International Bank
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater: Study
Researchers have found severe uranium contamination in groundwater from aquifers in 16 Indian states.
Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater:
i.As per the study, the main source of uranium contamination is natural. But human factors like groundwater-table decline, over-exploitation of groundwater for agricultural irrigation and nitrate pollution worsens it.
ii. Exposure of uranium in drinking water might cause chronic kidney disease. Around one third of all water wells tested in Rajasthan, contained uranium levels that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) and US Environmental Protection Agency’s safe drinking water standards.
iii. Aquifers contaminated with similar high level contamination of uranium in 26 other districts in northwestern India and nine districts in southern or southeastern India were identified.
iv. The study has been published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology Letters.
v. For the study, researchers sampled water from 324 wells in Rajasthan and Gujarat. They also measured uranium isotope ratios.
vi. They analyzed similar data from 68 previous studies of groundwater geochemistry in Rajasthan, Gujarat and 14 other Indian states.
Col. Rajyavardhan Rathore approves Upward Revision of Pension to Meritorious Sportspersons
Minister of Youth Affairs & Sports Col. Rajyavardhan Rathore has approved the upward revision of pension to meritorious Sportspersons.
Upward Revision of Pension to Meritorious Sportspersons:
i. As per the revision, the rate of pension has been doubled for winning medals in international sports events.
ii. The new rates of pension are as follows: –
|Category of meritorious pension||Amount in Rs.|
|Medallist at the Olympic/Para-Olympic Games||Rs.20,000/-|
|Gold medallist at World Cup/World Championship (in Olympic/Asian Games disciplines)||Rs.16,000/-|
|Silver/Bronze medallist at World Cup/World Championship (in Olympics / Asian Games disciplines)|
Gold medallist in Asian Games/Commonwealth Games/Para Asian Games
|Silver and Bronze medallist in Asian Games/Commonwealth Games/Para Asian Games||Rs.12,000/-|
iii. The rate of pension for medal winners in the Para-Olympics Games and Para Asian Games will be equal to the medal winners in the Olympic Games and Asian Games respectively.
iv. World Championships held once in four years will be considered only for pension.
v. As per the revised scheme the sportsperson should retire from active sports career and reach the age of 30 years at the time of applying pension.
vi. ♦ For existing pensioners, the revision in rate of pension will come to effect from 1st April 2018.
Some important stadiums in India:
♦ Visvesvaraya Stadium – Mandya, Karnataka
♦ Gangotri Glades Cricket Ground – Mysore, Karnataka
♦ Chinnaswamy Stadium – Bangalore, Karnataka
Harry Kane is the most valuable player of the FIFA World Cup 2018
Harry Kane has been named the most valuable player for the upcoming FIFA World Cup that starts on 14th June 2018.
Harry Kane – most valuable player of the FIFA World Cup 2018:
i. Harry Kane is the lead striker of the English National Team. He is estimated to be worth 201.2 million euros. The values have been calculated by the CIES Football Observatory algorithm.
ii. He is followed by Brazilian player Neymar, who is worth 197.5 million euros in the 2nd spot and Kylian Mbappé in the 3rdplace who is worth 186.5 million euros.
iii. Lionel Messi of FC Barcelona is at the fourth spot with estimated transfer value at 184.2 million euros. Egyptian player Mohammad Salah of Liverpool team is at fifth position and is worth 171.3 million euros.
iv. English player Dele Alli is in sixth position with a value of 171 million euros. He is followed by Belgian player Kevin De Bruyne at 167.2 million euros, French player Antonio Griezmann at 164.5 million euros, Argentine player Paulo Dybala at 164.2 million euros and Belgian player Romelu Lukaku at 163.4 million euros.
About FIFA (International Federation of Association Football):
♦ President – Gianni Infantino
♦ Headquarters – Zürich, Switzerland
Asian Junior Athletics Championships: Jakhar claims hammer gold
On 7th June 2018, India’s Ashish Jakhar created a new national record and won a gold medal in the men’s hammer throw event at the 2018 Asian Junior Athletics Championships in Gifu, Japan.
Asian Junior Athletics Championships:
i. India won four gold medals, 1 silver medal and 2 bronze medal at the first day of the 2018 Asian Junior Athletics Championships.
ii. Ashish Jakhar threw the 6kg iron ball and chain to a distance of 76.86m and broke his previous record of 75.04m that he had set at the Junior Federation Cup in April 2018.
iii. India’s Damneet Singh came second and won silver medal with a throw of 74.08m. Japan’s Masanobu Hattori came third with a throw of 69.34m.
iv. India’s Priyadarshini Suresh won bronze medal in the women’s triple jump event and Poonam Sonune won bronze medal in the women’s 5000m competition.
v. In the women’s triple jump event gold medal was won by Vietnam’s VU Thi Ngoc Ha and silver was won by China’s Youqi Pan. India’s Sandra Babu finished in fourth place.
vi. In the women’s 5000m competition Japan’s Mikuni Yada won gold and China’s Lihua Niu won silver medal.
World Brain Tumor Day – June 8, 2018
On 8th June 2018, World Brain Tumor Day was observed all over the world.
World Brain Tumor Day:
i. World brain tumour day is observed on 8th June every year since 2000. World brain tumour day was first observed by German Brain Tumour Association (Deutsche Hirntumorhilfe e.V.).
ii. This day helps to create awareness among the public about brain. This day also focuses on helping people suffering from brain tumor.
iii. Brain tumor is developed in brain cells. The brain cells multiply abnormally in an uncontrolled manner.
World Oceans Day – 8 June
On 8th June 2018, World Oceans Day was celebrated all over the world.
World Oceans Day:
i. On 5th December 2008, UN General Assembly declared 8th June as World Oceans Day.
ii. World Oceans Day is celebrated to highlight the major role played by oceans in our lives. This day creates awareness about the impact of human actions on the ocean.
iii. The Action focus for World Oceans Day 2018 is: preventing plastic pollution and encouraging solutions for a healthy ocean.