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Current Affairs Quiz: April 18 2018

AffairsCloud brings you the complete and important daily current affairs April 18 2018 Quiz to achieve more marks in Banking , Insurance, UPSC, SSC, CLAT , Railway  and all other competitive Exams. We have prepared the current affairs quiz from our current affairs today updates.

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  1. Which state has the highest rate of crimes against Schedule Caste/Schedule Tribe population, according to latest data released by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)?
    1.Haryana
    2.Bihar
    3.Assam
    4.Jammu & Kashmir
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Bihar
    Explanation:
    According to latest data released by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Bihar has the highest rate of crimes against Schedule Caste/Schedule Tribe population. As per NCRB data, crime against SC/ST is lowest in West Bengal. Madhya Pradesh reported the highest rate of crime (43.4%) against SCs specifically, while West Bengal had the lowest at 6%. Rajasthan reported the highest rate of crime (12.9%) against STs specifically, while West Bengal had the lowest at 1.6%. The data also revealed that since 2014, crimes against SCs have increased by one percent overall, with a steep rise of 5.5% occurring in 2016. On the other hand, crimes against STs since 2014 have seen an overall decrease of 3.8%, with a significant drop of 8 percent in 2015.

  2. Where did Union Cabinet Minister Smriti Irani inaugurate Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited (GNFC’s) Neem Project on 13th April 2018?
    1.Amethi, Uttar Pradesh
    2.Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
    3.Ahmedabad, Gujarat
    4.Surat, Gujarat
    5.None of these
    Answer – 1.Amethi, Uttar Pradesh
    Explanation:
    On April 13, 2018, Union Cabinet Minister Smriti Irani inaugurated Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited (GNFC’s) Neem Project in Amethi district of Uttar Pradesh. Under this project, GNFC intends to collect 8,000 to 10,000 MT Neem seeds from Uttar Pradesh, which in turn will provide additional income of Rs 12-15 crore for over one lakh rural woman from 2,500 villages in the State. The project will not only provide additional income to rural women but will also help in fulfilling Prime Minister’s vision of Neem-coated urea in the interest of millions of farmers of the country. GNFC has been running Neem Project since 2015, in over 60 districts of five states including Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan. Earlier, it signed memorandum of understanding (MoU) with IFFCO to expand this project in 15 districts of Uttar Pradesh.

  3. On April 17, 2018, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Communications, Manoj Sinha launched _____ App, which will help in collection of premium for Postal Life Insurance (PLI) and Rural Postal Life Insurance (RPLI) policies at Branch Post Offices anywhere in India?
    1.ARPAN-RPLI
    2.DARPAN-PLI
    3.PLI-Insure
    4.Insure-PPM
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.DARPAN-PLI
    Explanation:
    On April 17, 2018, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Communications, Manoj Sinha launched DARPAN-PLI App, which will help in collection of premium for Postal Life Insurance (PLI) and Rural Postal Life Insurance (RPLI) policies at Branch Post Offices anywhere in India. In context of this news, DARPAN refers to DIGITAL ADVANCEMENT OF RURAL POST OFFICE FOR A NEW INDIA (DARPAN) Project, a project launched by Department of Posts as a part of its IT Modernisation plan, aimed at connecting all 1.29 lakh Rural Branch Post Offices in the country, to enable them to do online Postal and Financial Transactions. The DARPAN-PLI App will not only help in collection of premium for PLI and RPLI policies at Branch Post Offices, but will also enable indexing of maturity claims in respect of PLI and RPLI policies at Branch Post Office itself. This app is a part of Department of Posts endeavour to go digital which will help in providing better after-sales service to customers of PLI and RPLI, particularly to those living in rural areas of India.

  4. Name the portal of Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry launched by Union Minister of External Affairs, Ms. Sushma Swaraj, on April 18, 2018, aimed at making India a preferred destination for the foreign students to pursue their education?
    1.Inspire
    2.Study in India
    3.Study with India
    4.Indian Education
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Study in India
    Explanation:
    On April 18, 2018, Union Minister of External Affairs, Ms. Sushma Swaraj launched ‘Study in India’ portal of Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry in presence of Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Prakash Javadekar and Minister of State for HRD, Dr. Satya Pal Singh. ‘Study in India’ portal is aimed at making India a preferred destination for the foreign students to pursue their education. Through this portal, students from 30 countries across South Asia, Africa, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and Middle East can select and apply for different courses from 150 select Indian institutions. The 150 institutions are the ones which have a high National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranking. ’Study in India’ film was also launched on the occasion.

  5. Where was the first meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under POSHAN Abhiyaan held on 18th April 2018?
    1.Chennai
    2.Thiruvananthapuram
    3.Raipur
    4.New Delhi
    5.None of these
    Answer – 4.New Delhi
    Explanation:
    On 18th April 2018, the first meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under POSHAN Abhiyaan was held at Vigyan Bhawan, in New Delhi. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman NITI Aayog, Dr V K Paul, Member (Health & Nutrition) NITI Aayog, Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Aayog, and representatives of several ministries of the Central and State Governments participated in the meeting.
    Mandate of the National Council on India’s Nutritional Challenges is as follows:
    • Provide policy directions to address India’s nutritional challenges through coordinated inter-sectoral action.
    • Coordinate and review convergence between Ministries.
    • Review programmes for nutrition on a quarterly basis.
    The Council will submit its report once in 6 months to the Prime Minister. The POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to reduce the level of under-nutrition and other related problems by making sure the convergence of various nutrition related schemes. It overlooks and reviews implementation of such schemes. It uses existing structural arrangements of line Ministries wherever available.

  6. The Finance Ministry might bring up a Rs 10,000-crore follow-on fund offer of the Bharat-22 ETF as it plans to dilute stake in Coal India to meet the minimum public holding norm. Expand ETF?
    1.Exchangaeble Trade Fund
    2.Exchange Traded Fund
    3.External Traded Fund
    4.External Term Fund
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Exchange Traded Fund
    Explanation:
    The Finance Ministry might bring up a Rs 10,000-crore follow-on fund offer of the Bharat-22 exchange traded fund (ETF) as it plans to dilute stake in Coal India to meet the minimum public holding norm. The finance ministry is also focused on using the ETF route to sell off government shares held through SUUTI (Specified Undertaking of Unit Trust of India) in private companies – ITC, Axis Bank and L&T. In November 2017, the government had introduced Bharat-22 ETF consisting of shares of 22 companies like public sector undertakings (PSUs), public sector banks, ITC, Axis Bank and L&T. The fund had gathered bids for Rs 32,000 crore. But the government retained only Rs 14,500 crore. PSUs that are part of the new Bharat ETF-22 are ONGC, IOC, SBI, BPCL, Coal India and Nalco. Other central public sector enterprises on the list are Bharat Electronics, Engineers India, NBCC, NTPC, NHPC, SJVNL, GAIL, PGCIL and NLC India. Three public sector banks: SBI, Indian Bank and Bank of Baroda are in the Bharat-22 index. It has been said that, through the ETF route, the government might dilute about 3.55 % stake held in Coal India to comply with the minimum 25 % public float requirement as mandated by SEBI. It was also said that, the ETF route is a safer mode of disinvestment as it protects investors against stock market volatility. Before introduction of Bharat-22 ETF, the government had launched the CPSE ETF consisting of stocks of the following PSUs – ONGC, Coal India, IOC, GAIL (India), Oil India, PFC, Bharat Electronics, REC, Engineers India and Container Corporation of India.

  7. Intra-State E-way (Electronic Way) bill i.e. the E-way bill for movement of goods within the state will be rolled out in Bihar, Jharkhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura and Uttarakhand from ____?
    1.April 20, 2018
    2.April 22, 2018
    3.April 24, 2018
    4.May 1, 2018
    5.None of these
    Answer – 1.April 20, 2018
    Explanation:
    Intra-State E-way (Electronic Way) bill i.e. the E-way bill for movement of goods within the state will be rolled out in six more states from April 20, 2018. Six states in which Intra-State E-way bill will be rolled out from April 20, 2018 are Bihar, Jharkhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura and Uttarakhand. In context of this news, it is important to note that E-way bill system for moving goods worth over Rs 50000 from one state to another has already been rolled out since April 1, 2018. Karnataka is the only state which had rolled out Intra-State E-way bill system from April 1, 2018. After that, Intra-State E-way bill system was rolled out in five states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh from April 15, 2018. E-way bill provision of the GST is an anti-evasion measure which would help in increasing tax collections by curbing trade that is being undertaken on cash basis.

  8. On 17th April 2018, the Environment Ministry released the draft of NCAP aimed to reduce air pollution. What does C represent in NCAP?
    1.Cap
    2.Council
    3.Clean
    4.Central
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.Clean
    Explanation:
    On 17th April 2018, the Environment Ministry released the draft of National Clean Air Programme aimed to reduce air pollution. The Environment Ministry has published the draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) on its website. It has invited comments from stakeholders by 17th May 2018. Objectives of the NCAP as mentioned by the Environment Ministry in the draft are:
    • to augment and develop an effective and a proficient ambient air quality monitoring network throughout India to ensure comprehensive and reliable database
    • to have efficient data dissemination and a public outreach mechanism for timely measures for prevention and mitigation of air pollution,
    • to have a feasible management plan for prevention, control and reduction of air pollution
    Measures that will be taken for reducing air pollution are:
    • augmenting the air quality monitoring network
    • identification of alternative technology for real-time monitoring
    • setting up of 10 city super network
    • indoor air pollution monitoring and management and air pollution health impact studies
    • air quality forecasting system
    • issuance of notification on dust management
    • a three-tier mechanism for review, assessment and inspection for implementation and a national emission inventory

  9. How many MoUs were signed between India and Denmark during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Sweden visit on 16thand 17th April 2018?
    1.4
    2.2
    3.1
    4.5
    5.None of these
    Answer – 1.4
    Explanation:
    MOUs/Agreements between India and Denmark:
    • MOU on Cooperation in the field of Sustainable and Smart Urban Development: between the Ministry for Housing and Urban Affairs of India and the Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs of Denmark
    • MOU on Cooperation in the fields of Animal Husbandry and Dairying: between Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare of India and the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark
    • MOU on Food Safety Cooperation: between the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration
    • MOU on Cooperation in Agricultural Research and Education: between the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and the University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Science, Denmark

  10. India signed a MOU on the Establishment of the ICCR Chair for Hindi Language with which country during Indian Prime Minister’s Sweden visit?
    1.Sweden
    2.Iceland
    3.Malaysia
    4.Nepal
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Iceland
    Explanation:
    MOU on the Establishment of the ICCR Chair for Hindi Language: between Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the University of Iceland

  11. India unveiled a Joint Action Plan to promote bilateral ties with which of the following countries on 17th April 2018?
    1.Australia
    2.United States
    3.Canada
    4.Sweden
    5.None of these
    Answer – 4.Sweden
    Explanation:
    Sweden India Joint Action Plan (April 17, 2018):
    To promote bilateral cooperation, the following India-Sweden Joint Action Plan was decided. As per the Joint Action Plan, India and Sweden, through relevant ministries, agencies and actors, aim to:
    Innovation:
    • Initiate a multi-stake holder Innovation Partnership for a Sustainable Future, to improve prosperity and growth and address societal challenges like climate change and sustainable development through innovation.
    • Perform dialogue and cooperative activities in intellectual property rights as per the MoU between the Swedish Patent Registration Office and the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion of India.
    Trade and investment
    • Promote trade and investment in both directions, like Sweden’s investment in India through ‘Invest India’ and Indian investment in Sweden through ‘Business Sweden’.
    • Promote the work of the India-Sweden Business Leaders Round Table (ISBLRT) to strengthen India-Sweden business cooperation in smart cities, digitization, skills development and defence.
    Smart Cities and Next Generation Transport
    • Knowledge sharing and cooperation on smart cities, transit-oriented urban development, air pollution control, waste management, waste-to-energy, waste-water treatment, district cooling and circular economy, also through dialogue and capacity building.
    • Exchange of knowledge and cooperation in electro-mobility and renewable fuels.
    • Knowledge sharing and cooperation in railway policy development, safety, training and operation and maintenance of railways.
    Smart, sustainable and renewable energy
    • mutual collaboration in development of smart grid technologies like smart metering, demand response, power quality management, distribution automation, electric vehicle and charging infrastructure, renewable integration, through research, capacity building, policy cooperation
    • Expand research, innovation and business cooperation on new innovative energy technologies through the India-Sweden Innovations’ Accelerator, focused on technologies using renewable energy and energy efficiency.
    Women’s skills development and empowerment
    • Encourage women empowerment by skilling employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for women through projects like”Kraftsamla”.
    • It has been undertaken by Swedish and Indian actors in Pune, Maharashtra. It offer skills training for women in jobs like forklift drivers, warehouse managers, assembly operators etc.
    Defence
    • Explore the finalization of a bilateral agreement on exchange and mutual protection of classified information for cooperation in the defence area.
    • Improve Indo-Swedish dialogue on defence cooperation. Continue with India-Sweden defence seminars in India and Sweden in 2018-19 and explore, with the ISBLRT, opportunities for investment in Defence Production Corridors in India
    • Promote industry partners to develop supply chains for small and medium sized enterprises (SME) with major Defence & Aerospace Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)
    Space and science
    • Acknowledge the importance of bilateral cooperation on space research, technology, innovation and applications. Encourage space agencies to improve space cooperation under the MoU, especially in Earth observation, planetary exploration and satellite ground station activities, through an Indo-Swedish Space Seminar and a visit by an Indian delegation to Swedish space establishments.
    • Explore possible collaboration between the European Spallation Source (ESS), hosted by Sweden, and Indian partners.
    Health and Life Sciences
    Improve collaboration in health sector like health research, pharmaco vigilance and anti-microbial resistance, under the MoU in the field of health care and public health.
    Follow-up
    The implementation of this Action Plan will be overseen by the Indo-Swedish Joint Commission on Scientific and Economic Affairs, Foreign Office Consultations and other relevant bilateral fora and Joint Working Groups.

  12. India won how many elections to UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) bodies, on 16th April 2018?
    1.2
    2.3
    3.4
    4.6
    5.None of these
    Answer – 4.6
    Explanation:
    On April 16, 2018, India won six elections to UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) bodies. By winning these elections, India won places on the executive boards of four UN bodies, three commissions and a committee. In election for the Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO) Committee, within the Asia-Pacific group, India got the highest number of votes (46). The NGO committee scrutinises the NGOs applying for consultative status with ECOSOC. It is an important body as it has the power to recommend or block them. India will serve a four-year term on this committee starting January 2019. Through another single election, India made its way to the executive boards of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) for a three-year terms from January 2019.

  13. Which country proposed a India-Nepal-China economic corridor with multi-dimensional connectivity through the Himalayas on 18th April 2018?
    1.Nepal
    2.India
    3.China
    4.Bangladesh
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.China
    Explanation:
    On April 18, 2018, China proposed a India-Nepal-China economic corridor with multi-dimensional connectivity through the Himalayas. This proposal was put forth by China after visiting Nepalese foreign minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali held talks with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Beijing. China has proposed this trilateral economic corridor on basis MoU signed by Nepal to join its multi-billion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The China-Nepal MoU pertaining to BRI envisages a well-developed connectivity network through ports, railways, highways, aviation, power and communications, which according to China will offer suitable conditions for an economic corridor connecting China, Nepal and India.

  14. On April 16, 2018, market capitalisation of Kotak Mahindra Bank, for the first time surpassed that of _____?
    1.Bandhan Bank
    2.Reliance Industries Limited
    3.Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    4.State Bank of India
    5.None of these
    Answer – 4.State Bank of India
    Explanation:
    On April 16, 2018, market capitalisation of Kotak Mahindra Bank, for the first time surpassed that of State Bank of India. Market value of a company’s outstanding shares is referred to as market capitalisation (m-cap). It is calculated by multiplying the current market value of company’s share with total outstanding shares. At the end of the trading day on April 16, 2018, Kotak Mahindra Bank’s market capitalisation rose to Rs 2.23 lakh crore compared with SBI’s market cap of Rs 2.22 lakh crore. On account of this surge, Kotak Mahindra Bank has become the second-most valuable bank in India after HDFC Bank. Among all Indian banks, HDFC Bank has the highest market capitalisation of Rs 5.03 lakh crore.

  15. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has announced that it has extended total credit support of Rs 14690 crore to which state during 2017-18?
    1.Assam
    2.Maharashtra
    3.Rajasthan
    4.Gujarat
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.Rajasthan
    Explanation:
    National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has announced that it has extended total credit support of Rs 14690 crore to Rajasthan during 2017-18. Rajasthan has been one of the biggest beneficiaries under the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) of NABARD. Under RIDF, NABARD disbursed concessional loan of Rs 1851.29 crore to Rajasthan state government during 2017-18. Funds sanctioned by NABARD were used for 10 irrigation projects, construction of 1614 roads and two rural drinking water supply projects in the state.

  16. On 17th April 2018, Communications and Railways Minister Manoj Sinha said that, the government aims to empower ____ lakh post offices after integration with 650 Payments Banks to offer digital services including financial inclusion?
    1.2500
    2.1.55 lakh
    3.15800
    4.2 lakh
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.1.55 lakh
    Explanation:
    On 17th April 2018, Communications and Railways Minister Manoj Sinha said that, the government aims to empower 1.55 lakh post offices after integration with 650 Payments Banks to offer digital services including financial inclusion. Manoj Sinha has said that, in 5 to 6 months, 1.5 lakh postal offices will operate as Post Payments Banks. He said that after pilot launch of India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) in Raipur and Ranchi, Payments Banks will be started in the remaining 648 locations soon. The Payments Banks will offer direct benefit transfer (DBT) to a large number of people. India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) launched its pilot services in Raipur and Ranchi in January 2017. In 2015, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had approved Payments Banks to 11 entities. It also allowed the Department of Posts to accept deposits up to Rs 1 lakh per individual or a small business. He also launched Digital Advancement of Rural Post Office for a New India or Darpan program with a budget of Rs 1,300 crore, under the IT modernisation initiative to enable digital transactions and online postal services in 1.29 branch post offices in rural regions of India. Bharti Airtel offers Machine-to-Machine (M2M) SIM cards for postal department’s modernisation initiative. IT comapnies like Infosys and TCS are vendor-partner in the postal department’s modernisation drive. He said that the Postal Life Insurance (PLI) now covers people other than its employees with lesser premium and more returns. He added that this has helped to gather Rs 6 crore of additional revenue within 4 months of its introduction. He said that, out of the projected 250 Aadhaar enrolment and updation centres and Post Office Passport Seva Kendras (POPSK), 178 have become fully functional now. He also launched Darpan-PLI app that enables renewal of pension including premium collection and indexing of maturity of claim.

  17. As per latest World Economic Outlook, released by International Monetary Fund (IMF) on April 17, 2018, Indian economy is projected to grow ___% in the current fiscal i.e. FY 2018-19 and accelerate further in FY 2019-20 to ___ %.
    1.7.3, 7.5
    2.7.4, 7.8
    3.7.6, 7.7
    4.7.1, 7.6
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.7.4, 7.8
    Explanation:
    As per latest World Economic Outlook, released by International Monetary Fund (IMF) on April 17, 2018, Indian economy is projected to grow 7.4% in the current fiscal i.e. FY 2018-19 and accelerate further in FY 2019-20 to 7.8%.The report has outlined that in the medium term, there will be a gradual increase in India’s growth rate as structural reforms raise potential output and Indian will thus consolidate its position as the world’s fastest-growing major economy. India’s growth in current and next fiscal will come on back of strong private consumption as well as fading transitory effects of demonetisation (in November 2016) and roll out of Goods and Services Tax (in July 2017). Consumer inflation is projected at 5% for the current as well as next year while the current account deficit is seen at 2.3% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) this fiscal and 2.1% next fiscal. As per IMF, Chinese Economy will slow down from 6.9% in 2017 to 6.6% in 2018 and further to 6.4% in 2019 while Global growth is seen stable at 3.9% over the current and next calendar years.

  18. On April 12, 2018, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) stated that India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to grow at what percent during the 2018-19 financial year?
    1.7.3-7.7
    2.7.4-7.6
    3.7.1-7.4
    4.7.6-7.8
    4.None of these
    Answer – 1.7.3-7.7
    Explanation:
    On April 12, 2018, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) stated that India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to grow at 7.3-7.7 percent during the 2018-19 financial year. The growth in 2018-19 will come on back of strong demand in the rural economy, including agriculture and non-farm activities, as well as better global growth climate. Strong demand in the rural economy will boost investment in industry, which in turn will increase manufacturing activities. As per CII, agriculture sector is expected to grow at 2.5-3.5 percent, industrial sector to grow at 7.2-7.5 percent and services sector to grow at 8.4-8.7 percent. Rising oil prices has been identified as a macro challenge. However, improving industrial performance is expected to compensate for the same.

  19. Scientists of which country have formulated world’s first ayurvedic drug to cure dengue, which is likely to be available in the market by 2019?
    1.China
    2.India
    3.Japan
    4.Malaysia
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.India
    Explanation:
    Indian scientists have formulated world’s first ayurvedic drug to cure dengue, which is likely to be available in the market by 2019. Dengue (caused by the aedes aegypti mosquito which breeds in clean water), is the fastest growing mosquito-borne disease across the world as per World Health Organisation (WHO). first Ayurvedic drug to cure Dengue has been made with seven herbal ingredients which are in use in Ayurveda system of medicine. Pilot studies of this drug (in highly concentrated liquid form) which have proved the clinical safety and efficacy of the drug were already conducted by Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), an autonomous body under the Ministry of AYUSH and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR’s), regional research centre in Belgaum in Karnataka. Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial (a medical study involving human participants) of the tablet form of this drug is going on in the medical colleges of Belgaum and Kolar in Karnataka.

  20. Scientists in the University of Southampton have discovered that, stimulating a specific location on the surface of _____ cells can be targeted with antibodies to help in fighting cancer?
    1.skin
    2.immune
    3.hair
    4.stem
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.immune
    Explanation:
    Scientists in the University of Southampton have discovered that, stimulating a specific location on the surface of immune cells can be targeted with antibodies to help in fighting cancer. This discovery is related to a receptor called CD40. CD40 is found on the surface of certain immune cells which regulates their activity. The CD40 receptors are normally distributed on the surface of resting immune cells. They have to be very precisely clustered in order to trigger an immune response against cancer. Pre-clinical study was performed by scientists from the University of Southampton’s Antibody and Vaccine Group and researchers in Biological Sciences and the University of Hamburg. They also found that the ability of antibody drugs, which bind to the CD40 protein, to cluster the immune cell’s receptors, played a major role in triggering the receptors. This study has been published in Cancer Cell.

  21. What was the profession of S Nihal Singh who died due to multiple organ failure, at the National Heart Institute, in New Delhi, on 16th April 2018?
    1.Doctor
    2.Lawyer
    3.Jounalist
    4.Musician
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.Jounalist
    Explanation:
    On 16th April 2018, journalist S Nihal Singh died due to multiple organ failure, at the National Heart Institute, in New Delhi. S Nihal Singh was 88 years old. He was the Chief Editor of The Statesman, Editor-in-Chief Indian Express and Editor of Khaleej Times. He was the founding editor of the The Indian Post. He had written several books. He had also written columns in newspapers. He received the International Editor of the Year Award in New York. He was Director, Press Institute of India. He was also President of the Press Club of India.

  22. Name the Former First Lady of the United States, who passed away due to ill health at her home in Houston, United States, on 17th April 2018?
    1.Melania Bush
    2.Barbara Bush
    3.Alicia Kennedy
    4.Alicia Thompson
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Barbara Bush
    Explanation:
    On 17th April 2018, Barbara Bush, the Former First Lady of the United States, passed away due to ill health at her home in Houston, United States. Barbara Bush was 92 years old. She had been suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and congestive heart failure in the past few years. She was the wife of former US President George Herbert Walker Bush, and the mother of George Walker Bush, who is also a former US President. She was the First Lady of the United States from 1989 to 1993. She was the Second Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. She had worked towards attaining universal literacy. She founded the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy.

  23. What is the theme of World Heritage Day also known as International Day For Monuments and Sites celebrated all over the world, on 18th April 2018?
    1.Heritage: A boon for generations
    2.Heritage for Generations
    3.Preserve the monuments
    4.Monuments: Pillars of Heritage
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Heritage for Generations
    Explanation:
    On 18th April 2018, World Heritage Day also known as International Day For Monuments and Sites was celebrated all over the world. World Heritage Day, also known as the International Day for Monuments and Sites, is celebrated every year on 18th April since 1982. The International Day for Monuments and Sites was proposed by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) on 18th April 1982. It was approved by the General Assembly of UNESCO in 1983. This day is celebrated to create awareness on the cultural heritage of humanity, their vulnerability and efforts needed to protect and conserve them. India has 36 world heritage sites approved by the UNESCO. This is the sixth highest in the world. Italy has the most number of heritage sites in the world with 53 sites. It is followed by China with 52 sites. Theme for World Heritage Day 2018: Heritage for Generations.

STATIC GK based on Current Affairs

  1. Which is the Longest lake in India?
    Vembanad Lake, Kerala

  2. Where is National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum located?
    New Delhi

  3. Name the MD and headquarters of International Monetary Fund (IMF)?
    Current Managing Director – Christine Lagarde, Headquarters – Washington D.C., US

  4. Who is the MD & CEO of India Post Payments Bank (IPPB)?
    Suresh Sethi

  5. What is the tagline Kotak Mahindra Bank?
    Let’s make money simple