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Current Affairs 21 June 2023

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ITI Ltd signs MoU with TCIL and C-DOT to Develop Communication Products for Smart Cities
ITI Ltd signs MoU with TCIL and C-DOT to develop products for smart citiesOn June 19, 2023, ITI Ltd signed a tripartite memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT ) and Telecommunications Consultants India Limited (TCIL) to develop and provide new communication products and services for smart cities.

  • Each project will be administered under a separate project agreement, in which TCIL will be the lead partner, C-DOT will be the technology partner and ITI will be the manufacturing partner.

To establish a framework for cooperation between the TI, CDOT, and TCIL in creating and delivering of innovative telecommunication products and related services for Smart Cities,
The MOU was exchanged between Rajesh Rai, Chairman and Managing Director of ITI Limited, Rajeev Kumar, Registrar, C-DOT, and Alka Asthana, Executive Director, TCIL.
What is in the MoU?
i.Under the MoU, project agreements will specify the responsibilities of the parties involved, payment terms, and mutual objectives of the parties.
ii.This collaboration will create an ecosystem capable of delivering end-to-end indigenous telecom networks/solutions.
iii.The companies will ensure conceptualisation, installation, commissioning and maintenance of C-DOT and third-party-designed products.
iv.The signatory companies will cooperate to each other in the areas of extending repair support, making and delivering identified products and ensuring technical compliance of the products, among others.
v.This MoU is a part of efforts made by the Central Government to bring together research and development (R&D) in telecommunications.
About ITI Limited:
Chairman and Managing Director– Rajesh Rai
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka

MeitY joins hands with IITs to promote R&D of NanoelectronicsMeitY joins hands with IITs to promote research, development of nanoelectronicsThe Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has joined hands with IITs (Indian Institute of Technologies) to promote research, development of nanoelectronics.

  • Several initiatives have been undertaken by MeitY in the last five years to promote the Research and Development (R&D) of nanoelectronics in India. The most important of these initiatives is the establishment of Nanoelectronics Centres of international standards at premier institutes.


  • Indian Nanoelectronics Users Programme-Idea to Innovation (INUP-i2i) is a flagship programme initiated and funded by MeitY.
  • It is being implemented at the Centre of Excellence in Nanoelectronics (CEN) at IISc, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur and IIT Guwahati and has provided a great opportunity for the R&D community all over the country for accessing state of the art nanofabrication facilities for undertaking research and skill development in Nanoelectronics.

Recent Initiatives undertaken by IITs under INUP-i2i
i.Nanoscale Research Facility at IIT Delhi is organizing its “8th User Awareness Workshop on Fabrication & Characterization Facility for Nanotechnology” on June 22-23, 2023 under INUP-i2i.
ii.IIT Kharagpur is organizing INUP-i2i Nano Hackathon on Healthcare, 2023.
iii.IIT Delhi is organizing Nano Hackathon under the INUP-i2i programme for students and academic researchers in the area of Healthcare, Agriculture, Safety, Energy&Environment. 

  • The INUP-i2i would provide infrastructure and technical support and technical mentoring to the hackathons.

What is Nanotechnology?
It is the development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and develop new devices and material structures in the physical size range of 1-100 nanometres (nm), where 1 nanometre is equal to one billionth of a meter.
About Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY):
Union Minister – Ashwini Vaishnaw (Rajya Sabha Odisha)
Ministers of State (MoS) – Rajeev Chandrasekhar (Rajya Sabha Karnataka)


Ex Khaan Quest 2023: India participates in Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise in Mongolia
India participates in multinational peacekeeping exercise Khaan Quest 2023 in MongoliaOn June 19, 2023, the 19th edition of Multinational Peacekeeping Joint Exercise, Ex Khaan Quest 2023, was inaugurated by the President and Commander-In-Chief of the Mongolian Armed Forces (MAF) Ukhnaagiin Khurelsuk at the Five Hills Training Area, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

  • The Indian Army(IA) represented by a contingent from the Garhwal Rifles participated in the exercise.
  • ‘Ex Khaan Quest 2023’ is scheduled to be held from June 19 to July 2, 2023
  • The exercise co-sponsored by MAF and United States Army Pacific Command (USARPAC) features participation from military contingents and observers from 26 countries, including Indian Army (IA).
  • The Lao People’s Democratic Republic participated for the first time and the Republic of Türkiye with a full team.

i.Enhance interoperability of the participating nations
ii.Promote experience sharing
iii.Train uniformed personnel for the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO)
Key Points:
i.The exercise includes Command Post Exercise (CPX), Field Training Exercises (FTX), combat discussions, lectures and demonstration.
ii.It will enhance the level of defence co-operation between IA and participating countries especially with the MAF which will boost bilateral relations between the two countries.
iii.The exercise showcases commitment and joint efforts of nations to global security cooperation
About Ex Khaan Quest:
i.It is an annual military exercise held in Mongolia established in 2003.
ii.It became an international exercise in 2006, originally being a joint exercise between the Mongolian Armed Forces and the United States Indo-Pacific Command(USINDOPACOM).

India, Philippines Sign MoU on FinTech CooperationIndia, Philippines sign MoU on FinTech cooperationOn June 19, 2023, the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance (MoF), Government of India and the Department of Finance (DOF), Government of Philippines, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Financial Technology (fintech) cooperation. The MoU also aims to promote financial inclusion to address the digital divide. 
Signatories: The MOU was signed by Shambhu S. Kumaran, Ambassador of India to the Philippines and Benjamin E Diokno, Secretary, DOF, Government of Philippines in Manila, Philippines.
Key Points:
i.Under the MoU, a Joint Working Group (JWG) would be constituted comprising senior representatives from Foreign and IT Ministries, Central Banks, financial sector regulatory institutions and other related agencies as members.

  • The JWG would be co-chaired at the undersecretary level from the Ministries of Finance.

ii.The JWG would promote cooperation between fintech industry in India and the Philippines, including the development of innovative technologies, digital governance, payment linkages, creation of interoperable APIs (Application Programme Interface), financial inclusion, promoting use of digital signatures across borders and mainstreaming digital fund transfer platforms among others.
iii.The MoU was expected to provide an institutional framework for cooperation on three key areas of digitalization of payments, direct benefit transfer using national ID, and financial inclusion.
About Philippines:
President – Bongbong Marcos
Capital – Manila
Currency – Philippine peso (PHP)

UN adopts BBNJ Treaty, the first-ever international treaty to protect high seas biodiversity
United Nations adopt first-ever treaty to protect marine life in high seasOn 19th June 2023, The United Nations(UN) adopted the first-ever legally binding international treaty, Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction Treaty (BBNJ treaty), also known as the “High Seas Treaty”, to protect the high seas and preserve marine biodiversity in international waters.

  • It is an agreement under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) which came into force in 1994. It is about the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction.
  • The agreement was adopted during the “Intergovernmental Conference on Marine Biodiversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction” held from 19th to 20th June 2023 in UN headquarters, New York, United States of America(USA).
  • The treaty establishes the first-ever framework for governing practices like fishing, mining and oil extraction in international waters.

i.193 member states of the UN adopted the legally binding marine biodiversity agreement following nearly two decades of negotiations over forging a common wave of conservation and sustainability in the high seas beyond national boundaries which covers 2/3 of the Earth’s oceans.
ii.It contains 75 articles that aim at protecting, caring for, and ensuring the responsible use of the marine environment, maintaining the integrity of ocean ecosystems, and conserving the inherent value of marine biological diversity.

Key Points:
i.It will be open for signatures in New York for 2 years starting on 20th September 2023, following the summit on the UN sustainable development goals(SDGs).
ii.It will take effect once it is ratified by 60 countries.
iii.The treaty will create a new body to manage the conservation of ocean life and establish marine protected areas in the high seas.
iv.It also establishes ground rules for conducting environmental impact assessments for commercial activities in the oceans.
Key points from the Treaty:
i.The treaty establishes a framework for “Marine Protected Areas”.
ii.It establishes standards and guidelines to determine the environmental impacts of high seas.
iii.The treaty creates a Conference of Parties (COP) to enforce the treaty’s terms, which includes a scientific advisory board.
iv.It creates a mechanism for transferring marine technology to developing countries.
v.The treaty also establishes principles for sharing the benefits of “marine genetic resources” (MGR) collected by scientific research in international waters.
About United Nations(UN):
Secretary General– António Guterres
Headquarters- New York, United States of America
Established in- 1945

Kathmandu-based ICIMOD Study Report:  Himalayan glaciers might lose 75% of their ice by 2100
Himalayan glaciers on track to lose up to 75% of ice by 2100According to the study report issued by Kathmandu (Nepal) based intergovernmental scientific authority International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalayas are melting at unprecedented rates and are expected to lose up to 75% of their volume by 2100 due to global warming.

  • The Hindu Kush Himalaya stretches about 3,500 km (2,175 miles) across India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China,  Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan encompassing the peaks like Everest and K2.

Key Findings of the Report:
i.As per the report, the melting of glaciers could cause dangerous flooding and water shortages for the 240 million people who live in the mountainous Himalayan region.
ii.The report warns that if greenhouse gases (GHGs) are not drastically reduced, flash floods and avalanches will become more common in the coming years.
iii.The report also mentioned that due to glacier melting, the availability of freshwater would be impacted which in turn affect the 240 million people who live in the Himalayan region as well as another 1.65 billion who live downstream of the 12 rivers that originate in the Himalayan mountains.
iv.According to recent research, Mount Everest’s glaciers have lost 2,000 years of ice in the last 30 years.
v.The report stated that at 1.5 degrees Celsius (°C) or 2°C of warming above preindustrial temperatures, glaciers across the entire region will lose 30% to 50% of their volume by 2100.

  • In the Eastern Himalayas (which includes Nepal and Bhutan), a 3°C warming could result in a loss of up to 75% of the ice, at 4 °C warming, the loss could increase to 80%.

vi.The report also warns that water flows in the region’s 12 river basins, including the Ganges, Indus, and Mekong, are expected to peak around mid-century, affecting over 1.6 billion people who rely on those water sources.

Note – The name the Hindu Kush comes from the Persian words Hindu and kush, meaning ‘killer of Hindus.’


NSE International Exchange unveils a New Identity for Gift Nifty

Nse international exchange unveils a new identity for gift nifty

On June 19, 2023, the NSE International Exchange (NSE IX) unveiled a new brand identity/logo of GIFT Nifty at International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City) in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, as a part of the full-scale transition of Singapore Exchange (SGX) Nifty to Gift Nifty under NSE IFSC-SGX Connect Project.

  • NSE IFSC-SGX Connect Project will replace the existing SGX Nifty Futures & Options contracts, which were traded on SGX, with GIFT Nifty from July 3, 2023.
  • Injeti Srinivas, Chairman of the International Financial Services Centre Authority (IFSCA) was the chief guest of the event. The event also saw the presence of Ashish Kumar Chaunah, MD & CEO, NSE, and V Balasubramaniam, MD & CEO, NSE IX.

i.The new brand logo of Gift Nifty is aligned with the flagship index NIFTY 50. The full form of Nifty is the National stock exchange FIFTY.
ii.NSE IFSC is a fully owned subsidiary company of the National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE India).
Key Points:
i.Following the replacement, all US (United States) dollar-denominated Nifty derivatives contracts will be exclusively traded on NSE IFSC.

  • All open positions in SGX NIFTY will migrate to GIFT NIFTY; hence no open interest remains in SGX NIFTY.

ii.The SGX NIFTY will be suspended from trading after the end of the T session on June 30 2023. SGX intends to delist the SGX NIFTY.
iii.NSE IFSC-SGX Connect project was approved in 2019 for the trading of the SGX’s Nifty futures contract, based on the NSE’s Nifty 50 index, on IFSC which will boost activity at the GIFT City.
iii.The new identity enables Market participants to access Gift Nifty 50, Gift Nifty Bank, Gift Nifty Financial Services, and Gift Nifty IT derivative contracts on NSE IX for almost 21 hours from July 3, 2023, which overlaps Asia, Europe, and US trading hours.

Note – In addition, NSE IX also unveiled its new corporate brand identity evolving distinctly designed IX along with NSE.

About National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE India):
Managing Director & CEO– Ashishkumar Chauhan
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra

Union Bank of India Launched four Bank Account Schemes to Benefit Women, Pensioners & CHS
Union Bank launches four new deposit schemes targeted at women, pensioners and co-operative socieitesOn June 19, 2023, the Union Bank of India launched four bank account schemes named Union Unnati, Union Samriddhi, Union Samman, and Union SBCHS (SB Account For Co-Operative Housing Society), targeting women, women entrepreneurs and professionals, pensioners and cooperative housing societies (CHS).
The 4 account schemes and their benefits:
i.Union Unnati: CD (certificate of deposit) Account For Women

  • It is a current account (CA) designed for Women Individuals & Sole Proprietorship (Women proprietors) with an Average Monthly Balance (AMB) of Rs 50,000.
  • The account offers free Cancer Care Insurance Coverage Sum assured of Rs 10 lakhs, personal accident cover, concession in loan interest rates, retail loan processing charges, and minimal service charges.

ii.Union Samriddhi: SB Account For Women

  • It is a savings bank (SB) account targeted at Women Individuals (18 years and above) to empower them by providing a safe and convenient savings and financial management avenue.
  • This account also offers benefits similar to Union Unnati such as Free Cancer Care Insurance Coverage, personal accident cover, and concession in loan interest rates, among others.

iii.Union Samman: SB Account For Pensioners

  • It is a savings account aimed at pensioners thus Individuals drawing regular pensions through Union Bank are eligible for this account
  • It extends door-step banking, personal accident cover, concession in loan interest rates and processing charges, and free health check-ups.

iv.Union SBCHS:

Eligibility: All Registered CHS, Resident Welfare Associations, Apartment Owners Association who are eligible to open Savings Accounts.
Union SBCHS is a savings bank account that acknowledges the cooperative housing societies, Resident Welfare Association/apartment owners Associations by offering concessions in loan processing charges for purchasing solar lights, elevators, and other machinery, as well as concessional rates for home, vehicle, and education loans for society and flat owners.
About Union Bank of India:
Establishment -11 November 1919
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD& CEO – A. Manimekhalai
Tagline – Good People to Bank with


Airbnb & Ministry of Tourism signed MoU to promote cultural tourism & heritage stays

Ministry of Tourism(MOT), Government of India, signed a memorandum of understanding(MoU) with Airbnb, Inc., an online marketplace for Homestays (based in the United States of America-USA), to promote cultural tourism and heritage homestays to showcase Indian heritage to foreign visitors.

  • The MoU was signed in the presence of Union Minister, Kishan Reddy, Ministry of Tourism, on the onset of the 4th G20(Group of 20) Tourism Working Group(TWG) Meeting held in Goa.
  • Under this MoU, Airbnb will partner with MOT to promote inbound tourism as a part of its ‘Visit India 2023’ initiative. Airbnb will launch a dedicated ‘Soul of India’ microsite for the global audience showcasing India’s rich culture and built heritage.
  • Airbnb will also support to hosts in untapped tourist areas, assist them in promoting their homestays, build host capacity, and foster a culture of responsible hosting.
  • Note: In December 2022, Airbnb signed an MoU with the Goa tourism department to promote inclusive tourism.


British author Salman Rushdie awarded the 2023 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade
Author Salman Rushdie awarded prestigious German peace prizeSalman Rushdie, an Indian born British-American writer was awarded the 2023 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for his literary work and for his resolve and positive attitude in the face of constant threat to his life.

  • The award ceremony will take place on 22nd October 2023 in the Church of St. Paul in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Note: The 2022 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade was awarded to Serhiy Zhadan, an Ukrainian author and musician.
About the Peace Prize:
i. Since 1950, the German Publishers and Booksellers Association, the professional organisation of publishers and booksellers in the Federal Republic of Germany, has been awarding the Peace Prize of the German Book Trader.
ii. The Peace Prize is linked with a prize money of 25,000 euros, which is raised by the publishers and booksellers.
iii. The Foundation Board of the Peace Prize has annually selected a personality who has made an important contribution to peace, humanity and understanding between peoples since 1950.
About Salman Rushdie:
i. Salman Ahmed Rushdie, born on 19th June 1947 in Bombay (now Mumbai, Maharashtra), is the author of novels, short stories, travel literature, essays and journalistic pieces. His works have been translated into over 40 languages.
ii. At the age of 14, he moved to England, the United Kingdom (UK) and began his professional career as a freelance journalist and theatre actor.
iii. In 1973, he actively became a writer and eventually published his debut novel, Grimus, in 1975.
iv. From 2004 to 2006, he was president of the PEN (Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, Novelists) American Centre and also acted as chairman of the PEN World Voices International Literary Festival for ten years.
Notable works:
Some of his notable works includes: The Satanic Verses (1988), East, West (1994), The Moor’s Last Sigh« (1995), The Ground Beneath Her Feet« (1998), Fury (2002), Luka and the Fire of Life (2010), Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights (2015), Golden House (2017) and Quichotte (2019).
Awards and Honours:
i. In 2019, Salman Rushdie was honoured with WELT Literary Award
ii. In 2019, he was awarded the Swiss Freethinkers Awardin recognition of his artistic work.
iii. He won the 1981 booker prize for his 2nd novel “Midnight’s children, which brought him international fame, becoming a bestseller in the UK and the United States of America (USA).


Swaminathan Janakiraman, MD of SBI appointed as Deputy Governor of RBI

On 20th June 2023, the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) approved the appointment of Swaminathan Janakiraman, Managing Director (MD) (Corporate Banking and Subsidiaries) of the State Bank of India (SBI) to the post of Deputy Governor (DG) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

  • The appointment of Swaminathan Janakiraman is for a period of three years from the date of joining the post or until further orders.
  • He will succeed Mahesh Kumar Jain, whose 5 years tenure ends on June 22nd 2023.

Mahesh Kumar Jain was first appointed as a DG in June 2018 for 3 years, then he was re-appointed in June 2021 for a further 2-year period.
About Swaminathan Janakiraman:
i. In a career spanning over 33 years with SBI, Swaminathan Janakiraman held various assignments across Corporate and International Banking, Retail and Digital Banking and so on.
ii. He served SBI in various capacities including Deputy Managing Director (Finance) and Chief Digital Officer.
iii. Prior to this, he served as the Chief General Manager (CGM) of Hyderabad, Telangana Circle and also served in SBI’s New York (the United States of America-USA) Branch as Head of Trade.
iv. As SBI’s nominee, he served on the Board of the Bank of Bhutan, an SBI Joint Ventures (JV) in Bhutan.
v. As SBI’s nominee, he was a Director on the boards of Yes Bank, National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), NPCI International and Jio Payments Bank.
vi. He also been the SBI’s nominee director and Chairman of the Board of SBI Payments Services Pvt Ltd, an SBI Hitachi JV.
vii. He is a Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialist (CAMS) as well as Certified Documentary Credit Specialist (CDCS).

Note – The current 4 Deputy governors of RBI are Mahesh Kumar Jain, Michael Debabrata Patra, M. Rajeshwar Rao, and T. Rabi Sankar.

About Reserve Bank of India (RBI) :
The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
Governor– Shaktikanta Das
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
About State Bank of India (SBI):
Founded in– July 1955
Chairman– Dinesh Kumar Khara
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra


TPG Investments exits Shriram Finance by selling 2.65% stake

On 19th June 2023, Private equity(PE) firm and a Leading Global Alternative Asset Manager Texas Pacific Group(TPG) sold its entire 2.65 % stake or 99.2 lakh shares in Non-Banking Financial Company(NBFC) Shriram Finance Ltd for Rs 1,390 crore through open market transactions.

  • The shares were offloaded through TGP’s affiliate – TPG India Investments II Inc in 18 tranches.

Shriram Finance provides consumer finance services, offering automobile, commercial vehicle, business, and gold loan services.
It was formed by the merging of Shriram City Union Finance and Shriram Capital into Shriram Transport Finance.


Mahindra Defence delivered India’s 1st Armado ALSV to Indian ArmyIndian army receives its first Mahindra ArmadoMahindra Defence Systems (MDS), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) has started delivering the first units of the Armado to the Indian armed forces. The Armado is India’s 1st Armoured Light Specialist Vehicle (ALSV), designed and developed by Mahindra.

  • The Armado ALSV can be used in counter-terrorist and Special Forces operations, and can also be used by quick reaction teams, as a surveillance vehicle and for patrolling the borders.
  • It is designed to be a modular type, that can be upgraded to suit a wide variety of operational roles, offers ballistic protection up to B7, Stanag (Standardization Agreement) Level II.

B7 ballistic protection is the strongest level of protection used to stop armour-piercing bullets from high-velocity rifles including sniper rifles.
Stanag Level II protection ensures grenade and mine blast threats and high-powered artillery of up to 115mm at 80m.
Features of Armado ALSV:
i. It is powered with a 3.2-litre turbocharged, direct-injection diesel engine that can also run on NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)-grade diesel.
ii. The engine produces 215 Horsepower (hp) and 500 newton-metre(Nm) of torque and power is delivered to all four wheels via a 4-speed automatic gearbox.
iii. The Armado has a claimed top speed of over 120 kilometres per hour (kph) and a 0-60kph time of 12 seconds, and has a payload capacity of 1,000 Kilogram (kg).
iv. It also features Bilstein independent suspension for all four corners and gets 318/80 R17 tyres that can also run without air or a puncture for up to 50km and the Armado also gets a centralised tyre inflation system.
v. It gets a power steering system and can be configured to be either left-hand (LHD) drive or right-hand drive (RHD).
vi. It has a seating capacity of 6 passengers, including the driver, and can be configured to seat up to 8.
vii. It also gets a public address (PA) system, GPS (Global Positioning System), automatic grenade launcher, electric winch, High Frequency (HF) and Very High Frequency/Ultra High Frequency (VHF/UHF) radio as well as a self-cleaning-type exhaust scavenging and air filtration system for extremely dusty climates.
About Mahindra Defence System (MDS):
Incorporated in– 2012
Chairman– SP Shukla
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra


Egypt won SDAT WSF Squash World Cup 2023 in Chennai

On 17th June 2023, The defending champion Egypt won the Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT) World Squash Federation (WSF) Squash World Cup 2023 by defeating Malaysia in the finals.

  • SDAT WSF Squash World Cup 2023, the 4th edition of Squash World Cup, was held at the Express Avenue Mall, chennai, Tamil Nadu from 13-17th June 2023.
  • Tamil Nadu(TN) Chief Minister(CM) M.K. Stalin presented the golden cup to Egypt.
  • Egypt won the 3rd edition Squash world cup 2011 in chennai,Tamil Nadu.

About SDAT WSF Squash World Cup 2023:
SDAT WSF Squash World Cup 2023 was sponsored by the Tamil Nadu(TN) Government and supported by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sport (MoYAS), Government of India.
i.After a gap of 12 years, the Squash World Cup has come to Chennai, TN. The 3rd edition was held in Chennai in 2011.
ii.From now onwards, it will be held every 2 years. The next World Cup will be in 2025.
Players from 8 countries Egypt, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Hong Kong (China), South Africa, Colombia participated in the WSF Squash World Cup 2023.

  • Two men and two women from each country were allowed to participate in the squash world cup.

Venues – Indian Squash Academy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu And Express Avenue Mall, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

Results of the finals:

  • Kenzy Ayman(Egypt) lost to Xin Ying Yee(Malaysia) 0-3 in the women’s second string match.
  • Aly Abou Eleinen(Egypt) defeated Darren Pragasam(Malaysia) 3-0 men’s first string match.
  • Fayrouz Aboelkheir (Egypt) defeated Aira Azman (Malaysia) 3-1 in women’s first string match.
  • Karim El Hammamy (Egypt) v Sai Hung Ong (Malaysia)– match withdrawn in men’s second string match.

India wins Bronze at 2023 Squash World Cup: 
i.India ranked third place jointly with Japan by winning the bronze medal at the Squash World Cup 2023.This is India’s best performance in Squash world cup so far.

  • The Indian team lost to Malaysia in the semi-finals, represented by Joshna Chinappa, Saurav Ghosal, Tanvi Khanna and Abhay Singh.

About squash world cup:
The first edition of the Squash World Cup was played in 1996 in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia and featured 16 teams.

  • Australia won the inaugural world cup.

iii. England won the 2nd edition of the squash world cup 1999 in the Netherlands.


Journalist A.K. Bhattacharya authored a new book titled “India’s Finance Ministers”

Veteran Journalist Ashok Kumar Bhattacharya (AK Bhattacharya) has authored a new book titled “India’s Finance Ministers: From Independence to Emergency (1947-1977)” which highlights the role of India’s finance ministers who shaped India’s economy in the first 30 years(from 1947 to 1977) after Independence.
The book is published by‎ Penguin Business an imprint of Penguin Random House.

  • The book is divided into 3 main parts: Nehru and his finance ministers, those under Shastri and Indira Gandhi, and Indira Gandhi as her own finance minister.
  • Economic Journalist AK Bhattacharya is the editorial director of Business Standard and the writer of a long-running column – Raisina Hill.  he has also served as the editor of the Pioneer and Business Standard.


World Refugee Day 2023 – June 20World Refugee Day - June 20 2023The United Nations (UN)’s World Refugee Day is observed annually on 20th June across the world to honour the strength and courage of refugees around the globe and encourages public awareness and support of the refugees, people who have had to flee their homelands because of conflict or natural disaster.

  • World Refugee Day is also an occasion to build empathy and understanding for their plight and to recognize their resilience in rebuilding their lives.

The 2023 theme of World Refugee Day is “Hope away from home“.
i. In December 2000, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolution (A/55/597) and proclaimed the 20th June of every year as World Refugee Day.
ii. The first-ever World Refugee Day was observed on 20th June 2001.
iii. The 2001 event marked the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, which sets out the fundamental concepts for international refugee protection.
Note: It was originally known as Africa Refugee Day, before the UNGA officially designated it as an international day in December 2000.
About United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR):
Established on– December 14th 1950
High Commissioner– Filippo Grandi
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
UNHCR works in- 135 countries (At present)
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World Sickle Cell Day 2023 – 19th June

World Sickle Cell Day - June 19 2023World Sickle Cell Day, also known as “World Sickle Cell Awareness Day” is annually observed across the globe on 19th June to raise awareness about Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) and its impact on individuals, families, and communities worldwide.
The theme of World Sickle Disease Day 2023 (observed on 19th June 2023) is ‘Building and strengthening global sickle cell communities, formalizing newborn screening and knowing your sickle cell disease status’.
i.In December 2009, the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/63/237 and recognised the sickle cell disease(SCD) as public health problem.
ii.The resolution also urged the members of the UN to create awareness about SCD on 19th June every year at national and international levels.
GoI set to Launch Mission to Eliminate Sickle Cell Anaemia
The government of India(GoI) is set to launch the implementation of the “National Sickle Cell Anaemia Elimination Mission” from Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh(MP), in a mission mode across India to enable screening and health profiling of the 7 crore population in the age group of 0-40 in affected tribal areas. Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi is expected to launch the mission on 27th June 2023.
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International Day for Countering Hate Speech 2023 – June 18International Day for Countering Hate Speech - June 18 2023The United Nations (UN)’s International Day for Countering Hate Speech is annually observed across the globe on 18th June as a vital reminder of the urgent need to address the global issue of hate speech.

  • The day aims to promote interreligious and intercultural dialogue and tolerance in countering hate speech.
  • 18th June 2023 marked the observance of the 2nd International Day for Countering Hate Speech.

i. In July 2021, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/75/309 and proclaimed 18th June of every year as the International Day for Countering Hate Speech.
ii. The first-ever International Day for Countering Hate Speech was observed on 18th June 2022.
About United Nations (UN):
Founded in– 1945
Secretary-General– António Guterres
Headquarters– New York, the United States of America (USA)
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International Picnic Day 2023 – June 18 International Picnic Day - June 18 2023International Picnic Day is annually observed across the globe on the 18th of June to celebrate the tradition of meals taken outdoors in a park, lakeside, or any spot with a beautiful view.

  • The day is observed to spend time with friends and family taking a break from the everyday routine.
  • This observance also celebrates the beauty of nature, strengthens family bonds, promotes an active lifestyle, and fosters a sense of togetherness.

i.The origin of Picnic Day is associated with the French Revolution (1789 to 1799).
ii.In 1789, France opened its royal parks to the public after the French revolution, marking the observance of the first ever Picnic day celebration.
i.The term “picnic” finds its roots in the French word “pique-nique,”
ii.During the 19th century, a picnic, a leisurely gathering, was transformed into a social event.
iii.Picnics also represent the unity of common people during political protests such as the 1989 Pan-European Picnic which played a major role in the fall of the Iron Curtain.


Jharkhand CM Hemant Soren launches Panchayat level Medicine shop scheme
Soren Launches J'khand Govt's Key Panchayat-Level Medicine SchemeOn 19th June 2023, Jharkhand Chief Minister (CM) Hemant Soren launched a ‘panchayat-level medicine shop’ scheme in Chatra district, Jharkhand, by handing over the licences to 21 educated youth of rural areas to operate medicine shops in panchayats.
About Panchayat-level medicine shop scheme:
i.The scheme aims to ensure the availability of essential medicines in remote villages and to promote employment.
ii.Under this scheme, medical shops will be established in every village of Jharkhand and provide essential and compulsory medicines to the people.
 Jharkhand Government is set to launch monthly social security pension for Transgender people
The Jharkhand government is set to launch a Rs 1,000 monthly social security pension for transgender people. This scheme will be implemented with an aim to support the unemployed transgender people.
Eligibility for the scheme:
i.Those who have attained the age of 18 and have voter identification cards will be eligible for the pension.
ii.Transgenders getting family pensions, paying income tax or availing any other benefits under the social security scheme, will not be eligible for the scheme.
iii.Eligible people should submit an application to the Block Development Officer (BDO) in rural areas and to the Circle Officer (CO) in municipal areas along with copies of their Aadhaar Card, voter ID card, Bank Passbook and the transgender certificate issued by the Deputy Commissioner.
Additional info: 
Jharkhand CM Hemant Soren also distributed appointment letters among 11 job aspirants, laid foundation stone for 177 projects costing around Rs 364 crore, inaugurated 42 schemes worth around Rs 14 crore, distributed assets and welfare schemes worth over Rs 2 crore among the beneficiaries during his visit to the district.
About Jharkhand:
Chief Minister – Hemant Soren
Governor- C. P. Radhakrishnan 
Wildlife sanctuaries- Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary

IIM of Jammu signs MoU with SIDBI to Strengthen Entrepreneurial ecosystem

On 16th June 2023, the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Jammu (Jammu and Kashmir) and the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the 6th annual convocation of IIM at Jammu.

  • The 6th Convocation Ceremony of the IIM was addressed by Dharmendra Pradhan, the Union Minister of Education, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship; Manoj Sinha, Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Jammu and Kashmir, and Dr Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State in Jammu.
  • As part of the IIM Jammu and SIDBI partnership, projects would be launched to strengthen the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the country.
  • The MoU was signed between Prof B.S Sahay, Director, IIM Jammu, and Sudatta Mandal, Deputy Managing Director, SIDBI in the presence of Dharmendra Pradhan.About Jammu & Kashmir:
    Lieutenant Governor- Manoj Sinha
    Dance forms- Dumhal Dance, Rouf Dance, Hafiza Dance, Bacha Nagma, Surma dance, Dandaras.
    Wildlife Sanctuary– Thajwas – Baltal Wildlife Sanctuary, Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa Aru Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajparian Wildlife Sanctuary


List of Current Governors in India – February 2023

List of Current Chief Ministers in India – February 2023


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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.noCurrent Affairs 21 June 2023
1ITI Ltd signs MoU with TCIL and C-DOT to Develop Products for Smart Cities
2MeitY joins hands with IITs to promote R&D of Nanoelectronics
3Ex Khaan Quest 2023: India participates in Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise in Mongolia
4India, Philippines Sign MoU on FinTech Cooperation
5UN adopts BBNJ Treaty, the first-ever international treaty to protect high seas biodiversity
6Kathmandu-based ICIMOD Study Report:  Himalayan glaciers may lose 75% of their ice by 2100
7NSE International Exchange unveils a New Identity for Gift Nifty
8Union Bank of India Launched four Bank Account Schemes to Benefit Women, Pensioners & CHS
9Airbnb & Ministry of Tourism signed MoU to promote cultural tourism & heritage stays
10British author Salman Rushdie awarded the 2023 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade
11Swaminathan Janakiraman, MD of SBI appointed as Deputy Governor of RBI
12TPG Investments exits Shriram Finance by selling 2.65% stake
13Mahindra Defence delivered India’s 1st Armado ALSV to Indian Army
14Egypt won SDAT WSF Squash World Cup 2023 in Chennai
15Journalist A.K. Bhattacharya authored a new book titled “India’s Finance Ministers”
16World Refugee Day 2023 – June 20
17World Sickle Cell Day 2023 – 19th June
18International Day for Countering Hate Speech 2023 – June 18
19International Picnic Day 2023 – June 18
20Jharkhand CM Hemant Soren launches Panchayat level Medicine shop scheme
21IIM and Jammu signs MoU withSIDBI