India has ranked 138th out of 180 countries in the 2018 ‘World Press Freedom Index’ released by Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), also known as Reporters Without Borders.
Highlights of 2018 ‘World Press Freedom Index’:
India’s 138th rank in the 2018 ‘World Press Freedom Index’ marks a drop of two places as compared to 136th rank in 2017.
- Killing of journalist-activist Gauri Lankesh, who was shot down outside her house in Bengaluru in September 2017 has been cited as the main reason behind India’s low ranking on the index.
- Besides, hate crime has been identified as another issue plaguing India.
- Among world’s major powers, Russia retained its position at 148th rank while US slipped to 45th as compared to 43rd rank in 2017. China too retained its spot at 176th.
- Among India’s neighbouring countries, Bhutan (94th), Nepal (106th) and Sri Lanka (131st) rank ahead of India. Myanmar, Pakistan and Bangladesh rank 137th, 139th and 146th respectively.
- Norway topped the index for second consecutive year, while North Korea at 180th spot remained the most repressive country.
2018 ‘World Press Freedom Index’ – Top 10 Countries:
About World Press freedom Index:
- It was first published in year 2002.
- It ranks 180 countries in context of freedom available to Press.
- The methodology to compile the index is based on qualitative inputs (responses of experts to a questionnaire) and quantitative inputs (data on abuses and acts of violence against journalists).
- The questionnaire seeks views on prevailing pluralism, media environment and self-censorship, media independence, legislative framework, transparency and the quality of the infrastructure that supports the production of news and information.