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18th Lok Sabha: Narendra Modi takes Oath as PM for the 3rd term; along with 71 Ministers

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18th Lok Sabha NDA Alliance Secures majorityOn 9th June 2024, Narendra Modi(73-year-old), leader of the Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), was sworn in as the Prime Minister(PM) of India for the third consecutive term (2024 to 2029).

  • Droupadi Murmu, President of India, administered the oath of office to PM Modi, along with 71 ministers, at a grand ceremony on the forecourt of Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, Delhi.

Note: The new cabinet includes 30 Cabinet Ministers, 5 Ministers of State (MoS) with independent charge and 36 Ministers of State.

18th Lok Sabha Election Result(2024):

BJP-led National Democratic Alliance(NDA) won the 2024 Lok Sabha general election with 293 seats, a much lower margin than predicted by exit polls. The opposition won a total of 234 seats out of 543.

  • This marks Modi’s first time heading a coalition government.

Points to note:

i.PM Narendra Modi is only the second Indian PM after Jawaharlal Nehru to retain power for a 3rd five-year term.

  • Modi previsouly served as PM of India from 2014 to 2019 and 2019 to 2024.

ii. A total 11 members of the BJP’s allies have been included in the new council of ministers.

  • Out of these 11, only 5 got Cabinet berths, 2 were appointed as MoS with independent charge and 4 as MoS.

Number of Seats Won in the 18th Lok Sabha Election

i. BJP remained the dominant party in the 18th Lok Sabha with 240 seats but was not able to achieve the 272-seats mark required for a simple majority.

  • BJP previously won 303 and 282 seats in 2019 and 2014 respectively.

ii.BJP has formed the government with the support of its two pre-poll allies, the Andhra Pradesh(AP)’s Telugu Desam Party (TDP) led by Chandrababu Naidu (16 seats) and the Bihar’s Janata Dal (United) led by Nitish Kumar (12 seats).

iii.The Indian National Congress(INC), a part of the 26-party alliance – Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance (INDIA) bloc, won 99 seats compared to 52 it won in 2019. INDIA bloc as a whole secured 234 seats.

Youngest and Oldest Candidates to win Lok Sabha 2024:

i.Four candidates aged 25 years, Pushpendra Saroj and Priya Saroj from the Samajwadi Party (SP), Shambhavi Choudhary from Lok Janshakti Party (RV), and Sanjana Jatav from Indian National Congress (INC), became the youngest MPs in the 18th Lok Sabha (2024).

  • Pushpendra Saroj won from the Kaushambi constituency, UP and Priya Saroj  won from the Machhlishahr constituency, UP.
  • Shambhavi Choudhary won from the Samastipur constituency of Bihar.
  • Sanjana Jatav won from the Bharatpur constituency in Rajasthan.

ii.Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) treasurer T.R. Baalu (aged 82) is the oldest MP of the 18th Lok Sabha.

  • He has won the 2024 Lok Sabha Election from Sriperumbudur constituency, Tamil Nadu.
  • He equals P. Chidambaram’s record of winning seven Lok Sabhal elections in T.N and has become the longest-serving DMK MP from Tamil Nadu

Appointment of the Council of Ministers & PM:

i.Article 74 in the Constitution of India states that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the PM at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.

ii.Article 75 of the constitution states that Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the PM.

iii.As per the Constitution of India, the total strength of the council of ministers cannot exceed 15% of the total number of Lok Sabha MPs. With the current Lok Sabha having 543 members, the Council of ministers cannot have more than 81 members.

Inclusions and Exclusions from the Cabinet

i. 38 ministers of the previous Lok Sabha were replaced in the current cabinet. Smriti Irani, Anurag Thakur, Ajay Bhatt, Rajeev Chandrashekhar, Ashwini Choubey, Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti, Meenakshi Lekhi, Arjun Munda and Vellamvelly Muraleedharan were removed from the Cabinet 3.0 list.

ii. 34 ministers were retained in the Council of Ministers. These include Amit Shah, Rajnath Singh, Nitin Gadkari, Nirmala Sitharaman, S. Jaishankar, Jyotiraditya Scindia, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Hardeep Singh Puri, Mansukh Mandaviya, Pralhad Joshi, Kiren Rijiju, Dharmendra Pradhan Arjun Ram Meghwal and Jitendra Singh were among leaders who were retained in the Council of Ministers.

Composition of the Cabinet 3.0

i.PM Narendra Modi has retained Amit Shah, Rajnath Singh, Nirmala Sitharaman and Subrahmanyam Jaishankar of Home, Defence, Finance and External Affairs respectively in his new government.

ii.It includes 27 ministers from Other Backward Classes, 10 from Scheduled Castes, 5 from Scheduled Tribes and 5 from minorities.

v.There are also 33 first-timers in the ranks. Seven first -time ministers in the government belong to the allies.

The new faces also include Suresh Gopi, the actor-turned-politician who became the first BJP MP from Kerala.

Ministers included from Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

i.The Council of Ministers has 13 members from the Rajya Sabha, while 57 are newly-elected MPs from the Lok Sabha.

ii.Two of the new ministers of state – Ravneet Singh Bittu and George Kurian – are not members of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha and are required to become a member of Parliament within six months of their oath-taking.

iii.Out of the 31 cabinet ministers, including the PM, eight are Rajya Sabha members. These Cabinet ministers are Jagat Prakash Nadda, Nirmala Sitharaman, S Jaishankar, Kinjarapu Rammohan Naidu, Ashwini Vaishnaw, and Hardeep Singh Puri.

iv.Sarbananda Sonowal and Jyotiraditya Scindia have been elected to Lok Sabha this time.

v.The Rajya Sabha members who were included as Ministers of State are Ramdas Athawale, Ramnath Thakur,  Banwari Lal Verma, Loganathan Murugan, Satish Chandra Dubey, Sanjay Seth and Pabitra Margherita.

Cabinet berth distribution with NDA allies

i.BJP’s ally, Janata Dal (United), got two cabinet seats in the Cabinet 3.0. They were Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lalan Singh (cabinet minister) and Ram Nath Thakur (Minister of State).

ii.Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM) leader Jitan Ram Manjhi was sworn in as a cabinet minister.

iii.Two Telugu Desam Party (TDP) leaders – Kinjarapu Ram Mohan Naidu and Pemmasani Chandra Sekhar and one from the Apna Dal(S) party – Anupriya Patel – were allotted a berth in the Cabinet. Lok Janshakti Party’s Chirag Paswan was also part of the Council of Ministers.

iv.Shiv Sena’s Prataprao Ganpatrao Jadhava also included in the Cabinet. Republican Party of India leader Ramdas Athawale, JDS leader HD Kumaraswamy, and Rashtriya Lok Dal leader Jayant Chaudhary were among other that got place into the Council of Ministers.

Women Representation in the Cabinet 3.0

i.Seven women leaders were inducted into the Council of Ministers, with only two given cabinet berths.

ii.Nirmala Sitharaman and Annapurna Devi were sworn in as cabinet ministers, while five women—Anupriya Patel, Sobha Karandlaje, Raksha Nikhil Khadse, Savitri Thakur, and Nimuben Jayantibhai Bambhaniya joined as Ministers of State.

List of Ministers and their portfolio;

MinisterParty (Constituency)Portfolio
Union Ministers (Cabinet Ministers)
Narendra ModiBJP (Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh-UP)Prime Minister; Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions;
Department of Atomic Energy;
Department of Space;
All important policy issues; and All other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
Rajnath SinghBJP (Lucknow, UP)Minister of Defence
Amit ShahBJP (Gandhinagar, Gujarat)Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Cooperation
Nitin GadkarBJP (Nagpur, Maharahstra)Minister of Road Transport and Highways
J.P. NaddaBJP (Rajya Sabha -Gujarat)Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers
Shivraj Singh ChouhanBJP (Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh-MP)Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and Minister of Rural Development
Nirmala SitharamanBJP (Rajya Sabha- Karnataka)Minister of Finance and Minister of Corporate Affairs
S. JaishankarBJP (Rajya Sabha – Gujarat)Minister of External Affairs
Manohar Lal KhattarBJP (Karnal, Haryana)Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs and Minister of Power
H. D. KumaraswamyJD(S) (Mandya, Karnataka)Minister of Heavy Industries and Minister of Steel
Piyush GoyalBJP (Mumbai North, Maharashtra)Minister of Commerce and Industry
Dharmendra PradhanBJP (Sambalpur, Odisha)Minister of Education
Jitan Ram ManjhiHAM(S) (Gaya, Bihar)Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
Rajiv Ranjan Singh (Lalan Singh)JD(U)(Munger, Bihar)Minister of Panchayati Raj and Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying
Sarbananda SonowalBJP (Dibrugarh, Assam)Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
Dr. Veerendra KumarBJP (Tikamgarh,MP)Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment
Kinjarapu Rammohan NaiduTDP (Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh)Minister of Civil Aviation
Pralhad JoshiBJP (Dharwad, Karnataka)Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Minister of New and Renewable Energy
Jual OramBJP (Sundargarh, Odisha)Minister of Tribal Affairs
Giriraj SinghBJP (Begusarai, Bihar)Minister of Textiles
Ashwini VaishnawBJP (Rajya Sabha – Odisha)Minister of Railways, Minister of Information and Broadcasting
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology
Jyotiraditya M. ScindiaBJP (Guna, MP)Minister of Communications and Minister of Development of North Eastern Region
Bhupender YadavBJP (Alwar, Rajasthan)Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Gajendra Singh ShekhawatBJP (Jodhpur, Rajasthan)Minister of Culture and Minister of Tourism
Annpurna DeviBJP (Kodarma, Jharkhand)Minister of Women and Child Development
Kiren RijijuBJP (Arunachal West)Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of Minority Affairs
Hardeep Singh PuriBJP (Rajya Sabha – UP)Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Dr. Mansukh MandaviyaBJP (Porbandar, Gujarat)Minister of Labour and Employment and Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports
G. Kishan ReddyBJP (Secunderabad, Telangana)Minister of Coal
Minister of Mines
Chirag PaswanLJP(RV) (Hajipur, Bihar)Minister of Food Processing Industries
C R PatilBJP (Navsari, Gujarat)Minister of Jal Shakti
Ministers of State (Independent Charge)
Rao Inderjit SinghBJP (Gurgaon, Haryana)MoS (IC) Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation,
MoS (IC) Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Culture
Dr. Jitendra SinghBJP (Udhampur, J&K)MoS (IC) Ministry of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Prime Minister’s Office(PMO),

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Atomic Energy, and Department of Space.

Arjun Ram MeghwalBJP (Bikaner, Rajasthan)MoS (IC) Ministry of Law and Justice

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

Jadhav Prataprao GanpatraoShiv Sena (Buldhana, Maharashtra)MoS (IC) Ministry of Ayush

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Jayant ChaudharyRashtriya Lok Dal (Rajya Sabha – UP)MoS (IC) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Ministry of Education

Minister of State
Jitin PrasadaBJP (Pilibhit, UP)Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Sripad NaikBJP (North Goa)Ministry of Power
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Pankaj ChaudharyBJP (Maharajganj, UP)Ministry of Finance
Krishan PalBJP (Faridabad, Haryana)Ministry of Cooperation
Ram Das AthawaleRepublican Party of India (Rajya Sabha – Maharashtra)Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Ram Nath ThakurJD(U)(Rajya Sabha -Bihar)Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Nityanand RaiBJP (Ujiarpur, Bihar)Ministry of Home Affairs
Anupriya PatelApna Dal (Mirzapur, UP)Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
V. SomannaBJP (Tumkur, Karnataka)Ministry of Jal Shakti
Ministry of Railways
Chandra Sekhar PemmasaniTDP (Guntur, AP)Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Communications
S. P. Singh BaghelBJP (Agra, UP)Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying
Ministry of Panchayati Raj
Shobha KarandlajeBJP (Bangalore North, Karnataka)Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
Ministry of Labour and Employment
Kirti Vardhan SinghBJP (Gonda, UP)Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Ministry of External Affairs
B.L. VermaBJP(Rajya Sabha -UP)Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Shantanu ThakurBJP(Bangaon, West Bengal)Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
Suresh GopiBJP (Thrissur, Kerala)Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Ministry of Tourism
L. MuruganBJP (Rajya Sabha – MP)Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
Ajay TamtaBJP(Almora, Uttarakhand)Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Bandi Sanjay KumarBJP(Karimnagar, Telangana)Ministry of Home Affairs
Kamlesh PaswanBJP(Bansgaon, UP)Ministry of Rural Development
Bhagirath ChoudharyBJP(Ajmer, Rajasthan)Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Satish Chandra DubeyBJP(Rajya Sabha – Bihar)Ministry of Coal and Ministry of Mines
Sanjay SethBJP(Ranchi, Jharkhand)Ministry of Defence
Ravneet SinghBJP(Punjab)Ministry of Food Processing Industries and Ministry of Railways
Durga Das UikeyBJP(Betul, Madhya Pradesh)Ministry of Tribal Affairs
Raksha KhadseBJP(Raver, Maharashtra)Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
Sukanta MajumdarBJP(Balurghat, West Bengal)Ministry of Education and Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
Savitri ThakurBJP(Dhar, Madhya Pradesh)Ministry of Women and Child Development
Tokhan SahuBJP(Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh)Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Raj Bhushan ChoudharyBJP(Muzaffarpur, Bihar)Ministry of Jal Shakti
Bhupathi Raju Srinivasa VarmaBJP(Narasapuram, Andhra Pradesh)Ministry of Heavy Industries and Ministry of Steel
Harsh MalhotraBJP(East Delhi)Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Nimuben BambhaniyaBJP(Bhavnagar, Gujarat)Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Murlidhar MoholBJP(Pune, Maharashtra)Ministry of Cooperation and Ministry of Civil Aviation
George KurianBJP(Kerala)Ministry of Minority Affairs and Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying
Pabitra MargheritaBJP(Rajya Sabha – Assam)Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Textiles

Note: George Kurian (Kerala) and Ravneet Singh (Punjab) who were neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha were inducted into the cabinet.