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The Sex ratio has come down in Gujarat placing it at 22nd rank in the Nation

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The Sex ratio in Gujarat has fallen significantly from 920 in 2001 to 919 in 2011.It is a fall against the overall 10 points increase in the average of sex ratio of the Nation.

Flash points

  • The socio-economic review presented in the state assembly revealed that the sex ratio of Gujarat was 919 against the National sex ratio which is 943
  • With 919 females for every 1000 males, Gujarat ranked 22nd among 28 states as per the 2011 CensusSex ratio
  • The sex ratio in rural areas have increased while that in urban areas have remained low
  • In rural areas of the state, it has increased by 4 points from 945 in 2001 to 949 in 2011 while in urban areas it remained at 880 in both the years
  • There was an increase in sex ratio in the north-south belt of Gujarat except in Mehsana and Surat districts
  • The Saurashtra region showed marginal decrease, except in Surendranagar and Porbandar districts
  • Among the tribal areas, tribal district of Tapi is at the first position with a sex ratio of 1007 followed by other tribal districts Dang (1006) and Dahod (990)
  • The last place is occupied by Surat with just 787 preceded by Ahmedabad with 904
  • The decline in the sex ratio was mainly due to Migration from within and outside the state to urban areas

Points to note

  • National child sex ratio has fallen from 927 in 2001 to 919 in 2011
  • However on the contrast in Gujarat it has increased from 883 in 2001 to 890 in 2011
  • Gujarat has shown increase in child sex ratio in 2011 since its formation