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Reasoning Questions: Machine Input-Output Set 12

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Hello Aspirants. Welcome to Online Reasoning Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating Best question samples from Machine Input-output with explanation, which is common for all the IBPS, SBI exam, LIC, SSC CGL and other competitive exams. We have included Some questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams !!!

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input : west 45 28 83 bunch find 39 hut 12 8 guy cool
Step I: 83 45 28 bunch find 39 hut 12 8 guy cool west
Step II: 8 83 45 28 bunch find 39 12 guy cool west hut
Step III: 45 8 83 28 bunch find 39 12 cool west hut guy
Step IV: 12 45 8 83 28 bunch 39 cool west hut guy find
Step V: 39 12 45 8 83 28 bunch west hut guy find cool
Step VI: 28 39 12 45 8 83 west hut guy find cool bunch
This is the final arrangement and step VI is the last step for this input.

  1. Which of the following steps will be the last but one for following input?
    Input : 76 from 48 super itself 56 18 went 22 crazy

    A) V
    B) III
    C) IV
    D) VII
    E) None of these
    C) IV
    Explanation:

    In each step 2 words/numbers are arranged. In the final step, the words are arranged in decreasing alphabetical order and numbers are – from 83, largest number, smallest number, second largest, second smallest, and so on.
    Input : 76 from 48 super itself 56 18 went 22 crazy
    Step I: 76 from 48 super itself 56 18 22 crazy went
    Step II : 18 76 from 48 itself 56 22 crazy went super
    Step III : 56 18 76 from 48 22 crazy went super itself
    Step IV : 22 56 18 76 48 crazy went super itself from
    Step V : 48 22 56 18 76 went super itself from crazy

  2. What is the third step if input is
    Input: 32 thirty days from now 56 87 24 23 shop

    A) 56 23 87 32 days from 24 thirty shop now
    B) 23 87 32 days from now 56 24 thirty shop
    C) 23 87 32 days 56 from 24 thirty shop now
    D) 56 23 87 32 from 24 thirty shop now days
    E) None of these
    A) 56 23 87 32 days from 24 thirty shop now
    Explanation:

    Input: 32 thirty days from now 56 87 24 23 shop
    Step I: 87 32 days from now 56 24 23 shop thirty
    Step II: 23 87 32 days from now 56 24 thirty shop
    Step III: 56 23 87 32 days from 24 thirty shop now

  3. Which of the following is last step of above input?
    A) V
    B) III
    C) VI
    D) IV
    E) None of these
    A) V
    Explanation:

    Step III: 56 23 87 32 days from 24 thirty shop now
    Step IV: 24 56 23 87 32 days thirty shop now from
    Step V: 32 24 56 23 87 thirty shop now from days

  4. Find the Sixth step for which first step is given
    Step I: 52 at deep follow 41 16 road 32 21 sheet

    A) 32 21 41 16 52 sheet road follow at deep
    B) 21 41 16 52 at 32 sheet road follow deep
    C) 32 21 41 16 52 sheet road follow deep at
    D) There is no such step
    E) None of these
    D) There is no such step
    Explanation:

    Step I: 52 at deep follow 41 16 road 32 21 sheet
    Step II: 16 52 at deep follow 41 32 21 sheet road
    Step III: 41 16 52 at deep 32 21 sheet road follow
    Step IV: 21 41 16 52 at 32 sheet road follow deep
    Step V: 32 21 41 16 52 sheet road follow deep at – final

  5. Which of the following is the last but one step of above input?
    A) 21 41 32 16 52 sheet road follow at deep
    B) 32 21 41 16 52 sheet road follow at deep
    C) 21 41 16 52 at 32 sheet road follow deep
    D) 32 21 41 16 52 sheet road follow deep at
    E) None of these
    C) 21 41 16 52 at 32 sheet road follow deep
    Explanation:

    Step IV: 21 41 16 52 at 32 sheet road follow deep
    Step V: 32 21 41 16 52 sheet road follow deep at – final

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input : 425 136 643 951 688 107 986
Step I: 986 425 136 643 951 688 107
Step II: 986 688 425 136 643 951 107
Step III: 986 688 951 425 136 643 107
Step IV: 986 688 951 643 425 136 107
Step V: 986 688 951 643 425 136 107
This is the final arrangement and step V is the last step for this input.

  1. Which of the following is the last step for following input?
    Input : 221 543 786 223 666 178

    A) 786 666 543 221 223 178
    B) 786 666 543 223 221 178
    C) 786 666 178 543 221 223
    D) 786 666 178 543 223 221
    E) None of these
    D) 786 666 178 543 223 221
    Explanation:

    Add all the numbers and arrange in descending order
    221 – 5, 543 – 12, 786 – 21, 223 – 7, 666 – 18, 178 – 16
    Input: 221 543 786 223 666 178
    Step I: 786 221 543 223 666 178
    Step II: 786 666 221 543 223 178
    Step III: 786 666 178 221 543 223
    Step IV: 786 666 178 543 221 223
    Step V: 786 666 178 543 223 221

  2. Which is the following step?
    Step: 786 666 178 543 221 223

    A) II
    B) III
    C) IV
    D) There is no such step
    E) None of these
    C) IV
    Explanation:

    221 – 5, 543 – 12, 786 – 21, 223 – 7, 666 – 18, 178 – 16
    Input: 221 543 786 223 666 178
    Step I: 786 221 543 223 666 178
    Step II: 786 666 221 543 223 178
    Step III: 786 666 178 221 543 223
    Step IV: 786 666 178 543 221 223
    Step V: 786 666 178 543 223 221

  3. In step III, which of the following is at second to the right of fifth from right?
    A) 666
    B) 543
    C) 178
    D) 221
    E) None of these
    D) 221
    Explanation:

    Step III: 786 666 178 221 543 223
    Fifth from right is 666, second to its right is 221

  4. Which of the following would definitely be the input if step 1 of an input is
    Step I: 766 243 564 227 124 152 238

    A) 243 564 227 124 152 238 766
    B) 243 766 564 227 124 152 238
    C) 243 564 227 766 124 152 238
    D) Cannot be determined
    E) None of these
    D) Cannot be determined
    Explanation:

    Cannot be determined because 766 can be present anywhere in the input which is put at first position from step I.

  5. Which of the following is last step of above given step I?
    A) VII
    B) IV
    C) VI
    D) V
    E) None of these
    D) V
    Explanation:

    243 – 9, 564 – 15, 766 – 19, 227 – 11, 124 – 7, 152 – 8, 238 – 13
    Step I: 766 243 564 227 124 152 238
    Step II: 766 564 243 227 124 152 238
    Step III: 766 564 238 243 227 124 152
    Step IV: 766 564 238 227 243124 152
    Step V: 766 564 238 227 243 152 124