RBI: Govt’s Interest Burden Rise due to Unchanged Interest Rate on Small Savings Scheme 

In its October 2021 Bulletin, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has pointed out the increasing interest burden on the government due to unchanged interest rates on various small savings instruments such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), term deposits in post offices, etc from Q2 FY21 (around 6 quarters).

  • Interest rates on small saving schemes are generally administered by the Government of India and are fixed on a quarterly basis at a spread of 0-100 basis points (bps) over and above G-sec (Government Security) yields of comparable maturities.
  • The Government has left the interest rates unchanged (since Q2 FY21), thus the current interest rates are 47-178 bps higher than the formula-based rates for Q3 FY22.

Interest Rates on Small Savings Instruments for Q3 FY22:

 

Small Savings Scheme 

 

Maturity
(years)

Formula based
Rate of Interest (%) 
(applicable
for Q3 FY22)
Government
Announced Rate
of Interest (%) in
Q3:2021-22
Difference
(bps)
Savings Deposit 4.00
PPF 15 6.63  7.10 47
 

Term 

Deposits

1 Year 1 3.72 5.50 178
2 Year 2 4.23 5.50 127
3 Year 3 4.74 5.50 76
5 Year 5 6.01 6.70 69
Recurring Deposit Account 5 4.74 5.80 106
Monthly Income Scheme 5 5.98 6.60 62
 

Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP)

124 Months 6.38  6.90 52
NSC VIII issue 5 6.14 6.80 66
Senior Citizens Saving Scheme (SCSS) 5 6.76  7.40 64
Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA) Scheme 21 7.13 7.60 47

Key Points:

i.Small savings have become more attractive to depositors than bank deposits due to the moderation in interest rates on bank deposits and unchanged interest rates on small savings.

ii.In between March 2020 and September 2021, the deposit rates have declined by up to 180 basis points across shorter maturities (up to 1 year) and the foreign banks have deposit reduced rates by up to 195 basis points

iii.The weighted average domestic term deposit rate was reduced by 135 basis points (March 2020 to August 2021).

Who can revise the Interest Rates?

The Ministry of Finance can revise the Interest Rates of Small Savings Scheme, in exercise of the power conferred by Rule 9(1) of the Government Savings Promotion General Rules, 2018.

About Reserve Bank of India (RBI):

Establishment– April 1, 1935
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Governor– Shaktikanta Das
Deputy Governors– Mahesh Kumar Jain, Michael Debabrata Patra, M. Rajeshwar Rao, T. Rabi Sankar





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