Punjab became the 1st State in India to launch SOHUM – Automated Auditory Brainstem Response System (AABR) under Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Programme. The system will help in effective management of hearing loss in newborn and young children.
- 22 SOHUM (AABR) units are set to be installed in all District hospitals; the tests & treatment of hearing loss will be provided free of cost.
- SOHUM is an indigenous newborn hearing screening device developed by School of International Biodesign (SIB) startup M/s Sohum Innovation Labs India Pvt. Ltd. It was developed under the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science & Technology.
- The main objective of the Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Programme is to eradicate hearing loss among the children.
i.Post successful diagnosis of hearing disability in children, Punjab government will provide a cochlear implant for free of cost, it will provide a person with sensorineural hearing loss a modified sense of sound.
ii.SOHUM device will help in effective assessment and further management of hearing loss in a timely manner.
iii.In India, 5-6% children are born with this defect & around 63 million people are suffering from hearing impairment and related diseases in India.
- Hearing Impairment treatment services are covered under the Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK).
- As per National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) Survey, there are 291 persons per one lakh population who suffer from severe to profound hearing loss. Out of this, a large percentage is children aged between 0-14 years.
- With a large number of hearing impaired young Indians, it amounts to a severe loss of productivity, both physical and economic.
Recent Related News:
On March 2, 2021, WHO released its 1st World Report on Hearing stating that nearly 2.5 billion people worldwide or 1 in 4 people will suffer from hearing problems by 2050.
Capital – Chandigarh
Governor – V. P. Singh Badnore
Chief Minister – Captain Amarinder Singh