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NGT directions on River Ganga rejuvenation

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National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed a complete ban on use of any king of plastic from Gomukh to Haridwar along Ganga with effect from February 1, 2016.

  • The decision has been taken by a bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar which also comprises of judicial member M S Nambiar and expert members D K Agrawal and B S Sajwan.
  • Ganga cleaning project outlay 258 crores; out of which Rs. 78 crore has been spent.

NGT directions on River Ganga rejuvenationPenalties & Prohibitions

  • Penalty of Rs. 5,000 per day will be slapped on hotels, dharamshalas and ashrams spewing waste into the river.
  • Environmental compensation of Rs. 5,000 per incident will be imposed in case of throwing of any municipal waste, construction and demolition wastes into Ganga and its tributaries.
  • Penalty of Rs. 20,000 per violation if any hospital is found throwing waste anywhere on land, water bodies or other places.
  • Complete prohibition on use & sale of plastice. plastic carry bags/plastic plates, glasses, spoons, packages and allied items in all towns falling on the river Ganga and its tributaries.
  • Fines ranging from 10 lakh rupees to 1 crore rupees on industrial units along the river for discharging waste.

Directions given by NGT

  • All the projects would build their own sewage treatment plants (STPs) and make them operational within three months.
  • To provide bio-degradable materials including jute bags and such other items, this can be permitted in the entire segment.
  • To prepare an action plan to provide bio-toilets for pilgrims in Uttarakhand during the festive seasons.
  • At least 100 meters from middle of the river Ganga would be treated and dealt with as “eco-sensitive and prohibited zone.
  • Area between 100 meters – 300 meters would be treated as regulatory zone in the hilly terrain. The area upto 200 meters shall be prohibited area in the plain terrain and area between 200 meters – 500 meters would be treated as regulatory zone.

Cleaning work of Ganga divided into different segments

  • Gomukh to Haridwar
  • Haridwar to Kanpur
  • Kanpur to border of Uttar Pradesh
  • Border of Uttar Pradesh to border of Jharkhand
  • Border of Jharkhand to Bay of Bengal