According to data presented in parliament on March 27, 2023 by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Gujarat had the highest utilization-to-released fund ratio of Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds in the fiscal year 2022-23 (FY23), while Rs. 66 crores were allocated to the state; it utilized Rs. 95.77 crore, or 145.11%.
- Other major states with the greatest utilisation-to-released-fund ratios are Jharkhand(128.45%), Karnataka(127.76%), Kerala(122.33%), West Bengal (113.54%), and Tamil Nadu(112.86%).
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
i.Under the MPLADS scheme, which is a Union Government scheme, each Member of Parliament (MP) has the option of proposing to the District Collector that work worth Rs. 5 crores be undertaken in his or her constituency.
ii.Rajya Sabha MPs can recommend projects in one or more districts of the state from which they were elected.
iii.Nominated members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha may choose any one or more districts from any one state in the country to carry out their preferred task under the scheme.
iv.The MPLADS plan was put on hold during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and resumed only in November 2021, and FY23 was the fiscal year in which the MPLADS was fully implemented.
- The MPLAD Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Government of India. This Scheme was announced on December 23, 1993
i.According to the data, the amount of funds received from the Union Government by each state is proportional to the number of MPs elected in that state.
ii.For example, Uttar Pradesh, which has 80 Lok Sabha MPs, received Rs. 427.5 crore and had spent 99% of the funds received in FY23 as of March 27, 2023.
iii.Following Uttar Pradesh are Maharashtra, Bihar, and West Bengal, which each earned Rs. 341.34 crore, Rs. 219.95 crore, and Rs. 182.17 crore.
iv.Telangana and Uttarakhand, have spent only 52.8% and 63.6% of the total funds received in FY23, respectively.
v.Sikkim received the least amount of money, at Rs. 2 crore, among the states.
vi.On the contrary, four Union Territories (UTs) received no funds in FY23: Lakshadweep, Chandigarh, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
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About Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI):
Ministers of State (MoS) [Independent Charge] – Rao Inderjit Singh (Gurugram Constituency – Haryana)