The Performance Grading Index (PGI) for States/Union Territories (UTs) for 2020–21, a special index for evidence-based comprehensive analysis of the school education system across States & UTs, was released by the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Education (MoE).
- The Indian Education System is one of the largest in the world, with around 14.9 lakh schools, 95 lakh teachers, and nearly 26.5 crore students from various socioeconomic backgrounds.
Performance Grading Index (PGI)
i.PGI was developed by the DoSE&L for States/UTs to provide insights and a data-driven mechanism on school education performance and achievements across all States/UTs.
- PGI’s primary objective is to promote evidence-based policymaking and prioritize course correction to achieve quality education for all.
ii.DoSE&L has so far released 3 PGI reports for States/UTs, i.e., for the years 2017–18, 2019–20, and the 2020–21 report.
iii.The PGI structure consists of 1000 points over 70 indicators divided into 2 categories: Outcomes & Governance Management (GM).
- These categories are further broken down into 5 domains: Learning Outcomes (LO), Access (A), Infrastructure& Facilities (IF), Equity (E) & Governance Process (GP).
PGI for States/UTs for 2020-21
i.PGI 2020-21 categorised states and UTs into ten categories, as in previous years.
- The highest achievable Grade is Level 1, which is for State/UTs achieving more than 950 points out of a total of 1000 points.
- Level 10, which is given for scores below 551, is the lowest grade.
ii.In 2020–21, 7 States/UTs—Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh—achieved Level II (scores of 901–950), compared to none in 2017–18 and 4 in 2019–20.
- The 3 new entrants to Level II in 2020–21 are Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh —the highest level attained by any state till date.
iii.Ladakh, a newly created UT, increased significantly from Level 8 to Level 4 in PGI in 2020–21, or by 299 points when compared to 2019–20, indicating the highest improvement in a single year ever.
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In August 2022, The Union Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched the ‘Responsible AI for Youth 2022’ program which was created by the National E-Governance Division, MeitY in collaboration with Intel India and with the support of the Ministry of Education (MoE).
About Ministry of Education (MoE):
Union Minister – Dharmendra Pradhan (Rajya Sabha – Madhya Pradesh)
Minister of State (MoS) – Annpurna Devi; Dr. Subhas Sarkar; Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh Departments under MoE – Department of School Education and Literacy; Department of Higher Education.