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Ministry of Jal Shakti to deploy IoT devices for Monitoring Rural Drinking Water Supply Systems

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Jal Jeevan Mission deploys first-of-its-kind sensor-based IoT devices to monitor rural drinking water supply systemsThe Ministry of Jal Shakti is set to deploy sensor-based IoT (Internet of Things) devices to monitor the implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) in more than six lakh villages.   With this, it aims to monitor the rural drinking water supply systems in villages.

  • For this, National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM) partnered with Tata Community Initiatives Trust (TCIT) & Tata Trust to complete pilot projects in villages of 5 states – Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra & Himachal Pradesh (Pilot projects went live in September 2020).


  • Provides real-time information without any manual intervention & enables real-time visibility to State water supply/PHED (Public Health Engineering Department) officials & citizens.
  • It will help in identifying issues that plague the distribution of water – outages, leakages, low pressure and help in monitoring the groundwater levels.
  • It will improve operational efficiency, reduce costs & help in better grievance redressal.

Pilot Programme

  • The pilot programme was carried out across diverse agro-climatic conditions of India ranging from Western Himalayas, Desert regions, Gangetic plains.
  • Different types of sources such as groundwater based borewells, springs in hilly areas, and surface water (river and dams) were monitored.
  • Various types of sensors were used to monitor different aspects of water service delivery – quantity, duration, quality, pressure, and sustainability.
  • The cloud & analytics powered IoT Platform was integrated with a GIS (Geographical Information System) for providing a robust decision support system.
  • The sensors were manufactured indigenously giving a boost to Government’s ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat programme’.
  • The major challenge facing the implementation was to develop a solution that would cost only a fraction of the water infrastructure costs (<10-15% of Total Scheme Capex).


During the programme, a first-of-its-kind comprehensive (source to tap) remote monitoring and control system in a completely off-grid (using solar and battery only) rural environment in the Sirohi district, Rajasthan was demonstrated.

Digital Wall and Remote Command & Control Centre

JJM aims to create a Digital Wall and Remote Command & Control Centre for monitoring and managing the supply of prescribed quality water in adequate quantity (55 Liters Per Capita per Day – LPCD) every day through household tap connections across all rural villages.

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • It was launched on August 15, 2019. It comes under the Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • It aims to provide ‘Functional Household Tap Connection’ (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024.

Recent Related News:

i.December 26, 2020, Department of Promotion of Industry & Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce & Industry & NJJM, Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation (Ministry of Jal Shakti) launched a “Water Quality Testing Innovation Challenge” for developing Portable devices for testing drinking water quality.

About Ministry of Jal Shakti:

Union Minister– Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Constituency- Jodhpur, Rajasthan)
Minister of State– Rattan Lal Kataria (Constituency- Ambala, Haryana)