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MHA To Setup Pan-India National Fingerprint Database

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In a bid to expedite investigation of crime across India, the Ministry of Home Affairs will setup a national fingerprint database of nearly 28 lakh convicts and those arrested for criminal offences, by collecting and combining records from all the states, to record a pan-India criminal data. The National Informatics Centre is creating a ‘cloud‘ for this integration.

  • The Delhi-based Central Finger Print Bureau (CPFB), at present, has data of more than 9.7 lakh finger print records of convicted or arrested persons in digitized form. However, more than 18 lakh finger print records with finger print bureaus of other states and Union Territories are not linked to this central database.
  • The plan is to gather all records from the state bureaus and make them part of the national database so that real time data based on fingerprints can be furnished, in case local police raises any query from any part of the country.
  • The ministry is also considering a proposal to integrate the finger print data with other biometric techniques like digital images, palm prints and auxiliary biometric like Iris records in future.

Why This Initiative?

  • As per the current practice, investigating agencies send finger prints lifted from a crime scene for matching to their respective state finger print bureau. It there is no match, the prints are then sent to the CPFB and finger print bureaus of other states for further processing.
  • Besides being time consuming, the efficacy of this system is dependent on the cooperation extended by other bureaus. Now this move is expected to accelerate speedy investigation process and bring more transparency in it.