On February 28, 2021, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched 1 primary satellite ‘Amazonia-1’ & 18 co-passenger satellites from India (5) & USA (13) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR (SDSC-SHAR), Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. The satellites were launched using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C51 (PSLV-DL Variant).
- PSLV C-51/Amazonia-1 mission is the 1st Dedicated PSLV Commercial Mission for NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), which is the ISRO’s commercial arm (setup in 2019).
- This is ISRO’s 1st Launch of 2021. It has launched 14 Missions in 2021.
- With this India has totally launched 342 Foreign satellites from 34 countries.
- It is the 53rd Flight of PSLV & the 3rd Flight of PSLV-DL Variant
- It is also the 78th Launch Vehicle Mission from SDSC SHAR.
- It is an Optical Earth Observation Satellite of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Brazil. It is the 1st satellite to be completely designed, integrated, tested & operated by INPE.
- NSIL undertook the mission under a commercial arrangement with Spaceflight Inc., USA.
- It will provide remote sensing data to users for monitoring Deforestation in the Amazon region & analysis of diversified agriculture across Brazil.
- The data will be utilized for monitoring coastal regions, water reservoirs, natural and cultivated forests & prediction of possible environmental disasters.
- It has a Mission life of 4 years and weighs 637 kg.
Satish Dhawan SAT – (SDSAT)
- It is a nano-satellite built by Space Kidz India (SKI).
- The main objective of the Satellite is to study radiation levels; space weather & demonstrate long range communication technologies.
- The satellite has an engraving of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s name on top of the panel to show its gratitude towards ‘Atma Nirbhar’ initiative & carried an e-copy of Bhagavad Gita.
- It is a combination of three satellites (JITsat, GHRCESat & Sri Shakthi Sat) with an intention of providing radio relay services.
- It has been designed and built as a joint development by the Jeppiaar Institute of Technology, Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu (JITsat); G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, Maharashtra (GHRCESat); Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (Sri Shakthi Sat).
Sindhu Netra – Commercial Co-passenger
- It is a satellite developed by the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO).
- The main purpose of the satellite will be to monitor the activities of military & merchant navy ships in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
- In 2019, India & France signed an agreement for building a constellation of 10 low-earth orbit satellites for maritime surveillance for identifying & tracking ships in the Indian Ocean.
- A Total of 13 Satellites from the USA were launched in the mission.
- The ‘SAI-1 NanoConnect-2’ satellite was launched with ab objective of Technology Demonstration
- 12 Satellites called ‘SpaceBEEs’was launched with an objective of 2-way Satellite communications & data relay.
‘Anand’ developed by Pixxel delayed
- The Satellite ‘Anand’ built by Indian Space Startup, Pixxel was not launched due to a software glitch.
- If ‘Anand’ had been launched, it would have been the 1st Indian Private Company to launch its satellite using ISRO’s facility.
ISRO’s Next Mission would be the launch of Geo-Imaging Satellite ‘GISAT-1’ on GSLV-F10 Rocket.
|Satellite||Country||Significance & Objective|
(Developed by INPE, Brazil)
|Satish Dhawan SAT – (SDSAT)||India|
(Developed by Space Kidz India (SKI))
(Combination of 3 satellites JITsat, GHRCESat & Sri Shakthi Sat)
|Developed by 3 Indian Colleges.|
|Sindhu Netra||Developed by DRDO, India|
|‘SAI-1 NanoConnect-2’||USA||Technology Demonstration|
|SpaceBEEs||USA||2-way Satellite communications & data relay|
About Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Chairman– Dr.K. Sivan (Secretary of Department of Space(DoS))
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka