The United Nations (UN)’s International Day of Democracy is annually observed across the world -on 15 September to mark the importance of democracy and create awareness among people about democratic rights.
- 15th September 2022 marks the 15th anniversary of the International Day of Democracy.
- International Day of Democracy 2022 will focus on the importance of media freedom to democracy, peace, and delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals.
i.On 8th November 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/62/7 and proclaimed the 15th September of every year as the International Day of Democracy.
ii.The first International Day of Democracy was celebrated on 15 September 2008.
Why September 15 ?
The day marks the adoption of theUniversal Declaration on Democracy by the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) on 15th September 1997.
i.The International Day of Democracy has been established to create awareness among people so that they understand the importance of protection and the effective realization of human rights.
- According to Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the right to freedom of expression is a fundamental human right.
ii.Democracy is a process as a goal which can be made into reality only with the full participation of the international community.
- Essential elements of democracy include: values of freedom, respect for human rights and holding periodic & genuine elections by universal suffrage.
Event of International Day of Democracy 2022:
i.The UN Office for Partnerships collaborated with the UN Democracy Fund to host a discussion in the SDG studio as part of the SDG Roundtable series.
- The solutions for the achievement of SDG 16 – Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions will be discussed.
About Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU):