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India Ranked 117th in SDG Index 2020, Sweden Tops: Sustainable Development Report 2020

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India ranks 117 in Sustainable Development IndexIn accordance with the “Sustainable Development Report 2020- The Sustainable Development Goals and Covid-19”, comprising of SDG index 2020, there will be severe negative impacts on most of the United Nations (UN)-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) due to COVID-19 pandemic. India, which has ranked at 117th position with a score of 61.92 is also facing major challenges in 10 of the 17 SDGs including zero hunger, good health, gender inequality among others. The index has been topped by Sweden.

  • The report contains data on changes over time in 17 SDG indicators, the future of the SDGs amidst Covid-19, as well as calculations for trajectories until 2030.
  • The 2020 report has reviewed the performance of 193 UN Member States out of which 166 were ranked under SDG index 2020. Following table shows top 3 countries under it:

Rank Country Score (out of 100)
117 India 61.92
1 Sweden 84.72
2 Denmark 84.56
3 Finland 83.77

As per 2020 report COVID-19 had negatively affected several SDGs including:

  • SDG 1 (no poverty)
  • SDG 2 (zero hunger)
  • SDG 3 (good health and wellbeing)
  • SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth)
  • SDG 10 (reduced inequalities)

Meanwhile, the pandemic had brought “immediate relief” in following SDGs:

  • SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production)
  • SDG 13 (climate action)
  • SDG 14 (life below water)
  • SDG 15 (life on land)

The report identifies five key measures that global cooperation should include:

  1. Disseminate best practices rapidly.
  2. Strengthen financing mechanisms for developing countries.
  3. Address hunger hotspots.
  4. Ensure social protection.
  5. Promote new drugs and vaccines.

SDG Annual Report:

Since its launch in 2016, this annual report provides the most up-to-date data to track and review the performance of all 193 UN member states on the 17 SDGs. 

SDG Report 2020:

It was written by lead author Jeffrey Sachs and a team of independent experts working at the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and Bertelsmann Stiftung (foundation in Germany), and published by Cambridge University Press. The report outlines the likely short-term impacts of Covid-19 on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and describes how the SDGs can frame the recovery. The report also tracks progress by countries towards the SDGs.

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