India has achieved the major milestone under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase II with 75% villages achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus status under Phase II of the Mission.
- An ODF Plus Model village adds ODF status to its name and has arrangements for both Solid Waste and Liquid Waste Management.
- Total of 4.43 lakh villages have declared themselves ODF Plus, which is a significant step towards achieving the Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen (SBM-G) phase II goals by 2024-25.
i.The top performing States/UTs which have achieved 100% ODF Plus villages: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Ladakh, Puducherry, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Tripura.
ii.100% ODF Plus Model villages Among States/ UTs – Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra Nagar Haveli & Daman Diu, Jammu & Kashmir and Sikkim.
iii.Target has been fixed to make all villages ODF Plus by 2025.
- Out of the 4,43,964 ODF Plus villages so far, 2,92,497 villages are ODF Plus Aspiring villages with arrangements for Solid Waste Management or Liquid Waste Management.
- 55,549 villages are ODF Plus Rising villages with arrangements for both Solid Waste Management and Liquid Waste Management and 96,018 villages are ODF Plus Model villages.
- Overall 2,31,080 villages have arrangements for solid waste management, and 3,76,353 villages have arrangements for liquid waste management.
iv.This achievement of 75% ODF Plus Villages is attained during ongoing Swachhata Hi Seva (SHS) – 2023 campaign which is being celebrated annually from 15th September to 2nd October under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) under the theme ‘Garbage Free India’
SHS Progress Report as on 23rd September 2023
|Sr. No.||State Name||No. of Activities Completed||No. of People Participated||People Participation (% of rural population)|
About Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
Launched In- 2014
Released By- Ministry of Jal Shakti
Aim– To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation.
SBM(G) Phase-I (2014 to 2019):
- During the launch of SBM (G) in 2014, the rural sanitation coverage in the country was merely 38.7%.
- Since then, more than 10 crore individual toilets were constructed and as a result, rural areas in all states were self-declared having achieved ODF status as on 2nd October 2019.
SBM(G) Phase-II (2020 to 2025):
- It emphasizes the sustainability of achievements under phase I and to provide adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India.
- The sanitation method used here by Government is properly constructed Twin-Pit the most preferred technology.
- The major components of the Phase-II of SBM (G) are Sustaining Open Defecation Free Status (ODF-S), Solid (Bio-degradable) Waste Management, Plastic Waste Management (PWM), Liquid Waste Management (LWM), Faecal Sludge Management (FSM), GOBARdhan (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources-dhan), Information Education and Communication/Behaviour Change Communication (IEC/BCC) and Capacity Building.
- The entire budget outlay for SBM Phase II is 1.43 lakh crores out of which 52,497 has to come from SBM-G and the remainder has to come from 15th Finance Commission funds (51,057 crores) and MGNREGA (24,823 crores).