High-yielding and pest-resistant variety of soybean named MACS 1407 has been developed by Indian Scientists by the method of conventional cross breeding.
This variety of Soya bean has been developed by Scientists from MACS (Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science Research Institute)-Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, in collaboration with Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR), New Delhi.
About MACS 1407:
i.This new variety of soya bean shows high yield and will improve practices for the cultivation of soybean.
ii.The new variety MACS 1407 gives 39 quintals per hectare.It showed 17% increase in yield over the best check variety and 14-19% yield over the qualifying varieties.
iii.It is resistant to major insects – pests like
- Girdle beetle
- Leaf miner
- White fly
Areas of Cultivation:
It is suitable for rain-fed conditions of north- east India and hence suitable for cultivation in the states of
- West Bengal
- North-Eastern states.
Season of cultivation:
- The best period of sowing is between June 20 to July 5 without any yield loss. This makes it resistant to the vagaries of monsoon as compared to other varieties
- This requires an average 43 days for 50% flowering and take 104 days to mature from the date of sowing.
It has white coloured flowers, yellow seeds and black hilum. Its seeds have 19.81% oil content, 41% protein content.
In the last few years production of soya bean in the country is in the range of 100-146 lakh tone. For the 2020-21 crop year (July-June), production is pegged at 137.11 lakh tonnes
About Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR):
It is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture for the entire country under the aegis of Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriclture and Farmers Welfare.
Headquarters: New Delhi
President of the ICAR Society: Narendra Singh Tomar, Minister of Agriclture and Farmers Welfare.