Current Affairs PDF

GK Questions: Basic GK(Inventions & Inventors) – Set 8

AffairsCloud YouTube Channel - Click Here

AffairsCloud APP Click Here

Hello Aspirants. Welcome to Online General Knowledge section in Affairs cloud, which is important for all the competitive exams. We have created Some questions related to Basic GK(Inventions & Inventors) !!! 

  1. Who developed the diagnostic technique of X-ray computed tomography ? 
    1.William Einthoven
    2.Godfrey Hounsfield
    3.Rene Laennec
    4.Ian Doanld
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Godfrey Hounsfield
    Explanation :
    Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield was an English electrical enginee rwho shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Allan McLeod Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of X-ray computed tomography (CT)

  2. Who discovered the antibiotic substance benzyl penicillin ?
    1.Alexander Wood
    4 Alexander Fleming
    5.None of these
    Answer – 4 Alexander Fleming
    Explanation :
    Sir Alexander Fleming was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist and botanist. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance benzyl penicillin (Penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928.

  3. Who is called as ‘Father of Antiseptic Surgery’ ?
    2.Robert Koch
    3.Joseph Lister
    4.Ian Donald
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.Joseph Lister
    Explanation :
    Joseph Lister did not discover a new drug but he did make the like between lack of cleanliness in hospitals and deaths after operations. For this reason, he is known as the ‘Father of Antiseptic Surgery’.

  4. Felix Hoffmann credited with synthesizing ………………..
    4.All of these
    5.None of these
    Answer – 1.Aspirin
    Explanation :
    Felix Hoffmann was a German chemist notable for re-synthesizing diamorphine  which was popularized under the Bayer trade name of “heroin”. He is also credited with synthesizing aspirin, though whether he did this under his own initiative or under the instruction of Arthur Eichengrün is highly contested.

  5. Which Vaccine was developed by Edward Jennerin 1798 ?
    5.None of these
    Answer – 2.Smallpox
    Explanation :
    Smallpox vaccine, the first successful vaccine to be developed was introduced by Edward Jenner in 1798.

  6. Who developed vaccines  against anthrax and rabies ?
    1.Louis Pasteur
    2.Edward Jenner
    3.Robert Koch
    4.John P. Merril
    5.None of these
    Answer – 1.Louis Pasteur
    Explanation :
    Louis Pasteur ,French chemist and microbiologist who was one of the most important founders of medical microbiology developed vaccines  against anthrax and rabies.

  7. Jonas E. Salk developed the which Vaccine ?
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.Polio
    Explanation :
    Jonas Edward Salk  was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed the first successful polio vaccine.

  8. Who developed a vaccine against tuberculosis ?
    1.Albert Calmette
    2 John P. Merril
    3.Robert Koch
    4.Edward Jenner
    5.None of these
    Answer – 1.Albert Calmette 
    Explanation :
    Léon Charles Albert Calmette  was a French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist . He develop a vaccine against tuberculosis with Camille Guerin

  9. Who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his identification of lice as the transmitter of epidemic typhus ?
    1.John Logie Baird
    2.Louis Pasteur
    3.Charles Nicolle
    5.None of these
    Answer – 3.Charles Nicolle
    Explanation :
    Charles Jules Henry Nicolle was a French bacteriologist who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his identification of lice as the transmitter of epidemic typhus

  10. Who discovered the blood circulation ?
    4.William Harvey
    5.None of these
    Answer – 4.William Harvey
    Explanation :
    William Harvey discovered that the heart’s four valves permitted flow of blood in one direction only from the right ventricle to the lungs, back to the left ventricle, and from there to the aorta