Kala azar also known as Visceral Leishmaniasis, balck fever and Dumdum fever is the most severe form of Leishmaniasis and it is caused by the bites of female phlebotomine sand-flies – the vector or a transmitter of the Leishmania parasite.
The disease is the second largest parasite killer after Malaria. It is concentrated in 52 districts in Bihar, UP, Jharkahnad and West Bengal. India targets kala azar elimination by 2015. Gates Foundation is planning to work with the Indian government for its eradication.
The Gates Foundation has committed to spend $1.5 billion over the next 5 years on maternal and child health.
India has till now eradicated polio, smallpox and rinderpest (cattle plague).