In October, while laying the foundation stone of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial in Mumbai, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that this year onwards, November 26 would be observed as Constitution Day.
- The Constitution Day events will be a part of the year-long nationwide celebrations to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Ambedkar.
- With this day India will pay its tribute to “the great men and women” who gave the country its constitution and recognize the “stellar contribution” of Dr B R Ambedkar.
Why it is observed on 26 November?
National constitutional Day is observed on Nov 26 because on this day in 1949, the constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly.
- However, it came into force on Jan 26, 1950 which is celebrated as India’s Republic Day.
Facts about Constitution of India
Constitution of India was neither printed nor typed. It was handwritten and calligraphed in both Hindi and English.
- Currently, the original copies have been kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament.
- It’s the longest written constitution of any independent country of the world.
- Constitution of India borrowed several ideas from other countries, hence, it is known as a bag of borrowings.
- Concept of 5-year-plans was taken from USSR.
- Concepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity were taken from the French constitution.
- The law, which the Supreme Court of India follows, was taken from Japan.
- Directive principles were taken from Ireland.
- The Constituent Assembly had 284 members including 15 women members.
- Constitution of India is known as the best constitution of the world as it has only seen 94 amendments.