some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: A chance in Srinagar: On Ramzan ceasefire 

The Centre’s announcement of a cessation of operations in Jammu and Kashmir during the month of Ramzan is a welcome step. The direction to the security forces not to launch operations in the State during this period, while allowing them to reserve “the right to retaliate if attacked or if it is essential to protect the lives of innocent people”, is aimed at bringing respite to the Valley after two years of escalated violence, since the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen ‘commander’ Burhan Wani in July 2016. The decision came days after Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti informed the Centre that an all-party meeting had called for a ceasefire. The quick response will help her recover some equilibrium politically, and get an administrative grip on the street. In this current phase of violence in the Valley, there has been a marked increase in home-grown militancy. All too often, the funeral of a local militant has become the rallying point for anti-state protests, which lead to new recruitment. The ceasefire will limit such occasions. The stone-pelting protests too have taken their toll and deepened alienation. The cessation of cordon-and-search operations is a high-risk initiative — but it is the very riskiness of the gesture that could invite confidence among local groups to consider ways and means to mark an end to the violent couple of years.
A series of calibrated complementary steps are required if any lasting contribution to improving the situation on the ground is to be made. Importantly, the announcement came just ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s scheduled visit to Srinagar on Saturday, and his remarks will be closely tracked. The ceasefire has brought back memories of the 2000 Ramzan effort of the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government. That initiative set in motion a series of developments towards dialogue, despite the still-fresh wounds of the 1999 Kargil conflict. There are parallels between those days and today. In terms of violence, Kashmir is quickly spiralling out of control to the level seen 15 years ago. Even as the security forces have gunned down 64 suspected terrorists in 2018, a large number of young Kashmiris have taken up arms. According to the latest data from the State police, 69 local youth have joined militancy, 35 of them in the wake of the April 1 operations in which 13 locals were killed. But just a temporary halt to security operations in Kashmir is not enough. At best, it can be the first step in a long and difficult road to recovery, and eventually peace. Currently, the 2003 ceasefire on the Pakistan border is in tatters. It must be urgently restored. But most important, a political outreach, possibly unconditional, is required to help Kashmir get back to normal. As Mr. Vajpayee did back then, Mr. Modi must take political ownership of the outreach. Else, the Ramzan ceasefire could remain an isolated outreach.

1. Cessation (noun) : समाप्ति

Meaning : the fact or process of ending or being brought to an end.

Synonyms : end, ending, termination, stopping, halting, ceasing, finish, finishing, stoppage, closing, closure, close, conclusion, winding up, discontinuation, discontinuance, breaking off, abandonment, interruption, suspension, cutting short; pause, break, respite.

Antonyms : beginning, commencement, start.

Usage : the cessation of hostilities.

2. Retaliate (verb) : प्रतिकार करना

Meaning : make an attack in return for a similar attack.

Synonyms : fight back, strike back, hit back, respond, react, reply, reciprocate, counterattack, return fire, return the compliment, put up a fight, take the bait, rise to the bait, return like for like, get back at someone, get.

Antonyms : forgive, pardon, sympathize.

Usage : the blow stung and she retaliated immediately.

3. Escalated (verb) : तना हुआ

Meaning : increase rapidly.

Synonyms : increase rapidly, soar, rocket, shoot up, mount, surge, spiral, grow rapidly, rise rapidly, climb, go up; informalbe jacked up, go through the ceiling, go through the roof, skyrocket, balloon.

Antonyms : decrease,diminish,lessen,lower,weaken.

Usage : in three years’ time prices will have escalated.

4. Alienation (Noun) : अलगाव की भावना

Meaning : the state or experience of being alienated.

Synonyms : isolation, detachment, estrangement, distance, separation, severance, parting, division, divorce, cutting off, turning away, withdrawal; variance, difference, schism.

Antonyms : charm, endearment, friendliness.

Usage : she shared my deep sense of alienation from our environment.

5. Cessation (noun) : समाप्ति

Meaning : the fact or process of ending or being brought to an end.

Synonyms : end, ending, termination, stopping, halting, ceasing, finish, finishing, stoppage, closing, closure, close, conclusion, winding up, discontinuation, discontinuance, breaking off, abandonment, interruption, suspension.

Antonyms : beginning, commencement, start.

Usage : the cessation of hostilities.

6. Gesture (noun) : इशारा

Meaning : a movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.

Synonyms : signal, signalling, sign, signing, motion, motioning, wave, indication, gesticulation.

Antonyms : speech.

Usage : Alex made a gesture of apology.

7. Calibrated (verb) : अंशशोधन

Meaning : correlate the readings of (an instrument) with those of a standard in order to check the instrument’s accuracy.

Synonyms : align, balance, bring into line, calibrate, connect, correct, fine-tune, fit, fix, focus, grind, improve, improve accommodate, mend, overhaul, polish, put in working order, readjust.

Antonyms : derange, disarrange, unsuit.

Usage : a separate control experiment is then carried out to calibrate the calorimeter.

8. Ceasefire (noun) : संघर्ष विराम

Meaning : a temporary suspension of fighting; a truce.

Synonyms : ceasefire, suspension, treaty, truce.

Antonyms : dispute, fight, war.

Usage : the latest ceasefire seems to be holding.

9. Outreach (noun) : पहुँच

Meaning : the extent or length of reaching out.

Synonyms : beat, best, better, break record, cap, distance, eclipse, excel, get upper hand, go beyond, go by, have a jump on, have advantage, have it all over, out-distance.

Antonyms : be inferior, fail, fall behind.

Usage : the loving outreach of God to the world.

10. Isolated (adjective) : पृथक

Meaning : far away from other places, buildings, or people; remote.

Synonyms : remote, out of the way, outlying, off the beaten track, secluded, in the depths of …, hard to find, lonely, in the back of beyond, in the hinterlands, off the map, in the middle of nowhere, godforsaken, obscure, inaccessible, cut-off, unreachable.

Antonyms : more prevalent.

Usage : isolated farms and villages.