some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!
A month after the ₹12,800-crore letters of undertaking (LoUs) fraud at Punjab National Bank came to light, the Reserve Bank of India has decided to ban such instruments as well as letters of comfort issued by bankers to businesses for international transactions. While the government has been in firefighting mode, unleashing all investigative agencies to probe the fraud, this is the first major step by the central bank on the issue, apart from asking banks to ensure there are no slip-ups between their core banking systems and the SWIFT mechanism used for international money transfers. LoUs are among the most popular instruments to secure overseas credit by importers — known as buyers’ credit in banking parlance — because of their attractive pricing. It is estimated that overall, bank finance for imports into India is around $140 billion, of which over 60% is funded through such buyers’ credit. Naturally, industry is unhappy with the RBI decision as this would raise the cost for importers, who will now need to rely on more expensive instruments such as bank guarantees and letters of credit. The move will also impact the competitiveness of exporters who import raw materials for their products.
While the central bank had earlier blamed “delinquent behaviour by one or more employees of the bank” and failure of internal controls for the PNB-Nirav Modi fiasco, RBI Governor Urjit Patel has finally commented on the fraud. Mr. Patel said he had chosen to speak because the central bank also feels the anger and pain over the banking sector frauds that amount to “looting” the country’s future by “some in the business community, in cahoots with some lenders”. Reiterating that PNB’s internal systems failed to take note of the RBI’s warnings about such risks, Mr. Patel took on severe criticism about the RBI’s inability to detect the fraud. He stressed that the RBI didn’t have adequate powers to regulate public sector banks, and it could not remove any of their directors or liquidate such a lender, as it can in the case of private sector banks. He made an eloquent demand that the owner of public sector banks (that is, the government) must consider making the RBI’s powers over banks ‘ownership-neutral’ and say what could be done with these banks. The RBI’s stance is valid, as is its discomfort with knee-jerk reactions and the blame games since the fraud came to light. In the very same vein, its omnibus ban of LoUs will impact the $85 billion buyers’ credit market that was mostly conducted in accordance with the law of the land. If an individual or some failed systems of a bank were indeed to blame, why should bona fide transactions suffer? Perhaps the RBI could have tightened the norms for LoUs and introduced safeguards based on the latest learnings. It is still not too late to do that.
1. Firefighting (noun) : अग्निशमन
Meaning : the action or process of extinguishing fires, as a person’s job.
2. Unleashing (verb) : उन्मुक्त
Meaning : release (a dog) from a leash.
Synonyms : let loose, release, free, set free, loose, unloose, unbridle, untie, untether, unchain, unbind, unshackle, unmanacle; discharge.
Antonyms : restrain.
Usage : they dig up badger setts and unleash terriers into them.
3. Impact (noun) : प्रभाव
Meaning : the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another.
Synonyms : collision, crash, smash, clash, bump, bang, knock, jolt, thump, whack, thwack, slam, smack; contact.
Antonyms : leave alone.
Usage : car parts were spread by the impact over a wide region.
4. Delinquent (adjective) : अपराधी
Meaning : (typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime.
Synonyms : lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, offending; errant, badly behaved, troublesome, difficult, unmanageable, unruly, disobedient, uncontrollable.
Antonyms : behaving, careful, responsible.
Usage : delinquent teenagers.
5. Cahoots (noun) : बराबर भागों
Meaning : colluding or conspiring together secretly.
Synonyms : in league, colluding, in collusion, conspiring, conniving, collaborating, hand in glove, allied, in alliance.
Antonyms : avoid, disassociate, disjoin, disunite, divorce.
Usage : the area is dominated by guerrillas in cahoots with drug traffickers.
6. Severe (adjective) : कठोर
Meaning : (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense.
Synonyms : acute, very bad, serious, grave, critical, dire, drastic, grievous, extreme, dreadful, terrible, awful, frightful, appalling, sore; alarming, worrying, distressing, dangerous, perilous, life-threatening; peracute.
Antonyms : amenable, compromising, easy-going, friendly, willing.
Usage : a severe shortage of technicians.
7. Detect (verb) : पता लगाना
Meaning : discern (something intangible or barely perceptible).
Synonyms : notice, become aware of, perceive, note, discern, make out, observe, spot, become conscious of, recognize, distinguish, mark, remark, identify, diagnose; catch, decry, sense, see, catch sight of, smell, scent, taste; informalclock; literarybehold, descry, espy.
Antonyms : miss, not see,overlook, pass by.
Usage : Paul detected a faint note of weariness in his father’s voice.
8. Eloquent (adjective) : सुवक्ता
Meaning : fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing.
Synonyms : persuasive, expressive, articulate, fluent; strong, forceful, powerful, potent; well spoken, silver-tongued, smooth-tongued, well expressed, graceful, lucid, vivid, effective, graphic; glib.
Antonyms : dull, inarticulate.
Usage : fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing.
9. Stance (noun) : मुद्रा
Meaning : the way in which someone stands, especially when deliberately adopted (as in cricket, golf, and other sports); a person’s posture.
Synonyms : posture, body position, pose, attitude, bearing.
Antonyms : movement.
Usage : the kick is performed by starting from a natural stance and bringing up the right leg.
10. Indeed (adverb) : वास्तव में
Meaning : used to emphasize a statement or response confirming something already suggested.
Synonyms : as expected, to be sure, in fact, in point of fact, as a matter of fact, in truth, truly, actually, really, in reality, as it happens/happened, certainly, surely, for sure, undeniably, veritably, nay.
Antonyms : doubtedly, dubitably, questionably.
Usage : it was not expected to last long, and indeed it took less than three weeks.