On March 13, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the ‘End TB Summit’ in New Delhi and launched ‘Tuberculosis Free India Campaign’.
What is Tuberculosis (TB)?
- Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease which affects the lung and is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
- Cough, fever, weight loss and night sweats are typical symptoms of TB. It is an airborne disease i.e. transmitted through air.
- It is to be noted that over 10 million people contract TB every year. TB was responsible for 1.7 million deaths in 2016, despite most cases being curable.
About ‘Delhi End TB Summit’:
- ‘Delhi End TB Summit’ is being co-hosted by Union Health Ministry, World Health Organisation (WHO) South East Asia Regional Office and Stop TB Partnership.
- Leaders from across the world including Health Ministers of several countries have gathered at the Summit to review ongoing efforts and accelerate action to reach Sustainable Development Goal of ending TB by 2030.
- The Summit builds on the Delhi Call to Action adopted by member countries of the WHO South-East Asia Region in March 2017 and the WHO Global Ministerial Conference ‘Ending TB in the Sustainable Development Era: A Multisectoral Response’ held in Moscow, Russia in November 2017.
- Delhi End TB Summit would set the stage for the September 2018 United Nations (UN) High-Level Meeting on TB. At this meeting, for the first time, TB would be discussed in the UN General Assembly at the Heads of State level.
Information about ‘Tuberculosis (TB) Free India Campaign’:
While inaugurating the summit and launching the campaign, PM Modi also announced that Indian Government has set an aim to eradicate tuberculosis (TB) from India by 2025.
- ‘TB-free India campaign’ has been launched to take forward, the activities under the National Strategic Plan for TB Elimination, in a mission mode for eradicating the disease by 2025.
Funding of over 12000 crore rupees (over the next three years) has been allocated for National Strategic Plan for TB Elimination in order to ensure that every TB patient has access to quality diagnosis, treatment, and support.