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Current Affairs Quiz:14 May 2024

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AffairsCloud brings you the complete and important daily Current Affairs Quiz 14 May 2024 to achieve more marks in Banking, Insurance, UPSC, SSC, CLAT, Railways and all other competitive Exams. We have prepared the current affairs quiz question from our daily current affairs 2024 updates.

Our Current Affairs May 2024 events will help you to get more marks in Banking, Insurance, SSC, Railways, UPSC, CLAT and all State Government Exams. Also, try our Current Affairs Quiz.

  1. Which company has recently (in May ‘24)signed an MoU with the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) for the manufacturing and supply of indigenous marine-grade aluminium?
    1) Remine India
    2) ReNew
    3) Hindalco
    4) JSW Group
    5) Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited
    Answer-3) Hindalco
    The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) has signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Hindalco Industries Limited for the manufacturing and supply of indigenous marine-grade aluminium to Indian public and private shipyards for ship construction.
    • The MoU will provide benefits such as quarterly pricing, priority in supplies and turnover discount and also aims to facilitate better planning and cost management for shipbuilding projects by providing stable and predictable pricing over time.
    Option Revision:
    1. Covered on 9th April 2024,The Technology Development Board (TDB), under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), Government of India (GoI) entered into an agreement with Remine India Private Limited to establish a commercial plant for recycling lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries (LIBs) and e-waste using indigenous technology in Sitarganj, Uttarakhand, with a total project cost of Rs 15 crore.
    2. Covered on 21th & 22nd April 2024:ReNew Energy Global PLC (ReNew) and JERA Co. Inc., Japan’s largest power generation company, have signed an initial agreement to assess a green ammonia production project in Odisha.
    4. Covered on 24th & 25th March 2024;The new Joint Venture (JV) company ‘JSW MG Motor India Pvt Ltd’ was launched in collaboration between JSW Group and M G Motor India Private Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Shanghai(China) based SAIC Motor.

  2. Which organisation has recently (in may ‘24) published the 1st global guidelines to prevent bloodstream infections and other infections associated with the use of intravascular catheters?
    1) United Nations Children’s Fund
    2) World Health Organization
    3) United Nations Environment Programme
    4) Pan American Health Organization
    5)United Nation Development Programme
    Answer-2) World Health Organization
    The World Health Organization (WHO) has published the 1st global guidelines titled “Guidelines for the prevention of bloodstream infections and other infections associated with the use of intravascular catheters: part I: peripheral catheters”, to combat bloodstream, and other infections stemming from catheter usage in minor blood vessels during medical procedures.
    Option Revision:
    1. Covered on 2nd December 2023: The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) published a report.As per the publication, nearly 98,000 adolescent girls aged 10-19 were infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in 2022 – or 1,900 new infections every week3. Covered on 29th March 2024: the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released its ‘Food Waste Index Report 2024‘ which tracks the progress of countries to halve food waste by 2030. As per it, world wasted an estimated 19% of the food produced globally in 2022, or about 1.05 billion metric tons.

  3. Which of the following Indian defence forces has recently (in May ‘24) signed an MoU with the Bank of India for “BOI Rakshak Package”?
    1) Border Security Force
    2) Indian Army
    3) Indian Air Force
    4) Indian Navy
    5) Indian Coast Guard
    Answer- 5) Indian Coast Guard
    On 9th May 2024, Bank of India(BOI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Coast Guard (ICG), to offer a Defence service salary package through “BOI Rakshak Salary/ Pension Savings Scheme”.
    • The minimum balance required is zero or nil for the account.
    • The scheme also features BOI Mobile Omni Neo app which will enable the defence personnel at borders and at remote areas can easily access various financial solutions.
    Option Revision:
    2. Covered on 6th April 2024, The Indian Army has commenced the induction of the indigenous ‘Akashteer Control & Reporting Systems’ to enhance its air defence capabilities. This will enable the Indian Army’s defence units to operate in an integrated manner.3. Covered on 13 March 2024, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi, has approved fund worth Rs 15,000 crore for an indigenous fifth-generation Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) fighter jet project for the Indian Air Force (IAF).4. Covered on 7th March 2024: The Indian Navy (IN) commissioned the Indian Naval Ship (INS) Jatayu at Minicoy, the southernmost island in Lakshadweep. This is the 2nd naval base in Lakshadweep after INS Dweeprakshak in Kavaratti, the capital of Lakshadweep.

  4. Which bank has recently (in May ‘24) in partnership with the Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) under NITI Aayog supported social sector startups with grants worth Rs 19.6 crore in FY24 (FY 2023–24)?
    1) Bank of India
    2) Karnataka Bank
    3) Yes Bank
    4) HDFC Bank
    5) State Bank of India
    Answer-4) HDFC Bank
    HDFC Bank, Indian’s largest Private Sector Bank (PSB), in partnership with Atal Innovation Mission(AIM), under National Institution for Transforming India(NITI Aayog), supports social sector startup with grants worth Rs 19.6 crore in FY24 (FY 2023-24).
    • Under the 7th “HDFC Bank Parivartan Start-up Grants Programme”, 170 social start-ups received grants worth a total of Rs 19.6 crore, through 41 incubators.
    Note: Over 50% of the 170 start-ups hail from over 60 tier-II/ tier-III cities in India.
    Option Revision:
    2. Covered on 12th January 2024: Karnataka Bank Limited (KBL) has partnered with Digivriddhi Technologies Private Limited (DGV) to offer financial services to support the requirements of dairy society
    3. Covered on 13th February 2024: Yes Bank Limited has partnered with the Bengaluru-based fintech startup, LeRemitt, to create a cross-border platform to enable Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises to conduct International Transactions in Key Currencies
    5. Covered on 15th March 2024: State Bank of India partnered with based One97 Communications Limited (OCL) to settle UPI transactions upon acquiring 3rd party app provider TPAP license.

  5. Who has been recently (in May ‘24) re-elected as the Chairman of Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited( IFFCO)?
    1) Balvir Singh
    2) Dileep Sanghani
    3) Anil Kumar Lahoti
    4) Jay Shah
    5) Shamalbhai B Patel
    Answer-2) Dileep Sanghani
    The Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) has re-elected Dileep Sanghani as its Chairman during the 15th Representative General Body (RGB) elections for its Board of Directors at IFFCO Sadan, New Delhi, Delhi.
    • Balvir Singh has been retained as the Vice Chairman of IFFCO.
    Note: IFFCO, a leading fertilizer company, is the world’s number one cooperative (as of February 22, 2024).
    Option Revision:
    3.Covered on 1st February 2024:The Appointment Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of former railway board chairman and chief executive officer(CEO) Anil Kumar Lahoti as the 9th Chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) for 3 years or until the age of 65 years.
    4. Covered on 3rd February 2024:Jay Shah, Secretary of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), was reappointed as the President of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) for the 3rd consecutive term.

  6. Name the 3D-printed rocket engine that was recently (in MAY ‘24) tested successfully by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) at ISRO Propulsion Complex, Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.
    1) Klimov RD-33 Aero Engine
    2) Rotating Detonation Rocket Engine
    3) AM PS4 Engine
    4) Carbon-Carbon(C-C) nozzle rocket engine
    5) CE20 cryogenic engine
    Answer-3) AM PS4 Engine
    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully tested a liquid rocket engine, ‘AM PS4 Engine’, produced using Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology, commonly known as 3D printing at ISRO Propulsion Complex, Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu (TN).
    • It is redesigned with Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM) principles by the ISRO’s Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) in Bengaluru, Karnataka, and the engine is manufactured by M/s WIPRO 3D.
    • The Laser Powder Bed Fusion technique utilized in AM PS4 Engine reducing part count from 14 to a single piece and eliminating 19 weld joints.
    • AM also cut raw material use by 97% per engine (from 565 kg to 13.7 kg of metal powder) and slashed production time by 60%.
    Option Revision:
    1.Covered on 3rd & 4th March 2024: the Ministry of Defence (MoD) signed a contract worth Rs 5,249.72 crore with Bengaluru (Karnataka) headquartered HAL for the procurement of Klimov RD-33 Aero Engines for Mikoyan MiG-29 aircraft.
    2.Covered on 10th January 2024:National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has successfully tested the 3-dimensionally (3-D) printed innovative propulsion system called “Rotating Detonation Rocket Engine (RDRE)” at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, the United States of America (USA).
    4. Covered on 17th April 2024:Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) based in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala has developed a light weight Carbon-Carbon(C-C) nozzle for rocket engine.

  7. In May 2024, ISRO Chairman Somnath launched the carbon reduction initiative of _____________(Company).
    1) GalaxEye
    2) NewSpace India Limited
    3) AgniKul Cosmos
    4) Tata Advanced Systems Limited
    5) SFO Technologies
    Answer-5) SFO Technologies
    On 11th May 2024, Sreedhara Panicker Somanath, Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Secretary, Department of Space, Government of India (GoI) launched the carbon reduction initiative of Kochi-based SFO Technologies, the flagship company of the NeST Group.
    • This initiative is in line with the objective of United Nation i.e. achieving 50% carbon reduction by 2035 and Zero emission by 2040.
    • He also unveiled a replica of Chandrayaan which signifies the cooperation of SFO Technologies and ISRO.
    Option Revision:
    1. Covered on 13 May 2024:The Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with GalaxEye Space, which grants GalaxEye access to world-class laboratories and testing facilities operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
    2.Covered on6th Jan 2024:NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is set to launch GSAT-20 (renamed GSAT-N2), a Ka-band high throughput satellite (HTS), onboard the Falcon-9 rocket of Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX) in the 2nd quarter of 2024.

  8. In May 2024, the Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE) developed _____________for an advanced air-breathing engine.
    1) Liquid Ramjet fuel
    2) High-velocity oxygen fuel
    3) E100 Fuel
    4) Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel
    5) Green hydrogen Fuel
    Answer-1) Liquid Ramjet fuel
    On May 9 2024, The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) announced that one of its labs, Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE) has made a ‘Landmark Achievement’ by developing liquid Ramjet fuel for an advanced air-breathing engine.
    • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and Mineral Oil Company Private Limited are the industry partners in this development.
    • The fuel will not freeze even in the very low temperature ranging from -50 to -55 degrees.
    Option Revision:
    2. Covered on 26th April 2024: SJVN Limited(formerly known as Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam) inaugurated India’s 1st multipurpose(combined Heat and Power) green hydrogen pilot project at the 1,500 megawatt (MW) Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Power Station (NJHPS) in Jhakri, Himachal Pradesh(HP).
    • The state of the art green hydrogen pilot project has the capability to cater to the high-velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) coating facility of NJHPS to meet its combustion fuel requirements.
    3. Covered on 20th March 2024:Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas(MoPNG), launched Ethanol 100 (E100 Fuel), a cleaner, greener automotive fuel alternative to gasoline.
    4. Covered on 9th January 2024:Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has tested a 100-watt(W) class Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel-based Power System (FCPS) to assess its operation in space and to collect data to facilitate the design of systems for future missions.
    • The test was carried out in ISRO’s orbital platform, PSLV Orbital Experimental Module-3 (POEM3) which was launched onboard Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-C58.

  9. In May 2024, the XRISM (X-Ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and _________ discovered the presence of iron fingerprints in the active galaxy NGC 4151.
    1) Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
    2) China National Space Administration ( CNSA)
    3) Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
    4) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
    5) Korea Aerospace Administration (KASA)
    Answer-4) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
    XRISM (X-Ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission), an X-ray space telescope mission of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have discovered the presence of Iron fingerprints in the active galaxy NGC 4151.
    • The resulting spectrum reveals the presence of iron in the peak around 6.5 kiloelectron volt (keV) and the dips around 7 keV, light thousands of times more energetic.
    • About NGC 4151: NGC 4151 is a spiral galaxy, around 43 million light-years away in the northern constellation Canes Venatici. The supermassive black hole at its centre holds more than 20 million times the Sun’s mass.
    Option Revision:
    1. Covered on 6th January 2024: ISRO successfully performed the crucial manoeuvre(final manoeuvre) of injecting the Aditya-L1 spacecraft, India’s first space-based observatory-class solar probe to study the Sun, into the halo orbit around Lagrangian point 1 (L1).
    2. Covered on 20th March 2024, China National Space Administration (CNSA) launched a Long March-8 rocket carrying Queqiao-2, a relay satellite designed to provide Earth-Moon communication services
    3. Covered on 11th April 2024, Russian space agency Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities(ROSCOSMOS) successfully launched the 1st Angara-A5 space rocket from the launch pad in Vostochny Cosmodrome in the far eastern Amur region, Russia.

  10. When was the National Technology Day 2024 observed across India?
    1) 25th April
    2) 23rd August
    3) 4th October
    4) 11th May
    5) 25th March
    Answer-4) 11th May
    National Technology Day 2024 was observed across India on 11 May to honour the remarkable achievements of the nation’s scientists, engineers, innovators, and others involved in the field of Science and Technology, and celebrate and recognise the major technological advancements of India.
    • This Day also commemorates the anniversary of the successful nuclear test (Pokhran II) in Pokhran, Rajasthan under the assigned code name Operation Shakti in 1998.
    • 11 May 2024 marks the 26th year of National Technology Day.
    • The 2024 event was celebrated under the theme, Promoting Clean and Green Technologies for a Sustainable Future‘.
    Option Revision:
    1. Covered on 25th April 2024:The International Girls in ICT (Information and Communications Technology) Day is annually observed across the globe on the 4th Thursday of April to inspire and encourage girls and women to pursue studies and careers in ICT and promote bridging the gender digital divide.The International Girls in ICT Day 2024 was observed on 25 April 2024.
    2. Covered on 26th August 2023:Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi declared that 23rd August of every year will be observed as “National Space Day” in India to commemorate the soft landing of Chandrayaan 3 on the Moon.
    3.Covered on 5th October 2023:The United Nations (UN) World Space Week (WSW) is annually observed across the globe from 4th to 10th October to celebrate the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.