Ancient History: Mahajanapada

MAGDHA. (1200 BC TO  321 BC)

HARYANKA   DYNASTY    (600 BC TO 413 BC)
Bhimbisara–  A contemporary of Buddha, he conquered Anga(east Bihar) to gain control over the trade routes with the southern states.
Ajatshatru–          Bimbisara’s son who killed his father and seizedthe throne.

–          Annexed Vaishali and Kosala

Udayin–          He shifted capital from “Rajagriha”  to “Patliputra”.
SHISHUNAGA DYNASTY(413BC TO 345 BC)
Shishu Naga–          He was the viceroy of Banaras who founded Shishunaga Dynasty

–          The most famous event was, the capital was shiftedto Vaishali.

Kala Ashok–  Second Buddhist council held during his rein
NANDA DYNASTY(345 BC TO 321 BC)
MahapadmanandaIt is considered first of the non-Kshatriya

dynasties.

Bhadrasal or DhananandaAlexander attacked India during the reign of

Dhana Nanda

MAURYANS DYNASTY(324 BC TO 184 BC)
Chandragupta Maurya–          Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of Mauryan dynasty. Also known as Sandrocottus(kind towards friends) by Greek scholars.

–          According to the Jain work Parishista-parvan, Chandragupta converted to Jainism in the end years of his life and went to south near Sravanbelgolawith his Guru Bhadrabahu.

–          “Megasthenes” a famous Greek Historian travelled during his rein.

BindusaraBindusara did not make any territorial conquest and towards the time of his death he joined the Ajivika sect
Ashoka–          Ashoka (273-232 B.C.) had served as governor of

–          Taxila and Ujjain previously.

–          He used Brahmi ,Kharoshthi, Aramic and Greek in his inscriptions.

–          He sent his son “Mahindra” and daughter “ Sanghmitra” to Cylon(Sri lanka).

–          His empire covered the whole territory from Hindukush to Bengal and extended over to Afghanistan, Baluchistan and the whole of Indiawith the exception of a small area in the farthest south comprising of Kerela

–          Ashoka died in 232 B.C. and with him departed theglory of Mauryan Empire.

Kunal–  Became blind after some time
Dasrath–  He split the kingdom and made Tashila his capital
Sampriti–  Unified the kingdom.
Bridrath–  Last king of Mauryan dynasty.
SUNGH   DYNASTY(185 BC TO 73 BC)
PushyamitraSungh–   He killed Bridrath
Agnimitra–  He was the hero of KalidasMalavikagnimitram.

– Patanjali’s classic “Mahabhaya ” written at his time.

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