Current Affairs PDF

Ancient History: Mahajanapada

AffairsCloud YouTube Channel - Click Here

AffairsCloud APP Click Here

MAGDHA. (1200 BC TO  321 BC)

HARYANKA   DYNASTY    (600 BC TO 413 BC)
Bhimbisara –  A contemporary of Buddha, he conquered Anga(east Bihar) to gain control over the trade routes with the southern states.
Ajatshatru –          Bimbisara’s son who killed his father and seizedthe throne.

–          Annexed Vaishali and Kosala

Udayin –          He shifted capital from “Rajagriha”  to “Patliputra”.
SHISHUNAGA DYNASTY(413BC TO 345 BC)
Shishu Naga –          He was the viceroy of Banaras who founded Shishunaga Dynasty

–          The most famous event was, the capital was shiftedto Vaishali.

Kala Ashok –  Second Buddhist council held during his rein
NANDA DYNASTY(345 BC TO 321 BC)
Mahapadmananda It is considered first of the non-Kshatriya

dynasties.

Bhadrasal or Dhanananda Alexander attacked India during the reign of

Dhana Nanda

MAURYANS DYNASTY(324 BC TO 184 BC)
Chandragupta Maurya –          Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of Mauryan dynasty. Also known as Sandrocottus(kind towards friends) by Greek scholars.

–          According to the Jain work Parishista-parvan, Chandragupta converted to Jainism in the end years of his life and went to south near Sravanbelgolawith his Guru Bhadrabahu.

–          “Megasthenes” a famous Greek Historian travelled during his rein.

Bindusara Bindusara did not make any territorial conquest and towards the time of his death he joined the Ajivika sect
Ashoka –          Ashoka (273-232 B.C.) had served as governor of

–          Taxila and Ujjain previously.

–          He used Brahmi ,Kharoshthi, Aramic and Greek in his inscriptions.

–          He sent his son “Mahindra” and daughter “ Sanghmitra” to Cylon(Sri lanka).

–          His empire covered the whole territory from Hindukush to Bengal and extended over to Afghanistan, Baluchistan and the whole of Indiawith the exception of a small area in the farthest south comprising of Kerela

–          Ashoka died in 232 B.C. and with him departed theglory of Mauryan Empire.

Kunal –  Became blind after some time
Dasrath –  He split the kingdom and made Tashila his capital
Sampriti –  Unified the kingdom.
Bridrath –  Last king of Mauryan dynasty.
SUNGH   DYNASTY(185 BC TO 73 BC)
PushyamitraSungh –   He killed Bridrath
Agnimitra –  He was the hero of KalidasMalavikagnimitram.

– Patanjali’s classic “Mahabhaya ” written at his time.