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40 million Indians at risk from rising sea levels: UNEP

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Highlights of Global Environmental Outlook Report:

According to the UN environment report over 40 million people in India will be put at risk from rising sea levels by 2050.

  • The Report points out Mumbai and Kolkata having the maximum exposure to coastal flooding in future due to rapid urbanisation and economic growth.UNEP Report
  • Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines,are expected to have storm surge with a combined total of over 58 million people at risk by 2050.
  • The report also emphasized that global urban populations are projected to scale up by 5 billion by 2050, with nearly 90 per cent of the increase in Asia and Africa.

Countries in Asia will face Risk:

Seven of the 10 most vulnerable countries worldwide are in the Asia Pacific region.

S.NoCountryEstimated People Under Risk
1India40 million
2Bangladesh25 million
3China20 million
4Philippines15 million

Exposure to Coastal Flooding:

It warned that by 2070 the following cities projected to have coastal flooding in 2070 due to their fixed location.

S.No                       CityCountry
1Mumbai and KolkataIndia
2Guangzhou and ShanghaiChina
6Ho Chi Minh City and HaiPhongVietnam

United Nations Environment Programme:

  • Formation: 1972
  • Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Head: Germany Achim Steiner.