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40 million Indians at risk from rising sea levels: UNEP

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Highlights of Global Environmental Outlook Report:

According to the UN environment report over 40 million people in India will be put at risk from rising sea levels by 2050.

  • The Report points out Mumbai and Kolkata having the maximum exposure to coastal flooding in future due to rapid urbanisation and economic growth.UNEP Report
  • Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines,are expected to have storm surge with a combined total of over 58 million people at risk by 2050.
  • The report also emphasized that global urban populations are projected to scale up by 5 billion by 2050, with nearly 90 per cent of the increase in Asia and Africa.

Countries in Asia will face Risk:

Seven of the 10 most vulnerable countries worldwide are in the Asia Pacific region.

S.No Country Estimated People Under Risk
1 India 40 million
2 Bangladesh 25 million
3 China 20 million
4 Philippines 15 million

Exposure to Coastal Flooding:

It warned that by 2070 the following cities projected to have coastal flooding in 2070 due to their fixed location.

S.No                        City Country
1 Mumbai and Kolkata India
2 Guangzhou and Shanghai China
3 Dhaka Bangladesh
4 Yangon Myanmar
5 Bangkok Thailand
6 Ho Chi Minh City and HaiPhong Vietnam

United Nations Environment Programme:

  • Formation: 1972
  • Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Head: Germany Achim Steiner.