On December 7, 2020, a non-profit, non-governmental organization, Germanwatch has released the 16th edition of Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) i.e. CCPI 2021 for 57 countries and European Union (EU) in which India was ranked at 10th spot with a score of 63.98 out of 100. This was the second consecutive time that India remained in top 10 as it was at 9th position in 2019 with an overall score of 66.02.
- CCPI 2021 uses the data from 2018 to rank the countries.
- The CCPI is assessed under four categories consisting of 14 indicators. The categories are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions (40% of the overall ranking), Renewable Energy-RE (20%), Energy Use (20%) and Climate Policy (20%).
- Notably, the index has placed no country on the first three positions, which states overall very high rating, because countries are not performing well in all index categories. In categories ranking also there are no first three positions.
- Therefore, Sweden got the best ranking among its competitors but overall it is ranked at 4th with a score of 74.42. It topped the ranking in the categories GHG Emissions, Renewable Energy and Climate Policy.
- India received high ratings on all CCPI indicators except renewable energy, where it was categorised as having a ‘medium’ performance.
- The United States of America (USA) ranked last (61st) for the second consecutive year.
Following table shows the key CCPI 2021Postions:
No Countries were ranked in top 3 Positions, the top rank in the CCPI 2021 Index is 4th Rank.
|5||United Kingdom (UK)||69.66|
|61||United States of America (USA)||19.75|
–India ranked 12th in GHG emission category with overall “high” rating while Sweden placed at best spot i.e. 4th.
–In RE category, India positioned at 27th with “medium” rating while Latvia ranked 4th.
–In Energy Use, India again gained “high rating” at 10th position. Ukraine got the 4th spot in this category.
–In the category of Climate Policy, India placed at 13th rank under “high” rating while the Finland ranked in top rank (i.e. 4th rank).
–India’s improved policy framework has been responsible for the country’s good performance but there is a need for long-term planning.
–As no country is doing enough to meet the goals of 2015 Paris agreement therefore greater efforts and actions by governments are needed to be on the track of keeping global warming well below a 2°C increase.
–It helps to access and judge countries’ climate policy, their recent development, current levels and well-below-2 degrees celsius compatibility of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, renewable energies, energy use and their targets for 2030.
About Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI):
Since 2005, it is published annually to track countries’ efforts to combat climate change by enabling comparison of the progress made in climate protection by individual countries.
Recent Related News:
i.The 6th edition of United Kingdom India Business Council’s (UKIBC) Doing Business in India Report 2020 titled “Doing Business in India: The UK Perspective” was virtually launched by the UK Investment Minister Lord Gerry Grimstone. For the third year running, Maharashtra came out as the state with maximum incremental improvement.
ii.According to the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) report, Renewables 2020 – Analysis and Forecast to 2025, India’s Renewable Energy sector will see the largest growth after COVID-19. India will double its green energy capacity addition in 2021 compared to 2020 levels.
Policy Director– Christoph Bals
Location– Bonn & Berlin, Germany