As per the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, 3% of the vacancies in case of direct recruitment to Group A, B, C and D posts shall be reserved for persons with disabilities. The 3% is split equally between persons suffering from- (i) blindness or low vision, (ii) hearing impairment and (iii) locomotor disability or cerebral palsy, in posts identified for each disability.
- Reservation in Promotion for Persons with disability: PWDs are also entitled to reservation in promotions.
- The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is responsible for identifying these posts.
- On October 8, 2013, in a landmark order, the SC had directed the Centre and states to bring into effect within a period of three months, an 18-year-old law mandating 3% reservation for PWD in government jobs.
- National Federation for blind, an NGO working for the rights of the visually impaired, had filed a plea for contempt action against the Union Government in the Supreme Court. The NGO filed the plea on the basis of inaction on part of the government for identifying the posts, though the Act has been enacted since 1995.
- The Supreme Court has refused to launch contempt proceedings against the government and instead, lauded the government’s commitment to fill-up over 15,000 posts identified for Persons with Disability, by 2016.