Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online Reasoning Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating Best question samples from **Machine Input-output**, which is common for all the IBPS, SBI , LIC, and other competitive exams. We have included questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams !!!

**(Directions 1 – 5): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.**

**Input**: cold fold 14 yak 28 41 load 50 70 89 door sold

Step I: yak cold fold 14 28 41 load 50 70 89 door sold

Step II: yak cold fold 28 41 load 50 70 89 door sold 14

Step III: yak sold cold fold 28 41 load 50 70 89 door 14

Step IV: yak sold cold fold 41 load 50 70 89 door 28 14

Step V: yak sold load cold fold 41 50 70 89 door 28 14

Step VI: yak sold load cold fold 50 70 89 door 41 28 14

Step VII: yak sold load fold cold 50 70 89 door 41 28 14

Step VIII: yak sold load fold cold 70 89 door 50 41 28 14

Step IX: yak sold load fold door cold 70 89 50 41 28 14

Step X: yak sold load fold door cold 89 70 50 41 28 14

Step X is the last step for the given input.

As per rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input.

**Input: 46 22 great had 84 38 jack bold 55 93 made candle**

**Which of the following is step VI?**

1) made jack had great 84 bold 93 55 candle 46 38 22

2) made jack great had 84 bold 55 93 candle 38 46 22

3) made jack had great 84 bold 55 93 candle 46 38 22

4) made jack had great 84 bold 55 93 46 candle 38 22

5) made jack great had 84 bold 55 93 46 candle 38 22

###### Answer

Answer –**3) made jack had great 84 bold 55 93 candle 46 38 22**

**Solution:**Words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order and numbers are arranged in descending order. In each step, one operation takes place.

Input: 46 22 great had 84 38 jack bold 55 93 made candle

Step I: made 46 22 great had 84 38 jack bold 55 93 candle

Step II: made 46 great had 84 38 jack bold 55 93 candle 22

Step III: made jack 46 great had 84 38 bold 55 93 candle 22

Step IV: made jack 46 great had 84 bold 55 93 candle 38 22

Step V: made jack had 46 great 84 bold 55 93 candle 38 22

Step VI: made jack had great 84 bold 55 93 candle 46 38 22

Step VII: made jack had great 84 bold 93 candle 55 46 38 22

Step VIII: made jack had great candle 84 bold 93 55 46 38 22

Step IX: made jack had great candle bold 93 84 55 46 38 22

Hence, VI step is made jack had great 84 bold 55 93 candle 46 38 22.

**How many elements are there between ‘great’ and ‘55’ in step III?**

1) Six

2) Four

3) Three

4) Five

5) Seven

###### Answer

Answer –**2) Four**

Hence, four elements are there between ‘great’ and ‘55’ in step III.

**Which word/number is fifth from the right end in step IV?**

1) 55

2) Bold

3) 93

4) Candle

5) 84

###### Answer

Answer –**1) 55**

Hence, ‘55’ is at fifth place from the right end in step IV.

**Which of the following is the last but one step?**

1) made jack had great candle bold 84 93 55 46 38 22

2) made jack had great bold candle 93 84 55 46 38 22

3) made jack had great bold 93 candle 84 55 46 38 22

4) made jack had great candle 84 bold 93 55 46 38 22

5) None of these

###### Answer

Answer –**4) made jack had great candle 84 bold 93 55 46 38 22**

Hence, the last but one step is made jack had great candle 84 bold 93 55 46 38 22.

**Which step number is the following output ‘made jack had great 84 bold 93 candle 55 46 38 22’?**

1) There will be no such step

2) XII

3) IV

4) V

5) VII

###### Answer

Answer –**5) VII**

Hence, ‘made jack had great 84 bold 93 candle 55 46 38 22’ is step number VII.

**Directions (6 – 10): Study the following information to answer the given questions **

A number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers rearranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and re-arrangement.

As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input.

**Input: 105 164 333 584 222 489 176 267 **

**Which of the following element is second to the right of the element which is sixth from the right end in step III?**

1) 30

2) 10

3) None of these

4) 33

5) 28

###### Answer

Answer –**2) 10**

**Solution:**

Step I: Even number is divided by 2 and then subtract by 2, Odd number is divided by 3 and then subtract by 3

Input: 105 164 333 584 222 489 176 267

Step I: 32 80 108 290 109 160 86 86

Step II: +, – , +, -, +, – , +,

Step II: 112 28 398 181 269 74 172

Step III: Sum of all the digits of each number

Step III: 4 10 20 10 17 11 10

Step IV: Odd Number is multiplied by 2, Even number is multiplied by 3.

Step IV: 12 30 60 30 34 22 30

Sixth from the right end in step III: 10

Second to the right of element ‘10’: 10

**Which of the following is the Middle element in the last step?**

1) 30

2) 66

3) 36

4) 34

5) None of these

###### Answer

Answer –**1) 30**

Hence, 30 is the middle element in the last step.

**What will be the resultant if third element from the left end in step II is multiplied by Second element from the right end in step III?**

1) 4278

2) 4378

3) 4468

4) None of these

5) 3378

###### Answer

Answer –**2) 4378**

Hence, the resultant is 4378.

**If all the numbers in the step IV are arranged in ascending order from left to right, then how many numbers are not changed from its previous position?**

1) One

2) Two

3) Three

4) None

5) More than Three

###### Answer

Answer –**2) Two**

Hence, two numbers did not change its previous position.

**What is the sum of all the numbers present in step III?**

1) 80

2) 90

3) 92

4) 82

5) 70

###### Answer

Answer –**4) 82**

Hence, sum of all the numbers of step III is 82.

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