Note: These 27 pesticides that are widely used are part of 66 contentious pesticides that are being reviewed for their toxicity. Already, in 2018, the government had banned 18 of them.
Banning of Insecticides Order, 2020
In May 2020, The Ministry of Agriculture and Family Welfare has issued the draft Banning of Insecticides Order, 2020 that aimed to ban these 27 pesticides
- The draft Order prohibits list of insecticides from import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and no person shall use the prohibited insecticides.
i.Initially the Govt gave 45 days to the industry and pesticide companies to respond to the proposal
ii.This deadline was later extended to 90 days from the date of notification, after the intervention of Union agriculture minister Narendra Singh Tomar.
iii.Even after 90 days, the matter remained pending and now an expert committee has been formed.
Opinion of the Industry about the Ban
No much Objection to ban 4 of 27
i.Of these 27, the industry and companies have no much objection if 4 pesticides namely, methomyl, butachlor, dicofol and dinocap are banned.
ii.But they strongly defend the use of the remaining 23 by submitting scientific evidence.
Export will be affected
i.They export pesticides of Rs 23,000 crore to several countries including the US and these 27 pesticides constitute 40% of it.
ii.The pesticide manufacturers also mention that if ban is implemented the export market will be directly transferred to the Chinese companies.
Additional Financial Burden to Farmers
Besides, the ban will be an additional financial burden on farmers as the price of these controversial pesticides ranges from Rs 275-450 per liter and their alternatives price is Rs 1500-2000 per liter.
About the 27 Pesticides:
The 27 pesticides comprise 12 insecticides, 8 fungicides and 7 herbicides, involving 130 formulations.
List of 27 pesticides– 2,4-D, acephate, atrazine, benfuracarb, butachlor, captan, carbendazin, carbofuran, chlorpyriphos, deltamethrin, dicofol, dimethoate, dinocap, diuron, malathion, mancozeb, methimyl, monocrotophos, oxyfluorfen, pendimethalin, quninalphos, sulfosulfuron, thiodicarb, thiophante methyl, thiram, zineb and ziram.
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