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Current Affairs Today – August 1 2017

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

RCEP trade negotiating Committee meeting held in Hyderabad
19th round of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Trade Negotiating Committee (TNC) meetings and other related meetings were held from 17th to 28th July 2017 in Hyderabad, India.
i. The Meeting was inaugurated by Rita Teaotia, Secretary, Department of Commerce, Government of India on 24 July 2017.
ii. During the 19th round, parallel meetings were held by the three main Working Groups on Trade in Goods, Trade in Services and Investment, including their respective Sub-Working Groups.

Constitution 123rd Amendment Bill passed with amendment in Rajya Sabha
On July 31, 2107, Constitution 123rd Amendment Bill, 2017 for setting up of a National Commission for Backward Classes was passed by Rajya Sabha after dropping an important clause.
i. Rajya Sabha passed the bill by dropping Clause 3 which pertains to the insertion of a new article 338B about the constitution and powers of the National Commission for Backward Classes.
ii. One amendment sought increase in the number of members of the proposed commission from three to five with reservation for a member from a minority community and another for women. Another amendment spoke about protecting the rights of states by making their recommendations binding.

MMR vaccination campaign launched in Kangra
A campaign to protect children from major childhood diseases like measles, mumps and rubella has been started in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh from August 1, 2017.
More Information about MMR Vaccination Campaign:
i. The campaign has been initiated by Dharamshala Municipal Corporation Mayor Rajni Vyas.
ii. Under the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccination programme, all children between the age of nine months to 15 years shall be vaccinated.
iii. All government and private schools as well as aanganwaadis shall be covered under the programme by well-trained health officials.

SC bans use of five metals in Firecrackers
The Supreme Court has imposed a ban on the use of five harmful heavy metals like lithium, antimony, mercury, arsenic and lead in the manufacturing of firecrackers as they cause air and noise pollution.
Key Points:
i. The Supreme Court maintained that it is the responsibility of the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) to ensure compliance of ban particularly in Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu where there are a large number of firecracker manufacturers.
ii. The court also asked CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) and PESO to make collaborative efforts for setting up standards with regards to air pollution caused by the bursting of fire crackers.
iii. The Supreme Court order came on a 2015 petition filed by three Delhi children who had requested the court to involve regulating the use of crackers and fireworks during festivals like Diwali.
About Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO):
♦ PESO is a department that controls and administersmanufacture, storage, transport and handling of explosives, petroleum, compressed gasses and other hazardous substances in India.
♦ It is headed by Chief Controller of Explosives and is headquartered at Nagpur, Maharashtra.
♦ It functions under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

PM Modi announces Rs.2,350 crore relief package for floods in North East region
The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has announced a package of Rs 2350 crore for relief, rehabilitation and building flood mitigation infrastructure in the flood-affected North-Eastern states including Assam on 1st August 2017.
Key Points:
i. The PM announced to set up a high-powered committee to find a long-term solution to the flood and erosion problem in the North east region.
ii. Out of the Rs 2350 crore announced by the PM, Rs 1200 crore will be given by the Union.
iii. He said the committee would get in touch with even the flood-hit people in the ground.
iv. The Union Government will also provide Rs 100 crore for carrying out the study by the high-powered committee to synergize efforts towards finding time-bound long term solutions to recurrent floods in the region.
v. The funds will be utilized for repair, maintenance, and strengthening of roads, highways, bridges, and other damaged infrastructure.
vi. In the current financial year, the Union Government has approved Rs 600 crore as central share of SDRF for Assam.
vii. Out of this, Rs 350 crore has already been released, and the remaining Rs 250 crore (included in the total Rs 2350 crore package) will be released immediately, to assist the flood-hit state in relief and rehabilitation work.
viii. The PM had already announced Rs 2 lakh ex-gratia against each of the flood caused death in Assam besides Rs 50,000 for each of the injured.
ix. The announcements came immediately after the PM chaired a series of high-level meetings in which the Prime Minister reviewed the flood situation and flood damages undertaken by the flood-affected state governments in the region.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

India, China home to 39% of young Internet users – UN report
As per ICT Facts and Figures 2017’, released by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the United Nations specialised agency for Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), India and China are home to 39% of the 830 million young people worldwide who use the Internet.
i. As per the report, there has been a significant increase in broadband access and subscriptions with China leading the way.
ii. Youths (15-24 years old) are at the forefront of Internet adoption. In Least Developed Countries (LDCs), up to 35% of individuals using the Internet are aged 15-24, compared with 13% in developed countries and 23% globally.

China opens its first overseas Military base in Djibouti
China has formally launched its first overseas naval facility in Djibouti, an East African nation.
Key Points:
i. Five Chinese formations and Djibouti’s Three Services HonorGuard took part in the launch ceremony on 1st of August 2017.
ii. The event marked the 90th anniversary of the Chinese military.
iii. The base is set to enable China to better support its patrols in waters off Somalia and Yemen and carry out international humanitarian operations as well as naval exercises.
iv. More than 300 people attended the ceremony, including deputy Chinese naval commander Tian Zhong and Djibouti’s defense minister.
v. This year, the Chinese military industry commissioned China’s first aircraft carrier, Liaoning, with the second carrier of the same class on the way in coming years.
vi. According to the Chinese press, the Navy is also expecting a third carrier, the nuclear-powered Type 003, to enter service soon.
vii. In mid-July, the Type 052D missile destroyer Changsha, missile frigate Yungchen, and auxiliary ship Luomahu arrived in the Baltic Sea for joint exercises with the Russian Navy.
About Djibouti
♦ Djibouti is a tiny East African nation of around 887,000 people, is between Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia.
♦ It also hosts US, French, and Japanese military bases, taking advantage of the country’s strategic location at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, near the Suez Canal.
♦ The US Navy maintains a sizeable expeditionary base, Camp Lemonnier, at Djibouti’s Ambouli International Airport.

BANKING & FINANCE

Airtel Payment Bank ties up with HPCL for ATM services
Airtel Payments Bank, India’s first payments bank has announced a strategic partnership with Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) on 1st of August 2017.
Key Points:
i. Under which 14,000 HPCL fuel stations will act as banking points for Airtel Payments Bank. 
ii. It also offer facilities such as opening of account, cash deposit and cash withdrawal to the payment bank’s customers.
iii. Airtel Payments Bank customers will also be able to make digital payments for fuel purchases across 14,000 HPCL fuel stations by using their mobile phones.
iv. These cashless payments can be made via smartphones (MyAirtel App) as well as feature phones (USSD).
v. There is no transaction fee for these digital payments
Airtel Payments Bank’s range of services include:
(a) Digital Banking: Paperless account opening using Aadhaar based e-KYC.
(b)The customer’s mobile number will be his/her bank account number.
(c)Interest rate of 7.25% per annum on deposits in savings accounts.
(d)Money transfer to any bank account in India (free money transfer from Airtel-to-Airtel numbers within Airtel Payments Bank).
(e)Free personal accidental insurance of Rs 1 lakh with every savings Account.
(f)Deposit and withdrawal facility across a wide network of Airtel retail outlets.

BUSINESS

India-Bhutan New Trade and Transit agreement come into force
The new bilateral Agreement on Trade Commerce and Transit between India and Bhutan came into force on 29th July 2017.
Key Notes:
i. The agreement was last renewed on 29th July 2006 for ten years.
ii. The validity of the same was extended (with effect from July 29, 2016) for one year or till the new agreement comes into force, through the exchange of diplomatic notes.
It aims to further strengthen the bilateral trade relations between both countries.
iii. The agreement provides for a free trade regime between the territories of India and Bhutan.
iv. The bilateral trade relations between India and Bhutan are governed by the Agreement on Trade, Commerce, and Transit.
v. It also provides for a duty-free transit of Bhutanese merchandise for trade with third countries.
vi. The new agreement was signed on 12th November 2016 by the Minister of State (IC), Ministry of Commerce and Industry on behalf of the Government of India.
vii. As per the pact’s provisions, it has come into force with effect from 29 July 2017, a date that was mutually decided by the two nations.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Mukesh Ambani becomes Asia’s 2nd richest person
Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani has become Asia’s 2nd richest person announced on 1st of August 2017.Ambani Net worth is $35.2 billion.
Key Points:
.He has overtaken Hong Kong business magnate Li Ka-shing to become Asia’s second-richest man.
ii. According to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, Ambani’s wealth has seen a rise of $12.1 billion with the oil-to telecom conglomerate’s shares.
iii. LiKa-shing is the richest man in Hong Kong with a business empire that ranges from telecommunications to retail and port.
iv. Mukesh Ambani has announced the launch of the JioPhone. The phone is effectively free for buyers.
v. The buyers will have to pay a refundable security deposit of Rs 1,500 which will be returned to the consumers after a period of 36 months.
vi. According to government data Jio took just nine months after launching with a free introductory offer to rope in 117.3 million users and become India’s fourth-largest operator.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Sameer Garde named Cisco president for India, Saarc region
Tech giant Cisco has named Sameer Garde as President for its India and Saarc operations announced on 31st of July 2017.
Key Points:
i. Garde would join the company on 1st August 2017. He succeeds Dinesh Malkani.
ii. He will be responsible for Cisco’s senior-level external engagement, including those with government and industry associations

NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya resigns
Arvind Panagariya, the first vice-chairman of NITI Aayog announced his resignation from office on 1st of August 2017.
Key Points:
i. Arvind was considered to be Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s personal pick for economic reforms.
ii. He said he has written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi to relieve him of his duties by 31st August as he was not getting an extension of leave from Columbia University.
iii. He is an economist and a professor of economics at Columbia University.
ivPanagariya has earlier been the Chief Economist of the Asian Development Bank and a Professor of Economics and Co-director, Centre for International Economics, the University of Maryland at College Park.
v. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Economics from Princeton University and was a vocal supporter of Gujarat ‘model’ of development.
viPanagariya has also worked for the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organisation, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in various capacities.
vii. He has also written and edited 10 books, his latest being India: The Emerging Giant, which was published in March 2008 by the Oxford University Press, New York.
Viii. The book has been described as the ‘a tour de horizon and a tour de force’ by Jagdish Bhagwati.
About NITI Ayog
♦ NITI Aayog or the National Institution for Transforming India is a Government of India policy think-tank established by the BJP government to replace the Planning Commission which followed the top-down model.
♦ Formed: 1 January 2015
♦ Headquarter : New Delhi

Lt.Gen. Abhay Krishna new Eastern Command chief
Lt General Abhay Krishna has appointed as the Chief of the Indian Army’s Eastern Command on 1st of August 2017.
Key Points:
i. Krishna succeeds Lt Gen Praveen Bakshi who has retired from service.
ii. He was currently serving as the Head of the Army’s Jaipur-based Southwestern Command.
iii. He has served four tenures along the Line of Actual Control on the northern borders and commanded an infantry battalion in Sikkim.
iv. He had also commanded an infantry division and a Corps in the Northeast.
v. He is a gallantry award winner in counter insurgency operations in Manipur and commanded Rashtriya Rifles Battalion in the Kashmir Valley.
vi. He had also served two tenures as UN observer in Mozambique and Rawanda and another in Burundi.
vii. He was responsible for planning operations as Brigadier General Staff of the Dimapur-based 3 Corps.
viii. The appointment of Krishna comes at a time when India is facing a stand-off with Chinese troops along the Sikkim sector.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Jeep Compass SUV launched in India
The all-new Jeep Compass SUV has been finally launched in India with prices starting at a very competitive Rs. 14.95 lakh for the entry-level Sport petrol and goes up to Rs. 20.65 lakh (ex-showroom) for the range-topping diesel.
Key Points:
i. The all-new Jeep Compass SUV will be offered in a total of three variants – Sport, Longitude and Limited.
ii. It will be available in both petrol and diesel engine options.
iii. The company has already secured bookings of over 5000 units and 38000 enquiries for Compass.
iv. It is available in 10 different variants and 5 colours. The Compass SUV is available in both 4X2 and 4X4 version.
v. The vehicle is powered by a 1.4-litre multi-air turbocharged petrol engine and 2 litremultijet Diesel engine.
vi. The Jeep Compass will be retailed out of 50 sales outlets including FCA and Jeep Destination store across 47 cities.

ENVIRONMENT

Earth to warm 2 degrees Celsius by end of this century says Study
As per two different studies, using entirely different methods published in the journal Nature Climate Change, the global temperature is likely to rise more than 2 degrees Celsius by the end of this century.
i. One study used statistical analysis to show that there is a 95% chance that Earth will warm more than 2 degrees at century’s end, and a 1% chance that it’s below 1.5 Celsius.
ii. As per this study, the likely range of global temperature increase is 2.0-4.9 degrees Celsius and the median forecast is 3.2 C.

SPORTS

ICC Rankings: Ravindra Jadeja maintains Top Position, Virat stays 5th
According to the latest ICC Test Rankings Ravindra Jadeja maintained his top position in the bowlers’ list while India skipper Virat Kohli remained stayed at fifth place in the batting charts released on 1st of August 2017.
Key Points:
i. In the batsmen’s rankings, Cheteshwar Pujara is the top-ranked Indian at the 4th position while opener Shikhar Dhawan climbed 21 places to be ranked 39th.
ii. The batting list is being topped by Australia captain Steve Smith followed by England’s Joe Root and New Zealand’s Kane Williamson.
iii. In the bowlers’ chart, Ravichandran Ashwin replaced Sri Lanka captain Rangana Herath to claim the second spot back.
iv. Herath is third in the rankings. Pacer Mohammed Shami gained a place to be 23rd.
v. In the all-rounders’ list Jadeja and Ashwin also maintained second and third ranks respectively.
vi. Bangladesh’s Shakib Al Hasan is still maintained at the top of the table.South Africa’s Vernon Philander to take fifth position in the list of all-rounders.
vii. England all-rounder Ben Stokes moved up 12 places to joint-25th position in the rankings for batsmen and also gained two places to reach 19th position.
viii. Jonny Bairstow has gained three slots to reach 9th position and Opening batsman Alastair Cook has moved up three places to 12th position.
ix. James Anderson up one place to joint-third and Moeen Ali up one place to 18th.

Summer Olympics Host : Paris gets – 2024 , Los Angels – 2028
Paris will host the 2024 Summer OlympicsGames. Los Angeles will host the 2028 Summer Olympics after reaching a deal with Olympic organizers, the Los Angeles Times reported on 31st of July 2017.
Key Points:
i. The IOC welcomes this decision of the Los Angeles Olympic and Paralympic Candidature Committee.
ii. The Los Angeles Olympic and Paralympic bid committee in cooperation with the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
iii. IOC president- Thomas Bach

OBITUARY

Eminent Dhrupad singer Ustad SayeeduddinDagar passes away at 78
Ustad Hussain Sayeeduddin Dagar, one of the foremost exponents of the Dhrupad tradition, died on 30th of July 2017.He was 78.
Key Points:
i. Sayeeduddin Dagar was born in Rajasthan on 29th April 1939 and was part of the illustrious Dagar family of musicians.
ii. He was the youngest of the famous seven ‘Dagar Bandhus’ and had dedicated his life to keeping the Dhrupad tradition alive.
iii. His first guru was his father Ustad Hussainuddin Khan Dagar.Dagarwas also President of Dhrupad Society Jaipur and Pune.
iv. Ustad Sayeedudd in Dagar had performed at some of the most prestigious venues and festivals in India and abroad, including the Tansen Samaroh, Savai Gandharva, Dhrupad Samaroh.
v. He conducted workshops and interactive lecture demonstrations on Dhrupad in India and twice a year in Holland, Germany, France and Belgium.

IMPORTANT DAYS

Non-Cooperation Movement Day – August 1, 2017
The Non-cooperation movement was launched on 1st August 1920 by the Indian National Congress (INC) under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. It signified a new chapter in the history of Indian freedom struggle.
Key Points:
i. On his monthly “Mann Ki Baat” programmme, Modi said August was a month of revolution, the non-cooperation movement was launched on 1st August 1920, Quit India movement on 9th August 1942, and India became independent on 15th August 1947.
ii. He mentioned that this year’s 15th August should be celebrated as SankalpParv or the day of resolve and in 2022 marking 75 years of freedom, the nation would certainly transform into “siddhi”.
iii .The non-cooperation movement was a decisive step in the independence movement because for the first time, the INC was ready to forego constitutional means to achieve self-rule.
Features of the non-cooperation movement
(a) The movement was essentially a peaceful and non-violent protest against the British government in India.
(b) Indians were asked to relinquish their titles and resign from nominated seats in the local bodies as a mark of protest.
(c) People were asked to resign from their government jobs and People were asked to withdraw their children from government-controlled or aided schools and colleges.
(d) People were asked to boycott foreign goods and use only Indian-made goods and were asked to boycott the elections to the legislative councils and were asked not to serve in the British army.
(e) It was also planned that if the above steps did not bring results, people would refuse to pay their taxes.
(f) The INC also demanded Swarajya or self-government.
iv. The five years from 1942 to 1947 were decisive for country’s Independence, these five years from 2017 to 2022 must play decisive role for future. 
v. PM Modi added the younger generations must know about the history. The sacrifices of freedom fighters between years 1857 to 1942 inspire us to build great nation. The nation kept on fighting to uproot the British rule.

World breastfeeding week – August 1-7,  2017
World breastfeeding week 2017 is being celebrated from 1st to 7th August 2017 with the theme “Sustaining Breastfeeding Together”.
About World Breastfeeding Week (WBW):
i. World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is an annual celebration which is being held every year from 1 to 7 August.
ii. It was first celebrated in 1992 by World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA) and is now observed in over 120 countries by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO) and their partners including individuals, organizations, and governments.
iii. Goal of WBW is to promote exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life which yields tremendous health benefits, providing critical nutrients, protection from deadly diseases such as pneumonia and fosters growth and development

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