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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

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UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Heritage Sites is the designation for places on Earth that are of outstanding universal value to humanity. UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of United Nations. UNESCO was created for the conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science. As of now there are 38 world Heritage Sites in India that include 30 cultural sites and 7 Natural Sites and 1 Mixed Site. The world Heritage Sites remain the most important topic in general knowledge for all competitive exam. Aspirants should know all the UNESCO Heritage Sites to crack the upcoming competitive exams like SSC, RRB, Bank, UPSC, etc. The below table consists of names of the Sites, location and the year of inscription.

unesco world heritage sites in india
List of 30 Cultural Heritage Sites.

Name of the Site Location Year of Inscription
Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh 1989
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat 2004
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) Maharashtra 2004
Churches and Convents of Goa Goa 1986
Elephanta Caves Maharashtra 1987
Ellora Cave Maharashtra 1983
Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
Great Living Chola Temples Tamil Nadu 1987
Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka 1986
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu 1984
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka 1987
Hill Forts of Rajasthan Rajasthan 2013
Historic City of Ahmedabad Gujarat 2017
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi Delhi 1993
Jaipur City, Rajasthan Rajasthan 2019
Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh 1986
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar 2002
Mountain Railways of India Darjeeling, West Bengal
Nilgiri, Tamil Nadu
Kalka-Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi Delhi 1993
Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) Gujarat 2014
Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh 2003
Sun Temple, Konârak Orissa 1984
Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur Rajasthan 2010
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier Chandigarh 2016
Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) Bihar 2016
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai Maharashtra 2018

List of 7 Natural Heritage Sites 

Name Of the Site Location Year of Inscription
Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area Himachal Pradesh 2014
Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1985
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 1985
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Uttarakhand 1988
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1987
Western Ghats Covers Four states
(Kerala ,Karnataka,Tamilnadu and Maharashtra)

One Mixed Heritage Sites

Name Of the Site Location Year of Inscription
Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016

Note: In the case of western ghats a  total of thirty nine properties (including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests) were designated as world heritage sites – twenty in the state of Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra

Also there is a  tentative list of world heritage sites in India, which is already mentioned in the given below link.

Three new sites added in 2016: Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) in Bihar ,The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier in Chandigarh and Khangchendzonga National Park in Sikkim.

In 2017, the Walled City of Ahmedabad, founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah in the 15th century, has been declared India’s first World Heritage City.

Indian Monuments and Sites Nominated for UNESCO Heritage sites