Monday, January 20, 2020

GA Questions Asked in IBPS Clerk Mains Exam 2020 – 90% Questions Covered by AC

IBPS Clerk Mains GA Questions 2019-2020: GA questions asked in IBPS clerk mains exam 2020 held on 19th January 2020 is listed below. The questions were listed purely based on the feedback of aspirants.

GA Questions Asked in IBPS Clerk Mains Exam 2020

 

GA Questions Asked in IBPS Clerk Main Exam 2020 – 99% Accurate Questions

90% Questions are Covered by AffairsCloud

1.Headquarters of IAEA?
Ans: Vienna, Austria.
Status: Covered (Current Static GK)
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-october-30-2019/

2.Headquarters of SWIFT?
Ans: Belgium.
Status: Not Covered (Particular point has been missed out) (Current Static GK)
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-november-17-18-2019/

3.Vijay Kumar Iyer appointed as liquidator of which payments bank?
Ans: Aditya Birla idea payments bank.
Status: Not Covered –  Reason: The news has been missed out, will assure further enhanced accuracy in news coverage.

4.India’s tree and forest cover which is now is what percent of total geographical area in India?
Ans: 24.39%
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/16th-isfr-2019-by-fsi-released-in-new-delhi-total-forest-tree-cover-rises-to-24-56/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-31-2019/

5.Who is the awardee of the Nobel prize for literature 2019?
Ans: Peter Handke.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-october-10-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-october-10-2019/

6.Recently who won the rapid chess championship?
Ans: Koneru Humpy.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-january-3-2020/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-3-2020/

7.Which organisation will build 5 young scientist laboratories?
Ans: DRDO.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/overview-of-pm-modis-2-day-visit-to-karnataka/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-4-2020/

8.Cricketer Peter Siddle belongs to which country?
Ans: Australia.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-december-31-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-31-2019/

9.As per Payments system vision 2019-2021, no. of digital transactions is expected to increase from 2069 crore in December 2018 to ____ crore in December 2021?
Ans: 8707 crore.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/as-per-rbi-digital-transactions-will-rise-four-times-by-2021/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-june-17-2019/

10.How much percentageDigital payments constitute out of total non-cash retail payments during the period October 2018 to September 2019?
Ans: 96%
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/banks-cannot-charge-on-neft-transactions-from-january-2020-rbi/

11.Which city was adjudged as the cleanest city as per swacch survekshan league 2020?
Ans: Indore,Madhya Pradesh.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/5th-swachh-survekshan-league-2020-indore-tops-ranking-among-cities-having-10lac-population/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-1-2-2019/

12.Exercise tiger triumph was conducted between India and which country?
Ans: USA.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-september-24-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-september-24-2019/

13.What is the minimum paid-up capital required for an urban cooperative bank to voluntarily convert into a small finance bank?
Ans: Initially Rs.100 crore.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/rbi-offers-final-guidelines-for-on-tap-licence-to-small-finance-bankssfb/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-6-2019/

14.Which of the following day was observed for the first time on February 10,2019?
Ans: World pulses day.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-february-11-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-february-11-2019/

15.Konark dance festival occuring in the month of December is celebrated in which Indian state?
Ans: Odisha.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-december-1-2-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-1-2-2019/

16.By which year India will achieve target of 175GW renewable energy generation?
Ans: 2022.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-october-13-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-october-13-2019/

17.The Pradhan mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana provides RS.2000 to farmers in how many monthly installments?
Ans: 3 monthly installments in 4 quarters.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/overview-of-pm-modis-2-day-visit-to-karnataka/

18.Jan 12- national youth day is the birth anniversary of which person?
Ans: Swami Vivekananda.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/national-youth-day-marking-157th-birth-anniversary-of-vivekananda-observed-on-january-12-2020/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-12-13-2020/

19.What is the profession of vidhya Sinha?
Ans: Actress.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-august-15-2019/

20.Training to astronauts for the gaganyaan mission will be provided in which country?
Ans: Russia.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/critical-components-to-indias-gaganyaan-mission-to-be-supplied-by-russia/

21.The atal tunnel which will become the world’s longest tunnel above 3000m of sea level will provide connectivity from Manali of Himachal Pradesh and _____?
Ans: Leh,Ladakh.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/prime-minister-modi-launched-atal-bhujal-yojana/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-25-26-2019/

22.Which bank will be the lead bank convenor in Jammu and Kashmir ?
Ans: Jammu and Kashmir bank.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-december-27-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-27-2019/

23.What is the fixed maturity series of Bharat bond ETF?
Ans: 3yrs and 10yrs.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/edelweiss-amc-launches-indias-1st-corporate-bond-called-bharat-bond-etf/

24.Recently sports personality Seema was banned by national anti doping agency. She is associated with which sports?
Ans: weightlifting.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-december-30-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-30-2019/

25.Hemant Soren has been appointed as the chief minister of which state?
Ans: Jharkhand.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-december-30-2019/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-30-2019/

26.Punjab national bank was proposed to be amalgamated with which bank?
Ans: oriental bank of commerce & United bank of India.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/10-public-sector-banks-merged-into-four-large-entities-nirmala-sitharaman/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-august-31-2019/

27.The govt plans to launch new rocket launch pad in which Indian state?
Ans: Tamil nadu.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-1-2-2019/  – (STATIC GK Quiz based on Current Affairs)

28.In which state the great Himalayan national park is located?
Ans: Himachal Pradesh.
Status: Covered (Current Static GK)
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-december-10-2019/

29.107th indian science Congress was held in which city?
Ans: Bengaluru, Karnataka.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/highlights-of-107th-indian-science-congress-held-in-bengaluru-karnataka/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-8-2020/

30.Brasilia is the capital of which country?
Ans: Federative Republic of Brazil.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/overview-of-cabinet-approvals-with-foreign-countries-on-december-24-2019/

31.What does M stand for in MANI app launched for the visually challenged people?
Ans: Mobile Aided Note Identifier.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/rbi-governor-launched-mani-app-for-visually-challenged-to-identify-currency-notes/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-1-2-2019/

32.What was the theme of Delhi book fair 2020?
Ans: Gandhi: the writers’ writer.
Status: Not Covered – Reason: The news been shortlisted in Group News, but not published yet.

33.What does M stand for in MDR?
Ans: Merchant Discount Rate.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/fm-launched-ebkray-platform-in-delhi-no-mdr-charges-on-payment-via-rupay-upi-from-jan-1-2020/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-30-2019/

34.After Neft was made available 24*7, NEFT transactions will now take place in how many batches per day?
Ans: 48 half hourly batches in a day.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/neft-transaction-facility-to-be-available-24×7-for-customers-from-december-16-2019-rbi/

35.Where is the headquarters of new development bank?
Ans: Shanghai,China.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/new-development-bank-ndb-approves-2-projects-of-brazil-india-worth-800-million/

36.What is the maximum limit in kishore category of PM mudra Yojana?
Ans: Maximum limit: Rs. 5 Lakh.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/loans-sanctioned-under-pradhan-mantri-mudra-yojana-crossed-%e2%82%b9-10-lakh-cr-value/

37.In which state kudankulam nuclear power plant is located?
Ans: Tamil Nadu.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-october-19-2019/ – (STATIC GK Quiz based on Current Affairs)

38.Which was the first world heritage indian city inducted in 2017?
Ans: Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Status: Covered (Current Static GK)
https://affairscloud.com/pink-city-jaipur-declared-as-a-world-heritage-site-by-unesco/

39.Which bank in partnership with First Hive, a cross-channel marketing platform, has launched SME Empower, an online marketplace catering exclusively to small and medium enterprises ?
Ans: ICICI Bank.
Status: Not Covered – Reason: The news has been missed out, will assure further enhanced accuracy in news coverage.

40.RBI has asked banks to extend PoS cash withdrawal facility up to _______ per day in Tier-III to VI centres
Ans: Rs 2,000.
Status: Not Covered – Reason: The news has been missed out, will assure further enhanced accuracy in news coverage.

41.An urban cooperative bank’s exposure limits will be revised to 10 percent and 25 percent of its Tier-I capital for single borrower/party and a group of connected borrowers/parties, respectively. They will also have to lower their existing exposures in excess of the revised limits by ______?
Ans: March 31, 2023.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/reserve-bank-releases-draft-circular-on-loan-exposure-limits-psl-threshold-for-ucbs/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-december-31-2019/

42.CLCSS Scheme is to facilitate technology up-gradation in MSEs by providing an upfront capital subsidy of ______.
Ans: up to Rs 1 crore.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/msme-ministry-launched-updated-credit-linked-capital-subsidy-scheme-clcss/

43.Top batsman in ICC test batting rankings in December 2019?
Ans: Virat Kohli.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/kohli-continues-at-no-1-rahane-pujara-slips-icc-mens-test-rankings-2020/
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-quiz-january-10-2020/

44.RBI has increased the timeline for the conversion of minimum KYC detail for prepaid payment instruments (PPIs) to full KYC compliant PPIs from 18 months to ______? the
Ans: 24 months.
Status: Not Covered (Particular point has been missed out)
https://affairscloud.com/current-affairs-august-31-2019/

45.Universal Sompo General Insurance Company launched the “Super Health care policy” with which bank____?
Ans: Allahabad Bank.(January 2020)
Status: Not Covered Reason: News Missed in reputed news channels

46.Which organisation has put 450 of its patents for free access to industries for commercial exploitation?
Ans: DRDO.
Status: Not Covered – Reason: The news has been missed out, will assure further enhanced accuracy in news coverage. (Big Mistake Done by AC News Research Team)

47.To how many sub sectors, CLCSS provides investment for technology upgradation in MSME
Ans: 51 sub sectors
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/msme-ministry-launched-updated-credit-linked-capital-subsidy-scheme-clcss/

48.According to RBI, the interest rate linked to an external benchmark has to be revised at least once in how many months?
Ans: 3 months.
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/loans-will-be-cheaper-from-october-1-2019-as-rbi-makes-repo-linked-interest-rates-mandatory/

49.What is the name given to a type of mutual fund or exchange-traded fund (ETF) that emphasizes current income, either on a monthly or quarterly basis, as opposed to capital gains or appreciation?
Ans: Income fund (Static Banking Awareness)

50. RBI introduced semi closed prepaid payment instrument to enhance digital payments at local shops and retail outlets for the purchase of daily household goods and services. What is the monthly rechargeable limit of PPI?
Ans: Rs.10,000
Status: Covered
https://affairscloud.com/rbi-launches-new-ppi-for-digital-transactions-up-to-rs-10000-month/

We are learning from Our Mistakes

Current Affairs January 19 & 20 2020

We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 19 & 20 January 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

Our Current Affairs January 2020 events will help you to get more marks in Banking, Insurance, SSC, Railways, UPSC, CLAT and all State Government Exams. Also try our Latest Current Affairs Quiz and Monthly Current Affairs PDF which will be a pedestrian to crack your exams.

Date-Wise Current Affairs January 2020 PDF for Paid Users – Click Here to Know More

Click here for Current Affairs January 18 2020

Current Affairs Today 19 & 20

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Law minister inaugurated NIC’s Centre of Excellence in Blockchain Technology in Bengaluru, Karnataka
On January 17, 2020 the Union Minister of Law and Justice (MoL&J) Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad inaugurated the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Blockchain Technology set up by the National Informatics Centre(NIC) in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The CoE has been set up with the aim of providing blockchain as a service and help all stakeholders to benefit from shared learning, experiences and resources.

  • CoE function:  The CoE which has developed Blockchain based Proof of Concepts (PoCs), will facilitate govt buildings to use the blockchain technology for deployment of large scale applications. With the support of NIC, the CoE will also provide Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) for hosting the Blockchain network efficiently.
  • CoE operations: The CoE is expected to begin its operations by March 2020.
  • Plans for another CoE: Apart from CoE in Bengaluru, the govt is also planning to launch another CoE for blockchain technology in Gurugram, Haryana also.
  • Blockchain technology: Blockchain means growing list of records called blocks which will be linked with cryptography. It will be helpful in sectors such as health, finance, agriculture etc….Click here to Read More

Gujarat leads in water efficiency survey under National hydrology project, Delhi among worst performing states
On January 18, 2020,According to the rankings of ‘Central and state governmental water departments based on their efficiency targets for 2019’ released by Ministry of Jal Shakti, Gujarat ranked the best for parameters on efficiency targets , while National Capital Territory of Delhi remains in the worst-performing state category.

  • Departments wise ranking:The Survey of India (SoI) received top spot among the 7 central government departments reviewed .It was followed by National Institute of Hydrology (NIH) and the Central Water Commission. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) pushed to the last in the year 2019 ranking.

State wise ranking: However, Delhi improved its position  by 6 places to get 35th  rank in 2019 as against bottom 41 in 2018. Tamil Nadu (TN) ranked best among the states that significantly improved its ranking. It stood at 13th spot  in 2019 as compared to 33 in 2018.
Rajasthan has been ranked 3rd in the country this time, while in the April-May 2018 rankings, Rajasthan was ranked 16th….Click here to Read More

3rd International symposium on marine ecosystems challenges and opportunities (MECOS) 2020 held in Kochi, Kerala
The 3rd edition of the International Symposium on Marine Ecosystems Challenges and Opportunities (MECOS-3) was held at Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) in Kochi, Kerala from 7 – 10 January 2020 with an aim to address the concerns of marine ecosystem and will make new strategies for sustainable utilisation of marine wealth.
Key Points:
i.Organized by the Marine Biological Association of India (MBAI),the Symposium saw the participation of marine scientists, oceanographers, fishery researchers and marine biotechnologists from across the world to discuss various topics, including the impact of climate crisis in marine ecosystems and unusual warming of the Arabian sea.
ii.The symposium also focused on the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-14)of the United Nations (UN),which says Conserve and Sustainably use the oceans and its resources for sustainable development.
iii.The previous editions of MECOS brought together marine scientists, researchers and teachers across the world.
About Kerala:
Capital
– Thiruvananthapuram
Governor– Arif Mohammad Khan
Chief Minister– Pinarayi Vijayan
National parks– Anamudi Shola National Park ,Eravikulam National Park, Mathikettan Shola National Park, Pambadum Shola National Park , Periyar National Park ,Silent Valley National Park.

For the 1st time, Govt to collect data including families headed by transgenders for census 2021
On January 15, 2020, According to the Ministry of Home affairs (MHA), the central government, for the 1st time, will collect data on households headed by a transgender and members living in the family for census 2021. Previously, the choice of the head of the household was gender – male or female.
Key Points:
i.The census officer, while making a list of houses to be held from April 1 – September 30,2020 will ask for specific information based on 31 questions from each household during the census 2021.
ii.Now three options will be given under the head “sex of the head of the household”- male, female and transgender.
iii.In addition, the government gather data on ‘ownership status of the census house’ – whether it is owned / rented.
iv.The census reference date will be March 1, 2021 but due to snowfall it will be October 1, 2020 in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
New initiative in Census 2021:
The census 2021 will be done through a mobile phone application, deviating from the traditional pen and paper.
Usage of census monitoring & management portal as a single source for all officers involved in Census activities to provide multi language support.
Background: The census has been conducted in India since 1872 without outbreak. It is conducted every 10 years. 2021 is not only the 16th census but also 8th after independence. The Census Act, 1948 and the Census Rules, 1990 provide the legal framework in conducting the Census.
About Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA):
Founded
– 15 August 1947.
Headquarters– New Delhi.
Union minister– Shri Amit Shah.
Minister of State(MoS)- G.Kishan Reddy and Nityanand Rai.

President Kovind lays foundation stone of Lakshadweep’s 1st super specialty hospital at Kavaratti
On January 7, 2020, The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, who was on a first ever 2-day State Visit to the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, has laid the foundation stone for Lakshadweep’s 1st Super Specialty Hospital at Kavaratti.
Key Points:
i.Dineshwar Sharma,the Administrator of Lakshadweep along with other officials received the President at Agatti Airport with a traditional welcome and was accorded a Guard of Honour from a joint group of 160 different forces.
ii.President also praised Rehmath Beegum Sailaniyoda , the only woman who received  Padma Shri (1999) from Lakshadweep in the field of Medicine.
About Lakshadweep:
Capital
– Kavaratti
Formation– 1 November 1956
Administrator– Shri Dineshwar Sharma
Lakshadweep are a group of coral islands located south west off the coast of Kerala.

Centre to cut wasteful expenditure on travel and food by 20 % to control fiscal deficit
On January 12, 2020, In a major step to avoid fiscal downfall, the central Government has decided to reduce wasteful expenditure on items such as travel, food and conferences by 20%.
The decision was taken in a meeting of the newly- formed Cabinet Committee on Investment and Growth (CCIG) chaired by Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi with the members Home Minister Amit Shah, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, and Railways Minister Piyush Goyal.

  • All the ministers have been instructed to cut their unruly journeys, meals and conferences by up to20%. CCIG has also asked the Department of Expenditure of the Ministry of Finance to take necessary action in this regard.

The move aims to avoid fiscal slippage by comprising non-development expenditure and controlling fiscal deficit within the level of budgeted target of 3.3% for financial year -FY 2019-20….Click here to Read More

Union ministers Prakash javadekar, R K Singh inaugurate 14th edition of ELECRAMA 2020 being held in Greater Noida, UP
On January 18, 2020, Union Minister of Heavy Industries &Public Enterprises, Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Information & Broadcasting, Prakash Javadekar and Power Minister Raj Kumar Singh have inaugurated the 5-day long 14th edition of ELECRAMA 2020 being held at the India Expo Mart, Greater Noida,Uttar Pradesh (UP).
Key Points:
i.The event aims to showcase the Indian electrical industry and provide platform to connect the world with Indian industry with respect to technology, modern trends and innovation for future energy transition.
ii.Organised by IEEMA (Indian Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers’ Association ), apex industry association of manufacturers of electrical, industrial electronics & supported by the Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises,  Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), the event saw the participation of over1250 exhibitors ,450 foreign exhibitors from 120 countries.
iii.Through this event, the IEEMA focus on businesses worth Rs 30,000 crore via e-mobility, energy storage, start-ups, grid transformation, revenue security with special attention on small and medium enterprises (SMEs),
iv.India’s installed power generation capacity has reached 367 gigawatt (GW)& has given 1.2 crore power connections in past 2- years.
About IEEMA (Indian Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers’ Association ):
Motto
– your link to electricity
Founded– 1948
President– Mr. R K Chugh

Magh Bihu festival celebrated in Assam
On January 15,2020 Magh Bihu, an auspicious harvest festival is being celebrated in Assam. Magh Bihu falls in the local month of ‘Magh’ during mid-january. It is also called ‘Bhogali Bihu’ or ‘Maghor Bihu’ as it is celebrated with community feasts after the annual harvest takes place.
Key Points:
i.People began the day by gathering at the temple and offered prayers, beat up the drums and walk around the bonfire.
ii.The highlight of this festival is the food, which is made from the abundance of grains after the harvest.
iii.The night before ‘Magh Bihu’ is called ‘Uruka’ meaning the night of feasts.
iv.The villagers make bamboo huts called ‘Bhelghor’ or community kitchen where they begin with the preparations for the festival.
About Assam:
Capital- Dispur
Chief Minister (CM)- Sarbananda Sanowal
Governor- Jagdish Mukhi
National Parks (NP)- Kaziranga NP, Manas NP, Dibru Saikhowa NP, Nameri NP, Orang NP

1st of Krishi Manthan 2020 begins in Ahmedabad, GujaratkrishiThe 1st edition of the Krishi Manthan 2020 which is a Food, Agri-business and Rural Development Summit of Asia was held in Ahmedabad, Gujarat from January 16-17, 2020. The event was organised by Food and Agribusiness Committee of Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA).
Key Points:

i.Participants: Nearly 1500 delegates inclusive of students and academicians participated in the summit.
ii.Members present: Anil Gupta, IIMA Professor; Founder of 24 Mantra Organic Shri Rajashekhar Reddy Seelam, former Executive Vice President(VP) of Mahindra Agri Solutions and other officials attended the summit
About Gujarat:
Capital- Gandhinagar.
Largest city- Ahmedabad.
Chief Minister- Vijay Ramniklal Rupani.
Deputy Chief Minister- Nitin Patel.
Governor- Acharya Devvrat.

Union HRD Minister inaugurated 28th New Delhi World Book Fair 2020 in New Delhi
The 28th edition of the New Delhi World Book Fair 2020 (NDWBF 2020) was held at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi from January 4-12, 2020. It was inaugurated by Union Minister of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’. The theme of NDWBF 2020 book fair was ‘Gandhi: TheWriters’ Writer’ celebrating 150 years of Mahatma Gandhi. Since 2013, the NDWBF is organised by National Book Trust (NBT) in association with India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO), Ministry of Commerce(MoC) under Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) with ITPO.

  • Photo exhibition: A special photo exhibition titled “Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat” on NBT’s contribution in promoting books in schools and libraries under govt. of India’s programme for the school education was put up.
  • Braille Books: National Book Trust(NBT) of India in collaboration with the All India Confederation of Blind (AICB) jointly published over 250 books in Braille for visually impaired readers.
  • 1st edition: NDWBF was first inaugurated by Shri. Varahagiri Venkata  Giri, then President of India and was held from March 18 to April 4, 1972 with just 200 participants.
  • NDWBF is the oldest book fair in India after Kolkata Book Fair. It is also Asia’s biggest book fair is expected to soon become the world’s biggest book fair….Click here to Read More

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

WEF’s 1st Global Social Mobility Index 2020: India ranks 76th & Denmark tops the list
On January 20, 2020 the World Economic Forum (WEF) released 1st edition of a report titled “The Global Social Mobility Report 2020: Equality, Opportunity and a New Economic Imperative”. The global social mobility index (GSMI) of 82 countries were launched in this report. As per the Index, India ranked in the 76th position with a score of 42.7while Denmark topped the list. The key findings in the report are as follows:

  • India is among the 5 countries namely China, the United States(US), Japan and Germany which stands to gain most from boosting social mobility score. India ranks 41st in lifelong learning while it ranks 53rd in working conditions. It has the second-highest level of workers in vulnerable employment behind Saudi Arabia.
  • Improvement needed areas:  Social protection and fair wage distribution are the areas in which India needs improvement. It ranks 79th in social protection and 79th in fair wage distribution.
  • Top 5 countries in the index:  Denmark is followed by Norway (score 83.6), Finland (score 83.6), Sweden (83.5) and Iceland (82.7) in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th place respectively.  It is to be noted that the top 5 countries are all Nordic countries.
  • Top 10 countries: Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg rank 6th, 7th, 8th 9th and 10th in the list.
  • Most to gain economy: As per the analysis the economy with the most to gain is China.Click here to Read More

Highlights of NSA Ajit Doval’s visit to Sri Lanka; $50mn assistance pledged to SL
On January 18, 2020 the National Security Advisor (NSA) of India Shri Ajit Doval paid a day long visit to Colomo in the Island nation of Sri Lanka (SL). On his visit, Shri Doval met the president of SL shri Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapaksa and held talks on various bilateral issues. The highlights of the visit in detail are as follows:

  • $50 million assistance: India pledged to provide $50 million security assistance to Sri Lanka for purchasing equipment for its security forces.
  • SL and India vowed to strengthen military ties and also to widen their maritime links with neighbours. After the talks, NSA Ajit Doval discussed on setting up of a maritime research coordination centre in SL.
  • Ajit Doval is the second highest ranking Indian official to visit Colombo, SL after  Gotabaya Rajapaksa assumed office in November 2019.
  • Previously, Minister of External Affairs(MEA) Shri Subrahmanyam Jaishankar was the 1st foreign dignitary to visit Sri Lanka….Click here to Read More

Lok sabha speaker Om Birla attends  25th conference of speakers and presiding officers 2020 in Ottawa,Canada
A parliamentary delegation headed by Lok Sabha speaker Om Birla has attended the 25th edition of the Conference of Speakers and Presiding Officers of the Commonwealth (CSPOC) 2020 held in Ottawa,Canada from January 6 -January 10,2020. The conference aimed at topics of parliamentary engagement: openness, transparency and accountability, and on Parliamentarians as effective legislators and representatives.
Key Points:
i.The biennial conference saw the participation of Speakers and Presiding Officers from 37 Commonwealth Parliaments & was hosted by the Senate of Canada’s Speaker,George Furey and the Speaker of the House of Commons, Anthony Rota.
ii.In addition to Birla, Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman Harivansh Narayan Singh and Lok Sabha Secretary General Snehlata Shrivastava were also attended the conference.
iii.In 2022, Australia will be the host of commonwealth speakers meeting & Uganda to host 2024 Commonwealth speakers conference with additional CSPOC Standing Committee meetings to be held in Guernsey in 2021 and Trinidad and Tobago in 2023.
About Canada:
Capital– Ottawa
Currency– Canadian dollar
Prime Minister– Justin Trudeau

BANKING & FINANCE

WGC: RBI ranked 6th among central banks in buying gold abroad;China’s central bank tops
On January 15, 2020 India’s central bank i.e., the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been ranked 6th largest buyer of sovereign gold abroad after it purchased 25.2 tonnes in the first 10 months of 2019 according to World Gold Council(WGC) report titled “Outlook 2020: Global economic trends and their impact on gold”. The central banks of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Poland have purchased more gold than India in 2019. The report in detail are as follows:

  • RBI gold purchase: In October 2019, 7.5 tonnes of gold was bought by RBI buttressing (supporting) its foreign exchange reserves(forex) to $450 billion.
  • Forex reserves crosses $450 billion: To be more precise, the Forex reserves surged to a new high of $451.7 billion as of December 3, 2019, which is the largest in recent years.
  • Current holdings in gold: RBI currently holds 625.2 tonnes of gold, that forms 6.6% of its forex reserves. The gold consumption in India slipped in 2019 as against the level in 2018….Click here to Read More

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

UN revises India’s GDP growth forecast for 2019-20 to 5% from 5.7%
On January 18, 2020, According to the ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020’ report released by the United Nations (UN), it has revised the India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth forecast for the year 2019-20  to 5% from 5.7%.
Growth projection for 2020-21 has also been downgraded to 5.8-5.9 % from 6.6%  in the report.
Key Points:
i.The WESP report hadn’t taken into account the latest growth figures released by India’s National Statistical Office (NSO) and hence the outlook has been revised. Earlier the NSO estimated the growth in real GDP for 2019-20 at 5% compared to 6.8% for 2018-19.
ii.The UN’s projection comes at a time when China has also released growth figures. China’s growth was 6.1% in 2019 due to trade war with the US(United States). This is the lowest in 29 years. Still 1.1% higher than India’s projected growth.
iii.2 ways to accelerate growth: (i) India, which is going through an economic slowdown, needs to continue with structural reforms & (ii) Financial incentives and financial sector reforms are needed to increase investment and consumption.
About United Nations (UN):
Founded
– 1945
Headquarters– New York City, US
Secretary– General- António Guterres

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS        

‘cVIGIL’ and ‘Voter Helpline app’ won e-Governance Award of Excellence 2019 in Bhubaneswar, OdishaElectionCommissionOn January 17, 2020 Award of Excellence for the year 2019 was given by Computer Society of India (CSI) and Special Interest Group on e-Governance (CSI SIG e-Gov) at  Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
i.
The two innovative Information and Communication Technology (ICT) applications developed by  Election Commission of India (ECI), ‘cVIGIL’ and ‘Voter Helpline App’ has won the e-Governance award.
ii.Dr. Kushal Pathak, Director ICT &  chief information security officer (CISO), ECI and Chief Electoral Officer of Odisha, Shri Sushil Kumar Lohani received the award on behalf of ECI.
iii.By using cVIGIL app citizens can report Violations during elections such as bribery, free gift, liquor distribution, playing loudspeakers beyond the permitted time.
iv.The Voter Helpline app provides an option for voters to search their name in 90-plus crore electors database, fill forms for new voter registration, migration and corrections….Click here to Read More

Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw: 4th Indian to receive highest Australian civilian honourkiran-mazumdar-shaw-On January 17,2020 Australia has conferred its highest civilian honour, the Order of Australia honour to Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, founder and chairperson of bio-pharmaceutical company Biocon and appointed as an honorary member in the general division of the Order of Australia by Australia’s High Commissioner to India Ms. Harinder Sidhu at a ceremony in Leela Palace, Bengaluru, Karnataka. She is the fourth Indian citizen to be awarded Australia’s highest civilian honour.
Award contribution:
The award is given to foreign nationals who have extraordinarily contributed to Australia or for humanity.
Key Points:
i.kiran Mazumdar-Shaw was an alumnus of Federation University, Australia.
ii.She was born in Bengaluru, Karnataka and also recognized as an ‘Australian Global Alumni Ambassador’ for her significant contribution to industry academia collaboration between Australia and India.
iii.She also contributed immensely in promoting women in STEM (Science, Technology ,Engineering, Mathematics) through the joint research programmes developed between Biocon and Deakin University, Australia.
iv.The Australian civilian honours from India are star batsman Sachin Tendulkar in 2012, Former Attorney General of India Soli Jehangir Sorabjee in 2006 and Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu) of Kolkata in 1982.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS          

General Satinder Kumar Saini appointed as the new vice Chief of Army StaffSK_SainiOn January 15, 2020 Southern Army Commander Lieutenant General Satinder Kumar Saini appointed as the new Vice Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS). He will take charge on January 25, 2020. He succeeded Lieutenant General Manoj Mukund Naravane, who was promoted as the Chief of Army Staff.
Key Points:

i.The appointment was made by the Department of Military Affairs (DMA) headed by Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Bipin Rawat and this was the first order of a senior military appointment made through DMA
ii.In 1981, General Saini was commissioned into the Jat Regiment.
iii.General Saini also served as the Deputy Chief Military Personnel Officer in Iraq-Kuwait United Nations (UN) Mission, attended Global Peace Operations Initiative’s peacekeeping exercise in Mongolia and counter-terrorism exercise in Australia.
About Ministry of Defence:
Minister of Defence- Rajnath Singh
Chief of Defence staff- General Bipin Rawat

Arjun Munda becomes President of Archery Association of India (AAI)arjun_mundaOn January 18,2020 Arjun Munda, Minister of Tribal Affairs elected as the President of the suspended Archery Association of India (AAI) for 4 years term. The elections were held as per the Delhi High Court order.  Arjun Munda got the support from former AAI President Vijay kumar Malhotra and defeated B V P Rao by a margin of 34-18 votes.
Key Points:

i.A total of 31 State Associations were part of the AAI but only 26 states (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir were excluded) cast their votes.
ii.Captain Abhimanyu Sindhu was elected senior vice-president while Pramod Chandurkar became the secretary-general, and Rajendra Singh Tomar was elected as treasurer.
iii.Arjun Munda, former jharkhand chief minister also runs an archery academy which was instrumental in the rise of former world number one archery player Deepika Kumari.
About Archery Association of India AAI:
It is a 19-member Executive Committee consisting of President, Secretary general, senior vice-president, eight vice-presidents,seven joint-secretaries and one treasurer.
Headquarters- New Delhi
Founded- 8 August 1973
President- Arjun Munda (Jharkhand)
Secretary General- Pramod Chandurkar (Maharashtra)

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

India successfully test-fired SLBM K-4 of 3,500 kilometer range in Visakhapatnam coast in Andhra PradeshmissileOn January 19, 2020 India successfully test fired the Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) K-4 at the Visakhapatnam coast in Andhra Pradesh. The range of K-4 ballistic missile is 3,500 Kilometer. The missile was developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The test was carried out from underwater platform in the sea.
Key Points:

i.By this test, India moved a step towards the induction of ballistic missile on  the INS Arihant class nuclear submarines.
ii.The three-meter-long ballistic missile carries a nuclear warhead of over one tonne with a circular error probability far lower than Chinese missile.
iii.India is the fourth country after the United States (US), Russia, China to launches SLBM of 3,500 kilometer range.
iv.B-05 is the other missile with a strike range of 700 kilometer which is developed by India.
About DRDO:
Founded- 1958
Chairman- Dr G Satheesh Reddy
About Andhra Pradesh:
Chief Minister- Jagan Mohan Reddy
Governor- Biswabhushan Harichandan
Capital City- Amaravati
State Tree- Neem tree
State Flower- Water lilies
State Animal- Blackbuck
State Bird- Indian roller

SPORTS

Jacqueline Williams of Jamaica becomes the 1st woman third Umpire in men’s T20IJacqueline-WilliamsJacqueline Williams of Jamaica becomes the first woman third umpire in men’s international cricket match. The 43-year-old Jamaican woman oversaw all 3 matches of the Twenty20 International (T20I)  series in Grenada, West Indies  between West Indies and Ireland.
Key Points:

i.43-years-old Jacqueline Williams stood as umpire in 2015 ICC Women’s World Twenty20 Qualifier tournament.
ii.In 2017, she was one of the four umpires in Women’s Cricket World Cup Qualifier.
iii.In 2019, She stood in her first One Day International (ODI) match between the United States (USA) and Papua New Guinea in the 2019 United States Tri Nation Series.
About Jamaica:
Capital- Kingston
Currency- Jamaican dollar

OBITUARY

Sangeet Natak Akademi awardee & Odia Hindustani vocalist Sunanda Patnaik passed away at 85patnaikOn January 19,2020 Indian Classical Singer Sunanda Patnaik, 85 years old passed away in Kolkata, West Bengal due to age related complications. She was famously known as ‘Guruma’ in the classical music circle. She is the daughter of renowned Odia poet Baikunthanath Patnaik and had composed many bhajans (devotional songs) both in Odia and Hindi.
Key Points:

i.Sunanda was a trained classical singer of Gwalior gharana (Hindustani classical music). She was popularly known for her devotional odia song ‘Jeevana Patra Mo Bhariccha Kete Mote’ which was penned by her father.
ii.Sunanda was born in Cuttack, Odisha, and started her singing career in All India Radio (AIR) at the age of 14 and completed her  Masters degree in Music by Pune School in 1956.
iii.She also received a scholarship in music from the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
iv.Achievements: Sunanda was honoured with the Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1970 and 1971 and also the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for the year 2012 for her contribution towards Hindustani classical music.
v.Sunanda also established the Vishnu Vinayak Sangeet Ashram in Kolkata & trained many Hindustani musicians.
About Kolkata:
Capital- West Bengal
Chief Minister (CM)- Mamatta Banerjee
Governor- Jagdeep Dhankhar

Former Haryana Congress Chief Shamsher Singh Surjewala passes away at 87shamsher-singh-surjewalaOn January 20, 2020 the former Haryana Congress Chief Shamsher Singh Surjewala passed away after in  All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) hospital, New Delhi after suffering from a brief illness. He was 87.
Key Points:

i.Shamsher Singh won the from Narwana Assembly constituency of Haryana in 1967, 1977, 1982 and 1991and was also elected to the Rajya Sabha once.
ii.He is the father of Congress national media in-charge and national spokesperson Randeep Singh Surjewala.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Book ‘Essays and Reminiscences: A Festschrift in Honour of Nani A Palkhivala’ released on noted jurist and economist Nani A PalkhivalaessaysOn January 16, 2020 the book ‘Essays & Reminiscences: A Festschrift in Honour of Nani A Palkhivala was released to mark the birth centenary anniversary of Indian Jurist and Economist Nanaboy “Nani” Ardeshir Palkhivala. The book is published by LexisNexis publications.
Key Points:

i.The book was commissioned by the Nani A Palkhivala Memorial Trust and edited by the senior advocate Arvind Datar.
ii.The book primarily divided into two parts essays written in honour of Palkhivala on a variety of subjects and reminiscences of those who knew and interacted with the late jurist.
iii.Former Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram G Rajan, Industrialist Ratan N Tata, Jurists Fali S Nariman, Soli J Sorabjee and K Parasaran and Justice (retired) S Ranganathan are some of the important contributors of the book.

Former Indian Cricketer WV Raman’s book ‘The Winning Sixer’, released by Anil Kumble in Bengaluru, KarnatakaWV Raman authored book ‘The Winning Sixer’,On January 17,2020 Woorkeri Venkat Raman (WV Raman), former Indian cricket team opener has authored a book ‘The  Winning Sixer: Leadership Lessons To Master’, which was released formally by Anil Radhakrishna Kumble during an event in Bengaluru, Karnataka. WV Raman is the current head coach of the national women’s cricket team. The book was published by Rupa Publications, India.
Key Points:

i.The book deals with all the attributes required for a leader that exists in each one of us.
ii.Anil Radhakrishna Kumble a former India Captain, P.Madhavan, Executive Vice-President, TVS Tyres and Rahul Dravid(former Indian Cricketer) were also present at the book launch event.

IMPORTANT DAYS

15th raising day of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) observed on 19 Jan 2020
On January 19,2020 15th Raising day of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) was celebrated in New Delhi. The Union Minister of State (MoS) for home affairs Shri Nityanand Rai was the chief guest on this occasion while Shri G.V.V. Sarma, Member Secretary, NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority) was the Guest of Honour.
Key Points:
i.2024 target set by NDRF: More than 4000 volunteers have been trained. NDRFalso planned to give training for more than 70000 volunteers by 2024 at the local levels in different parts of the country.
ii.Service medal awarded:MoS for Home Affairs Shri Nityanand Rai presented the medals to the awardees of Distinguished Service Medals and trophies to the winner of school safety and best battalion sports competition.
iii.booklet released: A booklet on SOPs (Standard Operating Procedure) was also released on the occasion.
iv.A workshop was also conducted on ‘Urban flooding & challenges’ and ‘Biological Emergencies & New Technology in Disaster Management’.
v.Participants:The program was attended by the Heads of premier disaster management Institutes, senior officers of Central Police Forces and officials from various central agencies.
vi.Achievements by NDRF: NDRF has saved more than 1 lakh lives in its 3100 operations and rescued/evacuated over 6.7 lakh people during disasters since 2006.

National Immunization Day observed on January 19, 2020
National Immunization Day is observed on January 19, 2020. The Pulse Polio Programme 2020 was conducted as a part of National Immunization Day across the country. The programme aims to protect children less than five years from Polio disease and to eliminate Poliomyelitis in India.
Key Points:
i.This year nearly 17.4 crore children across the country were administered under the programme.
ii.In India , Pulse Polio Immunization Programme was launched in 1995.
iii.As per the reports the last cases of wild polio in India were in West Bengal and Gujarat on January 13, 2011.
iv.On March 27, 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared India a polio free country.
About WHO:
Founded- April 7, 1948
Headquarters- Geneva, Switzerland
Director General- Tedros Adhanom

AC BYTES

Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupan flagged off  Ahmedabad-Mumbai Tejas Express 
Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani  has flagged off Ahmedabad-Mumbai Tejas Express, which is the  second premium train to be run by Railway subsidiary IRCTC(Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation), covering the distance of 491 km and running at a top speed of130 kmph.

China confirms deadly 139 novel Coronavirus cases
China has reported 139 cases of deadly coronavirus, detected by China’s National Health Commission, which spreads to Beijing and Shenzhen outside Wuhan city. The virus was first reported in Wuhan in late December 2019.

Current Affairs Headlines: 19 & 20 January 2020 

  1. Law minister inaugurated NIC’s Centre of Excellence in Blockchain Technology in Bengaluru, Karnataka
  2. Gujarat leads in water efficiency survey under National hydrology project, Delhi among worst performing states
  3. 3rd International symposium on marine ecosystems challenges and opportunities (MECOS) 2020 held in Kochi, Kerala
  4. For the 1sttime, Govt to collect data including families headed by transgenders for census 2021
  5. President Kovind lays foundation stone of Lakshadweep’s 1st super specialty hospital at Kavaratti
  6. Centre to cut wasteful expenditure on travel and food by 20 % to control fiscal deficit
  7. Union ministers Prakash javadekar, R K Singh inaugurate 14th edition of ELECRAMA 2020 being held in Greater Noida, UP
  8. Magh Bihu festival celebrated in Assam
  9. 1st of Krishi Manthan 2020 begins in Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  10. Union HRD Minister inaugurated 28th New Delhi World Book Fair 2020 in New Delhi
  11. WEF’s 1st Global Social Mobility Index 2020: India ranks 76th & Denmark tops the list
  12. Highlights of NSA Ajit Doval’s visit to Sri Lanka; $50mn assistance pledged to SL
  13. Lok sabha speaker Om Birla attends  25th conference of speakers and presiding officers 2020 in Ottawa,Canada
  14. WGC: RBI ranked 6th among central banks in buying gold abroad;China’s central bank tops
  15. UN revises India’s GDP growth forecast for 2019-20 to 5% from 5.7%
  16. ‘cVIGIL’ and ‘Voter Helpline app’ won e-Governance Award of Excellence 2019 in Bhubaneswar, Odisha
  17. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw: 4th Indian to receive highest Australian civilian honour
  18. General Satinder Kumar Saini appointed as the new vice Chief of Army Staff
  19. Arjun Munda becomes President of Archery Association of India (AAI)
  20. India successfully test-fired SLBM K-4 of 3,500 kilometer range in Visakhapatnam coast in Andhra Pradesh
  21. Jacqueline Williams of Jamaica becomes the 1st woman third Umpire in men’s T20I
  22. Sangeet Natak Akademi awardee & Odia Hindustani vocalist Sunanda Patnaik passed away at 85
  23. Former Haryana Congress Chief Shamsher Singh Surjewala passes away at 87
  24. Book ‘Essays and Reminiscences: A Festschrift in Honour of Nani A Palkhivala’ released on noted jurist and economist Nani A Palkhivala
  25. Former Indian Cricketer WV Raman’s book ‘The Winning Sixer’, released by Anil Kumble in Bengaluru, Karnataka
  26. 15th raising day of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) observed on 19 Jan 2020
  27. National Immunization Day observed on January 19, 2020
  28. Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupan flagged off  Ahmedabad-Mumbai Tejas Express
  29. China confirms deadly 139 novel Coronavirus cases

Click Here to Read Current Affairs January 2020

‘cVIGIL’ and ‘Voter Helpline app’ won e-Governance Award of Excellence 2019 in Bhubaneswar, Odisha

On January 17, 2020 Award of Excellence for the year 2019 was given by Computer Society of India (CSI) and Special Interest Group on e-Governance (CSI SIG e-Gov) at  Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. The two innovative Information and Communication Technology (ICT) applications developed by  Election Commission of India (ECI), ‘cVIGIL’ and ‘Voter Helpline App’ has won the e-Governance award. The award was received by Dr. Kushal Pathak, Director ICT &  chief information security officer (CISO), ECI and Chief Electoral Officer of Odisha, Shri Sushil Kumar Lohani on behalf of ECI.ElectionCommissioncVIGIL Mobile App:

i.By using this app citizens can  report  Violations during elections such as bribery, free gift, liquor distribution, playing loudspeakers beyond the permitted time.

ii.Every cVIGIL case is acted upon and replied back with the action taken in the 100-minute timeline after the evidentiary proof of the violation.

iii.From October 2018 to December 2019, the total number of 1,71,745 cases have been filled through cVIGIL and from which 1,27,567 (74%) of the cases have been found correct.

Voter Helpline App:

i.The Voter Helpline app provides an option for voters to search their name in 90-plus crore electors database, fill forms for new voter registration, migration and corrections.

ii.It also helps to download the digital photo voter slips, and displays the complete information about the contesting candidates.

iii.It also allows voters to view the real-time results.

About Election Commission of India:
Formed- January 25, 1950
Headquarters- New Delhi
Chief Election Commissioner- Shri Sunil Arora
Election Commissioners- Shri Ashok Lavasa, Shri Sushil Chandra

About Odisha:
Chief Minister- Naveen Patnaik
Governor- Ganeshi Lal
Capital City- Bhubaneswar
State Tree- Sacred fig
State Flower- Ashoka
State Bird- Indian roller
State Animal- Sambar deer

Highlights of NSA Ajit Doval’s visit to Sri Lanka; $50mn assistance pledged to SL

On January 18, 2020 the National Security Advisor (NSA) of India Shri Ajit Doval paid a day long visit to Colomo in the Island nation of Sri Lanka (SL). On his visit, Shri Doval met the president of SL shri Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapaksa and held talks on various bilateral issues. The highlights of the visit in detail are as follows:NSA$50 million assistance to SL:

i.India pledged to provide $50 million security assistance to Sri Lanka for purchasing equipment for its security forces.

  • This assistance will help SL to further strengthen its national security, intelligence sharing, maritime security etc which were the key areas discussed by both Doval and the SL president.
  • Assistance to Srilanka by India comes days after Russia announced to Assist SL. Moreover, SL saw series of high ranking foreign officials visit in the country from the United States(US), Japan and China.

Maritime research coordination centre:
i.SL and India vowed to strengthen military ties and also to widen their maritime links with neighbours. After the talks, NSA Ajit Doval discussed on setting up of a maritime research coordination centre in SL.

Ajit Doval:
i.He is the second highest ranking Indian official to visit Colombo, SL after  Gotabaya Rajapaksa assumed office in November 2019.

  • Previously, Minister of External Affairs(MEA) Shri Subrahmanyam Jaishankar was the 1st foreign dignitary to visit Sri Lanka.

ii.During his visit, Ajit Doval also met several foreign diplomats in Colomba and held discussions with them on issues related to mutual interest.

Last visit by SL president to India:
i.Shri Gotabaya Rajabaksa visited India In December 2019 marking his 1st overseas visit after winning the presidential elections and met Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in New Delhi. Shri Modi also offered $450 million in aid to Sri Lanka.

About Sri Lanka:
Capitals- Colombo, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency- Sri Lankan rupee
President- Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime minister- Mahinda Rajapaksa (original name Percy Mahendra Rajapaksa).

Law minister inaugurated NIC’s Centre of Excellence in Blockchain Technology in Bengaluru, Karnataka

On January 17, 2020 the Union Minister of Law and Justice (MoL&J) Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad inaugurated the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Blockchain Technology set up by the National Informatics Centre(NIC) in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The CoE has been set up with the aim of providing blockchain as a service and help all stakeholders to benefit from shared learning, experiences and resources.ravi-shankarNIC’s Centre of Excellence in Blockchain Technology:

i.CoE function:  The CoE which has developed Blockchain based Proof of Concepts (PoCs), will facilitate govt buildings to use the blockchain technology for deployment of large scale applications. With the support of NIC, the CoE will also provide Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) for hosting the Blockchain network efficiently.

  • The applications of blockchain in the govt. are expected to increase transparency, traceability and trust in e-governance systems.
  • Prior to the launching of CoE for Blockchain technology, Software Technology Parks of India (STPI), in association with Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), launched the Internet of Things(IoT) OpenLab, a CoE at Bengaluru on December 2019.

ii.CoE operations: The CoE is expected to begin its operations by March 2020.

iii.Plans for another CoE: Apart from CoE in Bengaluru, the govt is also planning to launch another CoE for blockchain technology in Gurugram, Haryana also.

iv.NIC: It acts as technology advisor and Information and Communications Technology(ICT) solution provider to govt.

v.Works of NIC so far: NIC took the 1st step in introducing various initiatives. These include the introduction of ICT in Government, establishment of NIC-NET( satellite-based nation-wide computer-communication network) or National Knowledge Network (NKN), development of critical e-Governance solutions etc.

  • Around 16,000 courts in India have been transformed as e-courts and technologies related to Direct Benefit Transfer(DBT) and e-scholarships have been developed by NIC.

vi.Blockchain technology: Blockchain means growing list of records called blocks which will be linked with cryptography. It will be helpful in sectors such as health, finance, agriculture etc.

About Union Ministry of Law and Justice (MoL&J):
Founded- 1833
Headquarters- New Delhi.
Union Minister- Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad (Constituency- Patna Sahib, Bihar).
Secretary- Anoop Kumar Mendiratta.

Union HRD Minister inaugurated 28th New Delhi World Book Fair 2020 in New Delhi

The 28th edition of the New Delhi World Book Fair 2020 (NDWBF 2020) was held at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi from January 4-12, 2020. It was inaugurated by Union Minister of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’. The theme of NDWBF 2020 book fair was ‘Gandhi: TheWriters’ Writer’ celebrating 150 years of Mahatma Gandhi. Since 2013, the NDWBF is organised by National Book Trust (NBT) in association with India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO), Ministry of Commerce(MoC) under Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) with ITPO.book fairHighlights of NDWBF 2020:

i.Photo exhibition: A special photo exhibition titled “Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat” on NBT’s contribution in promoting books in schools and libraries under govt. of India’s programme for the school education was put up.

ii.Braille Books: National Book Trust(NBT) of India in collaboration with the All India Confederation of Blind (AICB) jointly published over 250 books in Braille for visually impaired readers.

iii.Foreign Country participation: Over 15 countries such as Abu Dhabi, China, Denmark, Egypt, France,Germany, Iran, Nepal, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Spain, Sri Lanka, UK(United Kingdom), USA(United States of America), participated in the Foreign Pavilion at the Fair.

iv.Participants: Eminent Gandhian scholar, Prof. GirishwarMisra; Chairman of National Book Trust(NBT), Prof. Govind Prasad Sharma; Joint Secretary of MHRD, Shri Madan Mohan; Shri Rajesh Aggarwal, Executive Director of the India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) and other officials were present on the occasion.

New Delhi World Book Fair:

i.It is an annual book fair hosted at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi in the month of January. Previously it was hosted twice a year.

ii.1st edition: NDWBF was first inaugurated by Shri. Varahagiri Venkata  Giri, then President of India and was held from March 18 to April 4, 1972 with just 200 participants.

iii.NDWBF is the oldest book fair in India after Kolkata Book Fair. It is also Asia’s biggest book fair is expected to soon become the world’s biggest book fair.

About Ministry of Human Resource and Development(MHRD):
Founded- 26 September 1985.
Headquarters- New Delhi.
Union Minister- Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ (Constituency- Haridwar, Uttarakhand).
Minister of State(MoS)- Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre (Constituency- Akola, Maharashtra).

Gujarat leads in water efficiency survey under National hydrology project, Delhi among worst performing states

On January 18, 2020,According to the rankings of ‘Central and state governmental water departments based on their efficiency targets for 2019’ released by Ministry of Jal Shakti, Gujarat ranked the best for parameters on efficiency targets , while National Capital Territory of Delhi remains in the worst-performing state category.waterKey Points:

i.Departments wise ranking:The Survey of India (SoI) received top spot among the 7 central government departments reviewed on parameters for procurement, finance, real-time data acquisition system, data digitization, analytical work, pieces of training. SoI was followed by National Institute of Hydrology (NIH) and the Central Water Commission. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) pushed to the last in the year 2019 ranking.

ii.State wise ranking: However, Delhi improved its position  by 6 places to get 35th  rank in 2019 as against bottom 41 in 2018. Tamil Nadu (TN) ranked best among the states that significantly improved its ranking. It stood at 13th spot  in 2019 as compared to 33 in 2018.

Rajasthan has been ranked 3rd in the country this time, while in the April-May 2018 rankings, Rajasthan was ranked 16th. In the rankings released in December-2019, this state made a big jump and is one of the reputed states for best management of its water resources.

iii.Previous ranking: Telangana had topped the state’s water efficiency in the previous year (2018) ranking while Gujarat was ranked seventh place.

iv.The states which have done satisfactory work under the project are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat SW(Surface Water Department), Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra Rajasthan, Telangana and West Bengal SW.
The Gujarat Surface Water Department led by the implementing agencies got a score of 80.51, followed by Damodar Valley Corporation with a score of 68.24 and Rajasthan with a score of 66.73.

Ranking:

The ranking is part of a mid-term review by the central and state government working with water to achieve the goal of providing piped drinking water connections to every household over the next 5 years. Another objective of the ranking is the Water Resources Information System (WRIS) to create a real-time integrated National Water Information Center (NWIC) for all states.

The organization have been given a points out of 100. 48-100 are listed as satisfactory, the score between 40- 48 are moderately satisfactory; a score between 34-40 falls under moderately unsatisfactory category and a score below 34 is in the unsatisfactory category.

About Ministry of Jal Shakthi:
Founded
– 2019. (Preceded by Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation from 1985)
Headquarters– New Delhi.
Union Minister– Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Constituency- Jodhpur, Rajasthan).

WEF’s 1st Global Social Mobility Index 2020: India ranks 76th & Denmark tops the list

On January 20, 2020 the World Economic Forum (WEF) released 1st edition of a report titled “The Global Social Mobility Report 2020: Equality, Opportunity and a New Economic Imperative”. The global social mobility index (GSMI) of 82 countries were launched in this report. As per the Index, India ranked in the 76th position with a score of 42.7while Denmark topped the list. The key findings in the report are as follows:WEFThe Global Social Mobility Report 2020:

Report on India:

i.India is among the 5 countries namely China, the United States(US), Japan and Germany which stands to gain most from boosting social mobility score.

ii.India ranks 41st in lifelong learning while it ranks 53rd in working conditions.it has the second-highest level of workers in vulnerable employment behind Saudi Arabia.

iii.Improvement needed areas:  Social protection and fair wage distribution are the areas in which India needs improvement. It ranks 79th in social protection and 79th in fair wage distribution.

General report:

 i.Key indicators: The index was prepared on 5 dimensions with 10 key indicators. The 5 dimensions are health; education (access, quality and equity); technology; work (opportunities, wages, conditions); and protections & institutions (social protection and inclusive institutions).

ii.Top 5 countries in the index:  Denmark is followed by Norway (score 83.6), Finland(score 83.6) , Sweden (83.5) and Iceland (82.7) in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th place respectively.  It is to be noted that the top 5 countries are all Nordic countries.

  • Top 10 countries: Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg rank 6th, 7th, 8th 9th and 10th in the list.

iii.G7 countries: Among the G7(group of 7) countries, Germany is the most socially mobile at rank 11t & score 78 points. It was followed by France at rank 12, Canada at rank 14, Japan at rank 15, the United Kingdom(UK) at rank 21, US at rank (27th) and Italy with 34th rank.

iv.BRICS nations: When comparing all the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) nations, Russia (rank 39) is the most socially mobile followed by China (45th), Brazil (60th), India (76th) and South Africa (77th).

v.Most to gain economy: As per the analysis the economy with the most to gain is China, whose economy could grow by an extra $103 billion per annum, or $1 trillion dollars over the decade.

vi.Economy boosting by 2030: The WEF has found that by increasing social mobility by 10% would benefit social cohesion and also by 2030, the world’s economies will be boosted by nearly 5%. US would make the 2nd-largest gains, at $87 billion a year followed by India, followed by Japan, Germany, Russia, Indonesia, Brazil, the UK and France.

vii.Low performers factors: Economies that were organized more on “shareholder value maximization”, or “state capitalism”, tend to perform less.

viii.Social mobility:  It is a movement in personal circumstances either “upwards” or “downwards” of an individual in relation to those of their parents. It can also be explained as the ability of a child to experience a better life than their parents. On the other hand, relative social mobility means assessment of the impact of socio-economic background on an individual’s outcomes in life. Click here to know more.

Rank Country
76India
1Denmark
2Norway
3Finland
4Sweden
5Iceland

About World Economic Forum(WEF):
Founded- January 1971.
Headquarters- Geneva, Switzerland.
Founder & Chairman- Klaus Schwab.

Centre to cut wasteful expenditure on travel and food by 20 % to control fiscal deficit

On January 12, 2020, In a major step to avoid fiscal downfall, the central Government has decided to reduce wasteful expenditure on items such as travel, food and conferences by 20%.
The decision was taken in a meeting of the newly- formed Cabinet Committee on Investment and Growth (CCIG) chaired by Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi with the members Home Minister Amit Shah, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, and Railways Minister Piyush Goyal.govt set 20%Key Points:

i.All the ministers have been instructed to cut their unruly journeys, meals and conferences by up to20%. CCIG has also asked the Department of Expenditure of the Ministry of Finance to take necessary action in this regard.This can also be attributed to the decrease in revenue in the financial year.

ii.This is not the first time the government has adopted to such measures to cut spending. In October 2014, the Department of Expenditure directed to cut non-essential expenses by up to 10%

iii.The move aims to avoid fiscal slippage by comprising non-development expenditure and controlling fiscal deficit within the level of budgeted target of 3.3% for financial year -FY 2019-20.

iv.The government has reduced the spending limit from 33 % to 25 % in this quarter (January-March,2020), along with the expenditure of ministries.
It is noteworthy that the GDP growth rate is expected to be at a record 11-year low of 5% in the current financial year 2019-20 and with which it has become more challenging to keep the fiscal situation stable before the government.

v.The new CCIG (Constituted in June 2019) held its 1st meet in December 2019, also took a number of decision including review of the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy & identification of infrastructure projects for Rs 100 lakh crore investment programme.

WGC: RBI ranked 6th among central banks in buying gold abroad;China’s central bank tops

On January 15, 2020 India’s central bank i.e., the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been ranked 6th largest buyer of sovereign gold abroad after it purchased 25.2 tonnes in the first 10 months of 2019 according to World Gold Council(WGC) report titled “Outlook 2020: Global economic trends and their impact on gold”. The central banks of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Poland have purchased more gold than India in 2019. The report in detail are as follows:rbiWGC outlook 2020:

Report on RBI:

i.RBI gold purchase: In October 2019, 7.5 tonnes of gold was bought by RBI buttressing (supporting) its foreign exchange reserves(forex) to $450 billion.

  • Forex reserves crosses $450 billion: To be more precise, the Forex reserves surged to a new high of $451.7 billion as of December 3, 2019, which is the largest in recent years.
  • The total reserve rose by $347 million to $448.596 billion in the week to November 22, 2019.

ii.Current holdings in gold: RBI currently holds 625.2 tonnes of gold, that forms 6.6% of its forex reserves. The gold consumption in India slipped in 2019 as against the level in 2018.

iii.Gold trade:  The consumer and gold trade sentiment is expected to soften in India throughout 2020.

  • In the last 6 months, the growth in gold reserves in the form of gold in India, was 27% higher than the overall growth.

iv.Impact by taxes: The report highlights the need for tax cuts to increase economic growth. This was due to the fact that higher taxes exacerbated the impact of record high local consumption on gold price.

General Report:

i.Data generation: The data about the gold holdings of various central banks was collected after those central banks shared their data with the International Monetary Fund.

ii.Total central banks report: The central banks added 27.9 tonnes of gold on a net basis which when considering year-to-date basis brings net purchase to 570.2 tonnes, 11% higher than in 2018 (515.2tonnes).

iii.Gold selling: In 2019, the countries of Uzbekistan and Venezuela sold 16.6 tonnes and 30.3 tonnes of gold respectively.

iv.Gold buying by investors: The second biggest buyers of gold in 2019 were the institutional investors in exchange traded funds (ETF). Despite high retail demand for jewellery, the ETFs overtook them by buying 400 tonnes in 2019. ETFs will continue to buy gold in 2020 also.

  • Gold price has seen its strongest increase in 10 years.

v.2019 statistics on gold: The performance of gold in market in 2019 was best Since 2010. It rose by 18.4% in United States dollar (USD)terms in 2019.

About World Gold Council(WGC):
Founded- 1987.
Headquarters- London, United Kingdom(UK).
Chief Executive Officer(CEO)- David Tait.
Managing director(MD), India- Somasundaram PR
Chairman- David Harquail.

Current Affairs Quiz: January 18 2020

AffairsCloud brings you the complete and important daily Current Affairs 18 January 2020 Quiz to achieve more marks in Banking, Insurance, UPSC, SSC, CLAT, Railways and all other competitive Exams. We have prepared the current affairs quiz question from our daily current affairs 2020 updates.

Questions Based on Current Affairs January 18 2020

  1. Which firm’s brand “APNA UREA – Sona Ugle” was launched by Shri Devaragunda Venkappa Sadananda Gowda recently ?
    1) Oman India Fertilizer Company (OMIFCO)
    2) Hindustan India Fertilizer Company (HIFCO)
    3) Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited (HURL)
    4) IOT India Fertilizer Services Ltd. (IIFSL)
    5) National Fertilizer Services Ltd. (NFSL)
    Answer-3) Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited (HURL)
    Explanation:
    On January 17, 2020 the Union Minister of Chemicals & Fertilizers (MoC&F) Shri Devaragunda Venkappa Sadananda Gowda launched “APNA UREA – Sona Ugle” brand of Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited (HURL) and also the company’s logo at an event in New Delhi.

  2. Indian Postal Department, has released the commemorative stamp of Chuni Goswami.He is associated with which sport ?
    1) Football
    2) Cricket
    3) Hockey
    4) Chess
    5) Badminton
    Answer-1) Football
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020, the Indian Postal Department of India Post has released a commemorative stamp of legendary Indian footballer Chuni Goswami on his 82nd birthday at his residence in Kolkata, West Bengal. Chuni Goswami led the Indian team to win a gold medal in the 1962 Asian Games held in bangkok, Thailand. He is only the 3rd Indian footballer on whose name a commemorative postal stamp has been released.

  3. Name the villages of Uttar Pradesh, that is set to become India’s first ‘Model Sports villages’ as a part of ‘Adarsh Khel Gram’ program of Institute of Management Technology (IMT) Ghaziabad, UP along with Non Governmental Organization,‘ Sports: A Way of Life’ .
    1) Kisarua and Chandau
    2) Hansigunj and Jirauliya
    3) Ughaiti and Maujampur
    4) Bahadurpur and Kheri Viran
    5) Ughaiti and Chandau
    Answer-4) Bahadurpur and Kheri Viran
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020 Two villages namely Bahadurpur and Kheri Viran of Uttar Pradesh (UP) has set to become India’s first ‘Model Sports villages’ as a part of Institute of Management Technology (IMT) Ghaziabad, UP ‘Adarsh Khel Gram’ program in association with NGO(Non Governmental Organization)‘ Sports: A Way of Life’ to evolve sports culture and increase sports literacy in the country.

  4. Government allocates, Rs.2379 crore for construction of Z-Morh tunnel, it is build in which UT/State ?
    1) Ladakh
    2) Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)
    3) Uttar Pradesh
    4) Assam
    5) West Bengal
    Answer-2) Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)
    Explanation:
    On January 17, 2020, a concession agreement was signed in New Delhi for completing the Z-Morh tunnel in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir(J&K). Under the agreement, Rs.2379 crore has been allocated to complete the construction of the tunnel within 3.5 years.

  5. Where was the 5th edition of the Science Film Festival of India, SCI- FFI 2020 held ?
    1) Chennai, Tamil Nadu
    2) Kolkata, West Bengal
    3) Panaji, Goa
    4) New Delhi, Delhi
    5) Gandhinagar, Gujarat
    Answer-3) Panaji, Goa
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020 the 5th edition of the Science Film Festival of India, SCI- FFI 2020 held at Inox Complex and Maquinez Palace in Panaji, Goa. It was a 4-day long festival which was held from January 15-18, 2020 and was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Goa Dr. Paramod Sawant. The aim of the festival was to instill knowledge of science among youth of the country.

  6. Who won the Kerala State Sports Council’s V Raja (Lt.Col. P. R. Godavarma Raja) award for athletics (Male) recently ?
    1) Mohammad Anas
    2) Arokia Rajiv
    3) Dharun Ayyasamy
    4) Jinson Johnson
    5) Manjit Singh
    Answer-1) Mohammad Anas
    Explanation:
    On 16 January 2020, Kerala Sports Minister EP Jayarajan Nambiar announced the sports award instituted by Kerala State Sports Council. Indian Sprinter Mohammad Anas won GV Raja(Lt.Col. P. R. Godavarma Raja) award (Male) for athletics. GV Raja award is awarded yearly for excellence in Sports.Anas has won silver for India in the 400-meter race at Jakarta Asian games.

  7. Which State/UT has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with National Institution for Transforming India(NITI) Aayog to promote the development of infrastructures ?
    1) Assam
    2) Uttar Pradesh
    3) Jammu and Kashmir
    4) Ladakh
    5) Gujarat
    Answer-4) Ladakh
    Explanation:
    On January 17, 2020, the National Institution for Transforming India(NITI) Aayog has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with newly developed Union Territory(UT) of Ladakh in order to promote the development of infrastructures in the recently developed UT. Under the MoU, Niti Aayog will provide support to ladakh through ‘Development Support Services to States for Infrastructure Projects (D3S-i or DSSS for Infrastructure Projects)’. The MoU was signed by senior adviser of Niti Aayog Yogesh Suri and Ladakh’s Lieutenant Governor Umang Narula in presence of Niti Aayog Chief Executive Officer(CEO) Shri Amitabh Kant and joint secretary MC Jauhari.

  8. Under which act, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has framed new rules under “Enhancing Security of Card Transactions” to further protect debit, credit card transactions ?
    1) Section 10(2) of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007
    2) Section 10(2) of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2008
    3) Section 10(2) of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2009
    4) Section 10(2) of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2006
    5) Section 10(2) of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2005
    Answer-1) Section 10(2) of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020, In view of the increasing cases of cyber fraud, India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has framed new rules under “Enhancing Security of Card Transactions” to further protect debit, credit card transactions. These directions are issued under Section 10(2) of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (Act 51 of 2007) & will come into effect from 16 March,2020.

  9. DLT was in news recently, what does ‘L’ stands for ?
    1) L – Lender
    2) L – Liquidity
    3) L – Ledger
    4) L – Leverage
    5) L – Liquidation
    Answer-3) L – Ledger
    Explanation:
    L stands for Ledger.The full form of DLT is Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT).

  10. Name the organization, that has launched Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) based “Vajra Platform” to make payments fast & secure .
    1) National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM)
    2) Data Security Council of India (DSCI)
    3) Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)
    4) National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)
    5) Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
    Answer-4) National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)
    Explanation:
    On January 6, 2020, National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI),an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments has launched blockchain technology based “Vajra Platform” to make payments fast & secure. The new platform Vajra, which is based on the Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT),has been designed with the aim to offer automatic clearing and settlement of payments on NPCI products such as unified payments interface (UPI) and Rupay card & will significantly reduce the need for manual reconciliation.

  11. What is the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India for the year 2019-20, as per United Nations (UN)’s ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020’ report ?
    1) 5.5%
    2) 5.7%
    3) 5.3%
    4) 5.1%
    5) 5.2%
    Answer-2) 5.7%
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020, According to the ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020’ report released by the United Nations (UN), it has slashed India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth forecast for the year 2019-20 by 1.9% to 5.7%. Earlier in 2019, it had projected GDP growth rate of 7.6% for FY 2019-20.

  12. Who were honoured with the Madhya Pradesh (MP) state government award, “2017 & 2018 National Lata Mangeshkar Award” recently ?
    1) Suman Kalyanpur & Kuldeep Singh
    2) Nitin Bose & Naushad Ali
    3) Pankaj Mullick & Kanan Devi
    4) Kanan Devi & Kuldeep Singh
    5) Kuldeep Singh & Naushad Ali
    Answer-1) Suman Kalyanpur & Kuldeep Singh
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020 noted Indian singer Suman Kalyanpur was chosen for the 2017 National Lata Mangeshkar Award of the state govt. of Madhya Pradesh(MP) while Indian Music composer Kuldeep Singh has been chosen for the same Mangeshkar award for the year 2018. They have been chosen for this award for their contribution in the field of music and will be awarded in February 2020 at an event in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.

  13. Who presented the National Highways (NH) Excellence Awards 2019 in 7 categories recently ?
    1) Nirmala Sitharaman
    2) Piyush Goyal
    3) Nitin Jairam Gadkari
    4) Jagat Prakash Nadda
    5) Rajnath Singh
    Answer-3) Nitin Jairam Gadkari
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020, Nitin Jairam Gadkari ,the Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises), has presented the National Highways (NH) Excellence Awards 2019 to honor the 12 best performers in NH sectoron in New Delhi. The award was given in 7 categories for which a total of 104 applications from across the country were received in 2019.The 7 categories include, Excellence in Project Management, Excellence in Operation and Maintenance, Excellence in Toll Management, Excellence in Highway Safety, Innovation, Outstanding Work in Challenging Conditions, Green Highway.

  14. Who has been appointed as the Queen’s counsel for the courts of England and Wales on January 17, 2020 ?
    1) Anupam Lal Das
    2) Aparajita Singh
    3) Gopal Sankaranarayanan
    4) Harish Salve
    5) S. Abdul Nazeer
    Answer-4) Harish Salve
    Explanation:
    On January 17,2020 Indian Senior Advocate Harish Salve has been appointed the Queen’s counsel for the courts of England and Wales. The appointment was announced by Queen Elizabeth II on the advise of the Lord Chancellor Robert Buckland.The title of Queen’s Counsel QC is awarded to those who have demonstrated particular skill and expertise in the conduct of advocacy. Salve and other appointees will be formally appointed as QC on March 16, where the Lord Chancellor will preside over the appointment ceremony at Westminster Hall, London, United Kingdom (UK).

  15. To which of the following committee, Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre was appointed as the chairman on 14th January 2020 ?
    1) Road safety committee
    2) Small Scale Industries committee
    3) Banking Supervision committee
    4) Corporate Governance committee
    5) Committee on International Trade and Services
    Answer-1) Road safety committee
    Explanation:
    On 14th January 2019, The Supreme Court will appoint one of its retired judges Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre as the Chairman of the committee on road safety since the panel’s current head and former top court judge Justice K.S.P. Radhakrishnan expressed his difficulty in continuing the position. The decision in this regard has been given by a bench headed by Chief Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde.The bench has also appointed Sanjay Mitra, former Defence Secretary as a member of the committee replacing the former secretary of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways S Sundar, who has found it difficult to continue as a member of the committee due to ill-health.

  16. Which city host the 1st session of the India- Norway dialogue on Trade & Investment (DTI) co-chaired by Nidhi Mani Tripathi & Mr. Erling Rimestad ?
    1) Bergen, Norway
    2) Mumbai, India
    3) Oslo, Norway
    4) New Delhi, India
    5) Kolkata, India
    Answer-4) New Delhi, India
    Explanation:
    The 1st ever session of the India- Norway dialogue on Trade & Investment (DTI) was held from January 15-16 in New Delhi. The session was conducted based on the Terms of Reference (ToR) which was signed by India and Norway on 8th January 2019 in New Delhi at time of Norway Prime Minister Erna Solberg’s visit to India.

  17. Where was the 10th edition of World Future Energy Summit (WFES) 2020 & 3rd edition of the Climate Innovations Exchange, ‘CLIX’ held ?
    1) Geneva, Switzerland
    2) Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(UAE)
    3) New Delhi, India
    4) Washington D.C., United States (US)
    5) New York, United States (US)
    Answer-2) Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(UAE)
    Explanation:
    Recently the 10th edition of World Future Energy Summit (WFES)2020 hosted by Masdar renewable energy company, was held at Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(UAE) from January 13-16, 2020.

  18. What was the theme of the 10th edition of World Future Energy Summit (WFES) 2020 ?
    1) Theme – “Rethinking Global Consumption, Production, and Investment”
    2) Theme – “Embracing the Future, Welcoming Disruption”
    3) Theme – “Driving the Global Energy Transformation”
    4) Theme – “Valuing Energy Storage for Off-grid Renewable Energy Systems”
    5) Theme – “Smart Energy products and technologies”
    Answer-1) Theme – “Rethinking Global Consumption, Production, and Investment”
    Explanation:
    Recently the 10th edition of World Future Energy Summit (WFES)2020 hosted by Masdar renewable energy company, was held at Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(UAE) from January 13-16, 2020. The theme for the year 2020 was “Rethinking Global Consumption, Production, and Investment”.

  19. Which firm has signed a definitive agreement to acquire 100 % stake in Equifax Credit Information Services Private Ltd (ECIS) for Rs 370 crore ?
    1) Equifax Limited
    2) Equifax Credit
    3) Equifax Inc
    4) Equifax TransUnion
    5) Equifax Trans
    Answer-3) Equifax Inc
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020, Equifax Inc, a global information solutions company has signed a definitive agreement to acquire 100 % stake in its Indian Credit information company, Equifax Credit Information Services Private Ltd (ECIS) for Rs 370 crore.ECIS has worked as a joint venture (JV) between Equifax and leading Indian financial institutions (FI) namely State Bank of India (SBI-7.41% stake), Bank of India (BOI-3.50 % stake), Kotak Mahindra Prime Limited (5.56% stake), Union Bank of India (UBI-4.17% stake) and Bank of Baroda(BoB), Sundaram Finance Limited (10% each) since the year 2010.

  20. Name the largest airborne exercise conducted by Indian Army in the northeastern theatre recently .
    1) Ajeya Warrior
    2) Winged Raider
    3) Shatrujeet
    4) Himalayan Warrior
    5) Emerald Mercury
    Answer-2) Winged Raider
    Explanation:
    On January 10, 2020 the Indian Army(IA) conducted its biggest airborne exercise ‘Winged Raider’. The exercise comprised of more than 500 soldiers of Special Forces troops in the northeastern theatre and involved all kinds of air transport platforms of the Indian Air Force (IAF). The name Winged Raider was chosen due to its multidimensional nature of the exercise and demonstrated the operational readiness of paratroopers.

  21. Which country will deliver 5 units of S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025?
    1) Russia
    2) Japan
    3) United States
    4) China
    5) France
    Answer-1) Russia
    Explanation:
    On January 17, 2020 Russia has announced to deliver 5 units of S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025 while its production has already begun. The announcement was made by Russian Deputy Chief of Mission Roman Babushkin. India and Russia signed a deal of $5.43 billion for the procurement of these S-400 systems during the 19th edition of India-Russia Annual Bilateral Summit held in New Delhi in 2018.

  22. Name the app launched by Chhattisgarh Chief Minister, Bhupesh Baghel to provide employment to trained youths under their skill development programme.
    1) Shiksha Setu
    2) Krishi Kisan
    3) Nyaya Bandhu
    4) Rojgar Sangi
    5) e-Drishti
    Answer-4) Rojgar Sangi
    Explanation:
    On 15 January 2020, The Chief Minister (CM) of Chhattisgarh, Bhupesh Baghel has launched an employment-oriented mobile app,‘Rojgar Sangi’ developed by state-run Chhattisgarh State Skill Development Authority (CSSDA) at the ceremony of youth fest 2020 held at Science College premises in Raipur, Chhattisgarh.The app is designed to provide employment to trained youths under their skill development programme. It is expected that through this app, lakhs of unemployed youth of the state will be able to get employment.

  23. Where did scientists discovered the stardust, the oldest solid material ever found on Earth (5 to 7 billion years ago) that trapped inside a meteorite ?
    1) Russia
    2) France
    3) Australia
    4) United States
    5) India
    Answer-3) Australia
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020 Scientists discovered the oldest material on earth, a 7 billion years old grains inside the meteorite that crashed in a fireball in 1969 into the town of Murchison in Victoria State, southeastern Australia. A team of scientists led by Philip Heck, curator of meteorites from the Field Museum in Chicago, United States examined the presolar grains and research published in ‘Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences’ (PNAS).

  24. Which country’s Cricketer, Mohammad Hafeez announced retirement recently ?
    1) New zealand
    2) Pakistan
    3) Bangladesh
    4) India
    5) Sri Lanka
    Answer-2) Pakistan
    Explanation:
    On January 17, 2020 Pakistan’s All-rounder cricket player Mohammad Hafeez, 38 years old, announced that he will be retiring from international cricket after the upcoming T-20 World Cup to be held in Australia in October 2020. Hafeez has been selected to play the T20I (Twenty20 International) series against Bangladesh starting in Lahore on Jan 24,2020.

  25. Rameshchandra Gangaram Bapu Nadkarni, passed away recently.He was a legendary ________ .
    1) Cricketer
    2) Actor
    3) Politician
    4) Producer
    5) Director
    Answer-1) Cricketer
    Explanation:
    On January 17,2020 Former Indian all-rounder Rameshchandra Gangaram Bapu Nadkarni, 86 years old, a left-handed batsman and slow-left arm orthodox bowler passed away in Mumbai, Maharashtra. He was best known for bowling a record of 21 consecutive maiden overs in a test match against England.

  26. Senior Journalist & former Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Member of Parliament (MP) Ashwini Kumar Chopra passed away recently, he was elected as MP from which constituency ?
    1) Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh
    2) Dibrugar, Assam
    3) Jhanjharpur, Bihar
    4) Karnal, Haryana
    5) Solapur, Maharashtra
    Answer-4) Karnal, Haryana
    Explanation:
    On 18th January 2019, Senior Journalist and former Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Member of Parliament (MP) Ashwini Kumar Chopra passed away at a private hospital in Gurgaon after battling with terminal cancer.Born on 11th June 1956 in Jalandhar, he was a senior Journalist and Editor of Punjab Kesari (Hindi daily), later he was elected as a Member of Parliament from Karnal, Haryana, in 2014 and served for the period of 2014-2019.Before entering into Journalism, he played in the Ranji Trophy under the name Ashwini Minna for Punjab and played 25 first-class matches between 1975-76 and 1979-80.

STATIC GK based on Current Affairs

  1. Which organization has formed a Joint Venture, Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited (HURL) ?
    Answer-Coal India Limited (CIL), NTPC Limited (NTPC) and Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) and Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd (FCIL) & Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL).

  2. Who is the President of Guatemala ?
    Answer-Alejandro Giammattei
    Explanation:
    Alejandro Giammattei sworn in as the President of Guatemala. He won the 2019 election and assumed office on January 14, 2020.

  3. Bandhavgarh National Park is located in which state ?
    Answer-Madhya Pradesh

  4. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of Indian Army (IA) ?
    Answer-President Ram Nath Kovind

  5. Who is the MD & CEO of National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) ?
    Answer-Dilip Asbe

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Current Affairs January 18 2020

We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 18 January 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Indian Army conducted airborne exercise ‘Winged Raider’ involving Special Forces troops
On January 10, 2020 the Indian Army(IA) conducted its biggest airborne exercise ‘Winged Raider’. The exercise comprised of more than 500 soldiers of Special Forces troops in the northeastern theatre and involved all kinds of air transport platforms of the Indian Air Force (IAF). The name Winged Raider was chosen due to its multidimensional nature of the exercise and demonstrated the operational readiness of paratroopers.
Key Points:
i.The exercise involved soldiers parachuting from the C 130 Hercules, C 17 Globemaster and Dhruv helicopters both day and night and it was preceded by a series of preparations from January 06 onwards.
ii.The exercise was telecasted live to all field formation headquarters in the Theatre and also has shown integration between the IA and the IAF.
About Indian Army(IA):
Founded- 1 April 1895.
Headquarters- New Delhi.
Motto- “Service Before Self”.
Commander-in-Chief- President Ram Nath Kovind.
Chief of Army Staff(COAS)- Manoj Mukund Naravane.

DV Sadananda launched HURL’s brand “APNA UREA-Sona Ugle” & unveiled company logo in New Delhi
On January 17, 2020 the Union Minister of Chemicals & Fertilizers (MoC&F) Shri Devaragunda Venkappa Sadananda Gowda launched “APNA UREA – SonaUgle” brand of Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited (HURL) and also the company’s logo at an event in New Delhi.
Fertilizer plants revival:
HURL: It is a Joint venture(JV) company 3 Maharatna companies as its lead promoters which are Coal India Limited (CIL), NTPC Limited (NTPC) and Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) and Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd (FCIL) & Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL) as other two partners.

  • Plant revival by HURL: In 2016, the govt approved for the revival of 3 urea plants located at Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh), Sindri(Jharkhand) and Barauni (Bihar). It was undertaken by HURL.
  • Capacity of 3 plants undertaken by HURL: 3 plants which will be revived by HURL mostly by 2021 have total installed capacity of 38.1 LMT of Neem Coated Urea per annum.
  • Natural gas supply: Under pooled price mechanism natural gas supply will be done by GAIL (formerly Gas Authority of India Ltd) under the Pooled Price Mechanism.
  • Total plant revival: This undertaking by HURL is part of Prime Minister Modi’s direction of revival of 5 major fertilizer plants. The remaining 2 plants are at Ramagundam (Telangana) and Talcher (Odisha) and they will commence production soon….Click here to Read More

Commemorative stamp of former footballer Padma Shri Chuni Goswami released by Indian Postal Department 
On January 15, 2020, the Indian Postal Department has released a commemorative stamp of legendary Indian footballer Chuni Goswami on his 82nd birthday at his residence in Kolkata, West Bengal. Chuni Goswami led the Indian team to win a gold medal in the 1962 Asian Games held in bangkok, Thailand. He is only the 3rd Indian footballer on whose name a commemorative postal stamp has been released.
Key points:
i.Previous Stamp for Indian footballers: Prior to Goswami the commemorative stamp was released honouring Indian footballers Gostho Paul in 1998 and late Dr. Talimeren Ao in 2018.
ii.Chuni Goswami: He has played over 40 matches for the country from 1956 until 1964. He was honoured with  Arjuna Award in 1963 and also Padma Shri award in 1983.
iii.He was a member of the Indian team when India finishes as a runner in the 1964 Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Asian Cup that was won by Israel.

1st Session of India-Norway Dialogue on Trade & Investment Held in New Delhi 
The 1st ever session of the India-Norway dialogue on Trade & Investment (DTI) was held from January 15-16 in New Delhi. The session was conducted based on the Terms of Reference (ToR) which was signed by India and Norway on 8th January 2019 in New Delhi at time of Norway Prime Minister Erna Solberg’s visit to India.
Key Points:
i.The 1st Session on January 15, 2020, was preceded by an industry interaction with representatives of various organizations/sectors like Information and Communications Technology(ICT), renewable energy, fisheries and the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME).
ii.The main session on 16th January 2020 was co-chaired by Joint Secretary of Department of Commerce(DoC), Nidhi Mani Tripathi, and Director General (DG) of Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Fisheries, Mr. Erling Rimestad from Norway.
iii.FDI inflow: The Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) inflows to India from Norway were around $257million during April 2000-September 2019.
About Norway:
Capital- Oslo (also the largest city)
Currency- Norwegian krone.
Prime Minister- Erna Solberg.

Bahadurpur and Kheri Viran to become India’s first model sports villages
On January 16, 2020 Two villages namely Bahadurpur and Kheri Viran of Uttar Pradesh (UP) has set to become India’s first ‘Model Sports villages’ as a part of Institute of  Management Technology (IMT) Ghaziabad, UP ‘Adarsh Khel Gram’ program in association with NGO(Non Governmental Organization)‘ Sports: A Way of Life’ to evolve sports culture and increase sports literacy in the country.
Key Points:
i.Under this program all the verandahs, courtyards will be developed as primary sports ground management and IMT will provide Olympic related sports equipment.
ii.One hour everyday from 4-5:00 pm will be the designated time to play sports.
iii.Mr.Kanishka Pandey, IMT Sports Research Head,informed that various development sports committee will be carried out in distributing free booklets, sports magazines and books that will provide the villagers with the basic knowledge.
iv.The main objective is to teach about Olympic games in these villages and various Arjuna Awardees would meet these kids to motivate them to participate in the games.
About UttarPradesh:
Capital- Lucknow
Chief Minister(CM)- Yogi Adityanth
Governor- Anandiben Patel

Govt allocates Rs 2379 crore for completing Z Morh tunnel in J&K
On January 17, 2020 a concession agreement was signed in New Delhi for completing the Z-Morh tunnel in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir(J&K). Under the agreement Rs.2379 crore has been allocated to complete the construction of the tunnel within 3.5 years.
Pact signing: The agreement between National Highways & Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) and APCO Amarnathji Tunnelway Pvt Ltd was signed in presence of Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, Minister of State(MoS) for Road Transport and Highways Gen (Retd) Vijay Kumar Singh and Secretary of Road Transport & Highways Shri Sanjiv Ranjan.

  • The length of the two-lane bi-directional Z Morh tunnel with parallel escape tunnel is 6.5 kilometers. It will remain closed during winter due to heavy snowfall in Gagenger area of J&K.
  • Union ministers visit: Following the initiative of Union Minister of Home Affairs(MoHA) Shri Amit Shah, a group of 36 union ministers have set visit to different districts of J&K to spread awareness on the abrogation of article 370.  The ministers will engage in dialogues with the people from January 18-24, 2020. In the midst of the visit, Russia has reaffirmed its stand on Kashmir….Click here to Read More

5th edition of Science Film festival 2020 held in Panaji, Goa
On January 15, 2020 the 5th edition of the Science Film Festival of India, SCI- FFI 2020 held at Inox Complex and Maquinez Palace in Panaji, Goa. It was a 4-day long festival which was held from January 15-18, 2020 and was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Goa Dr.Pramod Pandurang Sawant. The aim of the festival was to instill knowledge of science among youth of the country. It is organized by VidnyanParishad, Goa with the organizing partners – Entertainment Society of Goa, Dept. of Science, Technology and Waste Management (Govt. of Goa), VigyanPrasar (DST) Govt. of India and National Institute of Oceanography.
Key Points:
i.The event was supported by both Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute(SRFTI) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAR).
ii.Event Highlights: The event had panel discussions on challenges in scientific education that involved various academicians.

  • Several films namely ‘Mission Mangal’, ‘Antariksham 9000 KMPH’, ‘Everest’, ‘Aamorie’, ‘Terminator: Dark Fate’, ‘Geostorm’ and, ‘Virus’ were screened.
  • A special workshop was conducted by Indian Institute of Technology- Bombay(IIT-B) in the title “Million SoUL” and provided training on solar lamps.

About Goa:
Formation- 30 May 1987.
Chief minister- Pramod Sawant.
Capital- Panaji.
Governor- Satya Pal Malik.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

10th World Future Energy Summit 2020 held in Abu dhabi, UAE; CLIX sustainability summit held
Recently the 10th edition of World Future Energy Summit (WFES)2020 hosted by Masdar renewable energy company, was held at Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(UAE) from January 13-16, 2020. The theme for the year 2020 was “Rethinking Global Consumption, Production, and Investment”.
3rd Climate Innovations Exchange:
Alongside the World Future Energy Summit, 3rd edition of the Climate Innovations Exchange, ‘CLIX’ in short and the Future Sustainability Summit was also held in Abu Dhabi. The event showcased innovative ideas related to energy, food, agriculture and sustainability in space
Key Points:
i.Energy summit Participants: Nearly 33,500 participants from over 170 countries and 800 specialist exhibitors participated in the World Future Energy Summit 2020. The summit was based on 5 main pillars which are energy, solar, water, waste and smart cities.
ii.WFES: The summit is held annually under the patronage of Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces. The summit was first held in the year 2011.
About United Arab Emirates(UAE):
Capital- Abu Dhabi.
Currency- UAE dirham.
Largest city- Dubai.
President- Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Prime Minister- Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.

BANKING & FINANCE

RBI tightens norms for debit, credit card issuance & usage to improve security
On January 15, 2020, In view of the increasing cases of cyber fraud, India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has framed new rules under “Enhancing Security of Card Transactions” to further protect debit, credit card transactions. These directions are issued under Section 10(2) of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (Act 51 of 2007) & will come into effect from 16 March,2020.

  • Facility to switch on, off cards: Under this, now transactions at ATMs(Automated Teller Machine) and PoS (Point of Sale) will be done through domestic cards. In addition, RBI directed banks and other card issuing companies to allow their customers to switch on and off their debit and credit cards.
  • The RBI also directed that all physical or virtual cards be enabled to be used only at contact based point of use (ATM and PoS) at the time of issue or re-issue.
  • However, this RBI directive is not mandatory to be applied for prepaid gift cards and cards used in mass transit systems….Click here to Read More

Digital payments body NPCI launches blockchain-based ‘Vajra platform’ to make payments fast & secure
On January 6, 2020, National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI),an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments has launched blockchain technology based “Vajra Platform” to make payments fast & secure.

  • Vajra: The new platform Vajra, which is based on the Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT),has been designed with the aim to offer automatic clearing and settlement of payments on NPCI products such as unified payments interface (UPI) and Rupay card & will significantly reduce the need for manual reconciliation.
    It uses a permissions model in order to ensure that only approved parties are a part of the network.
  • Benefits: All the transactions undertaken by Vajra Platform using DLT follow real-time clearing and settlement. Especially, the DLT usage in payments will ensure minimal reconciliation of transactions, which will in turn provide higher efficiencies through automation and transparency….Click here to Read More

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

UN slashes India’s GDP growth to 5.7% from 7.6% for FY 2019-20
On January 16, 2020, According to the ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020’ report  released by the United Nations (UN), it has slashed India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth forecast for the year 2019-20 by 1.9% to 5.7%. Earlier in 2019, it had projected GDP growth rate of 7.6% for FY 2019-20.

  • It has lowered the India’s growth rate to be 6% in the next financial year-FY 2020-21 from 7.4 % earlier. It has also estimate a growth rate of 6.3 % for the fiscal beginning in 2021,while the growth rate was 6.8% in FY 2018-19.

Global growth: The report stated that, due to the long trade dispute in 2019, the world economy grew by 2.3%, which is the lowest in 10 years. It is also projected to grow at a rate of 2.5% in 2020. In the coming times, business stress, financial ups or geopolitical tensions may affect recovery….Click here to Read More

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS     

Singer Suman & music director Kuldeep Singh to get MP’s Lata Mangeshkar Award for 2017 & 2018 respectivelyOn January 16, 2020 noted Indian singer Suman Kalyanpur was chosen for the 2017 National Lata Mangeshkar Award of the state govt. of Madhya Pradesh(MP) while Indian Music composer Kuldeep Singh has been chosen for the same Mangeshkar award for the year 2018. They have been chosen for this award for their contribution in the field of music and will be awarded in February 2020 at an event in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
Key Points:

i.The award carries a cash prize of Rs 2 lakh, a shawl, a citation and a ‘shreephal’ (coconut). 
ii.Award committee: The selected committee of the award included singer Suresh Wadkar among others.
iii.About the award: The award has been instituted by MP in 1984-85 in honour of renowned singer Lata Mangeshkar (90 years). MP is the birthplace of the Lata.

  • Music director Naushal Ali was the 1st person to be conferred with the award in 1984-85.

About Madhya Pradesh:
Capital- Bhopal.
Governor- Lalji Tandon.
Chief minister- Kamal Nath.
National Parks(NP)- Kanha NP,Bandhavgarh NP, Madhav NP, Sanjay NP, Van Vihar NP, Panna NP, Satpura NP, Pench NP, Mandla Plant Fossils NP.

Road transport minister Gadkari presents National highway excellence awards 2019 in New Delhi
On January 14, 2020, Nitin Jairam Gadkari ,the Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises), has presented the National Highways (NH) Excellence Awards 2019 to honor the 12 best performers in NH sectoron  in New Delhi.

  • The award was given in 7 categories for which a total of 104 applications from across the country were received in 2019.The 7 categories include, Excellence in Project Management, Excellence in Operation and Maintenance, Excellence in Toll Management, Excellence in Highway Safety, Innovation, Outstanding Work in Challenging Conditions, Green Highway….Click here to Read More   

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS       

Harish Salve appointed Queen’s Counsel for courts of England & WalesOn January 17,2020 Indian Senior Advocate Harish Salve has been appointed the Queen’s counsel for the courts of England and Wales. The appointment was announced by Queen Elizabeth II on the advise of the Lord Chancellor Robert Buckland.
Key Point:

i.The title of Queen’s Counsel QC is awarded to those who have demonstrated particular skill and expertise in the conduct of advocacy.
ii.Salve and other appointees will be formally appointed as QC on March 16, where the Lord Chancellor will preside over the appointment ceremony at Westminster Hall, London, United Kingdom (UK).
iii.Advocate Salve served as Solicitor General for India from 1999 to 2002.
iv.He is currently a Barrister with a legal firm- Blackstone Chambers.
v.Harish Salve is known for representing India before the International Court of Justice in the Kulbhushan Jadhav extradition case.
Static:
UK(United Kingdom) comprises of 4 countries England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland.
Capital- London.
Currency- Pound Sterling.

SC appoints former apex court judge Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre as head of road safety committee            
On 14th January 2020, The Supreme Court will appoint one of its retired judges Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre as the Chairman of the committee on road safety since the panel’s current head and former top court judge Justice K.S.P. Radhakrishnan expressed his difficulty in continuing the position.
Key Points:
i.The decision in this regard has been given by a bench headed by Chief Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde. 
ii.The bench has also appointed Sanjay Mitra, former Defence Secretary as a member of the committee replacing the former secretary of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways S Sundar, who has found it difficult to continue as a member of the committee due to ill-health.
iii.The Center has directed to issue necessary notification on this replacements and the
changes will take place w.e.f February 1, 2020.
About Ministry of Road Transport and Highways:
Founded– July 1942
Minister Responsible– Nitin Gadkari, Cabinet Minister
Minister of state– General (Retd.) V. K. Singh

  ACQUISITIONS & MERGERS        

Equifax inks pact to acquire 100 % stake in its Indian JV- Equifax credit information services for Rs 370 crore
On January 16, 2020, Equifax Inc, a global information solutions company has signed a definitive agreement to acquire 100 % stake in its Indian Credit information company, Equifax Credit Information Services Private Ltd (ECIS) for Rs 370 crore.
Key Points:
i.ECIS has worked as a joint venture (JV) between Equifax and leading Indian financial institutions (FI) namely State Bank of India (SBI-7.41% stake), Bank of India (BOI-3.50 % stake), Kotak Mahindra Prime Limited (5.56% stake), Union Bank of India (UBI-4.17% stake) and Bank of Baroda(BoB), Sundaram Finance Limited (10% each) since the year 2010.
ii.Following this deal, now all the partners will exit from ECIS.
iii.Till now, ECIS has made many innovative solutions in data and analytics to the Indian lending space. It will now a full-service credit bureau offering its services to all segments of the lending sectors – Retail Banking, MFI and Commercial
About Equifax Inc:
Founded– 1899 (as Retail Credit Company)
Headquarters– Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
CEO– Mark W. Begor

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Russia to deliver five S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025
On January 17, 2020 Russia has announced to deliver 5 units of S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025 while its production has already begun. The announcement was made by Russian Deputy Chief of Mission Roman Babushkin. India and Russia signed a deal of $5.43 billion for the procurement of these S-400 systems during the 19th edition of India-Russia Annual Bilateral Summit held in New Delhi in 2018.
RIC meet: 
It was also announced that the Union Minister of External Affairs(MEA) Shri Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, will visit Russia on March 22&23 to attend the Russia-Indian-China(RIC) trilateral Foreign Ministers’ Meeting to be held in Vladivostok, Russia.

  • S-400: It is an upgraded version of the S-300 missiles that were previously available only to the Russian defence forces and is manufactured by Almaz-Antey and has been in service in Russia since 2007….Click here to Read More

CM Bhupesh Baghel launches employment-oriented mobile app ‘Rojgar Sangi’ in RaipurOn 15 January 2020, The Chief Minister (CM) of Chhattisgarh, Bhupesh Baghel has launched an employment-oriented mobile app,‘Rojgar Sangi’ developed by state-run Chhattisgarh State Skill Development Authority (CSSDA) at the ceremony of youth fest 2020 held at Science College premises in Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
Key Points:

i.The app is designed to provide employment to trained youths under their skill development programme. It is expected that through this app, lakhs of unemployed youth of the state will be able to get employment.
ii.The app will act as a bridge between the employment-generating institutions or individual and skill-trained youth. In this, the institutions or individuals providing employment can contact the youth trained in skill training as per their requirement.
iii.Information of trained & certified youths from more than 400 courses has been included. Through this app, any organization and person can post information on vacancies as per their requirement.
About Chhattisgarh:
Capital
– Raipur
Governor– Anusuiya Uikey
State Animal– Wild Asian Buffalo
National Parks– Indravati (Kutru) National Park, Kanger Valley National Park, Guru Ghasi Das
(Sanjay) National Park.
Wildlife Sanctuaries– Achanakmar WLS, Badalkhol WLS, Bhoramdev WLS.

ENVIRONMENT

Meteorite Contains The Oldest Material On Earth: 7-billion-year-old Stardust
On January 15, 2020 Scientists discovered the oldest material on earth, a 7 billion years old grains inside the meteorite that crashed in a fireball in 1969 into the town of Murchison in Victoria State, southeastern Australia.
Key Points:
i.All the dust specks that were analyzed in the research came from before the solar system’s formation known as ‘presolar grains’ (60% of them between 4.6 and 4.9 billion years old and the oldest 10% dating more than 5.6 billions years ago) the grains are small measuring from 2 to 30 micrometers in size.
ii.Presolar grains are the solid matter came from dying stars with the stardust flung into interstellar space ready to be used again to form new stars.
iii.A team of scientists led by Philip Heck, curator of meteorites from the Field Museum in Chicago, United States examined the presolar grains and research published in ‘Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences’ (PNAS).
iv.Scientists previously had found a presolar grain in the Murchison meteorite was about 5.5 billion years old, the oldest known solid material on earth.
v.The oldest known minerals that formed on earth are found in rock from Australia’s jack hills formed 4.4 billion years ago.

SPORTS

Pakistan’s Mohammad Hafeez to retire after Twenty20 (T-20) World CupOn January 17, 2020 Pakistan’s All-rounder cricket player Mohammad Hafeez, 38 years old, announced that he will be retiring from international cricket after the upcoming T-20 World Cup to be held in Australia in October 2020. Hafeez has been selected to play the T20I (Twenty20 International) series against Bangladesh starting in Lahore on Jan 24,2020.
Key Points:

i.Mohammad Hafeez nicknamed as ‘Professor’ for his knowledge of the game, has been one of Pakistan’s key players- as a top-order batsman and a handy off-spinner since 2003.
ii.Hafeez retired from tests in December 2018 after playing 55 tests and scored 6,614 runs took 139 wickets in 218 one-day internationals.
iii.His last ODI (One Day International) was during the World Cup (50 overs) in England 2019.
iv.Hafeez match in 89 T-20 internationals stands at 54 wickets and 1,908 runs.
v.He played 17 years for Pakistan and also captained Pakistan in 29 Twenty 20 Internationals, winning 17 and losing 11 with one ending in a tie.

OBITUARY

Former India all-rounder cricketer Bapu Nadkarni passed away at 86On January 17,2020 Former Indian all-rounder Rameshchandra Gangaram Bapu Nadkarni, 86 years old, a left-handed batsman and slow-left arm orthodox bowler passed away in Mumbai, Maharashtra. He was best known for bowling a record of 21 consecutive maiden overs in a test match against England.
Key Points:

i.Nadkarni played 41 tests in which he scored 1414 runs and grabbed 88 wickets with 6/43 as his best bowling figures.
ii.Bapu Nadkarni was born on 4 April 1933 in Nashik, Bombay Presidency, British India and played 191 first-class matches and taken 500 wickets and scored 8880 runs.
iii.Nadkarni made his test-debut against New-Zealand in Delhi in 1955 and played his last test at Auckland against New-zealand in 1968 under Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi captaincy.
iv.Nadkarni is known for his accuracy as he also had test match figures in 1960-61 series against Pakistan where he returned with figures of 32-24-23-0 at Kanpur followed by 34-24-24-1 in Delhi.

Senior journalist and former MP Ashwini Kumar Chopra passes away at 63On 18th January 2019, Senior Journalist and former Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Member of Parliament (MP) Ashwini Kumar Chopra passed away at a private hospital in Gurgaon after battling with terminal cancer. 
Key Points:

i.Born on 11th June 1956 in Jalandhar, he was a senior Journalist and Editor of Punjab Kesari (Hindi daily), later he was elected as a Member of Parliament from Karnal, Haryana, in 2014 and served for the period of 2014-2019.
ii.Before entering into Journalism, he played in the Ranji Trophy under the name Ashwini Minna for Punjab and played 25 first-class matches between 1975-76 and 1979-80.

STATE NEWS

Kerala announces sports awards, Muhammad Anas wins GV Raja awardOn 16 January 2020, Kerala Sports Minister EP Jayarajan Nambiar announced the sports award instituted by Kerala State Sports Council. Indian Sprinter Mohammad Anas won GV Raja(Lt.Col. P. R. Godavarma Raja) award (Male) for athletics.
GV Raja award
is awarded yearly for excellence in Sports.
Key Points:
i.Anas has won silver for India in the 400-meter race at Jakarta Asian games.
ii.In female category Puthenpurayil Chandrika Thulasi, Pallakad won the GV Raja award which carries prize money of Rs 3 lakh and a citation.
iii.PC thulasi won bronze for India in the Asian games and performed well in other international badminton tournaments.
iv.T P Ouseph,athletics coach selected for Olympian Suresh Babu lifetime achievement award which carries a prize of Rs 2 lakh and a citation.
v.Satheevan Balan won the award for the best sports trainer by the Kerala State Sports Council.
vi.The awards was instituted by the Kerala State Sports Council in 2018.
About Kerala:
Capital- Thiruvananthapuram
Chief Minister- Pinarayi Vijayan
Governor- Arif Mohammad Khan
State Animal- Indian Elephant
State Bird- Great hornbill
State Tree- Coconut

NITI Aayog, UT of Ladakh signed MoU for development of Infrastructure Projects
On January 17, 2020, the National Institution for Transforming India(NITI) Aayog has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with newly developed Union Territory(UT) of Ladakh in order to promote the development of infrastructures in the recently developed UT.  Under the MoU, Niti Aayog will provide support to ladakh through ‘Development Support Services to States for Infrastructure Projects (D3S-i or DSSS for Infrastructure Projects)’.
MoU signing: The MoU was signed by senior adviser of Niti Aayog Yogesh Suri and Ladakh’s Lieutenant Governor Umang Narula in presence of Niti Aayog Chief Executive Officer(CEO) Shri Amitabh Kant and joint secretary MC Jauhari.
Key Points:
i.DSSS for infrastructure projects: Niti Aayog has implemented the DSSS projects to develop the infrastructure of the state of the art capacity. It involves providing support to the state/ UTs from the concept plan till financial closures.

  • The 1st phase of DSSS was completed in 2018 with a selection of 10 projects out of over 400 projects while phase 2 was completed in 2018-19 with the selected 10 projects progressing to the transaction stage.

ii.Under the DSSS identification of high-impact priority projects, project implementation, addressing structural-level issues and creating models of development for Ladakh will be done.

Current Affairs Headlines: 18 January 2020 

  1. Indian Army conducted airborne exercise ‘Winged Raider’ involving Special Forces troops
  2. DV Sadananda launched HURL’s brand “APNA UREA-Sona Ugle” & unveiled company logo in New Delhi
  3. Commemorative stamp of former footballer Chuni Goswami released by Indian Postal Department
  4. 1st Session of India-Norway Dialogue on Trade & Investment Held in New Delhi
  5. Bahadurpur and Kheri Viran to become India’s first model sports villages
  6. Govt allocates over Rs 2000 crore for completing Z Morh tunnel in J&K
  7. 5th edition of Science Film festival 2020 held in Panaji, Goa
  8. 10th World Future Energy Summit 2020 held in Abu dhabi, UAE; CLIX sustainability summit held
  9. RBI tightens norms for debit, credit card issuance & usage to improve security
  10. Digital payments body NPCI launches blockchain-based ‘Vajra platform’ to make payments fast & secure
  11. UN slashes India’s GDP growth to 5.7% from 7.6% for FY 2019-20
  12. Singer Suman & music director Kuldeep to get MP’s Mangeshkar Award for 2017 & 2018 respectively
  13. Road transport minister Gadkari presents National highway excellence awards 2019 in New Delhi
  14. Harish Salve appointed Queen’s Counsel for courts of England & Wales
  15. Ukraine PM Oleksiy Honcharuk resigns
  16. SC appoints former apex court judge Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre as head of road safety committee
  17. Equifax inks pact to acquire 100 % stake in its Indian JV- Equifax credit information services for Rs 370 crore
  18. Russia to deliver five S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025
  19. CM Bhupesh baghel launches employment-oriented mobile app ‘Rojgar Sangi’ in Raipur
  20. Meteorite Contains The Oldest Material On Earth: 7-billion-year-old Stardust
  21. Pakistan’s Mohammad Hafeez to retire after Twenty20 (T-20) World Cup
  22. Former India all-rounder Bapu Nadkarni passed away at 86
  23. Senior journalist and former MP Ashwini Kumar Chopra  passes away at 63
  24. Kerala announces sports awards, Muhammad Anas wins GV Raja award
  25. NITI Aayog UT of Ladakh signed MoU for development of Infrastructure Projects

Click Here to Read Current Affairs January 2020

Road transport minister Gadkari presents National highway excellence awards 2019 in New Delhi

On January 14, 2020, Nitin Jairam Gadkari ,the Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises), has presented the National Highways (NH) Excellence Awards 2019 to honor the 12 best performers in NH sectoron  in New Delhi.Key Points:

i.The award was given in 7 categories for which a total of 104 applications from across the country were received in 2019.The 7 categories include, Excellence in Project Management, Excellence in Operation and Maintenance, Excellence in Toll Management, Excellence in Highway Safety, Innovation, Outstanding Work in Challenging Conditions, Green Highway.

ii.The applications were received on an online application platform designed by National Informatics Centre (NIC). An esteemed jury panel checked all the aspects of each project for the award. Also, Toll personnel with the best implementation of FASTag technology will be awarded for increased automation in toll collection.

About Fastag: It is an electronic toll collection system in India, operated by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). It uses Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to make toll payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it or directly to toll owner.

NH Excellence Awards:
Instituted in the year 2018, National Highway Excellence Awards aims to recognize the well-performing companies in the field of construction, operations, maintenance, toll collection and road safety on National Highways.

About Road transport ministry:
Founded
– July 1942
Headquarters– New Delhi

UN slashes India’s GDP growth to 5.7% from 7.6% for FY 2019-20

On January 16, 2020, According to the ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020’ report  released by the United Nations (UN), it has slashed India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth forecast for the year 2019-20 by 1.9% to 5.7%. Earlier in 2019,It had projected GDP growth rate of 7.6% for FY 2019-20.Key Points:

i.It has lowered the India’s growth rate to be 6.6% in the next financial year-FY 2020-21 from 7.4 % earlier. It has also estimate a growth rate of 6.3 % for the fiscal beginning in 2021,while the growth rate was 6.8% in FY 2018-19.

ii.3 major reasons for the reduction in GDP growth

Auto Industry: In 2019, this sector saw the slowdown., whereby the vehicle sales volume witnessed the fastest decline in 19 years. The auto industry records for 7% of the India’s GDP and 49% of the manufacturing GDP.

IIP(Index of Industrial Production):India’s industrial activity continuously at a sluggish manner due to the major steps like corporate tax cuts in September 2019. The IIP (Index of Industrial Production) rose by 1.8% in November 2019, after declining between August –October,2019.

NBFCs: One of the main reasons for the decline in GDP growth is the cash crisis of non-banking finance companies (NBFCs). The crisis came in September 2018 after the Indian infrastructure development and finance company,Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Limited (IL&FS) defaulted in debt payments.

iii.Retail inflation rate the highest highest in last 5 years:  Retail inflation figures, released by the National Statistical Office (NSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Retail inflation rose to a 5-year high of 7.35% in December 2019. Earlier, in July 2014, the retail inflation had reached 7.39 %.

iv.Global growth:The report stated that, due to the long trade dispute in 2019, the world economy grew by 2.3%, which is the lowest in 10 years. It is also projected to grow at a rate of 2.5% in 2020. In the coming times, business stress, financial ups or geopolitical tensions may affect recovery.

v.2 ways to accelerate growth:
(i) India, which is going through an economic downturn, needs to continue with structural reforms & (ii) Financial incentives and financial sector reforms are needed to increase investment and consumption.

vi.Background:Many international and domestic agencies had lowered India’s growth forecast Earlier. The UN is the 7th institution to cut India’s growth forecast.
Previous prediction includes, Asian Development Bank -ADB(5.1%), National Statistics Office- NSO(5%),Reserve Bank of India – RBI (5%), World bank (5%),  Moody’s (4.9% ), Fitch (4.6%),State Bank of India- SBI(4.6%).

About United Nations (UN):
Founded
– 1945
Headquarters– New York City, US
SecretaryGeneral- António Guterres

Digital payments body NPCI launches blockchain-based ‘Vajra platform’ to make payments fast & secure

On January 6, 2020, National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI),an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments has launched blockchain technology based “Vajra Platform” to make payments fast & secure.Key Points:

i. Vajra: The new platform Vajra, which is based on the Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT),has been designed with the aim to offer automatic clearing and settlement of payments on NPCI products such as unified payments interface (UPI) and Rupay card & will significantly reduce the need for manual reconciliation.

It uses a permissions model in order to ensure that only approved parties are a part of the network. It can be accessed by various payments companies. After getting the approval, the firms can install it by using an application programming interface (API) provided by NPCI.

ii.Benefits: All the transactions undertaken by Vajra Platform using DLT follow real-time clearing and settlement.
Especially, the DLT usage in payments will ensure minimal reconciliation of transactions, which will in turn provide higher efficiencies through automation and transparency. It also helps to reduce the whole charges incurred in operating transactions.

The blockchain-based technology in Vajra will help in Aadhaar authentication by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).

In order to protect the data, the blockchain technology based payments uses cryptography security, which is a technology which protects information by converting it into some codes, which can be accessed and read by only authorised firms.

Further, the transparency in DLT platform also helps to track & resolve complaints easily.
Privacy for payment transactions will be ensured under this platform by the way it encrypting them into digital signatures,thus preventing unauthorised firms from reading or corrupting transaction data.

About National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI):
Founded
– 2008
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD & CEO- Dilip Asbe

RBI tightens norms for debit, credit card issuance & usage to improve security

On January 15, 2020, In view of the increasing cases of cyber fraud, India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has framed new rules under “Enhancing Security of Card Transactions” to further protect debit, credit card transactions. These directions are issued under Section 10(2) of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (Act 51 of 2007) & will come into effect from 16 March,2020.New Norms:

i.Facility to switch on, off cards: Under this, now transactions at ATMs(Automated Teller Machine) and PoS (Point of Sale) will be done through domestic cards. In addition, RBI directed banks and other card issuing companies to allow their customers to switch on and off their debit and credit cards.

ii.The RBI also directed that all physical or virtual cards be enabled to be used only at contact based point of use (ATM and PoS) at the time of issue or re-issue.

iii.The card issuing company / bank should allow its cardholders to enable 3 facilities, ‘card not present’ transactions / online transaction (domestic and international), card present (international) transactions and contactless transactions.

iv.Enable or disable the card in many ways:

The facility to switch on / off the card, set / modify the limit of the transaction should be given at all times and through various means. Mediums include mobile applications, Internet banking, ATM or interactive voice response (IVR) on a 24×7 basis.

Card issuers will have to give alerts/information/status, etc., through SMS / e-mail, as and when there is any change in the status of the card .

v.The card issuing company can take a decision based on risk perception of whether to disable the right of existing card not present (domestic and international) transactions, card present (international) transactions and contactless transactions.
The existing cards which have never been used for online / international / contactless transactions, must be disabled for these things. However, this RBI directive is not mandatory to be applied for prepaid gift cards and cards used in mass transit systems.

About Reserve Bank of India (RBI):
Headquarters
– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Formation– 1 April 1935
Governor– Shaktikanta Das
Deputy Governors– 4 (BP Kanungo, N S Vishwanathan, Mahesh Kumar Jain, Michael Debabrata Patra)

DV Sadananda launched HURL’s brand “APNA UREA-Sona Ugle” & unveiled company logo in New Delhi

On January 17, 2020 the Union Minister of Chemicals & Fertilizers (MoC&F) Shri Devaragunda Venkappa Sadananda Gowda launched “APNA UREA – Sona Ugle” brand of Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited (HURL) and also the company’s logo at an event in New Delhi.Fertilizer plants revival:

i.HURL: It is a Joint venture(JV) company 3 Maharatna companies as its lead promoters which are Coal India Limited (CIL), NTPC Limited (NTPC) and Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) and Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd (FCIL) & Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL) as other two partners.

ii.Urea plant revival undertaken by HURL: 

  • Plant revival by HURL: In 2016, the govt approved for the revival of 3 urea plants located at Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh), Sindri(Jharkhand) and Barauni (Bihar). It was undertaken by HURL.
  • Total plant revival: This undertaking by HURL is part of Prime Minister Modi’s direction of revival of 5 major fertilizer plants. The remaining 2 plants are at Ramagundam(Telangana) and Talcher (Odisha) and they will commence production soon.
  • Capacity of 3 plants undertaken by HURL: 3 plants which will be revived by HURL mostly by 2021 have total installed capacity of 38.1 LMT of Neem Coated Urea per annum.

iii.Fertilizer production: Nearly 70-80 Lakh Metric Tonne (LMT) fertilizer every year are being imported in India. Once the above mentioned 5 units are commissioned the total production of Urea is expected to increase by 63.5 LMT Per Annum (LMTPA).

  • Average import & production: India’s average urea import is 63.12 LMT & its average total production of urea in the country is around 241 LMT.  The total consumption (Sales) of urea is 305.48 LMT approximately.

iv.New plans of HURL:  HURL will establish energy efficient Natural Gas based new Fertilizer Complexes having an installed capacity of 1.27 MMTPA (Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum) neem coated urea.

  • Natural gas supply: Under pooled price mechanism natural gas supply will be done by GAIL (formerly Gas Authority of India Ltd) under the Pooled Price Mechanism.

v.Remaining plant revival:

  • The remaining two plants that are being revived are Ramagundam unit by M/s. Ramagundam Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited (RFCL), a JV of National Fertilizers Limited (NFL), Engineers India Ltd (EIL) & FCIL,
  • Talcher unit (expected commissioning by 2023) by Talcher Fertilizers Limited (TFL), a JV of Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited (RCF), CIL, GAIL & FCIL.

vi.Members Present: Secretary of Department of Fertilizers, Shri Chhabilendra Roul and other officials were present during the event.

About Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers (MoC&F):
Fact- departments under MoC&F are dept. of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Dept of Fertilisers and Dept. of Pharmaceuticals.
Union minister- Shri. D.V. Sadananda Gowda.
Minister of State(MoS)- Shri Mansukh Mandaviya.

Russia to deliver five S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025

On January 17, 2020 Russia has announced to deliver 5 units of S-400 air defence systems to India by 2025 while its production has already begun. The announcement was made by Russian Deputy Chief of Mission Roman Babushkin. India and Russia signed a deal of $5.43 billion for the procurement of these S-400 systems during the 19th edition of India-Russia Annual Bilateral Summit held in New Delhi in 2018.RIC meet: 
It was also announced that the Union Minister of External Affairs(MEA) Shri Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, will visit Russia on March 22&23 to attend the Russia-Indian-China(RIC) trilateral Foreign Ministers’ Meeting to be held in Vladivostok, Russia

S-400 and other defence announcements by Russia:

i.S-400: It is an upgraded version of the S-300 missiles that were previously available only to the Russian defence forces.

  • Manufacturer: S400 is manufactured by Almaz-Antey and has been in service in Russia since 2007.

ii.Other announcements: Indian Armed forces will receive the 1st batch of 5,000 Kalashnikov rifles in 2020 itself.

  • Apart from this, after signing a contract, 60 Ka-2267 helicopters will be supplied to India as well as 140 helicopters of the same type will also be produced.  Soon, joint production of spare parts of military hardware will also be implemented.

iii.India-Russia contracts: In 2019, the contracts between India-Russia came close to about $16 billion.

About Russia:
Capital- Moscow.
Currency- Russian ruble
Prime minister- Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin
President- Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin.

Govt allocates Rs.2379 crore for completing Z Morh tunnel in J&K

On January 17, 2020, a concession agreement was signed in New Delhi for completing the Z-Morh tunnel in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir(J&K). Under the agreement, Rs.2379 crore has been allocated to complete the construction of the tunnel within 3.5 years.Pact signing: The agreement between National Highways & Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) and APCO Amarnathji Tunnelway Pvt Ltd was signed in presence of Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, Minister of State(MoS) for Road Transport and Highways Gen (Retd) Vijay Kumar Singh and Secretary of Road Transport & Highways Shri Sanjiv Ranjan.

Z Morh tunnel construction project:

i.Tunnel length: The length of the two-lane bi-directional Z Morh tunnel with parallel escape tunnel is 6.5 kilometers. It will remain closed during winter due to heavy snowfall in Gagenger area of J&K.

ii.Connectivity: It will provide connectivity to Sonmarg tourist spots in Jammu and Kashmir.

iii.Project: The project also includes construction, operation & maintenance of Z-Morh and also approaches NH-1(National Highways 1) at Srinagar-Sonamarg-Gumri road from 61 kilometres to 89.30 kilometres on the bases of design, build, finance, operate and transfer Annuity.

iv.Z Morh tunnel: The tunnel gets its name for its Z shaped formation between Sonamarg and Gagangir of J&K.

  • 1000 vehicles an hour can travel through the tunnel with approved speed of 80kilometer per hour(kmph).
  • Z Morh is located at an elevation of 2,637 metres (8,652 ft) above the sea level.

36 Union ministers visited Kashmir to spread awareness on Article 370 abrogation:
Following the initiative of Union Minister of Home Affairs(MoHA) Shri Amit Shah, a group of 36 union ministers have set visit to different districts of J&K to spread awareness on the abrogation of article 370.  The ministers will engage in dialogues with the people from January 18-24, 2020. In the midst of the visit, Russia has also reaffirmed its stand on Kashmir.

  • There will be 51 visits to Jammu and 8 to Srinagar.
  • Article 370 abrogation: Article 370 that acknowledges the special status of the then state of Jammu and Kashmir in terms of autonomy and its ability to formulate laws for the state’s permanent residents was abrogated on August 2019 thus removing the special status.

About Jammu & Kashmir:
Formation- 31 October 2019 as Union Territory.
Capital- Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter).
Lieutenant Governor- Girish Chandra Murmu.

Current Affairs Quiz: January 15, 16 & 17 2020

AffairsCloud brings you the complete and important daily Current Affairs 15, 16 & 17 January 2020 Quiz to achieve more marks in Banking, Insurance, UPSC, SSC, CLAT, Railways and all other competitive Exams. We have prepared the current affairs quiz question from our daily current affairs 2020 updates.

Questions Based on Current Affairs January 15, 16 & 17 2020

  1. Under which scheme, financial support of Rs. 15 lakh will be provided for one-time treatment of rare diseases as per the National draft policy on Rare Disease ?
    1) Prime Minister Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojna
    2) Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
    3) Rashtriya Arogaya Nidhi scheme
    4) Shramew Arogaya Nidhi Yojana
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) Rashtriya Arogaya Nidhi scheme
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020 the govt has released the National draft policy on Rare Disease in which financial support of Rs. 15 lakh will be provided under the Rashtriya Arogaya Nidhi scheme for one-time treatment of rare diseases. Beneficiaries: The scheme benefit is limited to people below Poverty Line (BPL) and also 40% of the population eligible as per Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana(AB-PMJAY) norms for treatment in government tertiary hospitals only.

  2. Name the campaign launched by Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan to create awareness among the people in conservation of fuels .
    1) Shram Yogi
    2) Samman
    3) Saksham
    4) Sansad Adarsh
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) Saksham
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020 Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launched ‘Saksham’ a month long People-centric fuel conservation mega campaign of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in New Delhi. Under this campaign PCRA and Gas companies will conduct various workshops, seminars, cyclothons to adapt the measure of using less fuels. This campaign programs will be also broadcast in social media to create awareness among the people in conservation of fuels.

  3. Which state celebrates the festival ‘Chapchar Kut’ recently ?
    1) Assam
    2) Mizoram
    3) Meghalaya
    4) Gujarat
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) Mizoram
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020 Government of Mizoram along with the organizing committee under the chairmanship of Chief Minister Zoramthanga has decided to celebrate the ‘Chapchar Kut’, the biggest and most important festival of the Mizos, on March 6, 2020. The two- days festival is celebrated under the theme “Promotion of Mizos’ culture and moral code”.

  4. Which state has became 1st in India to initiate the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s ‘red listing’ of orchids ?
    1) Andhra Pradesh (AP)
    2) Assam
    3) Kerala
    4) Arunachal Pradesh (AR)
    5) None of these
    Answer-4) Arunachal Pradesh (AR)
    Explanation:
    On January 17, 2020, Arunachal Pradesh (AR) has became the 1st State in India to initiate the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s ‘red listing’ of orchids at the state level after it has inked a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Itanagar, AR. According to the MoU, the state government of Arunachal Pradesh will cooperate with IUCN and conduct a red-list evaluation of orchids in the state.

  5. ________ edition of National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020 held in Indira Pratishthan, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh .
    1) 23rd
    2) 22nd
    3) 21st
    4) 20th
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) 23rd
    Explanation:
    The 23rd edition of the National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020 was held at Indira Pratishthan, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from January 12-16, 2020. It was jointly organised by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) and State Government of Uttar Pradesh.

  6. What was the theme of the 23rd edition of the National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020 ?
    1) “Youth for Digital India”
    2) “Fit Youth, Fit India”
    3) “Sankalp Se Siddhi”
    4) “Celebrating Diversity”
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) “Fit Youth, Fit India”
    Explanation:
    The 23rd edition of the National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020 was held at Indira Pratishthan, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from January 12-16, 2020. It was jointly organised by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) and State Government of Uttar Pradesh. The theme of the 2020 NYF was “Fit Youth, Fit India”.

  7. Which organization has released the “Global challenges for 2020”, that identified 13 health challenges in this decade ?
    1) World Health Organisation (WHO)
    2) United Nations (UN)
    3) World Trade Organization (WTO)
    4) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) World Health Organisation (WHO)
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020 the World Health Organisation(WHO) released the Global challenges for 2020. 13 health challenges in this decade were also identified. Top global challenges: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), climate crisis, eventuality of an influenza epidemic and spread of infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) and tuberculosis (TB) were listed as the top global health challenges for 2020. It is also the second straight year that these challenges have topped the WHO list.

  8. Which bank has unveiled India’s largest API (Application Programming Interfaces) banking portal with nearly 250 APIs ?
    1) State Bank of India (SBI)
    2) Axis Bank
    3) ICICI Bank
    4) HDFC Bank
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) ICICI Bank
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020, ICICI (Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India) bank,an Indian multinational banking and financial services company has launched India’s largest API (application programming interfaces) Banking portal called ‘ICICI Bank API Banking portal’(https://developer.icicibank.com/), which consists of 250 APIs & allows bank’s partner companies across the globe to sign up on it, create an application, select the application, test it out and get the sample code.

  9. Which Bank will provide $88 million loan pact for Assam Inland Water Transport Project ?
    1) Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    2) World Bank (WB)
    3) Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    4) New Development Bank (NDB)
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) World Bank (WB)
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020 the Government of India, the Govt. of Assam and the World Bank(WB) signed a loan agreement of $88 million for implementation of the Assam Inland Water Transport Project (AIWTP) to modernize passenger ferry sector of Assam which runs on rivers including the Brahmaputra river in Assam. Loan signing: The loan agreement from the Indian side was signed by Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance and by Mr Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Country Director (India), World Bank on behalf of the WB.

  10. Name the bank that has signed an MoU (memorandum of understanding ) with South Central Railway (SCR) Zone of Indian Railways for doorstep banking in 585 stations .
    1) Bank of Baroda
    2) Indian Bank
    3) Canara Bank
    4) State Bank of India (SBI)
    5) None of these
    Answer-4) State Bank of India (SBI)
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020, South Central Railway (SCR) Zone of Indian Railways has signed an MoU (memorandum of understanding ) with State Bank of India (SBI) for ‘doorstep banking’ under which the bank will collect earnings generated from all 585 stations of the zone. Equal remittance mechanism will be developed in all railway stations.Real time information will be available about the cash being deposited by various stations, which will facilitate accountability.

  11. Which 2 states have signed a quadripartite agreement between the central government and representatives of the Bru tribe to end 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis recently ?
    1) State Governments of Assam, Tripura
    2) State Governments of West Bengal, Assam
    3) State Governments of Meghalaya, Mizoram
    4) State Governments of Tripura, Mizoram
    5) None of these
    Answer-4) State Governments of Tripura ,Mizoram
    Explanation:
    On January, 16 ,2020, Union Minister for Home Affairs (HM), Shri Amit Shah has presided over the signing of a quadripartite agreement between the central government and state Governments of Tripura ,Mizoram and representatives of the Bru tribe in New Delhi to end 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis. As per the new agreement, about 34,000 Bru refugees will be inhabited in Tripura and assisted by central government with its allocated budget of Rs 600 crores to help in their resettlement.

  12. Which 2 countries have signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to enhance cooperation in the field of production, procurement, research and development in defence sector during Raisina Dialogue 2020 .
    1) India & Finland
    2) India & United States
    3) India & Russia
    4) India & Japan
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) India & Finland
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020 India & Finland signed Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) in order to enhance cooperation in the field of production, procurement, research and development in defence sector. MoU signing: India’s defence secretary Ajay Kumar and and the Finnish Defence Ministry”s Permanent Secretary, Jukka Juusti signed the MoU. This MoU was previously under discussion since the 2018 Defence Expo (Defexpo) and has been finally formalised in the run up to Defence Expo 2020 which is to be held in Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh from February 5-9, 2020.

  13. For co-operation in which of the following field, India and Bangladesh have signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on January 14, 2020 ?
    1) Defence
    2) Information and Broadcasting
    3) Research and Development
    4) Information and Technology
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) Information and Broadcasting
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020 a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between India and Bangladesh in the field of Information and Broadcasting at Information and Broadcasting Ministers meet 2020, in New Delhi. A MoU was also signed for content exchange programme between All India Radio (AIR) and Bangladesh Radio Betar.India and Bangladesh is co-producing the biopic of “BangaBandhu” , Sheikh Mujibur Rehman who was the first President of Bangladesh and it will be released during his birth centenary year, March 17,2020.

  14. Who was appointed as the Chairman of 11 member Committee constituted to draft the National Water Policy ?
    1) Dr Mihir Shah
    2) Shashi Shekhar
    3) Ramesh Chandra Panda
    4) Tushaar Shah
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) Dr Mihir Shah
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020 Dr Mihir Shah, professor at the Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh has been appointed as the chairman of the 11-member committee to draft the National Water Policy(NWP) and will have to submit the report within 6 months from the date of constitution. The committee was established by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation of govt. of India.

  15. Which country has appointed, Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin as Prime Minister on January 16, 2020 ?
    1) China
    2) Russia
    3) Japan
    4) Germany
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) Russia
    Explanation:
    On January 16, 2020 the Russian lawmakers have approved Russian President Vladimir Putin’s proposed candidate Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin, the head of the Federal Tax Service, as the next prime minister of the country. He replaced Dmitri Anatolyevich Medvedev who resigned from his post. Mass resignation: Putin proposed major changes in the constitution of Russia that would spread political power more evenly. Shorty after the proposed changes by Putin, Dmitri Medvedev resigned as Prime Minister (PM). Along with Medvedev the russian cabinet also made a mass resignation.

  16. Who has been selected for the Saraswati Samman 2019 for his short stories collection- ‘Chequebook’ ?
    1) Salman Rushdie
    2) Chetan Bhagat
    3) Vasdev Mohi
    4) Anita Desai
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) Vasdev Mohi
    Explanation:
    On January 17,2020 Sindhi (Indo-Aryan language) Writer Vasdev Mohi has been selected for the Saraswati Samman 2019, a literary recognition given annually by the K K (Krishna Kumar) Birla Foundation. The literary award is given for his short stories collection- ‘Chequebook’. The short story talks about the sufferings of the marginalized sections in the society. The work was selected by a committee headed by former secretary general of the Lok sabha, Subash C Kashyap.

  17. Name the Indian Cricketer, who was awarded as the ODI (One Day International) Cricketer of the Year for the first time in 16th edition of ICC awards 2019 .
    1) MS Dhoni
    2) Rohit Gurunath Sharma
    3) Virat Kohli
    4) Shikhar Dhawan
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) Rohit Gurunath Sharma
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020, the International Cricket Council (ICC) has announced the list of ICC award winners for the year 2019 to recognise and honor the best international cricket players of the previous 12 months. Indian opener Rohit Gurunath Sharma became ODI (One Day International) Cricketer of the Year for the first time.

  18. Who won the “Spirit of Cricket Award” in the 16th edition of ICC awards 2019 ?
    1) MS Dhoni
    2) Rohit Gurunath Sharma
    3) Virat Kohli
    4) Shikhar Dhawan
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) Virat Kohli
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020, the International Cricket Council (ICC) has announced the list of ICC award winners for the year 2019 to recognise and honor the best international cricket players of the previous 12 months. Virat Kohli bagged Spirit of Cricket award.

  19. For which novel, Twinkle Khanna received the “Popular Best Fiction Award” in the 17th edition of Crossword Book Awards ?
    1) Pyjamas Are Forgiving
    2) The Upside-Down King: Unusual Tales About Rama and Krishna
    3) One Foot on the Ground: A Life Told Through the Body
    4) Notes of a Dream: The Authorized Biography of AR Rahman
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) Pyjamas Are Forgiving
    Explanation:
    On January 14, 2020 the 17th edition of Crossword Book Awards was held in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The Crossword Book Award is the only forum in India that gives a face to Indian authors and Indian literature, with a well-rounded jury mining gems from the length and breadth of the country.
    Winners of 17th crossword Books Awards:

        Category               Winners
     BiographyKrishna Trilok for

    Notes of a Dream: The Authorized Biography of AR Rahman.

     Popular Best Fiction AwardTwinkle Khanna for

    Pyjamas Are Forgiving

    Popular Children’s book awardSudha Murty for

    The Upside-Down King: Unusual Tales About Rama and Krishna

    Jury Non-fiction awardShanta Gokhale for One Foot on the Ground: A Life Told Through the Body
    Jury Fiction awardMadhuri Vijay for The Far Field
    Jury Children’s book awardRicha Jha and Sumanta Dey for Machher Jhol: Fish Curry
    Best book in the Indian LanguageJayasree Kalathil and N Prabhakaran for Diary of a Malayali Madman

  20. Who launched the 1st International Heritage Symposium and Exhibition (IHSE) ?
    1) Prahalad Singh Patel
    2) Rakesh Singh
    3) Pralhad Joshi
    4) Kiren Rijiju
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) Prahalad Singh Patel
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020 Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (IC) Shri Prahalad Singh Patel launched the first International Heritage Symposium and Exhibition (IHSE). The exhibition will be held until February 15, 2020 on “Indian Heritage in Digital Space “ and first international heritage symposium will be held for two days in the National Museum in New Delhi.

  21. Which city hosts the 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue 2020, India’s annual global conference on geopolitics & geo-economics recently ?
    1) Mumbai, Maharashtra
    2) New Delhi, Delhi
    3) Kolkata, West Bengal
    4) Guwahati, Assam
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) New Delhi, Delhi
    Explanation:
    The 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue 2020 which is India’s annual global conference on geopolitics and geo-economics was held in New Delhi from January 14-16, 2020. The dialogue was jointly organised by the Ministry of External Affairs(MEA) and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF). Prime Minister(PM) Shri Narendra Modi and Subrahmanyam Jaishankar (MEA) attended the inaugural session of the dialogue.

  22. Name the country, that has explored ‘Green Strategic Partnership’ with India during the 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue 2020 .
    1) China
    2) Indonesia
    3) Denmark
    4) Russia
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) Denmark
    Explanation:
    The Minister of External Affairs(MEA) Shri S.Jaishankar met foreign Minister of Denmark Jeppe Sebastian Kofod and held discussions on ‘Green Strategic Partnership’ between the two countries.

  23. Who heads the Special Investigation Team (SIT), that probed the 1984 anti-sikh riots cases ?
    1) P. B. Gajendragadkar
    2) Mehr Chand Mahajan
    3) SN Dhingra
    4) Bijan Kumar Mukherjea
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) SN Dhingra
    Explanation:
    On January 15,2020 The Special Investigation Team (SIT) probing of the 1984 anti-sikh riots cases was headed by retired Delhi High Court judge Justice SN Dhingra. The Government has accepted the guidance of the special investigation team that had investigated 186 cases of the 1984 anti-sikh riots and appropriate actions will be taken under law. Solicitor General Tushor Mehta, appearing on behalf of the centre comprising of Chief Justice SA Bobde and Justices BR Gavai and Surya kant accepted the SIT recommendations and take appropriate action.

  24. _____ edition of the “Global Risk Report 2020: An Unsettled World” was released recently ?
    1) 12th
    2) 13th
    3) 14th
    4) 15th
    5) None of these
    Answer-4) 15th
    Explanation:
    On January 15, 2020 the World Economic Forum(WEF) released the 15th edition of the “Global Risk Report 2020: An Unsettled World”. This report is a part of WEF’s Global Risks initiative and presents about the major risk the world is expected to face in the future. It is also to be noted that the year 2020 marks the 50th anniversary of the World Economic Forum, with the 2020 theme being “Stakeholders for a Cohesive and Sustainable World”. Economic confrontations: Over 78 % of the 750 global experts expect rise in “economic confrontations” and “domestic political polarization” in 2020.

  25. In which Air force Station, India’s 1st Sukhoi-30 fighter squadron will be inducted ?
    1) Kochi, Kerala
    2) Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh (AP)
    3) Bengaluru, Karnataka
    4) Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (TN)
    5) None of these
    Answer-4) Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (TN)
    Explanation:
    On 12 January 2020,As per the Chief of the Indian Air Force (IAF), Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh (RKS) Bhadauria,the induction ceremony of a Sukhoi-30 MKIs (Su-30 MKI) squadron in the southern skies will take place in the presence of Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu (TN) on January 20,2020.

  26. Name the Squadron, that will induct Sukhoi 30-MKI fighter aircraft equipped with BrahMos missile .
    1) 224 Squadron (Warlords)
    2) 222 Squadron (Tigersharks)
    3) 221 Squadron (Valiants)
    4) 223 Squadron (Tridents)
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) 222 Squadron (Tigersharks)
    Explanation:
    India has equipped Sukhoi-30 MKI with BrahMos, one of the world’s super missiles. The ‘Tigersharks’, equipped with modern air superiority fighter aircraft, which are armed with 2.5 ton air-launched BrahMos missile of 300 km range,have the capability of carrying out a variety of missions such as ground attack, sea attack.

  27. Which firm has manufactured the K9 Vajra self-propelled Howitzer gun, that was dedicated to India in Hazira, Gujarat ?
    1) Kalyani Defense Systems
    2) L&T (Larsen & Toubro) private sector Limited
    3) Hindustan Aeronautic Limited (HAL)
    4) TATA Advanced Systems
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) L&T (Larsen & Toubro) private sector Limited
    Explanation:
    On January 16,2020 Defence Minister Shri. Rajnath Singh dedicated 51st K9 Vajra self-propelled Howitzer gun made by L&T (Larsen & Toubro) private sector Limited at Hazira in Gujarat to the Nation. The Government has set a target to achieve a $26 billion turnover in the aerospace and defence industry by 2025 and provides employment to 2- 3 million people. K9 Vajra guns is the best example of ‘Make in India’ in Defence.The guns weighs 50 tonnes and can fire 47-kilogram bombs at targets up to a distance of 43 kilometers distance target.

  28. Which organization has launched the India’s first e-commerce housing portal ‘HousingForAll.Com’, to boost ‘Housing for all’ and ‘Digital India’ initiatives ?
    1) Central Real Estate Development Council (CREDCO)
    2) Real Estate Development Council (REDCO)
    3) National Real Estate Development Council (NAREDCO)
    4) International Real Estate Development Council (INREDCO)
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) National Real Estate Development Council (NAREDCO)
    Explanation:
    National Real Estate Development Council (NAREDCO) has launched the India’s first e-commerce housing portal ‘HousingForAll.Com’, to boost ‘Housing for all’ and ‘Digital India’ initiatives. The objective of e-commerce platform is to bring transparency in the sector and offer only certified projects. Key Points: i.The portal will be open for one month only for the real estate developers to register their projects and it will be opened for home buyers with a 45-day sale period starting February 14, 2020.

  29. Name the Indian tele-communication satellite that was launched from Guiana space center, French Guiana,South America to provide high quality television, telecommunications and broadcasting services .
    1) GSAT-30(Geosynchronous Satellites)
    2) GSAT-31(Geosynchronous Satellites)
    3) GSAT-32(Geosynchronous Satellites)
    4) GSAT-33(Geosynchronous Satellites)
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) GSAT-30(Geosynchronous Satellites)
    Explanation:
    On January 17,2020 Arianespace, French Company launched a pair of communication satellites as its first launch in 2020. Ariane 5 rocket consists of ISRO(Indian Space Research Organization) communication satellite GSAT-30(Geosynchronous Satellites) and EUTELSAT KONNECT for the European satellite operator Eutelsat (European Organization of Telecommunication by Satellite S.A) from Guiana space center, French Guiana,South America. AIM:To provide high quality television, telecommunications and broadcasting services.The 3,357 Kg GSAT-30 derives its heritage from ISRO’s earlier INSAT/GSAT (Indian National Satellites/Geosynchronous Satellites) satellite series and will replace INSAT-4A in orbit equipped with 12 C(covers Gulf countries, Asian and Australian countries) and 12 Ku band(covers Indian mainland and island) transponders.

  30. Rocky Johnson passed away recently, he was associated with which sport ?
    1) Chess
    2) Football
    3) Wrestling
    4) Cricket
    5) None of these
    Answer-3) Wrestling
    Explanation:
    On January 16,2020 World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) legend Rocky Johnson, passed away at 75 in Lutz, Florida, United States. He is the father of Hollywood actor Dwayne Johnson. Rocky Johnson birth name (Wayde Douglas Bowles) was born on 24 August 1944 in Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada.Rocky Johnson’s sports career began in the mid 1960’s and he joined the World Wrestling Federation in the 1980s.

  31. Name the deceased chess administrator, who served as the former vice-president of world chess governing body FIDE (International Chess Federation) from 1996 to 2006 .
    1) P.R.Venketrama Raja
    2) Kishor M Bandekar
    3) Bharat Singh Chauhan
    4) P.T. Ummer Koya
    5) None of these
    Answer-4) P.T. Ummer Koya
    Explanation:
    On 14 January 2020, P.T. Ummer Koya, the former vice-president of world chess governing body FIDE (International Chess Federation) from 1996 to 2006, has passed away at his residence at Panniyankara in Kozhikode,Kerala after a protracted illness.He was 69.Born on July 1, 1951 in Calicut, Kerala, Koya served as Joint Secretary and General Secretary of the All India Chess Federation from 1985-89 and 1989-2005 respectively for a total of 20 years.He has played a key role in establishing the Indian chess world by bringing major international tournaments including the World championship to India.

  32. _____ edition of Army Day is celebrated on January 15, 2020 ?
    1) 72nd
    2) 71st
    3) 74th
    4) 73rd
    5) None of these
    Answer-1) 72nd
    Explanation:
    On January 15,2020 India celebrated its 72nd Army Day in New Delhi,India. Every year Army Day is observed on January 15 in India to honour soldiers who sacrifice their lives for the country.

  33. Name the 1st Indian General, who took charge as the first commander-in-chief of the Indian Army in 1949 from General Francis Butcher, the last British Chief .
    1) Pratap Chandra Lal
    2) Kodandera Madappa Cariappa
    3) Arjan Singh
    4) Subroto Mukerjee
    5) None of these
    Answer-2) Kodandera Madappa Cariappa
    Explanation:
    On January 15,2020 India celebrated its 72nd Army Day in New Delhi,India. Every year Army Day is observed on January 15 in India to honour soldiers who sacrifice their lives for the country. The date marks the day on which First Indian General Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa took charge as the first commander-in-chief of the Indian Army in 1949 from General Francis Butcher, the last British Chief.

STATIC GK based on Current Affairs

  1. Who is the foreign Minister of Denmark ?
    Answer-Jeppe Sebastian Kofod
    Explanation:
    Jeppe Sebastian Kofod is the foreign Minister of Denmark.He visited India to participate in 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue 2020.He met Minister of External Affairs(MEA) of India Shri S.Jaishankar and held discussions on ‘Green Strategic Partnership’ between the two countries.

  2. Which country has operationalised the world’s largest radio telescope, “Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope” (FAST) recently ?
    Answer-China
    Explanation:
    China operationalised the world’s largest radio telescope with a diameter of half-a-kilometre. The “Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope” (FAST) is a single-dish telescope and is located in southwest China’s Guiyang city, the capital of Guizhou province. The telescope has a receiving area of around 30 football fields.

  3. Who is the Managing Director of World Bank(WB) ?
    Answer-Anshula Khant

  4. Where is the Headquarters of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) located ?
    Answer-Gland, Switzerland

  5. Who is the chairman of Observer Research Foundation (ORF) ?
    Answer-Sunjoy Joshi

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

पेट्रोलियम मंत्री प्रधान ने कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल में इस्पात क्षेत्र में PURVODAYA ​​मिशन का शुभारंभ किया11 जनवरी, 2020 को पेट्रोलियम और प्राकृतिक गैस और इस्पात मंत्री (MoPNG & S) श्री धर्मेंद्र प्रधान ने कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल में एकीकृत स्टील हब के माध्यम से पूर्वी भारत का ड्राइविंग त्वरित विकास के उद्देश्य से PURVODAYA ​​का शुभारंभ किया।
PURVODAYA:

i.बंद एकीकृत स्टील हब:
प्रस्तावित स्टील हब में ओडिशा, झारखंड, छत्तीसगढ़, पश्चिम बंगाल और उत्तरी आंध्र प्रदेश शामिल हैं। इस हब का उद्देश्य लागत के साथ-साथ गुणवत्ता के मामले में तेजी से क्षमता बढ़ाने और इस्पात उत्पादकों की समग्र प्रतिस्पर्धा में सुधार करना है।
ii.इस्पात हब फ़ोकस: एकीकृत स्टील हब 3 प्रमुख तत्वों पर ध्यान केंद्रित करेगा। वो हैं

  • ग्रीनफील्ड स्टील प्लांट्स के माध्यम से क्षमता में वृद्धि।
  • एकीकृत इस्पात संयंत्रों और मांग केंद्रों के पास स्टील क्लस्टर विकास।
  • पूर्व में सामाजिक-आर्थिक परिदृश्य में परिवर्तन के लिए लॉजिस्टिक्स और यूटिलिटीज इन्फ्रास्ट्रक्चर परिवर्तन

मुख्य भाषण और मुख्य आकर्षण:
i.भारत रुपये के साथ आया है। राष्ट्रीय अवसंरचना पाइपलाइन (एनआईपी) के 102 लाख करोड़ रुपये।
ii.भारत के आधे आकांक्षी जिले पश्चिम बंगाल क्षेत्र से हैं।
iii.समृद्ध खनिज घटकों के साथ चुनाव: भारत के पूर्वी राज्य (ओडिशा, झारखंड, छत्तीसगढ़, पश्चिम बंगाल) और आंध्र प्रदेश के उत्तरी भाग में सामूहिक रूप से भारत के लौह अयस्क का 80%, कोकिंग कोल का 100% और क्रोमाइट, बॉक्साइट, अन्य डोलोमाइट भंडार का महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है।
iv.बंदरगाहों : पारादीप (ओडिशा), हल्दिया (पश्चिम बंगाल), विजाग (आंध्र प्रदेश), कोलकाता (पश्चिम बंगाल) जैसे प्रमुख बंदरगाह भारत की प्रमुख बंदरगाह क्षमता का 30% से अधिक का गठन करते हैं।
v.विशाल बेल्ट: पूर्वी बेल्ट में राष्ट्रीय इस्पात नीति (NSP) द्वारा लागू देश की 75% से अधिक वृद्धिशील इस्पात क्षमता को जोड़ने की क्षमता है। इस क्षेत्र को अकेले उद्योग 4.0 (स्वचालन की ओर प्रवृत्ति) द्वारा संचालित 2030-31 तक 300MT स्टील में से 200MT (मीट्रिक टन) का उत्पादन करने की उम्मीद है।
vi.स्मारक वर्तमान: घटना के दौरान, श्रीमती। रसिका चौबे, इस्पात मंत्रालय (MoS) की अतिरिक्त सचिव; पश्चिम बंगाल सरकार के उद्योग सचिव सुश्री वंदना यादव; ओडिशा सरकार के उद्योग सचिव श्री हेमंत शर्मा; श्री संजीव सिंह, इंडियन ऑयल कॉर्पोरेशन लिमिटेड (IOCL) के अध्यक्ष; कोल इंडिया लिमिटेड (CIL) के अध्यक्ष श्री अनिल कुमार झा; श्री अनिल चौधरी, स्टील अथॉरिटी ऑफ़ इंडिया लिमिटेड (सेल) के अध्यक्ष; श्री चंद्रजीत बनर्जी, भारतीय उद्योग परिसंघ (CII) के महानिदेशक (DG) और अन्य अधिकारी उपस्थित थे।
पेट्रोलियम और प्राकृतिक गैस और इस्पात मंत्रालय के बारे में:
मुख्यालय नई दिल्ली।
इस्पात राज्य मंत्री ( MoS )- फग्गनसिंह कुलस्ते
सचिव डॉ एमएम कुट्टी पेट्रोलियम और प्राकृतिक गैस मंत्रालय के लिए।

यशस्विनी योजना को केंद्रीय मंत्री स्मृति ईरानी ने गोवा में लॉन्च किया11 जनवरी, 2020 को केंद्रीय महिला और बाल विकास और कपड़ा मंत्री स्मृति जुबिन ईरानी ने गोवा के पणजी जिले के पास तेलीगांव शहर के डॉ श्यामा प्रसाद मुखर्जी स्टेडियम में महिला उद्यमिता के लिए यशस्विनी योजना शुरू की। स्वास्थ सखी प्रोजेक्ट और स्तन कैंसर स्क्रीनिंग पहल का भी इस अवसर पर उद्घाटन किया गया।
यशस्विनी
योजना:

i.इस योजना के तहत गोवा राज्य सरकार द्वारा महिला स्व-सहायता समूहों को 5 वर्ष के कार्यकाल के साथ 5 लाख रु दिए जाएंगे।
ii.ऋण राशि का भुगतान चार किस्तों में किया जाएगा और ऋण की अदायगी दूसरे वर्ष से शुरू होगी।
iii.उत्तर-गोवा के सत्तारी जिले में आदर्श सात महिला मंडल गुलेली, उमंग स्वयं-सहायता समूह, दक्षिण-गोवा के सालसेट क्षेत्र, उत्तर-गोवा के सत्तारी जिले में फीनिक्स महिला विंग स्वयं-सहायता समूह वालपोई को यशस्विनी योजना के तहत ऋण दिया गया था।
स्तन कैंसर स्क्रीनिंग पहल:
इस पहल के तहत, राज्य के स्वास्थ्य कर्मियों द्वारा महिलाओं को स्तन कैंसर के लिए स्क्रीनिंग की जाएगी, जिसके द्वारा राज्य के ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में स्वास्थ्य सेवाओं को पहुंचाया जाएगा। इस पहल के तहत राज्य की लगभग 20,000 महिलाओं की जांच की जाएगी।
स्वस्ति सखी परियोजना:
i.इस परियोजना के तहत स्वास्थ्य कार्यकर्ताओं को एक डायग्नोस्टिक किट दी जाती है जो राज्य में लोगों के लिए उनके घर पर बुनियादी नैदानिक ​​परीक्षण करने में मदद करती है।
ii.डायग्नोस्टिक किट को पब्लिक सोशल फाउंडेशन ऑफ इंडिया (PHFI) ने प्रॉक्टर और गैंबल के साथ मिलकर कॉरपोरेट सोशल रिस्पॉन्सिबिलिटी (CSR) फंड का इस्तेमाल करके किट बनाने और सप्लाई करने के लिए विकसित किया है
iii.इसमें एक इंटरफ़ेस यूनिट, एक टैबलेट और परिधीय बैग होता है जिसमें रक्तचाप, रक्त शर्करा, रक्त हीमोग्लोबिन और हृदय गति का परीक्षण करने के लिए आवश्यक उपकरण होते हैं।
गोवा के बारे में:
मुख्यमंत्री प्रमोद सावंत
राज्यपाल सत्य पाल मलिक
राजकीय पशु गौर
स्टेट बर्ड येलो थ्रोटेड बुलबुल
राज्य वृक्ष टर्मिनलिया अण्डाकार
राज्य पुष्प चमेली

कोयला खदानों की नीलामी को आसान बनाने के लिए सरकार ने कानूनों में संशोधन के लिए अध्यादेश जारी कियाकेंद्रीय सरकार ने खान और खनिज (विकास और विनियमन) अधिनियम 1957 ( एमएमडीआर अधिनियम 1957 ) और कोयला खान (विशेष प्रावधान) अधिनियम, 2015 ( CMSP अधिनियम 2015 ) में संशोधन के लिए अध्यादेश को बढ़ावा दिया है ताकि कोयला और खनन क्षेत्र विकास के नए क्षेत्रों को आसान बनाया जा सके। विस्तार में संशोधन निम्नानुसार हैं:
MMDR
अधिनियम 1957 और CMSP अधिनियम 2015 में संशोधन:

  • कोयला खनन क्षेत्र के व्यापार और डेमोक्रेटाइजेशन करने में आसानी।
  • पूर्वेक्षण लाइसेंस-सह-खनन लीज (पीएल-कम-एमएल) के माध्यम से अस्पष्टीकृत और आंशिक रूप से कोयला ब्लॉक खनन की पेशकश की जाएगी।
  • कोयला खनन क्षेत्र में प्रत्यक्ष विदेशी निवेश (एफडीआई) को बढ़ावा।
  • कोयला खनन क्षेत्र में बड़े निवेश को आकर्षित करना।
  • सफल बोली लगाने वाले / आबंटिती को अपनी सहायक या होल्डिंग कंपनी के किसी भी संयंत्र में खनन किए गए कोयले का उपयोग करने की अनुमति देना, कोयला खनन क्षेत्र में बड़े निवेश को आकर्षित करना क्योंकि अंत उपयोग के प्रतिबंधों को हटा दिया गया है।

किए गए संशोधन:
i.पीएलसहएमएल के लिए कोयला ब्लॉक का आवंटन: इस कोयला ब्लॉक में शामिल अनुभाग 4 (2), 5 (1), 8 (4), 8 (8), 8 (9) और 31 थे ( CMSP अधिनियम के 2) (b) और MMDR अधिनियम की धारा 11A और 13 (2)।
ii.आवंटन का उद्देश्य निर्दिष्ट करने के लिए केंद्र में: पहले केंद्रीय सरकार की शक्ति और कंपनी की भागीदारी में स्पष्टता का अभाव था। यह संशोधन स्पष्ट करता है कि नीलामी / आबंटन के माध्यम से चुनी गई कोई भी कंपनी कोयला खनन कार्य कर सकती है।

  • कोयले की बिक्री के लिए स्वचालित मार्ग के माध्यम से 100% एफडीआई कार्यान्वयन की अनुमति दी जाएगी।
  • इसमें शामिल धाराएँ एमएमडीआर अधिनियम की 11 ए और सीएमएसपी अधिनियम की धारा 4 (2) और 5 (1) हैं।

iii.अनुसूची II और III कोयला खानों के अंतिम उपयोग को तय करने में विश्वसनीयता: CMSP अधिनियम के तहत अनुसूची II और III कोयला खानों का अंतिम उपयोग CMSP अधिनियम की धारा 4 की उपधारा (3) के चूक के माध्यम से लचीलापन प्रदान किया गया है। यह अनुसूची II और III कोयला खानों की नीलामी में व्यापक भागीदारी की अनुमति देगा।
iv.सीएमएसपी अधिनियम, वास्तविक आवंटन और मुआवजे के तहत आवंटन को आवंटित करना: सीएमएसपी अधिनियम एक आवंटित खदान की समाप्ति पर कोयले के पुन: आवंटन पर चुप था। सीएमएसपी अधिनियम में धारा 8 (उप-धारा (13), (14) और (15) के संशोधन) के साथ अब कोयला खदान को अगले सफल बोलीदाता या आवंटी को आवंटित करना संभव है।
v.कस्टोडियन नियुक्ति: खानों के प्रबंधन के लिए नामित संरक्षक की नियुक्ति CMSP अधिनियम की धारा 18 में संशोधन करके संभव होगी।
vi.नया खंड खानों में बनाया गया: केंद्रीय सरकार को सक्षम करने के लिए एक नया खंड 4B (धारा 4A के बाद) डाला गया है । खनन पट्टों के धारक द्वारा निरंतर उत्पादन सुनिश्चित करने के लिए शर्तों को निर्धारित करना, जिन्होंने मंजूरी हासिल कर ली है आदि।

  • केंद्रीय सरकार के पास धारा 4 ए में निर्धारित उत्पादन शुरू करने के लिए 2 वर्ष की समय अवधि के लिए नए पट्टेदारों को बिना किसी पूर्वाग्रह के उत्पादन शुरू करने के लिए शर्तों को निर्धारित करने की शक्ति है।

vii.केंद्र सरकार को नियमों को लागू करने के लिए: संशोधित अधिनियम के प्रावधान को लागू करने के लिए नियम बनाना धारा 13 की ​​उपधारा 2 में नए खंडों को सम्मिलित करने के साथ हटा दिया गया है। इससे सरकार को अधीनस्थ कानून अध्यादेश का इरादा को लागू करने की शक्ति प्राप्त होगी।
viii.भविष्य लक्ष्य: सरकार ने 2023-24 तक एक बिलियन टन कोयले का उत्पादन करने का लक्ष्य रखा है। इसका 2019-20 तक 660 मिलियन टन कोयला उत्पादन करने का भी लक्ष्य है।
ix.मौजूदा आयात: भारत ने 2019 में 1.75 लाख करोड़ रुपये के 235 मिलियन टन कोयले का आयात किया है। इस मात्रा में से 100 मिलियन टन गैर-प्रतिस्थापन योग्य कोकिंग कोयला है। अधिक जानकारी के लिए यहां क्लिक करें
कोयला और खान मंत्रालय के बारे में:
केंद्रीय मंत्री श्री प्रल्हाद जोशी।
मुख्यालय नई दिल्ली।

प्रधान मंत्री मोदी की कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल की 2 दिवसीय आधिकारिक यात्रा का अवलोकनभारत के प्रधान मंत्री (पीएम) श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी ने 11-12 जनवरी, 2020 तक कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल की दो दिवसीय आधिकारिक यात्रा का भुगतान किया। विस्तार से यात्रा इस प्रकार है:
कोलकाता
पोर्ट ट्रस्ट के 150 वें वर्ष के समारोह में रु 600 करोड़ की परियोजनाएं:

श्री मोदी ने कोलकाता पोर्ट ट्रस्ट (KoPT) के उत्सवों (150 वें वर्ष) समारोह के अवसर पर श्यामा प्रसाद मुखर्जी पोर्ट के रूप में कोलकाता बंदरगाह का नाम बदल दिया। समारोह के दौरान महत्वपूर्ण घटनाएं इस प्रकार हैं:
i.6.6 करोड़ की परियोजनाएँ: इस अवसर के दौरान रु 6 करोड़ की परियोजनाएँ शुरू की गईं। कुछ परियोजनाओं में नेताजी सुभाष ड्राई डॉक (कोलकाता) में जहाज की मरम्मत की सुविधा का उन्नयन और कोलकाता बंदरगाह की कोलकाता डॉक प्रणाली के रेलवे बुनियादी ढांचे का उन्नयन शामिल है। यह सुगम आंदोलन और रिवर फ्रंट डेवलपमेंट स्कीम को बढ़ाने के लिए किया जाता है
ii.डाक टिकट और गान लॉन्च: KoPT के 150 वें साल पर एक स्मारक डाक टिकट लॉन्च किया गया था। स्टांप के अलावा, कोलकाता के नेताजी इंडोर स्टेडियम में पोर्ट एंथम भी लॉन्च किया गया था।
iii.बंदरगाह के सबसे बड़े पेंशनर्स सम्मानित: पोर्ट श्रीमती के दो सबसे पुराने पेंशनभोगी। आयोजन में नगीना भगत (105 वर्ष) और श्री नरेश चंद्र चक्रवर्ती (100 वर्ष) को सम्मानित किया गया।
iv.पेंशन फंडों की न्यूनतम किस्त: कोलकाता पोर्ट ट्रस्ट के पेंशन फंडों की कमी को पूरा करने के लिए प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा भारतीय जीवन बीमा निगम (LIC) के अध्यक्ष श्री एमआर कुमार को 501 करोड़ रुपये सौंपे गए।
v.बर्थ यांत्रिकीकरण: KoPT के हल्दिया डॉक कॉम्प्लेक्स में बर्थ नंबर 3 का मशीनीकरण और एक प्रस्तावित रिवरफ्रंट विकास योजना भी शुरू की गई थी।
vi.मुख्य भाषण: आयोजन के दौरान प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा दिए गए कुछ प्रमुख भाषण इस प्रकार हैं:

  • पुराने बंदरगाहों को सागारमाला परियोजना के तहत नए बंदरगाहों में आधुनिकीकरण किया गया है।
  • सरकार ने एकीकृत परिवहन नीति के जरिए अंतर्देशीय जलमार्ग के विस्तार की योजना बनाई है। जल आधारित पर्यटन को जल आधारित पर्यटन की भी वकालत की गई है।

vii.सदस्य मौजूद: आयोजन में केंद्रीय जहाजरानी मंत्री श्री मनसुख मंडाविया, पश्चिम बंगाल के राज्यपाल श्री जगदीप धनखड़ और अन्य अधिकारी उपस्थित थे।
पीएम ने कोलकाता में राष्ट्र को समर्पित 4 नवीनीकृत इमारतों को समर्पित किया:
पीएम मोदी द्वारा कोलकाता में 4 रीफर्बिश्ड हेरिटेज बिल्डिंग देश को समर्पित की गईं। ये 4 इमारतें थीं

  • पुरानी करेंसी बिल्डिंग।
  • द बेल्वेदेयर हाउस।
  • मेटकाफ हाउस और
  • विक्टोरिया मेमोरियल हॉल।

i.मुख्य भाषण: आयोजन के दौरान प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा दिए गए प्रमुख भाषणों में शामिल हैं

  • अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मानकों के साथ संग्रहालय: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मानकों के साथ भारत में 5 प्रतिष्ठित संग्रहालयों का निर्माण। यह कोलकाता में भारतीय संग्रहालय के साथ शुरू किया गया है जो दुनिया के सबसे पुराने संग्रहालयों में से एक है।
  • विरासत संरक्षण संस्थान: सरकार इंडियन इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ हेरिटेज कंज़र्वेशन को लॉन्च करने की योजना बना रहा है जिसे डीम्ड स्टेटस दिया जाएगा। यह संस्थान इन सांस्कृतिक विरासत केंद्रों के प्रबंधन के लिए जिम्मेदार होगा।
  • बेलवेदर हाउस: सरकार। बेलवेदर हाउस को दुनिया के संग्रहालय में विकसित करने के लिए कदम उठाए हैं।
  • सिक्का और वाणिज्य संग्रहालय: सरकार कोलकाता में भारत सरकार के टकसाल में “कॉइनकेज एंड कॉमर्स” का एक संग्रहालय स्थापित करने पर विचार कर रहा है।
  • बिप्लबी भारत: विक्टोरिया स्मारक की 5 दीर्घाओं में से 3 को फिर से शुरू किया जाएगा और इसे बिप्लबी भारत के नाम से जाना जाएगा।
  • नेताओं को श्रद्धांजलि: 2022 में भारत के 75 वें स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर प्रसिद्ध समाज सुधारक और शिक्षाविद् श्री राजा राम मोहन राय की 250 वीं जयंती भी है। इस वर्ष 2020 में ईश्वर चंद्र विद्यासागर की 200 वीं जयंती मनाई गई जो बंगाल के नवजागरण का एक प्रमुख आधार था।

अन्य महत्वपूर्ण घटनाएँ:
विभिन्न अन्य महत्वपूर्ण घटनाएं जैसे लॉन्च, उद्घाटन आदि इस प्रकार हैं:
i.पुरानी मुद्रा बिल्डिंग में अनावरण: प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने कोलकाता में पुराने भवन में एक प्रतिमा का अनावरण किया
ii.आदिवासी छात्रों के लिए विकास केंद्र : पश्चिम बंगाल के सुंदरवन से 200 आदिवासी छात्राओं के लिए कौशल विकास केंद्र (कौशल विकास प्रशिक्षण केंद्र) और प्रीतिलता छत्री अवास (छात्र व्यवहार केंद्र) का उद्घाटन किया।
iii.बेलूर मठ में स्वामी विवेकानंद को श्रद्धांजलि : प्रधानमंत्री ने भारतीय भिक्षु, स्वामी विवेकानंद को उनकी जयंती पर बेलूर मठ (पश्चिम बंगाल के हावड़ा जिले) में श्रद्धांजलि अर्पित की, जो रामकृष्ण मिशन का मुख्यालय है। बेलूर मठ में रात भर रुकने वाले मोदी पहले प्रधानमंत्री हैं।
iv.हावड़ा ब्रिज में साउंड एंड लाइट शो : प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने गंगा नदी के तट पर मिलेनियम पार्क में स्थापित प्रतिष्ठित हावड़ा ब्रिज में साउंड एंड लाइट शो का उद्घाटन किया। 2.5 मिनट का यह शो KoPT की 150 वीं वर्षगांठ समारोह का एक प्रोजेक्ट है।

  • हावड़ा पुल: यह पश्चिम बंगाल, भारत में हुगली नदी पर एक निलंबित अवधि के साथ एक पुल है। पुल 1943 में बनाया गया था और 14 जून 1965 को महान बंगाली कवि रवींद्रनाथ टैगोर (प्रथम भारतीय और एशियाई नोबेल पुरस्कार विजेता) के बाद इसका नाम बदलकर रवींद्र सेतु रखा गया था, लेकिन अभी भी यह हावड़ा ब्रिज के नाम से प्रसिद्ध है।

पश्चिम बंगाल के बारे में:
राजधानी कोलकाता (सबसे बड़ा शहर)।
राज्यपाल जगदीप धनखड़।
मुख्यमंत्री ममता बनर्जी।
राष्ट्रीय उद्यान (एनपी)- गोरूमारा एनपी, नेओरा वैली एनपी, सिंगालिला एनपी, सुंदरबन एनपी।

एचएम अमित शाह 2-दिवसीय गुजरात यात्रा; गांधीनगर में प्रोजेक्ट VISHWAS & Cyber ​​AASHVAST लॉन्च कियाकेंद्रीय गृह मंत्री (एचएम) अमित शाह ने 11-12 जनवरी, 2020 तक गुजरात की 2- दिवसीय यात्रा की।
वह अहमदाबाद, गुजरात के सरदार वल्लभभाई पटेल अंतर्राष्ट्रीय (SVPI) हवाई अड्डे पर पहुंचे और फिर गुजरात टेक्नोलॉजिकल यूनिवर्सिटी (GTU) के दीक्षांत समारोह के 9 वें दीक्षांत समारोह को संबोधित किया और भारत के 1 साइबर AASHVAST (पीड़ितों के लिए सहायता सहायता सेवा सबसे कम समय पर) और प्रोजेक्ट विस्वास (वीडियो एकीकरण और स्टेट वाइड एडवांस्ड सिक्योरिटी) को डिजिटल रूप से लॉन्च करने के लिए गांधीनगर के महात्मा मंदिर में भी भाग लिया।
उन्होंने राज्य के 33 जिलों में ई-चालान ” https://echallanpayment.gujarat.gov.in/ ” का भुगतान करने के लिए ऑनलाइन पोर्टल के उद्देश्य से नेट्रैंग परियोजना शुरू की, जिसका उद्देश्य नियंत्रण कक्ष है।
भारत का पहला साइबर वॉश:
गृह मंत्री अमित शाह ने भारत की पहली साइबर क्राइम प्रिवेंशन यूनिट का उद्घाटन किया है, जिसका नाम ‘एएशवीएस्ट’ (शॉर्ट टाइम में पीड़ितों के लिए एश्योर्ड असिस्टेंस सर्विस हेल्पलाइन) है, जो साइबर अपराध पीड़ितों के लिए एक हेल्पलाइन है।
परियोजना की योजनाएँ:
लॉ एंड ऑर्डर मैनेजमेंट, प्रोएक्टिव ट्रैफिक मैनेजमेंट और कंट्रोल, वीडियो एनालिटिक्स के जरिए क्राइम डिटेक्शन और पोस्ट इंवेस्टीगेशन और वीडियो इंसेंटिक्स के जरिए क्राइम डिटेक्शन को बेहतर बनाने के उद्देश्य से एक बड़ी ई-गवर्नेंस पहल प्रोजेक्ट VISHWAS (वीडियो इंटीग्रेशन एंड स्टेट वाइड एडवांस सिक्योरिटी) भी लॉन्च किया गया।
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.इसे 2013-14 में गुजरात के मुख्यमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने 279 सीसीटीवी (क्लोज्ड सर्किट टेलीविज़न) कैमरों के साथ सार्वजनिक स्थानों पर स्थापित किया था। आमतौर पर 1256 साइटों पर 7000 सीसीटीवी 34 जिला मुख्यालय और 7 पर्यटन स्थलों पर लगाए जाते हैं।
ii.इससे पहले जनवरी 2020 में, अमित शाह ने राष्ट्रीय साइबर अपराध रिपोर्टिंग पोर्टल “www.cybercrime.gov.in” को नई दिल्ली में राष्ट्र को समर्पित किया और भारतीय साइबर अपराध समन्वय केंद्र (I4C) का भी उद्घाटन किया।
गुजरात के बारे में:
राजधानी– गांधीनगर
सीएम– विजय रूपानी
राज्यपाल– आचार्य देवव्रत
फूल– मैरीगोल्ड
फल– आम

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

तेहरान संवाद मंच -23 वां खाड़ी सम्मेलन; भारत होर्मुज शांति पहल 2020 का समर्थन करता हैभारत ने तेहरान डायलॉग फोरम में भाग लिया, तेहरान, ईरान में 06 से 07 जनवरी, 2020 तक आयोजित 23 वें फारस की खाड़ी अंतर्राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन। फोरम के दौरान, भारत ने होर्मुज शांति पहल 2020 का समर्थन किया। यह पहल दुनिया की सबसे व्यस्त और रणनीतिक रूप से स्थित शिपिंग लेन यानी, स्टॉर्म ऑफ होर्मुज के बीच अमेरिका-ईरान के तनाव के बीच स्थिरता लाने के लिए की गई थी। ओमान, भारत, चीन और अफगानिस्तान प्रमुख भागीदार थे।
तेहरान
संवाद मंच में होर्मुज शांति पहल 2020:

i.HOPE योजनाओं के तहत: बैठक ने फारस की खाड़ी क्षेत्र में नवीनतम विकास की समीक्षा की और संयुक्त राष्ट्र महासभा (UNGA) के 74 वें सत्र में तेहरान द्वारा प्रस्तावित ‘ होर्मुज पीस एंडेवर ‘ (HOPE) जो सितंबर 2019 में आयोजित किया गया था, के तहत क्षेत्रीय सहयोग योजनाओं का मूल्यांकन भी किया।

  • इसे UNGA में ईरान के राष्ट्रपति हसन रूहानी द्वारा प्रस्तुत किया गया था।

ii.होर्मुज की जलडमरूमध्य: स्ट्रेट ऑफ होर्मुज दुनिया के सबसे रणनीतिक रूप से महत्वपूर्ण चोक बिंदुओं में से एक है। इसके उत्तरी कोट में ईरान, यूएई (संयुक्त अरब अमीरात) और दक्षिणी तट में ओमान का एक एन्क्लेव मुसंडम है। यह वैश्विक तेल आपूर्ति की महत्वपूर्ण मात्रा के लिए एक महत्वपूर्ण प्रवेश द्वार के रूप में कार्य करता है।

  • लंबाई: स्ट्रेट 90 समुद्री मील (167 किमी) लंबा है, जिसकी चौड़ाई लगभग 52 समुद्री मील से 21 समुद्री मील तक है।
  • भारत को तेल और एलएनजी आपूर्ति: 2 / तीसरा तेल और 50% द्रवीभूत प्राकृतिक गैस (LNG) जो भारत में आयात की जाती है, ईरान और ओमान के बीच जलडमरूमध्य के माध्यम से आती है।
  • सामान्य आंकड़े: हर दिन 18 मिलियन बैरल तेल स्ट्रेट ऑफ होर्मुज से गुजरता है जो वैश्विक तेल व्यापार के 1 / तीसरा के लिए जिम्मेदार है। दुनिया के LNG व्यापार का 1 / तीसरा भी जलडमरूमध्य से होकर गुजरता है।

iii.जलमार्ग मुद्दे: जून 2019 में, विस्फोटों से 2 तेल टैंकर क्षतिग्रस्त हो गए थे। संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका (यूएस) ने ईरान पर अमेरिकी कड़े प्रतिबंधों की प्रतिक्रिया के रूप में हमले के लिए ईरान को दोषी ठहराया। हालाँकि, ईरान ने इससे इनकार किया। विस्फोट के बाद से भारतीय नौसेना (IN) की सहायता से भारतीय जहाज जलमार्ग से गुजरते हैं।
iv.सदस्य उपस्थित: ओमान के विदेश मंत्री यूसुफ बिन अलावी और अफ़गानिस्तान के पूर्व राष्ट्रपति हामिद करज़ई और चीन के सदस्य और विशेषज्ञ, विभिन्न फ़ोरिंग थिंक टैंकों के निदेशकों और राजदूतों ने मंच में भाग लिया।
ईरान के बारे में:
राजधानी तेहरान।
मुद्रा ईरानी रियाल।
राष्ट्रपति हसन रूहानी।
सर्वोच्च नेता अली खमेनी।

BANKING & FINANCE

RBI ने श्री गुरु राघवेंद्र सहकारी बैंक के कार्यों पर अंकुश लगाया; रु 3,5000 तक की सीमा तय
10 जनवरी, 2020 को भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक (RBI) ने तत्काल प्रभाव से व्यवसाय करने से कर्नाटक के बेंगलुरु के एक निजी बैंक , श्री गुरु राघवेंद्र सहकारी बैंक पर अंकुश लगा दिया है। ऐसा लेनदेन में कथित अनियमितताओं को खोजने के बाद किया गया है। बैंक की बचत और चालू खाता ग्राहक और जमाकर्ता, हालांकि अगली सूचना तक केवल 35,000 रुपये तक नकद निकाल सकते हैं।
अधिनियम: RBI के मुख्य महाप्रबंधक योगेश दयाल ने मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र से धारा 35A और 56 के बैंकिंग विनियमन अधिनियम, 1949 के तहत निर्देश जारी किया।
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.आरबीआई की मंजूरी के बिना, बैंक 10 जनवरी, 2020 से ऋण, अग्रिमों को लिख, अनुदान या नवीनीकरण नहीं कर सकता है, निवेश कर सकता है, धनराशि जमा कर सकता है या नए जमा कर सकता है।
ii.यह निर्देश 10 जनवरी से 6 महीने तक लागू रहेगा और समीक्षा के अधीन है।
श्री गुरु राघवेन्द्र सहकारी बैंक के बारे में:
स्थापित 1964
मुख्यालय बैंगलोर, कर्नाटक।
टैगलाइन कॉर्पोरेट दृष्टि के साथ एक सहकारी बैंक।
अध्यक्ष डॉ के रामकृष्ण।
आदर्श वाक्य कॉमन मैन की सेवा।

सेबी शीर्ष 500 सूचीबद्ध संस्थाओं फर्मों के लिए अध्यक्ष और एमडी पदों के पृथक्करण के लिए अप्रैल 2022 की समय सीमा बढ़ाता है
13 जनवरी, 2020, स्टॉक मार्केट रेगुलेटर सेबी (सिक्योरिटीज एंड एक्सचेंज बोर्ड ऑफ इंडिया) ने 500 सूचीबद्ध कंपनियों के लिए अध्यक्ष और एमडी (प्रबंध निदेशक) या मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी (सीईओ) के पदों को 2 साल के लिए अलग करने की समय सीमा बढ़ा दी है। अब इस नियम का पालन अप्रैल 2022 तक किया जाना है
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.सेबी द्वारा जारी की गई पहली समय सीमा अप्रैल 2020 थी। यह कदम तब आया है जब कंपनियां अर्थव्यवस्था में मंदी के कारण खर्च को कम रखने के लिए और समय मांग रही थीं।
ii.पृष्ठभूमि: अध्यक्ष-एमडी के पद को अलग करने के नियम कॉर्पोरेट प्रशासन पर सेबी द्वारा नियुक्त उदय कोटक (कोटक महिंद्रा बैंक की एमडी) समिति की सिफारिशों का हिस्सा हैं। अध्यक्ष और एमडी या सीईओ का पद होने से निदेशक मंडल और प्रबंधन को हितों के टकराव की आशंका है। रिलायंस इंडस्ट्रीज सहित कई कंपनियों में, अध्यक्ष और एमडी एक ही व्यक्ति द्वारा संभाला जाता है।
सेबी के बारे में:
गठन- 12 अप्रैल, 1988, सेबी अधिनियम, 1992 के माध्यम से 30 जनवरी 1992 को वैधानिक शक्तियाँ प्रदान की गईं।
मुख्यालय- मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र
अध्यक्ष- अजय त्यागी

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

BCCI वार्षिक पुरस्कार 2018-19 की घोषणा: जसप्रीत बुमराह को पॉली उमरीगर पुरस्कार मिलाBCCI ANNUAL AWARDS 2018-1912 जनवरी 2020 को, भारतीय क्रिकेट कंट्रोल बोर्ड (BCCI) ने सभी दिग्गज क्रिकेटरों को सम्मानित करने के लिए मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र में 2018-19 सत्र के लिए 25 अलगअलग श्रेणियों में पुरस्कार प्रदान किए।
मुख्य
विचार:

i.भारतीय तेज गेंदबाज जसप्रीत जसबीरसिंह बुमराह को भारतीय क्रिकेट का सर्वोच्च पुरस्कार मिला है – पुरुषों के वर्ग में सर्वश्रेष्ठ अंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटर (2018-19) के लिए प्रतिष्ठित पॉली उमरीगर पुरस्कार। यह पुरस्कार 15 लाख रुपये के लिए एक प्रशस्ति पत्र, ट्रॉफी और चेक प्रदान करता है।
ii.वहीं, पूनम यादव ने महिलाओं की श्रेणी में शीर्ष पुरस्कार जीता और उन्हें सर्वश्रेष्ठ अंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटर से सम्मानित किया गया।
iii.भारत के पूर्व कप्तान कृष्णमाचारी श्रीकांत और अंजुम चोपड़ा को क्रमशः महिलाओं के लिए कर्नल सीके नायडू लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड और बीसीसीआई लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड से सम्मानित किया गया।
नीचे दिए गए विजेताओं की पूरी सूची है

क्र.संपुरस्कारविजेता
1कर्नल सी के नायडू लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्डकृष्णमाचारी श्रीकांत
2महिलाओं के लिए BCCI लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्डअंजुम चोपड़ा
3BCCI स्पेशल अवार्डदिलीप दोषी
4टेस्ट क्रिकेट में सबसे ज्यादा रन बनाने वाले दिलीप सरदेसाई अवार्ड (2018-2019)चेतेश्वर पुजारा
5टेस्ट में सर्वाधिक विकेट लेने वाले दिलीप सरदेसाई पुरस्कार (2018-19)जसप्रीत बुमराह
6ओडीआई (2018-19) में सबसे अधिक रन बनाने वाली महिला – महिलाएंस्मृति मंधाना
7वनडे में सबसे ज्यादा विकेट लेने वाले (2018-19) – महिलाएंझूलन गोस्वामी
8पोली उमरीगर पुरस्कार सर्वश्रेष्ठ अंतर्राष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटरजसप्रीत बुमराह
9सर्वश्रेष्ठ अंतर्राष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटर – महिलाएँपूनम यादव
10बेस्ट इंटरनेशनल डेब्यू – मेनमयंक अग्रवाल
11बेस्ट इंटरनेशनल डेब्यू- महिलाएंशैफाली वर्मा
12रणजी ट्रॉफी, 2018-19 में सर्वश्रेष्ठ ऑल-राउंडर के लिए लाला अमरनाथ पुरस्कारमुंबई के शिवम दूबे
13लाला अमरनाथ अवार्ड फॉर डोमेस्टिक ऑल-राउंडर इन डोमेस्टिक लिमिटेड-ओवर कॉम्पिटिशन, 2018-19DDCA के नीतीश राणा
14माधवराव सिंधिया अवार्ड – 2018-19 में रणजी ट्रॉफी में सबसे ज्यादा रन पाने वालेसिक्किम सीए के मिलिंद कुमार
15माधवराव सिंधिया अवार्ड – 2018-19 में रणजी ट्रॉफी में सबसे अधिक विकेट-टेकरबिहार सीए के आशुतोष अमन
16एमए चिदंबरम ट्रॉफी – 2018-19 में सबसे ज्यादा रन पाने वाले (U23) कर्नल सीके नायडू ट्रॉफीगुजरात सीए के मनन हिंगराजिया
17एमए चिदंबरम ट्रॉफी – उच्चतम विकेट-टेकर (U23) कर्नल सीके नायडू ट्रॉफी 2018-19 मेंपांडिचेरी के क्रिकेट एसोसिएशन के सिदक सिंह
18एमए चिदंबरम ट्रॉफी – 2018-19 में सबसे ज्यादा रन पाने वाले (U19) कूच बिहार ट्रॉफीकेरल सीए के वत्सल गोविंद
19एमए चिदंबरम ट्रॉफी – उच्चतम विकेट-टेकर (U19) कूच बिहार ट्रॉफी 2018-19 मेंबिहार क्रिकेट एसोसिएशन के अपूर्व आनंद
20जगमोहन डालमिया ट्रॉफी – 2018-19 में सबसे ज्यादा रन पाने वाले (U16) विजय मर्चेंट ट्रॉफीआर्यन हुड्डा झारखंड राज्य सी.ए.
21जगमोहन डालमिया ट्रॉफी – 2018-19 में सबसे ज्यादा विकेट लेने वाले (U16) विजय मर्चेंट ट्रॉफीझारखंड राज्य सीए के अभिषेक यादव
22जगमोहन डालमिया ट्रॉफी – 2018-19 (सर्वश्रेष्ठ महिला एक दिवसीय) की सर्वश्रेष्ठ महिला क्रिकेटर (सीनियर घरेलू)बंगाल की क्रिकेट एसोसिएशन की दीप्ति शर्मा
23जगमोहन डालमिया ट्रॉफी – 2018-19 की सर्वश्रेष्ठ महिला क्रिकेटर (जूनियर घरेलू)हरियाणा सीए की शैफाली वर्मा
242018-19 में घरेलू क्रिकेट में सर्वश्रेष्ठ अंपायरवीरेंद्र शर्मा
252018-19 के Bcci घरेलू टूर्नामेंट में सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रदर्शनविदर्भ सीए

नोट: CA का मतलब क्रिकेट एसोसिएशन है
दिलीप सरदेसाई पुरस्कार: यह टेस्ट क्रिकेट में सर्वाधिक विकेट लेने वाले और सबसे अधिक रन बनाने वाले, दोनों के लिए प्रदान किया जाता है।
कर्नल सी के नायडू लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड भारतीय क्रिकेटरों को भारतीय क्रिकेट में उनके योगदान के लिए दिया गया। इसके अलावा बीसीसीआई द्वारा क्रिकेटरों को दिए गए बीसीसीआई लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड, जो बेहतरीन ऑन-फील्ड प्रदर्शन हैं।
BCCI के बारे में:
स्थापित– 1928
मुख्यालय– मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र
मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी– राहुल जौहरी

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS

रॉबर्ट अबेला ने माल्टा के 14 वें प्रधान मंत्री के रूप में नामित किया12 जनवरी,2020 को माल्टा की गवर्निंग पार्टी ने एक नए नेता रॉबर्ट अबेला को माल्टा के 14 वें प्रधान मंत्री के रूप में चुना है। वह जोसेफ मस्कट की जगह लेता है, जिसने एक पत्रकार की हत्या पर इस्तीफा दे दिया था। रॉबर्ट अबेला माल्टा के पूर्व राष्ट्रपति जॉर्ज अबेला के बेटे हैं।
रॉबर्ट अबेला, 42 साल के वकील ने 57.9% वोट के साथ लेबर पार्टी लीडरशिप प्रतियोगिता जीती और अपने निकटतम प्रतिद्वंद्वी क्रिस फेरेन 56 वर्षीय सर्जन को 2,500 से अधिक मतों से हराया।
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.जोसेफ मस्कट ने पिछले महीने डैफने कारुआना गैलीजिया के मुंडेर के आसपास हुए घोटाले पर अपने इस्तीफे की घोषणा की।
ii.2017 में माल्टा में भ्रष्टाचार की जांच के बाद गैलिजिया को कार बम से मार दिया गया था।
iii.“एक महिला विकीलीक्स” के रूप में जानी जाने वाली कारुआना गैलिज़िया ने माल्टा में सरकार और व्यापार मंडल के उच्चतम स्तर पर भ्रष्टाचार को उजागर किया।
माल्टा के बारे में:
राजधानी वैलेटा।
मुद्रा यूरो।
राष्ट्रपति जॉर्ज वेला।

त्साई इंगवेन ने दूसरी बार ताइवान का राष्ट्रपति चुनाव जीताताइवान के राष्ट्रपति त्साई इंगवेन ने कुल मतों का 57.1% के साथ दूसरी बार राष्ट्रपति चुनाव जीता है। वह डेमोक्रेटिक प्रोग्रेसिव पार्टी (DPP) से संबंधित है। उन्होंने प्रतिद्वंद्वी नेशनलिस्ट पार्टी के हान कू-यू को हराया।
त्साई
इंगवेन के बारे में:

i.63 वर्षीय त्साई इंग-वेन 2004 में डीपीपी में शामिल हुए और 2012 और 2016 में राष्ट्रपति चुनाव के लिए नामांकित हुए।
ii.2016 में वह पहली बार राष्ट्रपति चुनाव जीतीं।
ताइवान के बारे में:
राजधानी ताइपे
मुद्रा न्यू ताइवान डॉलर।

हेथम बिन तारिक अल सईद को ओमान का नया शासक नियुक्त किया गया11 जनवरी, 2020 को हहतम बिन तारिक अल सैद (66) को सुल्तान कबूस बिन सईद अल सैद की मौत के बाद ओमान का नया शासक नियुक्त किया गया, जिन्होंने 1970 से देश पर शासन किया।
प्रमुख
बिंदु:

i.हरिथम बिन तारिक अल सईद जो मृतक सुल्तान कबूस के चचेरे भाई हैं, ओमान के सांस्कृतिक और विरासत मंत्री थे।
ii.2013 में उन्हें ओमान के विकास के लिए जिम्मेदार मुख्य समिति की अध्यक्षता करने के लिए सुल्तान कबूस द्वारा नियुक्त किया गया था।
iii.हरिथम बिन तारिक ऑक्सफ़ोर्ड स्नातक थे, जिन्होंने 1986 से फ़ोरिएगन मंत्रालय के साथ विभिन्न भूमिकाओं में 16 साल बिताए।
iv.वह ओमान के विजन 2040 कार्यक्रम के लिए भी प्रभारी थे।
ओमान के बारे में:
राजधानी मस्कट
मुद्रा ओमानी रियाल

ACQUISITIONS & MERGERS

फ्लिपकार्ट के पूर्व सीईओ सचिन बंसल ने डीएचएफएल जनरल इंश्योरेंस को 100 करोड़ रुपये में अधिग्रहण किया
10 जनवरी,2020 में पूर्व सीईओ (मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी) और फ्लिपकार्ट के सह-संस्थापक सचिन बंसल ने डीएचएफएल (दीवान हाउसिंग फाइनेंस कॉर्पोरेशन लिमिटेड) जनरल इंश्योरेंस, मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र को वडन ग्रुप कैपिटल (डब्ल्यूजीसी) से लगभग 100 करोड़ रुपये का अधिग्रहण किया है। डब्ल्यूजीसी संकटग्रस्त डीएचएफएल की मूल कंपनी है जिसे हाल ही में दिवालियापन के लिए भर्ती कराया गया है।
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.पूर्व में BAC अधिग्रहण प्राइवेट लिमिटेड (BACQ) के रूप में जानी जाने वाली नवी टेक्नोलॉजीज के माध्यम से यह सौदा 100 करोड़ रुपये में हुआ है, जिसे सचिन बंसल ने आईआईटी (भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान) -दिल्ली बैचमेट अंकल अग्रवाल के साथ फ्लिपकार्ट में अपनी हिस्सेदारी बेचने के बाद स्थापित किया है।
ii.DHFL जनरल इंश्योरेंस के पास प्रबंधन के तहत परिसंपत्तियों में 400 करोड़ रुपये हैं।
iii.इस सौदे को डीएचएफएल के नेतृत्व वाले वित्तीय सेवा समूह के कपिल-वधावन सीएमडी (अध्यक्ष और प्रबंध निदेशक) के लिए एक संकटपूर्ण बिक्री के रूप में देखा जाता है जो ऋण-ग्रस्त डीएचएफएल चलाता है।
iv.डब्ल्यूजीसी के स्वामित्व में: डब्ल्यूजीसी भी आधार हाउसिंग फाइनेंस लिमिटेड (एएचएफएल), अवनसे फाइनेंशियल सर्विसेज लिमिटेड (एएफएसएल), डीएचएफएल प्रामेरिका एसेट मैनेजर्स, डीएचएफएल वामेरिका लाइफ इंश्योरेंस और डीएचएफएल जनरल इंश्योरेंस जैसी वित्तीय सेवा कंपनियों का मालिक है।
v.स्पष्ट अधिग्रहण: 2019 में, बंसल ने एक माइक्रोलेंडर CRIDS (चैतन्य ग्रामीण मध्यवर्ती विकास सेवा), कर्नाटक, भारत को 739 करोड़ रुपये में अधिग्रहित किया और इस गैर-बैंकिंग वित्त कंपनी (NBFC) के सीईओ के रूप में कार्यभार भी संभाला।
डीएचएफएल के बारे में:
स्थापित– ११ अप्रैल १ ९ 1984४।
संस्थापक– राजेश वधावन।
मुख्यालय– मुंबई, भारत।
सीएमडी (अध्यक्ष और प्रबंध निदेशक)– कपिल वधावन।

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

शॉपर मैलवेयर 14.23% भारतीय उपयोगकर्ताओं को प्रभावित करता है: कास्परस्की रिपोर्ट
13 जनवरी, 2020 को, साइबर सिक्योरिटी और एंटी-वायरस सॉल्यूशंस प्रदाता कास्परस्की के शोधकर्ताओं के अनुसार, ‘ ट्रॉपर‘ (Trojan-Dropper. AndroidOS.Shopper.a) नामक एक नया ट्रोजन मैलवेयर एप्लिकेशन 14.23% से अधिक भारतीय उपयोगकर्ताओं को प्रभावित करता है। यह मालवेयर खरीदारी ऐप की रेटिंग बढ़ाता है, विज्ञापन फैलाता है, स्मार्ट फोन उपयोगकर्ता की अनुमति के बिना ऐप इंस्टॉल करता है।
मैलवेयर में सोशल मीडिया चैनलों और अन्य प्लेटफार्मों के माध्यम से गलत जानकारी फैलाने के लिए Google पहुंच सेवा का उपयोग करने की भी क्षमता है।
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.पोर्ट: मैलवेयर ने रूस में 28.46% (सबसे अधिक) उपयोगकर्ताओं को संक्रमित किया है, जो अक्टूबर – नवंबर 2019 से शॉपहॉलिक ऐप का उपयोग करते हैं। इसके बाद ब्राजील (18.70%) और भारत (14.23%) का स्थान है।
ii.Focus: अब, इस मैलवेयर ऐप का केंद्र खुदरा क्षेत्र में है। इस ऐमलवेयर की उत्पत्ति ज्ञात नहीं है। हालाँकि, इसे फर्जी विज्ञापनों / तीसरे पक्ष के ऐप स्टोर के माध्यम से डाउनलोड किया जा सकता है। यह ‘configAPKs’ नाम से डिवाइस में एक सिस्टम एप्लिकेशन के रूप में मौजूद है।
iii.यह कैसे काम करता है: उपयोगकर्ता स्क्रीन को अनलॉक करने के बाद, शॉपर मालवेयर स्वचालित रूप से शुरू हो जाता है और डिवाइस के बारे में जानकारी इकट्ठा करता है, जिसे बाद में हमलावर के सर्वर पर भेज दिया जाता है। यह सर्वर तब कार्रवाई को अंजाम देने के लिए शॉपर को कमांड भेजेगा।
Kaspersky के बारे में:
स्थापना– 1997
मुख्यालय– मास्को, रूस
सीईओ– यूजीन कास्परस्की

दो कोस्ट गार्ड जहाजों एनी बेसेंट और अमृत कौर ने कोलकाता में कमीशन किया12 जनवरी,2020 को दो भारतीय तटरक्षक जहाजों (ICGS) अर्थात् एनी बेसेंट और अमृत कौर, पांच फास्ट पैट्रोल वेसल्स (FPV) की श्रृंखला में दूसरे और तीसरे स्थान पर रक्षा सचिव अजय कुमार द्वारा खिजदरपुर पार्क, कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल पूर्वी तट के साथ कमीशन और तैनात किया गया था।
2024 तक $ 5 ट्रिलियन की अर्थव्यवस्था बनने के लक्ष्य के साथ, समुद्री क्षेत्र से $ 250 बिलियन का आगमन होगा। समुद्री अर्थव्यवस्था विश्व अर्थव्यवस्था का लगभग 5% हिस्सा है।
एनी बेसेंट के बारे में:
i.ICGS एनी बेसेंट का नाम एनी बेसेंट परोपकारी, थियोसोफिस्ट, विपुल लेखक और भारतीय स्वतंत्रता संग्राम के समर्थक के सम्मान में रखा गया था।
ii.जहाज कमांडर, तटरक्षक क्षेत्र (पूर्व) के परिचालन और प्रशासनिक नियंत्रण के तहत चेन्नई , तमिलनाडु में स्थित होगा। इसकी कमान कमांडेंट (JG) सनी देव ने संभाली है।
अमृत ​​कौर के बारे में:
i.ICGS अमृत कौर का नाम राजकुमारी अमृत कौर से लिया गया है , जो पंजाब के कपूरथला के शासक परिवार से थीं।
ii.उन्होंने नमक सत्याग्रह और भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन में सक्रिय भाग लिया और स्वतंत्र भारत के पहले स्वास्थ्य मंत्री के रूप में कार्य किया।
iii.वह अखिल भारतीय महिला सम्मेलन की संस्थापक सदस्य और भारतीय बाल कल्याण परिषद की संस्थापक अध्यक्ष थीं।
iv.जहाज कमांडर, तटरक्षक क्षेत्र (उत्तर पूर्व) के परिचालन और प्रशासनिक नियंत्रण के तहत हल्दिया, पश्चिम बंगाल में स्थित होगा। इसकी कमान कमांडेंट (JG) हिमांशु मिश्रा ने संभाली है।
प्रमुख बिंदु:
i.गार्डन रीच शिपबिल्डर्स एंड इंजीनियर्स लिमिटेड, (GRSE) कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल द्वारा निर्मित और निर्मित दो ICG फास्ट गश्ती जहाज।
ii.दोनों जहाज 30.9 टन के विस्थापन के साथ 48.9 मीटर लंबे और 7.5 मीटर चौड़े हैं।
iii.जहाज 34 समुद्री मील की अधिकतम गति प्राप्त करने में सक्षम हैं, जो एमटीयू (मोटरेन-अंडर टर्बिनन-यूनियन) 4000 श्रृंखला इंजनों द्वारा संचालित है और रोल्स रॉयस द्वारा तीन 71 के प्रकार III कामेवा जल जेट विमानों द्वारा प्रस्तावित है।
iv.वे अत्याधुनिक प्रौद्योगिकी, नेविगेशन और संचार उपकरण, सेंसर और मशीनरी से लैस हैं और निगरानी, ​​खोज और बचाव और चिकित्सा निकासी जैसे बहुमुखी कार्य करने में सक्षम हैं।
v.जहाज की युद्ध क्षमता को बढ़ाने के लिए बोफोर्स 40/60 बंदूकें और 12.7 मिमी एसआरसीजी (स्थिर रिमोट कंट्रोल गन) से भी लैस हैं।
vi.जहाज में एक आरआईबी (कठोर सूजन नाव) और एक स्विफ्ट बोर्डिंग और खोज और बचाव कार्यों के लिए एक मिथुन नाव होती है।
vii.भारतीय तटरक्षक बल के महानिदेशक (डीजी) के। नटराजन, अतिरिक्त महानिदेशक और तटरक्षक कमांडर (पूर्वी सीबोर्ड) वीएस पठानिया और केंद्रीय और राज्य एजेंसियों के अन्य अधिकारी समारोह के दौरान उपस्थित थे।

SPORTS

टेनिस दिग्गज नोवाक डीजेजोविच ने नडाल को हराकर ऑस्ट्रेलिया, सिडनी में आयोजित पहले एटीपी कप 2020 का सर्बिया विजेता बनायासर्बियाई पेशेवर टेनिस खिलाड़ी नोवाक जोकोविच ने सर्बिया के राफेल नडाल को हराकर सर्बिया को एटीपी (एसोसिएशन ऑफ टेनिस प्रोफेशनल्स) कप 2020 अर्थात एटीपी कप के सिडनी, केन रोसवेल एरिना में 3 से 12 जनवरी, 2020 तक आयोजित किया।
प्रमुख
बिंदु:

i.विश्व रैंकिंग में दूसरे स्थान पर काबिज जोकोविच ने टूर्नामेंट के फाइनल में 1-2 बार खेले जा रहे फाइनल में नडाल को 6-2, 7-6 से हराकर टीम में वापसी की।
ii.इससे पहले, नवंबर 2019 में, नडाल ने स्पेन के मैड्रिड में काजा मेगिका में इनडोर हार्ड कोर्ट पर आयोजित पुरुष एकल में कनाडा के डेनिस शापोवालोव को हराकर 6 वें डेविस कप खिताब 2019 में लाने के लिए स्पेन का नेतृत्व किया।
एटीपी कप 2020 के बारे में:
भागीदारी– 24 टीमें
पुरस्कार राशि– $ 15,000,000
यह एक अंतर्राष्ट्रीय आउटडोर हार्ड कोर्ट पुरुषों का टेनिस टूर्नामेंट है जिसका आयोजन एसोसिएशन ऑफ टेनिस प्रोफेशनल्स (एटीपी) द्वारा किया जाता है।
स्थान– (पैट राफ्ट एरीना) ब्रिस्बेन, (आरएसी एरेना) पर्थ, और (केन रोजवेल एरिना) सिडनी, ऑस्ट्रेलिया

OBITUARY

प्रसिद्ध केरल कार्टूनिस्ट थॉमस एंटनी का 62 वर्ष की उम्र में निधन हो गया12 जनवरी, 2020 को केरल कार्टूनिस्ट और केरल कार्टून अकादमी के सचिव थॉमस एंटनी का दिल का दौरा पड़ने के बाद केरल के मलप्पुरम जिले के कोट्टाकल शहर में निधन हो गया। वह 62 वर्ष के थे। उनका जन्म कोट्टायम जिला केरल भारत में हुआ था।
थॉमस
एंटनी के बारे में:

i.उन्होंने प्रतिदिन दीपिका में एक कार्टूनिस्ट के रूप में काम किया और मलयालम दैनिक मेट्रो वार्था ‘ के साथ कार्यकारी कलाकार के रूप में काम किया।
ii.2007 में उन्होंने लिस्बन, पुर्तगाल में स्थित एक संगठन द्वारा 2018 में संयुक्त राष्ट्र राजनीतिक कार्टून पुरस्कार और विश्व प्रेस कार्टून पुरस्कार जीता।

पुर्तगाली मोटरसाइकिल सवार पाउलो गोंकाल्वेस का निधन 40 साल की उम्र में हो गया है12 जनवरी, 2020 को पुर्तगाली मोटरसाइकिल सवार पाउलो गोंक्लेव्स का डकार रैली 2020 के 42 वें संस्करण के सातवें चरण में दुर्घटना के बाद निधन हो गया, जो सऊदी अरब में पहली बार आयोजित किया गया था। वह 40 के थे।
पाउलो
गोंकाल्वेस के बारे में:

i.उनका जन्म 5 फरवरी, 1979 को पुर्तगाल के एस्पोसेंडे शहर में हुआ था।
ii.वह टीम हीरो मोटरस्पोर्ट्स के सदस्य थे और उनकी 13 वीं डार्कर रैली के दौरान मृत्यु हो गई।
iii.उन्होंने 2013 में फेडरेशन इंटरनेशनेल डी मोटोकाइक्लिज्म (एफआईएम) क्रॉस-कंट्री रैलिज वर्ल्ड चैंपियनशिप जीती।

BOOKS & AUTHORS

न्यू इंडिया: अरुण जेटली की चयनित राइटिंग 2014-19, पीएम मोदी द्वारा फॉरवर्ड को फरवरी में जारी किया जाएगा13 जनवरी,2020 के जुग्गोरनॉट बुक्स पब्लिशिंग हाउस नई दिल्ली में , भारत ने पूर्व वित्त मंत्री अरुण जेटली द्वारा चयनित लेखों के संकलन की एक नई पुस्तक की घोषणा की है, जीएसटी (गुड्स एंड सर्विसेज टैक्स), विमुद्रीकरण और कश्मीर विषयों सहित कई विषयों पर दिवंगत राजनेताओं के साथ पाठकों को गहन जानकारी प्रदान करता है।
प्रमुख
बिंदु:

i.“न्यू इंडिया: सेलेक्ट राइटिंग 2014-19” पुस्तक, उनकी पहली अवधि (2014-19) के दौरान प्रधान मंत्री श्री नरेंद्र मोदी सरकार द्वारा की गई नीतियों और निर्णयों का एक आधिकारिक खाता है। यह फरवरी में स्टैंड से टकराएगा।
ii.एक पूर्व वित्त मंत्री के रूप में उन्होंने 2017 में गुड्स एंड सर्विसेज टैक्स (जीएसटी) को स्वतंत्रता के बाद सबसे बड़े कर सुधारों में शामिल किया।
iii.चिकि सर्कार प्रकाशक और जुग्गेणोत बुक्स के संस्थापक ने उल्लेख किया कि भाजपा (भारतीय जनता पार्टी) के युग और नीतियों के बारे में उनकी यह निश्चित पुस्तक है।
iv.जेटली पीएम (प्रधानमंत्री) मोदी और बीजेपी के मुख्य संकटमोचक थे, उन्होंने वित्त, रक्षा, कॉर्पोरेट मामलों और सूचना और प्रसारण मंत्रालयों को बचाया।
v.जेटली द्वारा लिखे गए लेखों से देश में राजनीतिक रुझानों पर उनका ध्यान जाता है, जैसे कि वंशवादी नीतियों का अंत, क्षेत्रीय शक्तियों के बीच दरार और कांग्रेस पार्टी में संकट।
vi.24 अगस्त 2019 को नई दिल्ली में 66 साल की उम्र में जेटली का निधन हो गया।

केंद्रीय विदेश मंत्री ने हाल ही मेंपैक्स साइनिका: इंप्लायंट्स फॉर इंडियन डॉननामक पुस्तक लॉन्च कीजनवरी 6,2020 को केंद्रीय विदेश मंत्री सुब्रह्मण्यम जयशंकर ने समीर सरन और अखिल देव द्वारा लिखित पैक्स साइनिका: इंप्लायंट्स फॉर इंडियन डॉन शीर्षक पर चीन में एक किताब लॉन्च की और रूपा पब्लिकेशंस इंडिया में प्रकाशित हुई।
प्रमुख
बिंदु:

i.PAX SINICA राष्ट्रपति शी जिनपिंग के बारे में एक व्यापक दृष्टिकोण प्रस्तुत करता है, चीन 21 वीं सदी में विश्व व्यवस्था को लागू करेगा।
ii.समीर सरन: लेखक समीर सरन, एशिया के सबसे प्रभावशाली थिंक टैंकों में से एक ऑब्ज़र्वर रिसर्च फाउंडेशन (ORF) के अध्यक्ष हैं, जो साइबरस्पेस की स्थिरता पर ग्लोबल कमीशन के कमिश्नर, विश्व आर्थिक मंच के दक्षिण एशिया सलाहकार बोर्ड के सदस्य और जियोपॉलिटिक्स पर ग्लोबल फ्यूचर काउंसिल।
iii.अंखिल देव: अखिल देव ओआरएफ के कनिष्ठ शोधकर्ता हैं जिनके अनुसंधान में भारत की विदेश नीति और समाज पर उभरती प्रौद्योगिकियों का प्रभाव शामिल है।
चीन के बारे में:
राजधानी बीजिंग।
राष्ट्रपति शी जिनपिंग।
मुद्रा– रेनमिनबी।
आदर्श वाक्य “लोगों की सेवा करो”।

नेपाल में भारतीय दूतावास विश्व हिंदी दिवस मनाता है; स्वामी विवेकानंद केकर्म योगका नेपाली अनुवाद शुरू10 जनवरी, 2020 को विश्व हिंदी दिवस की घटना को चिह्नित करने के लिए, नेपाल के काठमांडू स्थित भारतीय दूतावास ने स्वामी विवेकानंद केकर्म योग ‘ (प्रकाशक-अद्वैत आश्रम) के नेपाली अनुवाद सहित 4 पुस्तकें लॉन्च की हैं।
प्रमुख
बिंदु:

i.भारतीय दूतावास द्वारा शुरू की गई अन्य 3 पुस्तकों में शामिल हैं
(i) भारतीय लेखक प्रेमचंद द्वारा लिखी गई 4 लोकप्रिय कहानियों से मिलकर नेपाली अनुवादित पुस्तक
(ii) ‘अश्वत्थामा’ के हिंदी अनुवाद नेपाली कवि माधव प्रसाद घिमिरे द्वारा प्रकाशित (प्रकाशक- रॉयल नेपाल अकादमी) और
(iii) यूनिकॉर्न बुक्स द्वारा प्रकाशित एक पुस्तक ish उत्कृष्ठ कहनियन ’, जिसमें युवा नेपाली कहानीकारों द्वारा लिखित 25 नए युग की नेपाली कहानियां शामिल हैं।
ii.आगे त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालय के केंद्रीय हिंदी विभाग की शोध पत्रिका ‘साहित्यलोक’ का एक विशेषांक भी कार्यक्रम के दौरान लॉन्च किया गया।
iii.नेपाल में भारतीय दूतावास में मिशन के डिप्टी चीफ अजय कुमार द्वारा इंसुलेटेड, इस समारोह में नेपाल के संघीय मामलों के मंत्री और सामान्य प्रशासन मंत्री हृदयेश त्रिपाठी ने मुख्य अतिथि के रूप में शिरकत की और लेखकों, पत्रकारों, हिंदी और नेपाली विद्वानों, शिक्षाविदों और छात्र सहित 200 से अधिक लोगों ने भाग लिया।

IMPORTANT DAYS

राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस 12 जनवरी, 2020 को मनाया जाता है और पीएम बेलूर मठ में स्वामी विवेकानंद की 157 वीं जयंती मनाते हैंस्वामी विवेकानंद की जयंती मनाने के लिए हर साल 12 जनवरी को राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस मनाया जाता है राष्ट्रीय युवा को युवा दिवस के रूप में भी जाना जाता है राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस 2020 का थीम राष्ट्र निर्माण के लिए चैनलाइजिंग यूथ पावर है।
बेलूर
मठ का दौरा करेंगे पीएम मोदी:

13 जनवरी, 2020 को पीएम मोदी ने स्वामी विवेकानंद की 157 वीं जयंती मनाने के लिए पश्चिम बंगाल के हावड़ा जिले में रामकृष्ण मिशन के मुख्यालय बेलूर मठ का दौरा किया
राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस के बारे में:
i.युवा दिवस का मुख्य उद्देश्य युवाओं में स्वामी विवेकानंद के दर्शन और आदर्शों को बढ़ावा देना है।
ii.भारत सरकार ने वर्ष 1984 में स्वामी विवेकानंद के जन्मदिन को राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस के रूप में घोषित किया।
iii.राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस देश भर के विभिन्न स्कूलों और कॉलेजों में स्वामी विवेकानंद, भाषण, गीत, सम्मेलन, निबंध-लेखन प्रतियोगिता, सेमिनार पर परेड, भाषण प्रदर्शन करके मनाया जाता है।
पश्चिम बंगाल के बारे में:
मुख्यमंत्री ममता बनर्जी
राज्यपाल जगदीप धनखड़
स्टेट एनिमल फिशिंग कैट
राज्य पक्षी सफेद गले वाला किंगफिशर
राज्य वृक्ष अलस्टोनिया विद्वान  
राज्य पुष्प रात-फूल चमेली

श्री नितिन गडकरी ने महाराष्ट्र के नागपुर में 31 वें सड़क सुरक्षा अभियान का उद्घाटन किया11 जनवरी,2020 में महाराष्ट्र में परिवहन विभाग ने 11 वें -17 जनवरी 2020 से 31 वां सड़क सुरक्षा सप्ताह मनाया। केंद्रीय परिवहन मंत्री नितिन जयराम गडकरी ने नागपुर, महाराष्ट्र में क्षेत्रीय परिवहन कार्यालय, यातायात पुलिस और जिला सड़क सुरक्षा समिति द्वारा आयोजित 31 वें सड़क सुरक्षा अभियान का उद्घाटन किया।
प्रमुख
बिंदु:

i.लाइसेंस जारी करने की प्रक्रिया में ई-गवर्नेंस के उपयोग पर पारदर्शिता और सटीकता सुनिश्चित करने के लिए और पुणे और मुंबई केंद्रों में कंप्यूटर के माध्यम से लाइसेंस के लिए परीक्षण भी किया जाएगा।
ii.केंद्रीय मंत्री ने यह भी कहा कि वाहनों को फिटनेस और पीयूसी (प्रदूषण नियंत्रण) प्रमाणपत्र जारी करने के लिए 2,000 केंद्र स्थापित करने का प्रस्ताव है।
iii.उन्होंने संशोधित मोटर वाहन अधिनियम के हालिया प्रावधानों के बारे में भी बताया, जिसमें सड़क सुरक्षा के बारे में जागरूकता फैलाने वाले सामाजिक संगठनों को वित्तीय सहायता प्रदान की जाएगी।
iv.मंत्री ने उद्घाटन के बाद जिला सड़क सुरक्षा समिति की बैठक की अध्यक्षता की, साथ ही नागपुर जिले में सड़क दुर्घटना से बचने के लिए NHAI (भारतीय राष्ट्रीय राजमार्ग प्राधिकरण) और यातायात पुलिस विभाग को निर्देश दिए।
स्थैतिक:
सड़क, परिवहन और राजमार्ग मंत्री और सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यम मंत्री श्री नितिन जयराम गडकरी।
संविधान नागपुर।

AC BYTES

उत्तर भारत का फसल उत्सव लोहड़ी 13 जनवरी को मनाया जाता है
फसल का त्यौहार, लोहड़ी हर साल 13 जनवरी को उत्तर भारत में मनाया जाता है, खासकर पंजाब, हरियाणा, हिमाचल प्रदेश, दिल्ली, जम्मू और चंडीगढ़ में। लोहड़ी सर्दियों की लंबी रातों के अंत का प्रतीक है और गर्मी के लंबे दिनों का स्वागत करते हैं, क्योंकि सूर्य उत्तरी गोलार्ध में अपनी यात्रा शुरू करता है, जिसे अलाव के साथ मनाया जाता है।

शीर्ष 25 करंट अफेयर्स मुख्य समाचार: 12 और 13 जनवरी 2020

  1. पेट्रोलियम मंत्री प्रधान ने कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल में इस्पात क्षेत्र में PURVODAYA ​​मिशन का शुभारंभ किया
  2. ‘यशस्विनी योजना ’को केंद्रीय मंत्री स्मृति ईरानी ने गोवा में लॉन्च किया
  3. कोयला खदानों की नीलामी को आसान बनाने के लिए सरकार ने कानूनों में संशोधन के लिए अध्यादेश जारी किया
  4. प्रधान मंत्री मोदी की 2 दिवसीय आधिकारिक यात्रा का अवलोकन कोलकाता, पश्चिम बंगाल
  5. एचएम अमित शाह 2-दिवसीय गुजरात यात्रा; गांधीनगर में प्रोजेक्ट VISHWAS & Cyber ​​AASHVAST लॉन्च किया
  6. तेहरान संवाद मंच -23 वां खाड़ी सम्मेलन; भारत होर्मुज शांति पहल 2020 का समर्थन करता है
  7. RBI ने श्री गुरु राघवेंद्र सहकारी बैंक के कार्यों पर अंकुश लगाया; रु 3,5000 तक की सीमा तय
  8. सेबी शीर्ष 500 सूचीबद्ध संस्थाओं फर्मों के लिए अध्यक्ष और एमडी पदों के पृथक्करण के लिए अप्रैल 2022 की समय सीमा बढ़ाता है
  9. BCCI वार्षिक पुरस्कार 2018-19 की घोषणा: जसप्रीत बुमराह को पॉली उमरीगर पुरस्कार मिला
  10. रॉबर्ट अबेला ने माल्टा के 14 वें प्रधान मंत्री के रूप में नामित किया
  11. त्साई इंग-वेन ने दूसरी बार ताइवान का राष्ट्रपति चुनाव जीता
  12. हेथम बिन तारिक अल सईद को ओमान का नया शासक नियुक्त किया गया
  13. फ्लिपकार्ट के पूर्व सीईओ सचिन बंसल ने डीएचएफएल जनरल इंश्योरेंस को 100 करोड़ रुपये में अधिग्रहण किया
  14. शॉपर मैलवेयर23% भारतीय उपयोगकर्ताओं को प्रभावित करता है: कास्परस्की रिपोर्ट
  15. दो कोस्ट गार्ड जहाजों एनी बेसेंट और अमृत कौर ने कोलकाता में कमीशन किया
  16. टेनिस दिग्गज नोवाक डीजेजोविच ने नडाल को हराकर ऑस्ट्रेलिया, सिडनी में आयोजित पहले एटीपी कप 2020 का सर्बिया विजेता बनाया
  17. प्रसिद्ध केरल कार्टूनिस्ट थॉमस एंटनी का 62 वर्ष की उम्र में निधन हो गया
  18. पुर्तगाली मोटरसाइकिल सवार पाउलो गोंकाल्वेस का निधन 40 साल की उम्र में हो गया है
  19. न्यू इंडिया: अरुण जेटली की चयनित राइटिंग 2014-19, पीएम मोदी द्वारा फॉरवर्ड को फरवरी में जारी किया जाएगा
  20. केंद्रीय विदेश मंत्री ने हाल ही में ‘पैक्स साइनिका: इंप्लायंट्स फॉर द इंडियन डॉन’ नामक पुस्तक लॉन्च की
  21. नेपाल में भारतीय दूतावास विश्व हिंदी दिवस मनाता है; स्वामी विवेकानंद के ‘कर्म योग’ का नेपाली अनुवाद शुरू
  22. राष्ट्रीय युवा दिवस 12 जनवरी, 2020 को मनाया जाता है और पीएम बेलूर मठ में स्वामी विवेकानंद की 157 वीं जयंती मनाते हैं
  23. श्री नितिन गडकरी ने महाराष्ट्र के नागपुर में 31 वें सड़क सुरक्षा अभियान का उद्घाटन किया
  24. उत्तर भारत का फसल उत्सव लोहड़ी 13 जनवरी को मनाया जाता है

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Current Affairs Hindi Quiz: January 14 2020

हेलो दोस्तों, affairscloud.com में ऑनलाइन Current Affairs 2020 प्रश्नोत्तरी में आपका स्वागत है। यहां हम वर्तमान मामलों में महत्वपूर्ण घटना पर क्विज बना रहे हैं, जो सभी बैंक परीक्षाओं और अन्य प्रतिस्पर्धी परीक्षाओं के लिए सामान्य है। Current Affairs Quiz से आपको प्रतियोगी परीक्षा में अच्छे अंक प्राप्त करने में मदद मिलेगी।

Current Affairs Today 14 January 2020 हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें

  1. आईटी (सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी) उपकरण “इंटीग्रेटेड रोड एक्सीडेंट डेटाबेस (IRAD)” को विकसित करने वाले संस्थान का नाम बताइए, जिससे सड़क दुर्घटनाओं की उचित निगरानी और सटीक विश्लेषण करने में मदद मिलेगी।
    1)भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान-दिल्ली (IIT-D)
    2)भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान-कानपुर (IIT-K)
    3)भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान- खड़गपुर (IIT-K)
    4)भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान-मद्रास (IIT-M)
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान-मद्रास (IIT-M)
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को केंद्रीय सड़क परिवहन और राजमार्ग और एमएसएमई (सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यम मंत्रालय) मंत्री श्री नितिन गडकरी और रक्षा मंत्री श्री राजनाथ सिंह ने संयुक्त रूप से एक आईटी (सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी) उपकरण “इंटीग्रेटेड रोड एक्सीडेंट डेटाबेस” लॉन्च किया है (IRAD) यह भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान-मद्रास (IIT-M) द्वारा विकसित किया गया है जो सड़क दुर्घटनाओं की उचित निगरानी और सटीक विश्लेषण में मदद करेगा। इसे नई दिल्ली में आयोजित सड़क सुरक्षा हितधारकों की बैठक के दौरान लॉन्च किया गया था।

  2. कौन सा बैंक आईटी (सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी) उपकरण “इंटीग्रेटेड रोड एक्सीडेंट डेटाबेस (IRAD)” विकसित करने के लिए 258 करोड़ रुपये की वित्तीय सहायता प्रदान करता है?
    1)एशियाई विकास बैंक (ADB)
    2)विश्व बैंक (WB)
    3)न्यू डेवलपमेंट बैंक (NDB)
    4)पुनर्निर्माण और विकास के लिए अंतर्राष्ट्रीय बैंक (IBRD)
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 2)विश्व बैंक (WB)
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को केंद्रीय सड़क परिवहन और राजमार्ग और एमएसएमई (सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यम मंत्रालय) मंत्री श्री नितिन गडकरी और रक्षा मंत्री श्री राजनाथ सिंह ने संयुक्त रूप से एक आईटी (सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी) उपकरण “इंटीग्रेटेड रोड एक्सीडेंट डेटाबेस” लॉन्च किया है( IRAD) यह भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान-मद्रास (IIT-M) द्वारा विकसित किया गया है जो सड़क दुर्घटनाओं की उचित निगरानी और सटीक विश्लेषण में मदद करेगा। विश्व बैंक द्वारा दी गई 258 करोड़ की वित्तीय सहायता से विकसित, डेटाबेस को राष्ट्रीय सूचना विज्ञान केंद्र (एनआईसी) द्वारा कार्यान्वित किया जाएगा। सामान्यतया यह प्रणाली 6 राज्यों में लागू की जा रही है, जिसमें कर्नाटक, मध्य प्रदेश,(MP), महाराष्ट्र, राजस्थान, तमिलनाडु (TN) और उत्तर प्रदेश (UP) में सड़क दुर्घटनाओं के उच्चतम घातक परिणाम हैं। । इसके सफल परीक्षण के बाद एक्रॉस इंडिया में लॉन्च किया जाएगा।

  3. किस फर्म ने ई-ऑफिस निष्पादन के लिए भारतीय रेलवे के साथ एक समझौता ज्ञापन (एमओयू) पर हस्ताक्षर किए हैं?
    1)RailTelcom
    2)RailOff
    3)RailWire
    4)RailTel
    5) इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)RailTel
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को भारतीय रेलवे ने ई-ऑफिस निष्पादन के चरण 2 परियोजना के लिए रेल मंत्रालय के तहत RailTel , एक मिनीरत्न पब्लिक सेक्टर अंडरटेकिंग (पीएसयू) के साथ समझौता ज्ञापन (एमओयू) पर हस्ताक्षर किए। इस परियोजना के तहत, RailTel 30 जून 2020 तक राष्ट्रीय सूचना विज्ञान केंद्र (एनआईसी) के ई-ऑफिस प्लेटफॉर्म पर 34 से अधिक डिवीजनों में 39,000 उपयोगकर्ताओं को पंजीकृत करेगा। एमओयू पर कार्यकारी निदेशक (ईडी / टीडी), रेलवे बोर्ड, श्री उमेश बलौदा और जनरल प्रबंधक (जीएम) / सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी (आईटी) परियोजना / रेलटेल, श्रीमती हरीतिमा जयपुरियार ने हस्ताक्षर किए थे ।

  4. किस सशस्त्र बल के लिए, आनंद प्रकाश माहेश्वरी को 13 जनवरी, 2020 को महानिदेशक (DG) के रूप में नियुक्त किया गया था?
    1)केंद्रीय रिजर्व पुलिस बल (CRPF)
    2)केंद्रीय औद्योगिक सुरक्षा बल (CISF)
    3)भारत-तिब्बत सीमा पुलिस (ITBP)
    4)सीमा सुरक्षा बल (BSF)
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)केंद्रीय रिजर्व पुलिस बल (CRPF)
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी 2020 को वरिष्ठ भारतीय पुलिस सेवा (IPS) अधिकारी A P माहेश्वरी को कैबिनेट की नियुक्ति समिति द्वारा केंद्रीय रिजर्व पुलिस बल (CRPF) के महानिदेशक (DG) के रूप में नियुक्त किया गया। उन्होंने भारत-तिब्बत सीमा पुलिस (ITBP) के महानिदेशक सुरजीत सिंह देसवाल से कार्यभार ग्रहण किया, जिन्हें 31 दिसंबर, 2019 को DG राजीव राय भटनागर के सेवानिवृत्त होने के बाद CRPF के प्रमुख के रूप में अतिरिक्त प्रभार दिया गया था।

  5. भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक (RBI) के डिप्टी गवर्नर के रूप में 14 जनवरी, 2020 को किसे नियुक्त किया गया?
    1)मुनेश कपूर
    2)पार्थ रे
    3)आदर्श किशोर
    4)माइकल देवव्रत पात्रा
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)माइकल देवव्रत पात्रा
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    14 जनवरी, 2020 को, माइकल देवव्रत पात्रा को भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक (RBI) का डिप्टी गवर्नर नियुक्त किया गया। विरल वी आचार्य के इस्तीफे के बाद जुलाई 2019 से पद खाली था। वह तीन वर्षों की अवधि के लिए नियुक्त आरबीआई के चौथे डिप्टी गवर्नर होंगे।

  6. भारत के सर्वेयर जनरल का नाम बताइए, जिसे 14 जनवरी 2020 को अनुबंध के आधार पर एक वर्ष के लिए दूसरी अवधि के लिए फिर से नियुक्त किया गया था।
    1)डॉ टी रामास्वामी
    2)लेफ्टिनेंट जनरल गिरीश कुमार
    3)डॉ। स्वर्ण सुब्बा राव
    4)वीपी श्रीवास्तव
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 2)लेफ्टिनेंट जनरल गिरीश कुमार
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    14 जनवरी 2020 को मंत्रिमंडल की नियुक्ति समिति (एसीसी) ने लेफ्टिनेंट जनरल गिरीश कुमार के सर्वेयर जनरल, भारत के राष्ट्रीय सर्वेक्षण और मानचित्रण संगठन के रूप में अनुबंध के आधार पर 1 जनवरी, 2020 से एक बार की पुनः नियुक्ति के प्रस्ताव को मंजूरी दे दी। इससे पहले 30 सितंबर, 2017 को भारत के सर्वेक्षण के तहत भारत के सर्वेयर जनरल के रूप में नियुक्त किया गया था। भारत के सर्वेयर जनरल, भारत के सर्वेक्षण विभाग के प्रमुख हैं, जो कि विज्ञान मंत्रालय और भारत सरकार की प्रौद्योगिकी के अंतर्गत आता है ।

  7. ब्रिटिश भारतीय योग चैंपियन का नाम बताइए, जिन्हें आध्यात्मिक अनुशासन योग में उपलब्धियों के लिए “ग्लोबल चाइल्ड प्रोडगी अवार्ड 2020” से सम्मानित किया गया था।
    1)ईश्वर शर्मा
    2)अभिजाता श्रीधर अयंगर
    3)अजय टोकस
    4)अल्पेश पटवारी
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)ईश्वर शर्मा
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    12 जनवरी, 2020 को योग चैंपियन ईश्वर शर्मा, 10 वर्षीय स्कूली छात्र (यूके निवासी) मूल रूप से मैसूर के रहने वाले, यूके से 11-योग चैंपियन, आध्यात्मिक अनुशासन योग में उपलब्धियों के लिए ग्लोबल चाइल्ड प्रोडगी अवार्ड 2020 से सम्मानित किया गया है। ग्लोबल प्रोडगी अवार्ड 30 विभिन्न श्रेणियों जैसे कि पैलियोन्टोलॉजी, कोरियोग्राफी, बाइकिंग, फिटनेस और मार्शल आर्ट आदि के तहत 45 देशों के बाल कौतुक का सम्मान करता है।

  8. इंटरनेशनल सेंटर फॉर स्पोर्ट्स स्टडीज (CIES) फुटबॉल वेधशाला के अनुसार € 265 मिलियन के साथ वर्ष 2020 में “सबसे मूल्यवान खिलाड़ी” के रूप में किसे नामित किया गया था?
    1)मोहम्मद सलाह
    2)जादोन सांचो
    3)काइलन मबप्पे
    4)रहम स्टर्लिंग
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)काइलन मबप्पे
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को स्विट्जरलैंड स्थित इंटरनेशनल सेंटर फॉर स्पोर्ट्स स्टडीज (CIES) फुटबॉल ऑब्जर्वेटरी ने दुनिया के सबसे मूल्यवान फुटबॉल खिलाड़ियों की सूची जारी की है। पेरिस सेंट-जर्मेन के स्ट्राइकर काइलन मबप्पे  € 265 मिलियन के साथ सूची में सबसे ऊपर है। मैनचेस्टर सिटी के रहीम स्टर्लिंग ने € 223.7 मिलियन के साथ दूसरा और लिवरपूल से मोहम्मद सलाह ने € 175.1 मिलियन के साथ तीसरा स्थान हासिल किया।

    पद     नाम
    1काइलन मबप्पे  (€ 265 मिलियन)
    2रहिम स्टर्लिंग (€ 223.7 मिलियन)
    3मोहम्मद सलाह (€ 175.1 मिलियन)

  9. गणतंत्र दिवस (26 जनवरी) की परेड 2020 के पहले महिला परेड और 2020 के सेना दिवस (15 जनवरी) के लिए पहली महिला परेड सेनापति का नाम बताइए।
    1)तानिया शेरगिल
    2)प्रिया झिंगन
    3)मिताली मधुमिता
    4)पुनीता अरोड़ा
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)तानिया शेरगिल
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी 2020 को, सेना की कोर ऑफ़ सिग्नल की कैप्टन तानिया शेरगिल, गणतंत्र दिवस (26 जनवरी) की परेड के लिए पहली महिला परेड सेनापति होंगी। एक परेड सेनापति परेड के लिए ज़िम्मेदार है। वह एक इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स,और कम्युनिकेशन स्नातक हैं उसके पिता, दादा और परदादा भी सेना में सेवा कर चुके हैं। उन्हें मार्च 2017 में अधिकारी प्रशिक्षण अकादमी, चेन्नई से कमीशन किया गया था। 2019 गणतंत्र दिवस की परेड में, कैप्टन भावना कस्तूरी पहली महिला अधिकारी थीं, जिन्होंने एक सर्व-पुरुष दल का नेतृत्व किया।

  10. मध्यप्रदेश की किस पंचायत को पहला प्लास्टिक-मुक्त क्षेत्र घोषित किया गया और प्लास्टिक कचरा प्रबंधन के लिए पुरस्कार जीता?
    1)बडकागांव पंचायत, ग्वालियर
    2)जोबट पंचायत, अलीराजपुर
    3)सेंधवा पंचायत, बड़वानी
    4)सिंदोदा पंचायत, इंदौर
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)सिंदोदा पंचायत, इंदौर
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    12 जनवरी, 2020 को जल शक्ति मंत्रालय के तहत पेयजल और स्वच्छता (डीडीडब्ल्यूएस) ने नई दिल्ली में ओडीएफ (खुले में शौच मुक्त) स्थिरता कार्यशाला का आयोजन किया। कार्यशाला में बॉलीवुड अभिनेता आमिर खान (पाणि फाउंडेशन के संस्थापक) का एक विशेष सत्र था, जिन्होंने प्रमुख स्वछता मापदंडों पर सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रदर्शन करने वाले जिलों को पुरस्कार वितरित किए। 4 जिले यानी डिब्रूगढ़ (असम), सिरमौर (हिमाचल प्रदेश), इंदौर (मध्य प्रदेश) और पुरी (ओडिशा) को प्लास्टिक कचरा प्रबंधन में नवाचारों और पहलों के लिए सम्मानित किया गया। इंदौर की सिंदोदा पंचायत को हाल ही में मध्य प्रदेश में पहला प्लास्टिक-मुक्त क्षेत्र घोषित किया गया था और यह पुरस्कार इंदौर जिला पंचायत की मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी (सीईओ) नेहा मीणा को प्रदान किया गया था।

  11. स्पोर्टस्टार ऐसेस अवार्ड्स 2020 के दूसरे संस्करण में “स्पोर्टस्टार ऑफ द ईयर अवार्ड” किसने जीता?
    1)स्मृति मंधाना
    2)पुसरला वेंकट (पीवी) सिंधु
    3)रोहित शर्मा
    4)स्टीव स्मिथ
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 2)पुसरला वेंकट (पीवी) सिंधु
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    12 जनवरी, 2020 को, स्पोर्टस्टार ऐसेस अवार्ड्स 2020 का दूसरा संस्करण मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र के ट्राइडेंट होटल में आयोजित किया गया था, जिसमें भारत के खिलाड़ियों के लिए 23 विभिन्न श्रेणियों के पुरस्कार शामिल थे।

    पुरस्कारविजेता
    स्पोर्टस्टार ऑफ द ईयर अवार्डपुसरला वेंकट (पीवी) सिंधु – बैडमिंटन
    चेयरमैन च्वाइस अवार्डऑस्ट्रेलिया-क्रिकेट के स्टीव स्मिथ
    कोच ऑफ द ईयरबैडमिंटन कोच पुलेला गोपीचंद और शतरंज कोच आरबी रमेश
    स्पोर्ट्समैन ऑफ द ईयर (क्रिकेट)रोहित शर्मा
    स्पोर्ट्सवुमन ऑफ द ईयर (क्रिकेट)स्मृति मंधाना
    स्पोर्ट्सवुमन ऑफ द ईयर (टीम स्पोर्ट्स) दीप ग्रेस एक्का – हॉकी
    स्पोर्ट्समैन ऑफ द ईयर (टीम स्पोर्ट्स)मनप्रीत सिंह – हॉकी
    वर्ष का युवा एथलीट (महिला)मेहुली घोष -शूटर
    वर्ष का युवा एथलीट (पुरुष)रमेशबाबू प्रगगनंदन (शतरंज) और एसो अल्बेन (साइकिल चालक)
    स्पोर्टस्टार टीम ऑफ द ईयरभारतीय टेस्ट क्रिकेट टीम

  12. भारतीय खेल खिलाड़ी का नाम बताइए, जिसे स्पोर्टस्टार ऐसेस अवार्ड्स 2020 के दूसरे संस्करण में लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड से सम्मानित किया गया।
    1)अन्नू रानी
    2)पंकज आडवाणी
    3)कपिल देव राम लाल निखंज
    4)लिएंडर पेस
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)कपिल देव राम लाल निखंज
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    12 जनवरी, 2020 को, स्पोर्टस्टार ऐसेस अवार्ड्स 2020 का दूसरा संस्करण मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र के ट्राइडेंट होटल में आयोजित किया गया था, जिसमें भारत के खिलाड़ियों के लिए 23 विभिन्न श्रेणियों के पुरस्कार शामिल थे।

    पुरस्कारविजेता
    लाइफटाइम अचीवमेंट पुरस्कारकपिल देव राम लाल निखंज (पूर्व भारतीय क्रिकेटर)
    स्पोर्टस्टार टीम ऑफ द ईयरभारतीय टेस्ट क्रिकेट टीम
    विशेष मान्यता पुरस्कारलिएंडर पेस – टेनिस
    खेल को बढ़ावा देने के लिए सर्वश्रेष्ठ राज्य।ओडिशा (2 एन डी समय के लिए)
    स्पोर्ट्समैन ऑफ द ईयर (इंडिविजुअल स्पोर्ट)बजरंग पुनिया -लेखक
    स्पोर्ट्सवुमन ऑफ द ईयर (इंडिविजुअल स्पोर्ट) अवार्डकोनेरू हम्पी (शतरंज) और अपूर्वी चंदेला (शूटिंग)
    विशेष जूरी पुरस्कारपंकज आडवाणी (बिलियर्ड्स और स्नूकर खिलाड़ी)
    सर्वश्रेष्ठ पीएसयू (सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के उपक्रम) / स्पोर्ट्स को बढ़ावा देने के लिए कॉर्पोरेट हाउसइंडियन ऑयल कॉर्पोरेशन लिमिटेड (IOCL)
    स्पोर्ट्समैन ऑफ द ईयर (रैकेट स्पोर्ट)भामिडिपति साई प्रणीत (बैडमिंटन)
    स्पोर्ट्सवुमन ऑफ द ईयर (रैकेट स्पोर्ट्स)पुसरला वेंकट (पीवी) सिंधु – बैडमिंटन
    स्पोर्ट्समैन ऑफ द ईयर (ट्रैक एंड फील्ड)अविनाश सेबल (एथलीट)
    वर्ष के खिलाड़ी (ट्रैक एंड फील्ड)अन्नू रानी (भाला फेंक)
    स्पोर्ट्समैन ऑफ द ईयर ( पार्सपोर्ट्स )प्रमोद भगत (पैरा शुटलर )
    स्पोर्ट्सवुमन ऑफ द ईयर ( पार्सपोर्ट्स )एकता भ्यान ( पैरा एथलीट)

  13. नई दिल्ली में आयोजित द्वीप विकास एजेंसी (आईडीए) की 6 वीं बैठक की अध्यक्षता किसने की?
    1)नरेंद्र मोदी
    2)राजनाथ सिंह
    3)निर्मला सीतारमण
    4)अमित शाह
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)अमित शाह
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को केंद्रीय गृह मामलों के मंत्री (एमओएचए) श्री अमित शाह ने नई दिल्ली में द्वीप विकास एजेंसी (आईडीए) की 6 वीं बैठक की अध्यक्षता की। बैठक के दौरान “द्वीपों के समग्र विकास” की प्रगति की समीक्षा की गई। यह भारत में पहली बार भी है, आईडीए के मार्गदर्शन में वैज्ञानिक आकलन के साथ सतत विकास की पहल की गई है।

  14. अंडमान और निकोबार और लक्षद्वीप द्वीप समूह में से कितने द्वीपों को द्वीप विकास एजेंसी (आईडीए) की 6 वीं बैठक के दौरान पर्यटन को बढ़ावा देने के लिए चुना गया था?
    1)22 द्वीप
    2)26 द्वीप
    3)28 द्वीप
    4)29 द्वीप
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 2)26 द्वीप
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को केंद्रीय गृह मामलों के मंत्री (एमओएचए) श्री अमित शाह ने नई दिल्ली में द्वीप विकास एजेंसी (आईडीए) की 6 वीं बैठक की अध्यक्षता की। पर्यटन को बढ़ावा देने के लिए अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप समूह से कुल 26 द्वीपों, 16 अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप समूह और 10 लक्षद्वीप द्वीपों की पहचान की गई है। वायु, समुद्र और डिजिटल कनेक्टिविटी में सुधार के बुनियादी ढांचे को मजबूत करने के लिए भी कार्यान्वित किया जा रहा है। पोर्ट ब्लेयर (अंडमान और निकोबार) और अंडमान और निकोबार के 7 द्वीपों को जून, 2020 तक पनडुब्बी ऑप्टिकल फाइबर केबल के माध्यम से डिजिटल रूप से जोड़ा जाएगा।

  15. किस देश ने पहली बार सरकार के प्रमुखों की परिषद की 2020 शंघाई सहयोग संगठन (एससीओ) की वार्षिक बैठक की मेजबानी करने की तैयारी की है?
    1)जापान
    2)रूस
    3)भारत
    4)संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)भारत
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को शंघाई सहयोग संगठन (SCO) के महासचिव व्लादिमीर नोरोव, जो 16 जनवरी 2020 से नई दिल्ली में रायसीना संवाद 2020 में भाग लेने के लिए भारत की 4 दिवसीय यात्रा पर हैं, ने घोषणा की है कि भारत पहली बार सरकार के प्रमुखों की परिषद की SCO की वार्षिक बैठक की मेजबानी करने के लिए चयनित है।

  16. स्टैच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी को शंघाई सहयोग संगठन (SCO) की “SCO के 8 अजूबे” सूची में शामिल किया गया है। यह किस देश में स्थित है?
    1)गुजरात, भारत
    2)न्यूयॉर्क, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
    3)बीजिंग, चीन
    4)टोक्यो, चीन
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)गुजरात, भारत
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    गुजरात में भारत की स्टैच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी को SCO की “8 अजूबो की सूची” में शामिल किया गया है। स्टैच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी: यह विश्व की सबसे ऊँची प्रतिमा है जिसकी ऊँचाई (597 फीट) 182 मीटर है और इसे भारत के स्वतंत्रता सेनानी और प्रथम उप प्रधानमंत्री श्री वल्लभभाई झावेरभाई पटेल के नाम से प्रसिद्ध सरदार पटेल के नाम से बनाया गया है। स्टैच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी के अलावा दुनिया के 8 अजूबों की सूची ताजिकिस्तान में नवरुज पैलेस, कजाकिस्तान में तामली कण्ठ, चीन में डेमिंग पैलेस, उज्बेकिस्तान में पो-ए-कलां परिसर, लाहौर – पाकिस्तान में मुगलों की विरासत और रूस की स्वर्णिम छल्ला हैं ।

  17. खनिजों (कोयले, लिग्नाइट, रेत और अन्य लघु खनिजों के अलावा) के लिए रॉयल्टी दरों के संशोधन से संबंधित मुद्दों पर गौर करने के लिए गठित 11 सदस्यीय पैनल की अध्यक्षता कौन करेगा?
    1)प्रीता सछेन्द्रन
    2)डॉ के राजेश्वर राव
    3)सी गंगाधरन
    4)वीना कुमारी डी
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 2)डॉ के राजेश्वर राव
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को केंद्र ने 11-सदस्यीय पैनल गठित करने का निर्णय लिया है जो खनिजों (कोयला, लिग्नाइट, रेत और लघु खनिजों के अलावा) के लिए रॉयल्टी दरों के संशोधन से संबंधित मुद्दों पर गौर करेगा। इस पैनल की अध्यक्षता खान मंत्रालय के अतिरिक्त सचिव डॉ के राजेश्वर राव करेंगे। तेलंगाना, छत्तीसगढ़, झारखंड, कर्नाटक, मध्य प्रदेश और ओडिशा राज्यों के खान सचिव पैनल के सदस्य होंगे।

  18. किस संगठन ने “बाल मृत्यु दर में स्तर और रुझान” शीर्षक से एक रिपोर्ट जारी की है?
    1)रोग नियंत्रण और रोकथाम केंद्र (सीडीसी)
    2)विश्व बैंक (WB)
    3)संयुक्त राष्ट्र (UN)
    4)विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (WHO)
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)संयुक्त राष्ट्र (UN)
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    12 जनवरी, 2020 को, बाल मृत्यु दर के लिए संयुक्त राष्ट्र (यूएन) अंतर एजेंसी समूह ने “बाल मृत्यु दर में स्तर और रुझान” शीर्षक से एक रिपोर्ट तैयार की है।

  19. वर्ष 2018 में यूनिसेफ (संयुक्त राष्ट्र अंतर्राष्ट्रीय बाल आपातकालीन कोष) के अनुसार भारत में किस राज्य में नवजातों की मृत्यु सबसे अधिक है?
    1)उत्तर प्रदेश
    2)गुजरात
    3)असम
    4)पश्चिम बंगाल
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)उत्तर प्रदेश
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    12 जनवरी, 2020 को, बाल मृत्यु दर के लिए संयुक्त राष्ट्र (यूएन) अंतर एजेंसी समूह ने “बाल मृत्यु दर में स्तर और रुझान” शीर्षक से एक रिपोर्ट तैयार की है। इस रिपोर्ट के अनुसार भारत उन 5 देशों में शामिल है जहां 2018 में 5 वर्ष से कम उम्र की लड़कियों की मृत्यु लड़कों की तुलना में अधिक है। 2018 में सभी अंडर -5 मौतों में से आधे निम्नलिखित पांच देशों में हुए: भारत, नाइजीरिया, पाकिस्तान, कांगो लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य (डीआरसी) और इथियोपिया। बाल मृत्यु दर के बोझ को देखते हुए, यूनिसेफ (संयुक्त राष्ट्र अंतर्राष्ट्रीय बाल आपातकालीन कोष) द्वारा जारी सूचना के अनुसार, उत्तर प्रदेश में भारत में सबसे अधिक नवजात मौतें होती हैं। यह उच्च नवजात मृत्यु दर और जन्म के बड़े सहवास के कारण है। मध्यप्रदेश में मृत्यु दर सबसे अधिक 5 है, जबकि सबसे कम केरल में देखा गया।

  20. वार्षिक संयुक्त अभ्यास सहयोग -काजीन ’में कौन से 2 देश भाग लेंगे?
    1)संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका और भारत
    2)रूस और भारत
    3)जापान और भारत
    4)बांग्लादेश और भारत
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)जापान और भारत
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2019 को जापान कोस्ट गार्ड (JCG) शिप ‘इचिगो PLH08’ पांच दिवसीय सद्भावना यात्रा पर चेन्नई आया है और यह वार्षिक संयुक्त अभ्यास ‘सहयोग -काजीन ’’ के 19 वें संस्करण में भाग लेगा जो 16 जनवरी 2020 से भारतीय तटरक्षक बल (ICG) के साथ शुरू होगा। जापान कोस्ट गार्ड के एडमिरल ,तकाहीरो ओकुशिमा कमांडेंट, भारतीय तटरक्षक बल के महानिदेशक, कृष्णास्वामी नटराजन, महानिदेशक (डीजी) अभ्यास के 19 वें संस्करण के साक्षी होंगे।

  21. कौन सा शहर वार्षिक संयुक्त अभ्यास सहयोग-काजीन ’के 19 वें संस्करण की मेजबानी करेगा, जो जापान और भारत द्वारा भाग लिया गया है?
    1)चेन्नई, तमिलनाडु
    2)विशाखापत्तनम, आंध्र प्रदेश
    3)बेंगलुरु, कर्नाटक
    4)मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)चेन्नई, तमिलनाडु
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2019 को जापान कोस्ट गार्ड (JCG) शिप ‘इचिगो PLH08’ पांच दिवसीय सद्भावना यात्रा पर चेन्नई आया है और यह वार्षिक संयुक्त अभ्यास ‘सहयोग -काजीन ’’ के 19 वें संस्करण में भाग लेगा जो 16 जनवरी 2020 से भारतीय तटरक्षक बल (ICG) के साथ शुरू होगा। जापान कोस्ट गार्ड के एडमिरल ,तकाहीरो ओकुशिमा कमांडेंट, भारतीय तटरक्षक बल के महानिदेशक, कृष्णास्वामी नटराजन, महानिदेशक (डीजी) अभ्यास के 19 वें संस्करण के साक्षी होंगे।

  22. विशेष श्रेणी के डीजल का पता लगाएं, जो जहाजों में कार्बन फुटप्रिंट को कम करने के लिए विकसित किया गया था।
    1)हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल (HFHSD- IN 512)
    2)हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल (HFHSD- 513 में)
    3)हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल (HFHSD- 514 में)
    4)हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल (HFHSD- 515 में)
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 1)हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल (HFHSD- IN 512)
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी 2020 को स्पेशल क्लास डीजल (HFHSD- IN 512) भारतीय सेना के जहाजों और जहाजों में उपयोग के लिए नाटो (नॉर्थ अटलांटिक ट्रीटी ऑर्गनाइजेशन) ग्रेड के अनुरूप हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल विकसित किया गया था। वाइस एडमिरल गुरतेज सिंह पाब्बी, भारतीय नौसेना ने नई दिल्ली में एक अवसर के दौरान HFHSD- IN 512 का शुभारंभ किया। नए डीजल के परिणामस्वरूप कार्बन फुटप्रिंट कम होता है।

  23. उस संगठन का नाम बताइए, जिसने भारतीय सेना के जहाजों और जहाजों में उपयोग के लिए नाटो (उत्तर अटलांटिक संधि संगठन) ग्रेड के अनुरूप एक विशेष श्रेणी का डीजल (HFHSD- IN 512) हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल विकसित किया है।
    1)ऑयल इंडिया लिमिटेड (OIL)
    2)भारत पेट्रोलियम (BP)
    3)इंडियन ऑयल कॉर्पोरेशन (IOC)
    4)हिंदुस्तान पेट्रोलियम (HP)
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)इंडियन ऑयल कॉर्पोरेशन (IOC)
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी 2020 को इंडियन ऑयल कॉरपोरेशन (IOC) ने भारतीय सेना के जहाजों और जहाजों में उपयोग के लिए नाटो (नॉर्थ अटलांटिक ट्रीटी ऑर्गनाइजेशन) ग्रेड के अनुरूप एक विशेष श्रेणी का डीजल (HFHSD- IN 512) हाई फ्लैश हाई स्पीड डीजल विकसित किया है। वाइस एडमिरल गुरतेज सिंह पाब्बी, भारतीय नौसेना ने नई दिल्ली में एक अवसर के दौरान HFHSD- IN 512 का शुभारंभ किया। नए डीजल के परिणामस्वरूप कार्बन फुटप्रिंट कम होता है।

  24. किसने “TOI 1338b” नामक ग्रह की खोज की, जो 1,300 प्रकाश वर्ष दूर है और पृथ्वी से 6.9 गुना बड़ा है?
    1)लॉर्ड केल्विन
    2)हेनरी मोसले
    3)विलियम क्रुकस
    4)वुल्फ कुकियर
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)वुल्फ कुकियर
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    11 जनवरी, 2020 को, न्यू यॉर्क (संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका) के एक 17 वर्षीय लड़के, वुल्फ कुकियर ने “TOI 1338b” नामक एक ग्रह की खोज की है, जो कि पृथ्वी से 1,300 प्रकाश वर्ष दूर और 6.9 गुना बड़ा है यह नासा (नेशनल एरोनॉटिक्स एंड स्पेस एडमिनिस्ट्रेशन) में उनकी इंटर्नशिप का 3 वां दिन था । उन्होंने अपनी रिकॉर्ड ब्रेकिंग डिस्कवरी के लिए नासा के एलियन-हंटिंग स्पेस टेलीस्कोप TESS (ट्रांसिटिंग एक्सोप्लैनेट सर्वे सैटेलाइट) का इस्तेमाल किया।

  25. किस देश ने 21 पदक जीते और वर्ष 2019 में दुनिया में नंबर एक शूटिंग राष्ट्र के रूप में शीर्ष स्थान पर रहा?
    1)चीन
    2)भारत
    3)रूस
    4)संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 2)भारत
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    2019 में इंटरनेशनल शूटिंग स्पोर्ट फेडरेशन (ISSF) के अनुसार, भारत 21 स्वर्ण, 6 रजत और 3 कांस्य के साथ विश्व में शीर्ष शूटिंग राष्ट्र है। भारत ने वर्ष में सभी राइफल-पिस्टल विश्व कप और फाइनल में पहला स्थान हासिल किया। चीन 11 स्वर्ण, 15 रजत और 18 कांस्य के साथ दूसरे स्थान पर है। संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका (यूएस) 6 स्वर्ण, 6 रजत और 3 कांस्यके साथ तीसरे स्थान पर है। ।

  26. दार्शनिक और सबसे प्रमुख रूढ़िवादी विचारक रोजर वर्नन स्क्रूटन का निधन हो गया, वह किस देश के थे?
    1)जर्मनी
    2)फ्रांस
    3)यूनाइटेड किंगडम
    4)संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
    5)इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 3)यूनाइटेड किंगडम
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    13 जनवरी, 2020 को दार्शनिक और ब्रिटेन के सबसे प्रमुख रूढ़िवादी विचारक रोजर वर्नन स्क्रूटन का कैंसर से जूझने के बाद निधन हो गया। वह 75 वर्ष के थे। उन्होंने कैम्ब्रिज विश्वविद्यालय से स्नातक किया गया था और लंदन विश्वविद्यालय के बिर्कबेक कॉलेज में व्याख्याता के रूप में काम किया था। उन्होंने नैतिकता, राजनीति, संस्कृति और सौंदर्यशास्त्र पर 50 से अधिक पुस्तकें लिखीं और नियमित रूप से टेलीविजन प्रस्तुतियां दीं।

  27. किस तारीख को, सशस्त्र सेना के वयोवृद्ध दिवस को फील्ड मार्शल कोदंडेरा मडप्पा करियप्पा, भारतीय सशस्त्र बलों के पहले भारतीय कमांडर-इन-चीफ द्वारा प्रदान की गई सेवाओं की मान्यता में मनाया जाता है?
    1)11 जनवरी
    2)12 जनवरी
    3)13जनवरी
    4)14 जनवरी
    5) इनमें से कोई नहीं
    उत्तर – 4)14 जनवरी
    स्पष्टीकरण:
    सशस्त्र बल वयोवृद्ध दिवस हर साल 14 जनवरी को फील्ड मार्शल कोदंडेरा मडप्पा करियप्पा ओबीई (ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य के आदेश) द्वारा प्रदान की गई सेवाओं के सम्मान और मान्यता के रूप में मनाया जाता है, भारतीय सशस्त्र बलों के पहले भारतीय कमांडर-इन-चीफ 14 जनवरी 1953 को सेवानिवृत्त हुए। 2017 के बाद से, वर्ष 2020 ने दिन के चौथे संस्करण को चिह्नित किया।

STATIC GK

  1. अंतर्राष्ट्रीय शूटिंग स्पोर्ट फेडरेशन (ISSF) का मुख्यालय कहाँ स्थित है?
    उत्तर – म्यूनिख, जर्मनी

  2. राष्ट्रीय वैमानिकी और अंतरिक्ष प्रशासन (NASA) के प्रशासक कौन हैं?
    उत्तर – जिम ब्रिडेनस्टाइन

  3. भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक (RBI) में कितने डिप्टी -गवर्नर हैं?
    उत्तर – 4 (माइकल देवव्रत पात्रा, एन एस विश्वनाथन, बी पी कानूनगो और एम के जैन)

  4. भारतीय सेना के थल सेनाध्यक्ष (COAS) कौन हैं?
    उत्तर – जनरल मनोज मुकुंद नरवाने

  5. शंघाई सहयोग संगठन (SCO) में कितने सदस्य देश हैं?
    उत्तर – 8 (चीन, कजाकिस्तान, किर्गिज़ गणराज्य, रूस, ताजिकिस्तान, उज्बेकिस्तान, भारत और पाकिस्तान)

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CA Quiz for IBPS Clerk Main 2020 – January 2020 Questions

Dear Aspirants,

IBPS Clerk Mains exam is scheduled to be held on 19th January 2020. Those who are preparing for mains we are here to guide you to analyze yourself by attempting the quiz. In this we have covered the top most important and relevant questions on current affairs for efficient revision based on the latest exam pattern of IBPS-Clerk.

Most Important Questions – January 2020 Questions

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Current Affairs January 15, 16 & 17 2020

We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 15, 16 & 17 January 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

Our Current Affairs January 2020 events will help you to get more marks in Banking, Insurance, SSC, Railways, UPSC, CLAT and all State Government Exams. Also try our Latest Current Affairs Quiz and Monthly Current Affairs PDF which will be a pedestrian to crack your exams.

Date-Wise Current Affairs January 2020 PDF for Paid Users – Click Here to Know More

Click here for Current Affairs January 14 2020

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

National draft policy on Rare Disease: Govt to provide Rs 15 lakh under Rashtriya Arogaya Nidhi scheme
On January 14, 2020 the govt has released the National draft policy on Rare Disease in which financial support of Rs. 15 lakh will be provided under the Rashtriya Arogaya Nidhi scheme for one-time treatment of rare diseases.

  • Beneficiaries: The scheme benefit is limited to people below Poverty Line (BPL) and also 40% of the population eligible as per Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana(AB-PMJAY) norms for treatment in government tertiary hospitals only.
  • National Registry for Rare Diseases: Govt plans to set up National Registry for Rare Diseases at Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to create a database of various rare diseases.
  • Certain medical institutes will also be notified by the Union Ministry of Health (MoH) as Centers of Excellence for Rare Diseases.
  • Recently on January 16, 2020 the Delhi High Court(HC) has issued notice to Health ministry to release pending payment of upto Rs 80 lakh to AIIMS accrued over 13 months for rare disease treatment for the patients….Click here to Read More

Union Minister for culture and tourism launched “Indian Heritage in Digital Space” exhibition in New DelhiOn January 15, 2020 Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (IC) Shri Prahalad Singh Patel launched the first International Heritage Symposium and Exhibition (IHSE). The exhibition will be held until February 15, 2020 on “Indian Heritage in Digital Space “ and the first international heritage symposium will be held for two days  in the National Museum in New Delhi.
Key Points:

i.The exhibition was organized along with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT),Delhi.
ii.The exhibition is developed under the Indian Digital Heritage (IDH) initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India in the cultural heritage domain of the country
iii.The exhibition demonstrate the outcome of two flagship projects namely a digital mini-spectacle to showcase the glory of Hampi and Augmented reality based interactions with physical models of monuments; that are completed under the DST mentored initiative Indian Heritage in Digital Space (IHDS).
iv.Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, National Institute of Design Bengaluru, CSIR-CBRI Roorkee, Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology, and a women-led, IDH start-up Vizara Technologies, New Delhi are multi-disciplinary teams which are responsible for  these flagship project.
v.The project aims to create digital installations using 3D laser scan data, AR, holographic projections and 3D fabrication, to provide interactive and immersive experiences showcasing the glory of Hampi and five Indian monuments namely KashiVishwanath Temple, Varanasi; TajMahal, Agra; Sun Temple,Konark; Ramachandra Temple, Hampi ; and RaniKiVav, Patan.
vi.Installation of ‘ViRaasat’ which consists of a scaled down 3D printed replica using laser-scanning, 3D modelling and rendering, 3D printing, computer vision and spatial AR provides a mixed reality experience to visitors in selected monuments.
vii.Participants: Shri Ashutosh Sharmawas, Secretary of the Department of Science & technology
AboutNewDelhi:
Chief Minister– Arvind Kejriwal
Deputy Chief Minister– Manish Sisodia

Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launched ‘Saksham’ Campaign in New DelhiOn January 16, 2020 Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launched ‘Saksham’ a month long People-centric fuel conservation mega campaign of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in New Delhi.
i.
Under this campaign PCRA and Gas companies will conduct various workshops, seminars, cyclothons to adapt the measure of using less fuels. This campaign programs will be also broadcast in social media to create awareness among the people in conservation of fuels.
ii.PCRA along with the National Council of Educational Research and Training   (NCERT) has prepared a comic book on the theme ‘Fuel Conservation’ aimed at younger generation especially the school children which is available on E-Pathshala on NCERT website.
iii.PCRA in association with the Institute of Petroleum-Dehradun has developed high energy efficient Piped Natural Gas (PNG) burner for household which will save gas as compared to modified Liquefied petroleum gas  (LPG) stove for PNG….Click here to Read More

HM Amit Shah signs historic Bru-Reang refugee agreement in New Delhi; around 34,000  refugees to be settled in TripuraOn January, 16 ,2020, Union Minister for Home Affairs (HM), Shri Amit Shah has presided over the signing of a quadripartite agreement between the central government and state Governments of Tripura ,Mizoram and representatives of the Bru tribe in New Delhi to end 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis.

  • As per the new agreement, about 34,000 Bru refugees will be inhabited in Tripura and assisted by central government with its allocated budget of Rs 600 crores to help in their resettlement.

Each family of the Bru community will be allotted individual land blocks & the individual terrain will be 2,500 sq ft. In addition, each family will be provided a one-time assistance of Rs. 4 lakh as fixed deposit (FD), Rs 1.5 lakh to build houses,financial assistance of Rs 5,000 per month for livelihood and free ration for the next 2 years….Click here to Read More

Overview of 5th edition of Raisina Dialogue 2020 held in New DelhiThe 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue 2020 which is India’s annual global conference on geopolitics and geo-economics was held in New Delhi from January 14-16, 2020. The dialogue was jointly organised by the Ministry of External Affairs(MEA) and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF). Prime Minister(PM) Shri Narendra Modi and Subrahmanyam Jaishankar (MEA) attended the inaugural session of the dialogue. The highlights of the dialogue in brief are as follows:

  • On January 15, 2020 India & Finland signed Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) in order to enhance cooperation in the field of production, procurement, research and development in defence sector.
  • The year 2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the strategic partnership between India and the Russian Federation. Modi also marked 2020 as the year of implementation of key decisions between India and Russia.
  • 12 ministerial level delegates called on PM Modi: Ministerial level delegates from 12 countries called on Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi at his residence on the sidelines of Raisina Dialogue.
  • 7 former heads of international govts with rich experience in governance engaged in discussion on the important challenges in the world like limate change and counter-terrorism etc….Click here to Read More

Mizoram sets to celebrate ‘Chapchar Kut’ festival on March 6, 2020
On January 14, 2020 Government of Mizoram along with the organizing committee  under the chairmanship of Chief Minister Zoramthanga  has decided to celebrate the ‘Chapchar Kut’, the biggest and most important festival of the Mizos, on March 6, 2020. The two- days festival is celebrated under the theme “Promotion of Mizos’ culture and moral code”.
Key Points:
i.March 5,2020 will be celebrated as pre-festival, which will be attended by state’s Art and Culture Minister R Lalzirliana as “Kut Pa” or the “father of the festival”.
ii.On March 6, 2020 the festival will be celebrated with cultural fervour and gaiety in all parts of the state and the grand celebration will be held at the Assam Rifles ground in the state.
iii.Chapchar Kut is a spring festival celebrated usually in March after completion of the Jhum cultivation.
iv.Diplomats from the United States (USA), Bangladesh, Thailand, Myanmar, Korea, Japan, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Israel will be  invited  along with the  leaders of different tribes of Mizo from different parts of the world.
v.Exhibition of paintings, photos, handloom and handicrafts will be held in different places around the state’s capital, Aizawl.
About Mizoram:
Chief Minister- Zoramthanga
Governor- P. S. Sreedharan Pillai
State Capital City- Aizawl
State Animal- Sumatran serow
State Bird- Vavu
State Tree- Mesua ferrea
State Flower- Renanthera imschootiana

India and Bangladesh signs MoU in the field of Information and Broadcasting sector in New Delhi
On January 14, 2020 a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between India and Bangladesh in the field of Information and Broadcasting at Information and Broadcasting Ministers meet 2020, in New Delhi. A MoU was also signed for content exchange programme between All India Radio (AIR) and Bangladesh Radio Betar.
Key Points:
i.India and Bangladesh is co-producing the biopic of “BangaBandhu” , Sheikh Mujibur Rehman who was the first President of Bangladesh and it will be released during his birth centenary year, March 17,2020.
ii.To mark the centenary year of Bangabandhu, Bangladesh has decided to celebrate the “Mujib Year” from March 17, 2020 to March 17 2021.
iii.From the content exchange programme AIR service has started airing in Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka and Bangladesh Radio Betar started airing on AIR in Kolkata, West Bengal.
iv.Participants: Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting, Shri Prakash Javadekar, Bangladesh Information Minister Muhammad H Mahmud.
About Bangladesh:
Capital- Dhaka
Currency- Bangladeshi taka
President- Mohammad Abdul Hamid
Prime Minister- Sheikh Hasina Wazed

Arunachal pradesh becomes the 1st state in India to initiate IUCN’s red-listing of orchids
On January 17, 2020, Arunachal Pradesh (AR) has became the 1st  State in India to initiate the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s ‘red listing’ of orchids at the state level after it has inked a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Itanagar, AR.
Features of the agreement:
i.According to the MoU, the state government of Arunachal Pradesh will cooperate with IUCN and conduct a red-list evaluation of orchids in the state.
Within 12 months, this project will spread across the state & various workshops on Red List Evaluation will be conducted by IUCN experts.
ii.The MoU was signed between the Principal Chief Conservator of Forest (PCCF) and Head of Forest Forces (HoFF), Manmohan Singh Negi and Country Representative, IUCN India, Dr Vivek Saxena.
About IUCN:
Formation– on 5 October 1948
Headquarters– Gland, Switzerland
Director General- Grethel Aguilar
It aims to conserve nature and work for sustainable use of natural resources. It collects data and conducts research, analysis, field projects, advocacy and education.
IUCN Red List: IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species is an important indicator of the health of the world’s biodiversity. This list is serving as a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change. The IUCN has estimated that these are complications for protecting natural resources.
About Arunachal Pradesh:
Capital
– Itanagar
Chief minister– Pema Khandu
Governor– B. D. Mishra.
Bird– Hornbill

23rd National Youth Festival 2020 held in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
The 23rd edition of the National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020 was held at Indira Pratishthan, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from January 12-16, 2020. It was jointly organised by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) and State Government of Uttar Pradesh. The theme of the 2020 NYF was “Fit Youth, Fit India
Inauguration: It was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Shri Yogi Adityanath and Minister of State (MoS- independent charge) for Youth Affairs & Sports, Shri Kiren Rijiju on 12th January that marked the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, Indian-Hindu monk.
Key points:
i.The NYF has been organised by the govt since 1995 with an objective to give an opportunity to the youth of the country to showcase their talent.
ii.Over 6000 participants from each state of the country participated in the NYF. some of the competitions that were held include Folk Dance, Hindustani Vocal Solo, Carnatic Vocal Solo, Elocution, harmonium Light, Tabla, Mridangam, Veena, Flute, Sitar, Guitar, Dances Manipuri, Bharatnatyam, Kathak and Non Competitive Events like young artist Camp, Yuva Kriti, food festival, Adventure Camp, Suvichar, Youth Convention etc.

Centre accepts SIT recommendations in 1984 anti-Sikh riot cases headed by Justice SN Dhingra
On January 15,2020 The Special Investigation Team (SIT) probing of the 1984 anti-sikh riots cases was headed by retired Delhi High Court judge Justice  SN Dhingra. The Government has accepted the guidance of the special investigation team that had investigated 186 cases of the 1984 anti-sikh riots and appropriate actions will be taken under law.
Key Points:
i.Solicitor General Tushor Mehta, appearing on behalf of the Centre comprising of Chief Justice SA Bobde and Justices BR Gavai and Surya Kant accepted the SIT recommendations and take appropriate action.
ii.The SIT report reveals the involvement of police officials in the anti-sikh riots and to take necessary action among them.
iii.Senior Advocate RS Suri ,appearing on-behalf of petitioner mentioned that police officials can’t go scot-free for the things which had happened.
iv.The bench directed that the records to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
v.The SIT also comprising retired IPS officer Rajdeep Singh and serving IPS officer Abhishek Dular,was set up by the apex court on January 11,2018 to supervise the investigation of 186 cases.
1984 anti-sikh riots:
The 1984 anti-sikh riots was series of organized violence in India against Sikhs in India in response to the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her sikh bodyguards.
The violence had claimed 2,733 lives in Delhi alone.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

WHO released Global health challenges for 2020; 13 health challenges for the decade identified
On January 14, 2020, the World Health Organisation(WHO) released the Global chal